FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - Winter 2007 - Vol. 16, No. 1, HTML version


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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
Winter 2007  Vol. 16 No. 1
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ISSN #1069-0484. Copyright (c) 2007 by the FMS Foundation
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The FMSF Newsletter is published 4 times a year by  the  False  Memory
Syndrome Foundation and delivered electronically. It is also available
at on the  FMSF website:  www.FMSFonline.org.  Those without access to
the Internet should contact the Foundation.
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
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Dear Friends, 

As we begin 2007, popular understanding of recovered memories still
spans the continuum. What remains clear is that the efforts of
families can make a significant difference. Families in Oregon are
pleased that their actions resulted in the Evangelical Church Alliance
rescinding the credentials of "Soul Surgeon" therapist Debra Lacey.
(See below) Although the shocking details of the Lacey's bizarre
"therapy" were exposed during a 2004 lawsuit, Lacey continued to see
patients. Because she was a "Christian therapist," Lacey fell beneath
the radar of the Oregon licensing boards. Several families in Oregon
united to prevent Lacey from harming other people. They accomplished
their goal by talking to state investigators and educating church
officials, and in the process they have blazed a path for other
families harmed by church-related counselors.

In the professional community, the recovered-memory controversy still
rages. A recent skirmish takes the form of a series of articles that
succinctly capture the arguments and the nature of the debate.[1] (See
below) Psychologist Matthew Erdelyi, a staunch Freud defender, has
proposed a theory about repression that he believes all sides in the
memory wars could adopt, thus bringing an end to the debate. In the
same journal issue in which the proposal appears, however, there are
25 commentaries about his theory, ranging from highly supportive to
highly critical. After so many years -- incredibly -- professionals
still don't even agree on a definition of "repression," so it seems
highly likely that people will continue to be confused.

The consequence of this muddle is that much time and expense will
continue to be spent on repressed-memory legal cases because courts
and states differ in their understanding. In response to the
clergy-abuse scandals, some state legislatures are proposing
extensions of the statutes of limitations in child sex-abuse cases in
which the claimant says he/she had repressed the memory. Politicians
are making decisions about a scientific issue when professionals
themselves are in tremendous disagreement. It's understandable, to be
fair, that politicians do this to try to find a way to help people
harmed years ago. But then people who always remembered their abuse
are prevented from the same legal recompense. Is that fair? Do such
laws encourage some people to claim that they had repressed their
memories? Delaware is one state that has been grappling with the
issue. (See below)

In the meantime, researchers continue to expand our understanding of
memory and false memory. In this issue, new research by Elke Geraerts
and colleagues that explains why some people may think that they had
recovered memories of events, when, in fact, they had know, about the
events all along. The authors make clear that the results of their
study do not mean that the memories were false. What the results
indicate is that some people who believe that they have had a
recovered-memory experience, may, in fact, have forgotten that they
had been aware of the events for a period of time prior to the
recovered-memory experience. Some people may have a false impression
of having had repressed memories. Should statutes of limitations be
extended to include such people? Is that fair?

As we prepare to send this newsletter, a criminal case based primarily
on recovered memories is taking place in Pennsylvania. In 1992, Steven
Slutzker was convicted by a jury of murdering John Mudd in 1975. In
large part the evidence for the crime was based on the recovered
repressed memory of Mudd's son who was five-years-old at the time of
the murder. In 1990, fifteen years later, Mudd claimed that in a
flashback he recovered the memory of seeing Slutzker at the scene of
the murder.  The personal details of the Slutzker and Mudd families
were messy and complicated, likely contributing to a guilty finding.
In 2004, however, the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a state
appeals court overturning of Slutzker's conviction.[2] The federal
court ordered the release of Slutzker because in the original trial,
Slutzker's attorney had failed to present witnesses who said that
Slutzker was with them at the time of the murder, and the jury did not
see a police report in which a witness said that she saw someone other
than Slutzker at the Mudd home at the time of the crime. Slutzker was
not released, however, and is now being retried. This case is an
example of the enormous time and resources draining the justice system
because of the confusion about claims of recovered memories. The
Innocence Institute of Point Park University has written about the
Slutzker case and the article can be found at:
http://www.pointpark.edu/default.aspx?id=1276.

When the case is decided, we will send an email Newsletter-update so
that readers need not wait until the next issue to learn the results.

Ignorance about the unreliability or recovered memories surely
contributed last summer to the international media spectacle about the
possible murder of JonBenet Ramsey by John Mark Karr a decade ago.
There seems to be good evidence that Karr had recovered his memories
with the help of a trusted professor. (See below)

While the memory wars drag on, most newsletter readers are probably
more interested in learning how families can reunite. The article
"Lost in Therapy" in this issue gives a retractor's insights into the
process. Her thoughts share a number of similarities with the report
that a mother recently sent. Both indicated the important role that
brothers and sisters can play. The mother told us that the divisions
in her family began fifteen years ago. She said that her son, the
accuser's youngest sibling, had maintained a close relationship with
the accuser over the years. He and his family even vacationed each
year with her and her children.

A few years ago, this son told his sister that their parents would be
joining them for part of the vacation. He said that if she couldn't
handle that, she should not come. She chose to come, and the parents
had the first direct contact with her and their grandchildren. "After
that," the mom said, "we began to invite our accusing daughter to
family events and she accepted." During these times, the mom told us
that, "we got to know our grandchildren." She reported that at first
the accuser was withdrawn, but over time she became more and more
comfortable. The mom said that she would describe their relationship
with their daughter now as warm. "Neither we nor our daughter has
brought up the accusations and events of the past 15 years. I have
mixed feelings about this but see nothing to be gained by bringing up
the subject." The mom emphasized that their accusing daughter's
siblings never gave up, and they insisted upon a relationship with her
and her children. Of course, the dynamics in each family are
different, but these anecdotes do show that family members can make a
difference, at least in some situations.

Foundation members continue to make a difference by speaking out and
writing letters. Thank you.
                                                                PAMELA

[1] Erdelyi, M.H. (2006). The unified theory of repression. Behavioral
    and Brain Sciences 29, 499-551 
[2] Slutzker v Johnson Nos. 03-4046 & 03-43-4219. U.S. Ct Appeals, 3rd
    Cir. Filed Dec. 29, 2004.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| Prior to Stogner, courts were divided as to how to handle the      |
| admissibility of claims of childhood sexual abuse recalled years   |
| after the statute of limitations has run. Now, the Supreme Court   |
| has recognized the dangers of validating repressed memories as     |
| justification for reviving a prosecution, and has effectively      |
| precluded their use in many criminal prosecutions. Stogner         |
| presents a significant obstacle to the prospects of success in     |
| criminal litigation for advocates promoting the evidentiary        |
| legitimacy of repressed memories.                                  |
|                                                  Frei, R.D. (2004) |
|                                           38 U. Rich. L. Rev. 1011 |
|                                                                    |
| In Stogner, the Supreme Court recognized the important evidentiary |
| value of statutes of limitations: they force us to acknowledge the |
| limitations of the system of evidence that we employ. But the      |
| Court also implicitly embraced a temporal vision whereby society's |
| injuries perhaps do not fester unendingly: at some point, the      |
| fabric of the community will have mended itself. Society can       |
| demean injuries by surviving and getting over them. In that sense, |
| then, Stogner may represent an important theoretical moment,       |
| promoting progression over regression, wholeness over fracture,    |
| and survival over defeat."                                         |
|                             Supreme Court, 2002 Term-Leading Cases |
|                                              117 Harv. L. Rev. 268 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "While the existence of special memory processes cannot be ruled   |
| out conclusively, given the state of the research evidence, a      |
| basic principle in philosophy of science is that the burden of     |
| proof falls squarely on the shoulders of those advancing           |
| affirmative claims. At this point, the ball now lies in the court  |
| of those who invoke dissociation, repression, or both to account   |
| for DID and related clinical phenomena. Moreover, the logical      |
| principle of Occham's Razor (the principle of parsimony) suggests  |
| that we should be reluctant to invoke special explanations for     |
| phenomena in the absence of strong evidence, when more mundane     |
| explanations work equally well, or better. Whether the advocates   |
| of special memory mechanisms will be able to meet this test        |
| remains to be seen."                                               |
|                              Lynn, S.J., Knox, J.A., Fassler, O.,  |
|                             Lilienfeld, S.O., Loftus, E.F. (2004)  |
|                                  Memory, trauma, and dissociation  |
|                                               In G.M. Rosen (Ed.)  |
|           Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Issues and Controversies  |
|                                        John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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          CHRISTIAN COUNSELOR LOSES CREDENTIALS FROM CHURCH
                             Follow up of
                    Lackey v. Baker and Lacey [1]

In the fall of 2006, the Evangelical Church Alliance headed by Dr. Sam
Geobel, rescinded the credentials of counselor Debra Lacey after an
investigation spurred by families in Oregon. Lacey, who has a
doctorate of divinity, called herself a "Soul Surgeon" and promoted
herself as an expert on MPD. In 2004, Lacey settled a lawsuit brought
by Diane Lackey. See box for attorney Michael Shinn's description
of Lacey's "therapy."

Even though Lacey had settled the lawsuit with Lackey and her bizarre
"therapy" had been exposed, Lacey continued to see clients. Parents of
some of her other clients began to meet and soon nine people met with
the Oregon Board of Psychologist Examiners to describe their concerns
about three counselors, including Lacey, who had been involved in
devastating the families. The Psychology Examiners conducted a
nine-month investigation but placed no sanctions against any of the
counselors. Karen Berry, one of the Psychology Board Investigators
told the families that they needed to be in touch with the
organization that provided Lacey with her non-profit status and her
minister's title since that is what protected her from the State's
intervention.

The families contacted the Evangelical Church Alliance. They mailed
much information to the Alliance. They sent family summaries,
testimonials, and the attorney's summary from the former litigation.
The families also told the church how they felt about counselors who
hid behind a non-profit status. They said churches that did nothing
were actually harboring and sheltering harmful charlatans.

The church conducted its own investigation and quickly pulled Lacey's
credentials.

[1] See FMSF Newsletter 13 (3), May-June 2004 , Psychologist,
    Spiritual Counselor and "Soul Surgeon" Settle Case with former
    Patient. Lackey v. Baker and Lacey. Case No. 0303-03121, filed
    Feb. 2001 Circuit Ct. Multnomah, County, OR.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                      What Lacey Forgot To Do                       |
|                                                                    |
|                        Pastoral Counselors'                        |
|                          Code of Ethics.                           |
|                                                                    |
| Among these are the duties to:                                     |
|                                                                    |
| * Evaluate the nature and potential causes of her problems;        |
|                                                                    |
| * Engage in a "differential diagnosis." (Even though she was not a |
|   licensed clinical psychologist, due care in the setting should   |
|   include a consideration of all likely causes.);                  |
|                                                                    |
| * Keep herself adequately informed about available treatment;      |
|                                                                    |
| * Provide the client with adequate warnings about any significant  |
|   hazards or risks that accompanied certain methodologies;         |
|                                                                    |
| * Refrain from reinforcing methodologies and treatment which were  |
|   known to be unscientific and lacked reliable independent         |
|   corroboration.                                                   |
\____________________________________________________________________/

______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                     Therapy by A Soul Surgeon                      |
|             Excerpt from FMSF Newsletter, 13 (3), 2004             |
|                                                                    |
| "Lacey required Diane to describe and then to renounce every       |
| sexual act that she had ever committed. She was compelled to do    |
| this in the presence of others, something she found humiliating    |
| and agonizing. Lacey did additional work with Diane's demons.      |
|                                                                    |
| "Ms. Lacey inquired about Diane's heritage. She wanted to know if  |
| anyone in her family had been a member of the Masons, Mormons,     |
| Oddfellows, Elks, Moose or Eagles lodges, Job's Daughters and the  |
| Rainbow or Order of Demolay. She elicited the fact that an uncle   |
| had been a member of the Masons and declared that therein lay the  |
| key to Diane's problems. Presumably, membership in any of the      |
| other aforementioned organizations would also have been            |
| inculpatory.                                                       |
|                                                                    |
| 'She then required Diane to read a 'Prayer of Release for          |
| Freemasons and Their Descendants"... This five page document       |
| included such passages as: "I renounce the oaths taken and the     |
| curses involved in the First or Entered Apprentice degree,         |
| especially their effects on the throat and tongue. I renounce the  |
| Hoodwink, the blindfold, and its effect on emotions and eyes,      |
| including all confusion, fear of the dark, fear of the light and   |
| fear of sudden noises.... I renounce the mixing and mingling of    |
| truth and error, and the blasphemy of this degree of Masonry.'     |
|                                                                    |
| "When asked why Diane was forced to renounce Masonic activity of   |
| which she had no memory or known history whatsoever, ... Lacey     |
| testified that as a descendant of a Mason, she was equally         |
| afflicted and needed this cleansing ceremony. They overlooked the  |
| fact that Diane was adopted and that 'Uncle Bob' was not even a    |
| blood relative.                                                    |
|                                                                    |
| "Under the tutelage of ... Lacey, Diane began developing           |
| horrifying images of being subjected to lurid sex orgies with      |
| Uncle Bob and his Masonic colleagues. Deb Lacey persuaded Diane    |
| that she had been victimized at the age of four, because that was  |
| the age she assigned to one of her inner voices, Sarah. Diane      |
| confronted Uncle Bob about these activities, and promised to       |
| expose him. He wisely reported this to the local police and to her |
| father. Her father informed her by e-mail that Uncle Bob didn't    |
| even join the Masons until she was 13 and that there was no        |
| indication she was ever abused by anyone as an infant or child. By |
| now, Diane believed she was possessed by eleven alter              |
| personalities."                                                    |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                        NATIONAL AWAKENING DAY
                            March 27, 2007
                           11:30 till 2:30

A coalition of groups in England is planning a National Awakening Day
in the form of vigils at various locations across Britain and Ireland.
The purpose of the vigils is to raise awareness of the consequences of
false allegations of child sexual abuse. The goal is to inspire
politicians to set up commissions of inquiry into the methods of
disclosing, investigating and prosecuting allegations of child sexual
abuse in criminal inquiries and psychotherapeutic settings.

The organizers are planning another special day in June and they have
invited groups around the world to join them. If you or your group
would like more information contact United Campaigners for Abuse
Investigation Reform (U-CAIR) at: aafaaorganistion@hotmail.com

     +-----------------------------------------------------+
     | "[H]istory slithers its way through the mind like a |
     | repressed memory, unreliable and up to no good."    |
     |                                        Peter Craven |
     +-----------------------------------------------------+

**********************************************************************
                         WHAT IS REPRESSION?
                        Erdelyi, M.H. (2006).
                  The unified theory of repression.
              Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29, 499-551

Is the professional community any closer to a clear definition of
"repression" than it was 19 years ago when the "repressed-memory
syndrome" phenomenon exploded with the publication of The Courage to
Heal (Bass & Davis, 1988)? If we relied only on Matthew H. Erdelyi's
article and the 25 open peer commentaries to it, the answer would be
no. At a time when some state legislatures are again considering
extending the statutes of limitations in repressed-memory cases, it is
worth noting the great controversy that continues to divide the
clinical and scientific communities.

A long-time defender of Freud, Erdelyi offers a theory of repression
that he believes should unite the clinical and experimental
professionals who are now so divided by the memory wars. Erdelyi
writes that "recovered true memories are an established empirical
phenomenon." (p. 535) He argues that Freud anticipated the modern
reconstructive nature of memory. Erdelyi believes that there are both
true and false recovered memories and that the recovered memory
movement as described in The Courage to Heal violates psychoanalytic
technique and "would have been rejected by Freud..." A major part of
Erdelyi's theory is that repression can be both conscious and
unconscious. If that is the case, he writes, "then everybody believes
in repression." Erdelyi claims that with his unified theory, there
really is no longer any controversy.

A number of the commentaries, such as those of Michael Anderson and
Benjamin Levy or Steven Smith, support Erdelyi's approach. Others such
as Jennifer Freyd or Judith Pintar and Steven Jay Lynn, agree with
Erdelyi but think that his theory must also include social
psychological forces and motives involved with memory. David Gleaves
agrees with the theory but chides Erdelyi for arguing that there is
data to support the current false memory movement. Gleaves writes;

  "When people misremember, what they do remember is likely to be
  consistent with their existing schemas..., or perhaps with their
  actual experiences. Thus, there continues to be no evidence to
  support the commonly expressed false memory position that people who
  come from non-traumatic family environments can be induced to
  misremember their childhoods as traumatic and abusive..."

We did not keep score, but there was no shortage of critics, many with
names familiar to FMSF Newsletter readers.

George Bonanno comments that Erdelyi's idea that "all manner of
behaviors associated the processing, distortion, and inhibition of
traumatic memory are essentially the same is both ineffective and
hazardous." He wrote that it is ineffective "because it blurs the rich
interactions of experimental research," and that it is hazardous
"because it seeks to lend credence to the fairy-tale belief that
enduring repressed memories are possible." (p. 515)

John Kihlstrom is also concerned about the broad definition of
"repression." He wrote "Erdelyi's first mistake, and it is a big one,
is that he defines repression so broadly as to strip the concept of
all the features that might make it interesting. As a result, the
unification he achieves is entirely Procrustean: the only way the
elements can all be fit together is to so severely distort each one of
them that they become unrecognizable. His second mistake, and it is
equally big, is to ignore the actual empirical evidence about trauma
and memory. The result is a unified theory of nothing at all."
(p. 523)

Richard McNally wrote that in order to make "repression palatable to
cognitive scientists, Erdelyi whittles it down to its bare bones
essence: trying successfully not to think about something." But he
notes "Freud did not earn his reputation as a bold and original
thinker by blandly affirming that people sometimes try not to think
about unpleasant things. He earned it by making all kinds of wild
claims about what gets repressed..." (p. 526) He suggests,

  "We can study motivated forgetting without dragging in the
  discredited conceptual baggage of psychoanalysis."

In addition, McNally argues that with two exceptions, the research has
failed to show that motivation to forget increases one's ability to do
so. Sadia Najmi and Daniel Wegner state that in "studies with clinical
populations, evidence weighs heavily toward impaired suppression of
emotionally relevant material" and that this "directly contradicts
Erdelyi's thesis."

Allen Esterson and Stephen Ceci dispute Erdelyi's claim that Freud
anticipated modern reconstructive memory processes. They observe that
Erdelyi provided no indication that he "is aware that Freud's
reporting of his clinical experiences has been called into question."
(p. 517)

Fred Crews also challenged Erdelyi's scholarship. "Erdelyi treats
Freud's writings as holy writ, any portion of which can be quoted to
prove a point." Crews adds that Erdelyi "relies on a long-discredited
account of Freud's 'seduction theory' and ignores important links
between Freudian assumptions and our recent recovered memory
movement." (p. 516)

Harlene Hayne, Maryanne Garry, and Elizabeth Loftus argue that none of
the examples that Erdelyi provided "shows that it is possible for
people to repress (and then recover) memories for entire, significant,
and potentially emotion-laden events." They write:

"Right off the bat, Erdelyi comes out swinging. 'Repression,' he
declares, 'has become an empirical fact that is at once obvious and
problematic' (target article, Abstract). Is it an empirical fact in
the same way that, say, gravity is an empirical fact? Well, no. We can
demonstrate the effects of gravity simply, quickly, and whenever we
want; the same is not true of repression. Is repression a widely
accepted theory, in the same way that, say, the theory of evolution
is? Well, no. Converging evidence from biology, biochemistry, and
anthropology supports evolution. This is not true of repression. Is
repression an idea that sounds interesting but turns out to be
something that nobody can find any evidence for -- like, say, cold
fusion? Yes. That's more like what repression is: cold fusion.
Repression has become the clinician's cold fusion, at once obvious and
problematic." (p. 521)
Erdelyi responded to all of the comments. In his conclusion he noted
"extremely narrow or stringent definitions of repression tend indeed
to render repression nonexistent, whereas more expansive
conceptualizations (which I claim are consistent with the classical
literatures) render it ubiquitous and obvious." He also chided
psychologists for ignoring the topic of repression for such a long
time, suggesting that this neglect has contributed to the semantic
problems of repression.

Although the article and commentaries are long and not always easy
reading, they do offer the opportunity to capture the flavor of the
memory wars as they continued in 2006 in a relatively concise
format. In this reader's opinion, they are worth slogging through for
that insight.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "In the end, as Erdelyi notes, repression is just a word. But it   |
| is a word mired in imprecision, and unfortunately linked indelibly |
| to the idea of the wholesale burial of traumatic memories. We      |
| can't forget the word, but we can frame it appropriately as a      |
| historical concept that should no longer hold spell over           |
| contemporary psychological theory."                                |
|                                                         G. Bonanno |
\____________________________________________________________________/

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "Ironically, for all Erdelyi's insistence that we could have       |
| spared ourselves a century of wrongful convictions and divided     |
| families if only we had listened to Freud, we find ourselves       |
| thinking the same thing about psychological science: If only       |
| people would listen. Many years ago, when scientists found that    |
| post-event information could alter memories for details, many      |
| skeptics viewed the findings as neat laboratory 'tricks,' but      |
| questioned their clinical or legal significance. When wrongfully   |
| convicted people were exonerated by DNA analysis, some skeptics    |
| stopped criticizing and started listening. Scientists tackling     |
| more recent problems have endured similar accusations...           |
| Eventually, when those scientists began to show that it was        |
| possible to implant memories for entirely false events, a few      |
| people in the clinical and legal community started                 |
| listening. Everyday brings a few more. Those who advocate a        |
| mechanism that represses and recovers memories should adhere to    |
| the same high standard. Listen to the science"                     |
|                                          Hayne, Garry & Loftus |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                           NEW ZEALAND NEWS

FMSF Newsletter readers may be interested in a new website devoted to
the case of Peter Ellis in New Zealand: www.peterellis.org.nz The site
focuses on the Christchurch Creche case and contains hundreds of news
reports through the 1990s to 2007. The FMSF Newsletter has written
about Peter Ellis in the past and reviewed the major book about it: A
City Possessed by Lynley Hood. The new site contains additional
information.

Although a single case, the Creche case is very important. Not only
are the allegations similar to the many day care cases in the United
States, the Creche case shows how these notions spread from the United
States to New Zealand. Of particular interest is a section labeled
"Toddler Testimonies" containing examples of interviews of children by
therapists. These transcripts document the processes by which children
came to say things that never happened.

Also on the website are news articles about false accusations in New
Zealand. It is ironic that now that the worst of the hysteria has
subsided, the media are reporting on a large number of false
accusations. Years from now, historians may be excused for thinking
that the false allegation era was in the 2000 decade. In actual fact,
the problem of false allegations was a magnitude larger in the 1990s
in New Zealand and yet was almost totally ignored by both the media
and the police during those years.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                         Business as Usual                          |
|                                                                    |
|     Dissociative Identity Disorder Seminar Advanced Issues in      |
|      the Treatment of Dissociative Identity Disorder, Revised      |
|                                                                    |
|                     Richard P. Kluft, PhD, MD                      |
|                                                                    |
| 'This workshop will explore a limited number of topics in depth.   |
| After a brief review of the stage-oriented treatment of            |
| dissociative identity disorder (DID), this course will discuss the |
| structure of the dissociative surface (Kluft, 2005) and how to     |
| decode the dissociative surface into an understanding of how alter |
| egos that are not in executive control exert their influence from  |
| behind the scenes. Prognosis enhancement by promoting character    |
| styles associated with high trajectory improvement will be taught. |
| Twenty rationales for working directly with the alters of DID      |
| patients will be discussed. Newer models of dissociation will be   |
| reviewed. The instigation, maintenance, and strengthening of       |
| dissociative barriers by the shame family of affects will be       |
| reviewed, and the use of Nathanson's (1992) Compass of Shame to    |
| reduce dissociation will be discussed. The use of shame reduction  |
| methods to reduce dissociative barriers and access dissociated     |
| memories will be explored, and their use in the place of formal    |
| hypnosis to explore what is not available to conscious             |
| autobiographic memory. Finally, the use of 22 categories of        |
| hypnotic interventions with DID will be discussed, and an exercise |
| in designing fractionated abreactions will be held.                |
|                                                                    |
| Learning Objectives: Upon completion of this program, the          |
| participant will be able to:                                       |
| * List 20 rationales for working directly with the alters of DID   |
|   patients;                                                        |
| * Outline the structure of a fractionated abreaction; and          |
| * List the four families of shame scripts in the Compass of Shame  |
|   model.                                                           |
|                                                                    |
| (Announcement for "Pathways of the Mind: Healing through Hypnosis" |
| conference, January 19-23, 2007, Dallas, Texas. Presented by The   |
| American Society of Clinical Hypnosis and The Society for Clinical |
| and Experimental Hypnosis)                                         |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                     IN MEMORY OF HOWARD FISHMAN

Howard Fishman died in November 2006 after a long battle with lung
cancer. A tireless advocate for the falsely accused, he was ever
generous with his time talking to and encouraging distressed families.
Countless people became proactive about their situations after talking
to him.

Howard was incredibly quick to see the heart of a problem and then to
find strategies for dealing with it. Strong willed, he left no one in
doubt about his opinions. Many FMSF families knew Howard. He spoke at
an early organizational meeting in Kansas City in 1993 noting: "I
never thought I would ever say anything remotely like this, but
families in which both parents are accused are the fortunate ones, and
families accused of satanic ritual abuse are the luckiest of all."

Most of Howard's work, however, was with cases involving young
children. Although not mentioned in the FMSF newsletter, thousands of
families with young children whose situations didn't involve adults
with claims of recovered repressed memories also call the Foundation.
It was Howard who volunteered to speak to these families in need of
direction.

Following are two of the many letters sent to the Foundation about
Howard. 

  I was one of Howard's clients about 8 years ago. I will never forget
  him and will always be grateful for his help during a custody battle
  where the deck was stacked against me from day one. Even though I
  lost in the end, Howard's support and caring made the loss more
  bearable. Howard devoted his life to trying to make the world a
  saner place. He had an extraordinary gift of interjecting common
  sense into psychology. I know I was only one of a countless number
  of people that Howard helped -- often without pay. He will be sorely
  missed.
                                                         Carol Diament

  I am deeply saddened at the passing of Howard Fishman. He was truly
  an extraordinary man who devoted his life to truth and justice.
  Howard Fishman was an essential figure in the winning of the memory
  wars as well as in ongoing battles to reform the family law, mental
  health, criminal justice, and child protection systems.

  Howard was a brilliant and gifted reformer. He was truly fearless in
  fighting corruption and injustice. In a world of cynical
  professionals, Howard was a human dynamo who never lost his
  motivating sense of outrage. He gave endlessly to those in dire
  need. Toward the end, Howard remained an example of courage under
  fire. Even during his last painful weeks of life, Howard served
  others. Though barely able to speak, he continued to offer whispered
  and brilliant consultation on complex cases involving corruption in
  state legal systems.

  Howard Fishman's legacy will live on in the work of those protecting
  the innocent from quack therapies, corrupt systems, and abuses of
  power.  
                                                       R. Chris Barden

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "Memory is a Rashomon experience -- five people experiencing the   |
| same event will remember five different things, all of them true   |
| for that particular person at that particular time. Memory is one  |
| of the most elusive complements to who we are, implacably          |
| defining. Yet what we remember -- how and for what reason -- is    |
| inextricably dependent on who we are as individuals."              |
|                             Victoria Brownworth (2007, January 7)  |
|                      Review: What happened, and can we ever know?  |
|                                                     Baltimore Sun  |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
           RECOVERED MEMORIES OF MURDERING JONBENET RAMSEY:
                       John Mark Karr Revisited

A person who played a critical role in the JonBenet-Mark Karr media
frenzy in the autumn of 2006 was associate professor of journalism at
the University of Colorado, Michael Tracey. Tracey, who long believed
that JonBenet's parents were innocent of the decade-old murder, had a
four-year e-mail exchange with Mark Karr, and it is Tracey who brought
his suspicions that Karr had committed the murder to the Boulder
District Attorney, precipitating the media explosion.

A Rocky Mountain News article noted that Tracey was obsessed with the
Ramseys and made three documentaries about them since 1998. Tracey is
quoted as saying "What I'm obsessed with is getting the truth out
about what happened. I am obsessed with the idea the Ramseys didn't do
it."

We received a copy of some e-mails that had been posted on the website
of the Boulder District Attorney, and Tracey's role in Karr's memories
seemed evident. These e-mails would raise questions in the minds of
most newsletter readers. Unfortunately, when we attempted to check the
website, it was noted that many of the e-mails had been removed,
including the ones that appear below. We have no reason to doubt their
authenticity.

John Mark Karr, Friday, May 12, 2005, p 36, e-mails from Boulder DA
site, Bates #0660 

  "You don't have to beg me. I want this so much -- for the memory of
  JonBenet to finally be at rest. I do not think I have said anything
  worth anything at all above I did my best. You have to remember that
  at the end, I was heavily traumatized and have blocked out the whole
  of that night for years. It was not until I talked to you for over
  four years that I recalled anything at all. It is easy since I am
  out of the country with no people ever mentioning even the case to
  me. Ten years of a total blackout is a long time. I will be sorrier
  than you could ever know if I have not passed this test - the test
  of my life."

Michael Tracey, Friday, May 12, 2005, p 41, e-mails from Boulder DA
site, Bates #0665

  "WELL I AM YOUR COUNSELOR, AND GOOD COUNSELORS ARE LIKE GOOD
  THERAPISTS, THEY FACILITATE BY LISTENING AND THUS ALLOW THINGS
  BURIED TO COME ONCE MORE TO THE SURFACE."

John Mark Karr, Friday, May 14, 2005, p 54, e-mails from Boulder DA
site, Bates #0678

  "Do you know that I sometimes have to get into an almost self
  induced hypnotic state to recall the events directly before the blow
  to her head and the events just following the blow to her head? I
  was traumatized by the that event because it was a finality and was
  very violent -- something I cannot stand to recall. I need you to be
  my counselor and my confidant and much more. I need you so much to
  help me through all this. I blocked this from my mind for years. I
  did not block JonBenet from my mind, only that horrible ending. I am
  ashamed of it I hate myself for it."

Hartman, T. & Brennan, C. (2006, September 2). CU prof sticks to his
guns on Ramseys. Rocky Mountain News. Retrieved from
  htte://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/local/article/
  0,1299,DRMN_15_4964076,00.html
on September 5, 2006.

**********************************************************************
                 FORGETTING THAT YOU ONCE REMEMBERED

  Geraerts, E., Arnold, M.M., Lindsay, D.S., Merckelbach, H., 
  Jelicie, M., Hauer, B. (2006) 
  Forgetting of prior remembering in persons reporting recovered
  memories of childhood sexual abuse.
  Psychological Science, 17 (11), 1002-1008.

Two case studies in which partners of women who claimed that they had
recovered memories of abuse said that the women had talked about the
abuse prior to their "recovered-memory" experience inspired the
research reported in this article. Previous research has found that
people "forget an instance of past remembering more often if it
differs from their current recollections than if it matches their
current recollections." (Arnold & Lindsay, 2002, 2005) And other
research has shown that individuals reporting recovered memories are
more prone to memory distortions than others. Geraerts et al. wanted
to know if individuals who reported previously repressed memories of
childhood sexual abuse would be more likely to underestimate prior
remembering than individuals with no history of abuse or with
continuous memories of abuse. If this were the case, it might explain
the case histories of the two women.

The researchers compared 57 people with recovered memories, 67 people
with continuous memories and 68 people with no history of abuse in two
experiments. The first tested the individuals with words and found
that people who reported recovered memories were more prone than
others to forget that they had previously recalled the words when they
were cued to think of the words differently. The second experiment
used autobiographical material that was recalled in positive or
negative framing. This experiment tested the people three times over a
four-month period.

The results of the experiments supported the idea that people who
report recovered memories of abuse are more likely to forget that they
had previously recalled words or autobiographical events when they
were cued to think about them differently than were the other
participants in the experiment. The authors note that the results of
their study do not mean that the memories were false. What the results
do indicate is that some people who believe that they have had a
recovered-memory experience, may, in fact, have forgotten that they
had been aware of the events prior to the recovered-memory experience.
Some people may have a false impression of having had repressed
memories.

**********************************************************************
                           LOST IN THERAPY
                    Continued From Last Newsletter

      PART 4: REBUILDING MY LIFE AND RECONCILING WITH MY FAMILY

As soon as I left therapy, I was extremely afraid, and I suffered from
panic attacks. I believe this was because of the stress of coming to
the realization that my recovered memories were untrue. I felt as
though my world had been turned upside down; I was suddenly living in
a different reality than I had been for the past three years.

I slowly began talking to other people. I read an article about the
cult of David Koresh and was astonished at how similar the cult
brainwashing dynamics were to what I had experienced in therapy. In
the Koresh article, I saw a reference to the False Memory Syndrome
Foundation and decided to call to see if they could help me understand
what I had experienced. I felt relieved that there was help available
and validation for me. I began reading the FMSF newsletter and took
great comfort in that. I also exchanged phone calls with a survivor of
FMS from another state, who gave me tremendous comfort and support. I
don't know how I could have gained the strength to go on with my life
productively if it hadn't been for the support and validation from the
FMSF and its associates.

A few months after I left therapy, a college friend called to tell me
my brother had been trying to find out where I was and what I was
doing. My brother had learned that I was on Social Security Disability
and told my friend that my family was very concerned about my well-
being. Getting that information was enough impetus to call my family.

During the next few months, I slowly called my other siblings and then
my mom. I called my sister first because I was still too distraught to
call my mom. I really felt terrible about being away from my mom, but
I thought it better to go slowly and start with one of my sisters. I
come from a family of ten children who were close, especially after my
father died when I was six years old.

I remember how emotional it was for me the first time I saw my brother
who lived in the same town. His hair had turned grey and he was
heavier than before. A sister with whom I was very close had had a
baby that I had never seen. It hit me hard to see how time had changed
people while I was away from them. A lot was missed. It was hard to
have it all sink in.

Another sister in a city not too far away invited me to visit. I
remember driving there and asking her to meet me halfway because I
never knew when the panic attacks would come. It was an emotional
visit. She wanted to know what had happened, and I told her what I
could. I saw that she was nervous, and I didn't realize at that time
that she was probably trying not to show all the pain I had caused. It
was joyous to be with her again and know that we still loved each
other. Her kids were bigger and she was in a new phase of her life.
Again, it hurt that I had not been a part of that part of her life for
so long.

Then, at Thanksgiving of that year, I went with my brother and his
family to visit my mom. It had been eight months since I left therapy.
The moment I saw my mother I felt anguish in my heart at seeing both
the pain and utter relief in her eyes. We cried and hugged each other,
and we both said how sorry we were about anything we had done to cause
this horrible event. I told her I was sorry I had been gone, and she
said she was sorry for any hurt she caused me growing up. We did not
share confusions and deep feelings during this visit. It was a very
happy time. It was overwhelming.

At a family reunion some months later, my family made a scrapbook for
me with pictures and letter from each one, telling me how much they
cared about me and how much I meant to them. It was joyous, but too
overwhelming for us to delve into the deeper feelings about what had
happened. During the past several years, my siblings and a niece have
shared with me the pain they saw my mom go through when I was gone. My
mom didn't talk a lot about it, but I saw it a few times. One time we
were to meet in London for a trip she took me on for my 30th birthday.
I checked into the hotel and tried to contact her, but somehow we
weren't able to contact each other for several hours. She became
distraught fearing that I was lost again. I could tell it was a fear
from her previous experience of losing me to therapy.

I have only recently come to understand that even after thirteen years
a truer, deeper reconciliation with each person in my family will
require more effort and communication on each of our parts. I have a
great family. It hurts me to recount the pain that I caused my family,
but I think it is helping me, too. It has been only in the past few
months that I actually spoke to two sisters about the pain I caused.
The mending that has occurred is monumental, and I am grateful for it
all. I look forward to its continuing.

Getting back to work played a huge role in my getting better. At some
point, I decided that I was not comfortable living off SSDI when the
reason I went on it in the first place was so twisted. By this time I
had found another psychiatrist who helped me in sessions and provided
anti-anxiety medication for panic. I found another therapist who
assured me that the treatment I received had been harmful, and she
helped me get over some angry feelings. I just wanted a good quality
of life back. There was no reason that I shouldn't try for that. I
started working at temporary jobs and less stressful jobs and SSDI
removed me from its rolls.

                 PART 5: THOUGHTS ON RECONCILIATION.

Each situation and person is unique, and I don't believe there is any
catch-all way of reconciling. However, there are aspects of FMS that
are very common, and I think sharing suggestions and ideas may help
others facing similar difficulties. First, recognition that the
experience was, and still may be, traumatic to both the retractor and
to family members is very important.

I think it helps to be patient when a person may not say what we feel
we need them to say, or do what we feel we need them to do in order to
reconnect.

There may be fears and pain that have not fully been processed. It
took months for me to be able to see my mom after I retracted. I felt
a combination of fear of her response, uncertainty and confusion about
why it happened, guilt for knowing I had left her for memories that
weren't real, and a lot of pain. She didn't reproach me for the time I
needed, and that helped.

Even after 13 years, I still am suffering from some aftereffects, such
as recurring images of the memories, and some pain at realizing the
harm the FMS caused my family. When I listen to people talk about it
even now, I can see the mark of pain that was left. It can't be
erased, and we each come to resolution at our own pace. Accepting this
has helped me a great deal.

Second, I think that getting specific help, either professionally or
otherwise in learning how to keep in touch with the FMS victim can
help. It is a very unusual situation where a person normally would not
cut off contact with the family, and persistence in letting the victim
know you want to be there for them can be very powerful. Deep down
inside me, somewhere, I knew that the therapy wasn't right. I wasn't
clear about it consciously due to all the psychological pressure, but
each time my family tried to help reassure me that it would not be
catastrophic when I left therapy. I realized my family didn't want to
dishonor my request for no contact, and I think that is what held them
back at times. However, I would not be afraid to be aggressive in
searching out the influences and facts of the situation that the
victim is in. It is not a normal situation. A person is being harmed
who has little recourse and few resources available while caught up in
the situation.

Lastly, I think it is helpful for each family member to be to be open
and honest about any responsibility he or she may have in the
situation. I think once there is true understanding, people generally
open their hearts to each other. It takes real effort, including time
and a willingness to be uncomfortable, if that is the case.

I have reconciled with my mom. We each said we were sorry when we
first reunited. I believe there are still leftover feelings that could
be resolved even further, and I plan on remaining open to the
opportunity to deepen our reconciliation. I recently apologized to a
few sisters for the pain I caused them. I recognize I am not to blame
for what the doctor and therapists did, but I do take responsibility
for participating in the therapy. I could have been more careful. I
admit part of my fault was looking for something to be a quick fix to
what ailed me.

**********************************************************************
                        RUNNING OUT OF TIME...
                            Mavis Lipman

In 1992, when Ted Hamilton was 51-years-old, he was arrested and
charged with abusing his daughter. He was convicted of heinous and
improbable acts based only on the memories his daughter recovered with
the help of The Courage to Heal.

Ted became my friend -- and my mission -- from the first time I went
to visit him in November, 1998, at Kingston Penitentiary, a
notoriously rough maximum security prison in Kingston, Ontario where
Ted was serving out a six-year prison sentence. This sentence might
seem short compared to similar cases in the United States, but the
brutality and indignities Ted experienced caused irreparable harm to a
once healthy, jovial and capable man.

Ted made it clear from the start that he was not angry with his
daughter. He said he used to have profound respect for academics, but
he had lost his faith in them and in the therapists who blindly
accepted the theories and practices of 'recovered repressed memories'.
He was certain that one day he and his daughter would be reunited,
sitting together, their arms around each other, laughing at the folly
that had befallen them. Unfortunately, this was not to be.

It is with great sadness that I report that Ted's time finally ran
out. He died all alone, on a street in Thunder Bay, Ontario, on July
15, 2006, following an epileptic seizure. He was 64.

Ted's after-prison story was a sad one. Two weeks before his statutory
release from prison in November 1999, Ted had been notified that he
was not permitted to return to his hometown of Sioux Lookout. This was
a huge disappointment, but he remained positive that the Salvation
Army Residence he would be sent to in Thunder Bay would have good
principles and caring people. It was unusual procedure, but I was
given permission to drive Ted from Kingston to Thunder Bay since my
husband and I had purchased him a van and the carpentry tools that we
thought he would need to get off to a good start. Over the next six
years I made the trip to visit Ted at least 24 times. He moved back
and forth between Thunder Bay, Sault Ste. Marie and Batchawana Bay. I
observed the steady decline in his mental and physical health as time
went along. The first year in Thunder Bay he underwent five surgical
procedures, some of which were ongoing repairs to the injuries he
received when he was first incarcerated. In September 2001, two months
before the termination date of his sentence, Ted was diagnosed with
prostate cancer. I drove up to Thunder Bay to take care of him and
then brought him back to my country home in Quebec to recuperate, be
with his dog, Maxi, paint and enjoy nature.

Creating a normal life can be tremendously difficult for people who
have been in prison. Ted was still serving out his time on statutory
release when Christopher's Law was passed in Ontario in April 2001.
This automatically remanded him to be on the Sex Offender's Registry
in Ontario for the rest of his life. It has since become a National
Registry. At first he didn't see it as such a big deal, but as time
went by he understood its impact. He realized that the Mark of Cain
would remain on him forever -- he was serving out a life-long prison
sentence. His hypertension, anxiety and panic attacks increased. As he
said himself "my nerves are shot."

Ted felt that he couldn't risk a relationship; he was unable to work;
his social assistance funds were inadequate; he had no real home, and
no friends except me, who lived 1000's of kms away. He had to
relinquish his dog to my care because he was unable to rent an
apartment. He had to live in church residences and cheap motel
rooms. By the summer of 2003 he had nowhere to live. I tried to help
him find something, but at every turn I realized that the local police
would have to be notified that Ted was on the S.O.R. The word would
get out and he would be doomed. It wasn't the best solution but time
was running out so I purchased a used RV that would give him coverage
about 5 months of the year.

Ted wanted more than anything to clear his name and he filed appeals.
In Canada's Criminal Code when all levels of appeal have been
exhausted, there is a final opportunity to make an application for a
verdict reconsideration. Ted spent the last six years waiting
patiently for his last lawyer to prepare and make this application.

In August 2001, I was given permission by his parole officers to drive
Ted to Toronto to visit this lawyer. The lawyer explained the
difficulties and hurdles that remained within parliament and the
justice system regarding cases of repressed memories; that Ted's case
was first on the list, and that many people acquainted with his case
said that he never should have been convicted.

Ted told the lawyer "I am running out of time." The lawyer's response
was that criminal cases are notorious for taking years before
injustices are addressed and that Ted's case was not that old.
Unfortunately Ted ran out of time. In his heart, I think that Ted knew
he would not be able to sustain himself forever while waiting
endlessly for legal processes that could clear his name, reunite him
with his family, and restore his pride and dignity.

I know that Ted would like me to thank the members and professionals
of the FMS Foundation and the Canadian False Memory Support Groups for
all of the articles, newsletters, books, and letters that kept him
encouraged and informed; for all of the love, respect, generosity and
support that he received; and most importantly for believing in his
innocence.

______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                       Purveyors of Nonsense                        |
|                   Welkos, R.W. (2006, August 2).                   |
|                    Giving more life to Marilyn?                    |
|                       Los Angeles Times, E3.                       |
|                                                                    |
| Sherrie Lea Laird believes she is the reincarnated Marilyn Monroe. |
| California psychiatrist Adrian Finkelstein, M.D. attests to it. He |
| says he proved Laird's claim when he placed her under hypnosis     |
| during past life regression therapy. After studying her for six    |
| years, he had written a book.                                      |
|                                                                    |
| Finkelstein's website states that he offers: "Past Lives and       |
| Exploration Reincarnation Therapy." Lest one consider Finkelstein  |
| a "fringe" therapist, he is the "former Chairman of Outpatient     |
| Department of Psychiatry at Mount Sinai Medical Center, University |
| of Health Sciences, in Chicago.                                    |
\____________________________________________________________________/


 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                           Lest We Forget                           |
|                                                                    |
| We recently skimmed the 1991 memoir, Prisoner of Another War, in   |
| which the author describes the therapy she received in California  |
| in the 1980s. The book is a reminder of the ubiquity of and lack   |
| of skepticism about recovered-memory beliefs.                      |
|                                                                    |
| "Dr Osborne's counseling center specialized in regressive          |
| therapy. He believed that uncovering childhood deprivation and     |
| trauma helped many people deal with present day difficulties."     |
| (27)                                                               |
|                                                                    |
| "Dr. Osborne explained that these negative, hurtful feelings that  |
| the child buries create problems, both psychological and           |
| physiological, as the child grows into an adult. 'The purpose of   |
| this type of therapy is to allow those buried, painful memories to |
| surface.'" (37)                                                    |
|                                                                    |
| "'But,' I protested, 'I really don't need this type of therapy. I  |
| am one of the few people that had a perfect childhood. My parents  |
| genuinely loved me.' He smiled gently and said, 'Many people who   |
| come here feel that way. It's not uncommon to have only a few      |
| painful memories. People come for therapy for many reasons. Not    |
| everyone has obvious emotional problems. Some come because they    |
| have difficulties in their relationships, or, like you, because of |
| severe physical pain.'"(37)                                        |
|                                                  Murray, M. (1991) |
|                                           Prisoner of Another War: |
|              A Remarkable Journey of Healing From Childhood Trauma |
|                                                    Page Mill Press |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                       L E G A L   C O R N E R
            _____________________________________________
            Delaware Grapples With Recovered-Memory Cases
               Eden v. Oblates of St. Francis de Sales
        No. 04C-01-069CLS. Sup. Ct. Del. Decided Dec. 4, 2006.

On December 4, 2006, New Castle County Delaware Superior Court Judge
Calvin L. Scott Jr. ruled that Eric Eden, 35, could sue the principal
of the Salesianum School and the Oblates of St. Francis de Sales, the
religious order that operates the school, because he had repressed his
memories of abuse by a priest at the school. The judge did not allow
Eden to sue for a 1985 abuse incident that he had reported to his
parents at the time because of Delaware's two-year civil statute of
limitations. This is Delaware's first repressed-memory case. Most
allegations of past abuse have not been heard in court because of the
statute of limitations.

Eric Eden filed his suit in January, 2004 alleging that he had been
molested 900 times between 1976 (when he was eight) to 1985 (when he
was seventeen) by Rev. James O'Neill of the private Catholic school.
Although he was aware of the incident in 1985, Eden, claimed he "had
complete amnesia of the other nine years worth of sexual abuse" until
April 2002 when his memories returned in response to the extensive
media accounts of sex abuse cases.

According to the lawsuit, when Eden told his parents of the abuse in
1985, they confronted the church and school officials who agreed to
remove O'Neill from working with children. Instead, O'Neill was
transferred to a school in Pennsylvania and later to North Carolina.

Delaware recognizes the discovery rule exception for "inherently
unknowable injuries," in which a plaintiff is "blamelessly ignorant of
the act or omission and injury complained of, and the harmful effect
thereof develops gradually over a period of time..." .

Thomas S. Neuberger and Stephen J. Neuberger, Esquires, The Neuberger
Firm, P.A., Wilmington, DE; Robert Jacobs and Thomas C. Crumplar,
Esquires, Jacobs & Crumplar, P.A., Wilmington, DE, Attorneys for
Plaintiff.

Mark L. Reardon,, Esquire, Elzufon, Austin, Reardon, Tarlov & Mondell,
P.A., Wilmington, DE, Attorney for Defendants Oblates of St. Francis
de Sales, Inc., Salesianum School, Inc.

                                * * *

Another client of Thomas Neuberger filed a recovered-memory suit on
December 3, 2007 in the wake of Judge Scott's decision. Douglas
McClure is suing the Wilmington Roman Catholic Diocese for allowing
him to be abused by Rev. Edward Carley who died in 1998. McClure
claims he had suppressed the memories of the abuse until reading a
newspaper account of a settlement in another person's claims of abuse
by Rev. Carley. Interestingly, according to news reports, McClure also
suppressed memories of his 14 month combat experience in Vietnam..

                                * * *

Delaware lawmakers are considering changing the statutes of
limitations for child sexual abuse cases. A bill introduced in 2006
granted victims 25 years after their 18th birthday to bring suit. The
legislative session ended before the bill was passed, however. The
sponsors of the bill plan to reintroduce it in 2007.

Miller, B. (2006, December 7). Judge sends priest-abuse lawsuit to
trial. The News Journal. Retrieved from
www.delmarvanow.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061207/
  NEWS01/61207006 on December 25, 2006

Miller, B. (2006, December 16). Statute of limitations under
scrutiny. The News Journal. Retrieved from
www.delawareonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061216/
  NEWS/612160328/-1/NEWS01 on December 25, 2006

   +-------------------------------------------------------------+
   | "The past is malleable and flexible, changing as our        |
   | recollection interprets and re-explains what has happened." |
   |                                                Peter Berger |
   +-------------------------------------------------------------+

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                  FAMILY HISTORIES  --  TWO IDEAS                   |
|                                                                    |
| This month, two people wrote with ideas that they think other      |
| families might want to be aware.                                   |
|                                                                    |
| Mattie wrote to let us know that she took the albums and albums of |
| pictures of her children growing up and created a DVD slide show   |
| that she gave to family members. "It was much more than picture    |
| after picture," she said. "It branched in different directions and |
| had great music." She said that although it took a long time and   |
| required some professional help, "The results were fantastic!" She |
| said that her alienated child did not respond, but that everyone   |
| else was thrilled.  One daughter told her it was the best present  |
| she had ever received in her life. For more details contact Mattie |
| Zimmerman                             |
|                                                                    |
| Laura Pasley is a retractor who has helped many FMSF families. She |
| has recently become a consultant for a company that has developed  |
| a computer program that could help families write their histories: |
| Heritage Helpers. She thought that there may be families who have  |
| not written all the things that they want their lost children,     |
| and especially their grandchildren, to know, and that this could   |
| be a way for them to get started. Laura said "I know that there    |
| are lots of people who do not use computers. But someone in the    |
| family probably does. I have written the life story of my parents  |
| from birth through their marriage, children and grandchildren, for |
| example."                                                          |
|                                                                    |
| If you are interested in more information about this, contact      |
| Laura at: http://www.laurapasleyscreativecorner.com. To see some   |
| examples go to "project search" and put "Pasley" for the author.   |
| You can also call her at 972-557-6709 or by email:                 |
| lepasley@sbcglobal.net                                             |
\____________________________________________________________________/

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| If someone in your family has experienced detrimental "therapy"    |
| with Stephen (Steve) Oglevie in Burley ID, I would appreciate it   |
| if you would contact me with a brief outline of what happened.     |
| There is no need to give your name. I am just interested in        |
| gathering information.                                             |
|                                                 A concerned mother |
|                            My contact email is: ballygoran@aol.com |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S

                 ___________________________________
                 Before and After Regression Therapy
Dad,

"You've been a true expression of God's love in my life -- I will
always be thankful to you for making the love of God so real to me."

Happy Father's Day, Dad. I loved what this card expressed -- so much
of what we feel is true about you. Thank you for my rich heritage and
being a tool the Lord has used to make His love real to me. I am
blessed to be your daughter! I love you.
                                                       Daughter's name

Your daughter picked this card out and I think it is very appropriate.
You are certainly a good model for other fathers. I love you.
                                                     Son-in-law's name

                   Several Months After Accusation

Dear (first names)

Since (the date of the accusation) a great deal has changed in our
relationship with you and the rest of the family. These changes have
left an irreversible impression on our family. Our children are very
aware of the damages to our relationship with all of you. In spite of
the damages, we have moved forward. Please respect our family by no
longer attempting to contact us. Your letters, packages, phone calls
and emails are not welcomed.
                                               Son-in-law and Daughter
                         ___________________
                         Recommended Reading
After our daughter dropped the bomb in our lives in 1992, I did
extensive reading on the subject of childhood sexual abuse and
recovered memories. By chance, when I was in a major university
bookstore, I happened to select a book written primarily for
physicians during medical residency in psychiatry. It wasn't easy
reading material but the book helped me understand the issue from two
very different perspectives.

First, I developed a much improved understanding of childhood sexual
abuse and programs for treatment. Second, the medical texts showed me
the unscientific and callow nature of materials supporting repressed
memory as "therapy." The gulf between the two was enormous.

I suggest that the FMSF newsletter list the leading textbooks,
including medical texts, on the subject of childhood sexual abuse.
                                                       An informed dad
                      _________________________
                      Feeling of Accomplishment
A bit of good news: I have a therapist friend who specializes in
treating people with problems of abuse, whom I have known for many
years because we have belonged to some of the same charity groups. My
friend is now president of a charity that gives away school uniforms
to needy people and also helps the local Rape Crisis Center. My friend
mentioned that the charity is interested in helping a particular
person, but before they do, she said, they are checking the facts of
her story.

I think I had something to do with this because I have been talking to
my friend about FMS since 1995. Of course, we want real abuse cases
brought out and people helped. But at the same time, we want to do
what we can to ensure that there is no misreporting.
                                                          Feeling good

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                           Yahoo Answers                            |
|                                                                    |
| We have been noting references to false memory and false memory    |
| syndrome on "blogs" and informal postings on the internet. We      |
| wondered what people seem to know about these phrases.             |
| Unfortunately, copyright laws prevent us from reprinting exchanges |
| verbatim, but a paraphrase below captures the spirit of one        |
| interesting post.                                                  |
|                                                                    |
| ASKER: Would it be possible for a person to make false accusations |
| about what happened when he was a child in order to make himself   |
| feel better about an unsuccessful business deal?                   |
|                                                                    |
| REPLY 1: This seems more than making excuses. It is possible to    |
| create a false memory in another person. The key is connecting     |
| with them. It also helps if the person is in a position of         |
| authority and the person who gets the memories is highly           |
| suggestible. Hypnosis is not necessary. A helpful book for you     |
| might be: Myth of Repressed Memory: False Memories and Allegations |
| of Sexual Abuse by Elizabeth Loftus and Katherine Ketcham. A       |
| professor recommended this book to me when I was an undergraduate. |
|                                                                    |
| ASKER: Yes! I think a person in a "position of authority"          |
| convinced my older brother that my mother abused him. None of my   |
| brothers and sisters or I are aware of anything that supports his  |
| new "memories." Thank you. I will read Myth of Repressed Memory.   |
|                                                                    |
| REPLY 2: Two people in my family developed false memories. One is  |
| mentally ill. The other believes that his dreams actually          |
| happened.                                                          |
|                                                                    |
| REPLY 3: It's possible that your brother has "False Memory         |
| Syndrome," but I think he is rationalizing. If he makes his        |
| childhood seem bad, in his mind then he is not responsible for     |
| what he has done as an adult.                                      |
|                                                                    |
|                           The exchange was found at Yahoo Answers  |
|                                              on December 19, 2006  |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
*                           N O T I C E S                            *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                http://www.theisticsatanism.com/asp/                *
*                       Against Satanic Panics                       *
*                                                                    *
*                 comp.uark.edu/~lampinen/read.html                  *
*            The Lampinen Lab False Memory Reading Group             *
*                       University of Arkansas                       *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.exploratorium.edu/memory                    *
*                  The Exploratorium Memory Exhibit                  *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.ctnow.com/memory                        *
*                   Hartford Courant memory series                   *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.tmdArchives.org                         *
*                     The Memory Debate Archives                     *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.francefms.com                          *
*                      French language website                       *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.StopBadTherapy.com                       *
*               Contains phone numbers of professional               *
*                 regulatory boards in all 50 states                 *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.ltech.net/OHIOarmhp                       *
*                             Ohio Group                             *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.afma.asn.au                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.bfms.org.uk                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/retractor                     *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm                  *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*              www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories/               *
*                       Locate books about FMS                       *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.religioustolerance.org/sra.htm                 *
*               Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse               *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.angryparents.net                        *
*                   Parents Against Cruel Therapy                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/newcosanz                     *
*                       New Zealand FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.werkgroepwfh.nl                         *
*                       Netherlands FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.falseallegation.org                       *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.nasw.org/users/markp                      *
*                  Excerpts from Victims of Memory.                  *
*                                                                    *
*                  www.rickross.com/groups/fsm.html                  *
*                         Ross Institute                             *
*                                                                    *
*         www.hopkinsmedicine.org/jhhpsychiatry/perspec1.htm         *
*             Perspectives for Psychiatry by Paul McHugh             *
*                                                                    *
*                     www.enigma.se/info/FFI.htm                     *
*                 FMS in Scandinavia - Janet Hagbom                  *
*                                                                    *
*                            www.ncrj.org                            *
*                National Center for Reason & Justice            *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.lyingspirits.com                        *
*          Skeptical Information on Theophostic Counseling           *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.ChildrenInTherapy.org/.                     *
*                Information about Attachment Therapy                *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.traumaversterking.nl                      *
*           English language web site of Dutch retractor.            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.quackwatch.org                         *
*             This site is run by Stephen Barrett, M.D.              *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.stopbadtherapy.org                       *
*            Contains information about filing complaints            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.FMSFonline.org                         *
*                  False Memory Syndrome Foundation                  *
*                                                                    *
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                         www.caseassist.com                         *
*                          www.findlaw.com                           *
*                        www.legalengine.com                         *
*                          www.accused.com                           *
*                        www.abuse-excuse.com                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                          ELIZABETH LOFTUS                          *
*                we www.seweb.uci.edu/faculty/loftus/                *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*            The Rutherford Family Speaks to FMS Families            *
*                                                                    *
* The video made by the Rutherford family is the most popular video  *
* of FMSF families. It covers the complete story from accusation, to *
* retraction and reconciliation. Family members describe the things  *
* they did to cope and to help reunite. Of particular interest are   *
* Beth Rutherford's comments about what her family did that helped   *
* her to retract and return.                                         *
*                   Available in DVD format only:                    *
*                      To order send request to                      *
*                    FMSF Video, 1955 Locust St.                     *
*                      Philadelphia, PA  19103                       *
*    $10.00 per DVD; Canada add $4.00; other countries add $10.00    *
*               Make checks payable to FMS Foundation                *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                       RECOMMENDED  BOOKS                           *
*                                                                    *
*                       REMEMBERING TRAUMA                           *
*                       by Richard McNally                           *
*                    Harvard University Press                        *
*                                                                    *
*          SCIENCE and PSEUDOSCIENCE in CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY          *
*                                                                    *
*         S. O. Lilienfeld, S.J. Lynn and  J.M. Lohr (eds.)          *
*                  New York: Guilford Press (2003)                   *
*                                                                    *
*                         PSYCHOLOGY ASTRAY:                         *
*  Fallacies in Studies of "Repressed Memory" and Childhood Trauma   *
*                   by Harrison G. Pope, Jr., M.D.                   *
*                            Upton Books                             *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                        HUNGARY FOR MONSTERS                        *
*                                                                    *
* The 2003 film Hungry for Monsters by George Csicsery has been      *
* re-released on a new DVD containing 40 minutes of additional       *
* scenes exploring the background of recovered memories in the       *
* Althaus case. When 15-year-old Nicole Althaus told a teacher that  *
* her father was molesting her, the quiet affluent Pittsburgh suburb *
* of Mt. Lebanon, Pennsylvania, was turned inside out. Nicole's      *
* father, Rick, was arrested and charged with sexually abusing       *
* Nicole amidst bizarre satanic rituals. With the support of her     *
* favorite teacher, police, therapists, social workers, and officers *
* of the court, all of whom believed her stories, Nicole began to    *
* embellish her initial accusations. As she recovered more memories  *
* of wild orgies, sacrificed babies, and murder, more people were    *
* arrested, including her mother and a pair of strangers. A year     *
* later, all charges were dropped, and Nicole admitted that her      *
* accusations were false. After Nicole and her parents reconciled,   *
* they sued the authorities.                                         *
*                                                                    *
*                      Hungry for Monsters DVD                       *
*                                                                    *
* Released by Facets MultiMedia on October 31, 2006. To order copies *
* contact Facets MultiMedia, or rent it on Netflix.                  *
*                                                                    *
*       www.facets.org/asticat?function=buyitem&catname=         *
*       facets&catnum=/DV71523                                   *
*                                                                    *
* The film has also been acquired by Teachers TV, a UK cable channel *
* for educators.                                                     *
*                   www.teachers.tv/video/4861                       *
*                                                                    *
* For more information about Hungry for Monsters see                 *
*                   www.zalafilms.com                                *
*                                                                    *
* George Csicsery                                                    *
* POB 22833                                                          *
* Oakland CA 94609 USA                                               *
* (510) 428-9284                                                     *
* (510) 428-9273 fax                                                 *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
                _____________________________________
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:
_____________
UNITED STATES

ALABAMA
  See Georgia
ALASKA
  Kathleen 907-333-5248
ARIZONA
  Phoenix
        Pat 480-396-9420
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
CALIFORNIA
  Sacramento
        Jocelyn 530-570-1862
  San Francisco & North Bay 
        Charles 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-738-0469
  East Bay Area
        Judy 925-952-4853
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Palm Desert
        Eileen and Jerry 909-659-9636
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 949-733-2925
  Covina Area 
        Floyd & Libby 626-357-2750
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 760-439-4630
COLORADO
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
CONNECTICUT
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
FLORIDA
  Date/Boward
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Sarasota
        Francis & Sally 941-342-8310
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 727-856-7091
GEORGIA
  Atlanta 
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
ILLINOIS
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
  Peoria
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
INDIANA
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Pat 260-489-9987
        Helen 574-753-2779
KANSAS
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-762-2825
KENTUCKY
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
LOUISIANA
        Sarah 337-235-7656
MAINE
  Rumford
        Carolyn 207-364-8891
  Portland
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
MICHIGAN
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-4055
MINNESOTA 
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
MISSOURI
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  Springfield - Quarterly, 4th Sat. of 
        Jan., Apr., Jul., Oct. @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
MONTANA
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
NEW HAMPSHIRE
  Jean 603-772-2269
  Mark 802-872-0847
NEW JERSEY 
  Southern
        Sally 609-927-4147
  Northern
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
NEW MEXICO
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
NEW YORK 
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-922-1737
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
NORTH CAROLINA
  Susan 704-538-7202
OHIO
  Cleveland
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
OKLAHOMA
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
  Tulsa
        Jim 918-582-7363
OREGON
  Portland area
        Kathy 503-655-1587
PENNSYLVANIA
  Harrisburg
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
  Pittsburgh
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
  Montrose
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
TENNESSEE
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
TEXAS 
    Houston
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-595-3945
UTAH
        Keith 801-467-0669
VERMONT 
        Mark 802-872-0847
WASHINGTON
        Kathy 503-557-7118
WISCONSIN
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
WYOMING
        Alan & Lorinda 307-322-4170
_____________
INTERNATIONAL

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Lloyd 250-741-8941
  Victoria & Vancouver Island
        John 250-721-3219
MANITOBA
        Roma 204-275-5723
ONTARIO, CANADA 
  London 
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
  Ottawa
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Burlington
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
  Waubaushene
        Paula 705-543-0318
QUEBEC, CANADA 
  Chertsey
        Mavis 450-882-1480
AUSTRALIA
  Evelyn 
        everei@adam.com.au
BELGIUM
  werkgr.fict.herinneringen@altavista.net
ISRAEL
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax 972-2-625-9282 
NEW ZEALAND
        Colleen 09-416-7443
SWEDEN
        Ake Moller FAX 48-431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline 44-1225 868-682

            ______________________________________________
            Deadline for the Spring 2007 issue is March 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    And should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                         pjf@cis.upenn.edu                          |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
**********************************************************************
The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified  501(c)3  corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.
**********************************************************************

PAMELA FREYD, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,      January 15, 2007

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic Psychology, 
    Sterling Heights, MI;
ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D., Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical
    Center, Chicago, IL;
JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
ROBYN M. DAWES, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA;
DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D., University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medical School;
GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA;
MARTIN GARDNER, Author, Hendersonville, NC;
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HENRY GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
LILA GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;
DAVID A. HALPERIN, M.D., (deceased) Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 
    New York, NY;
ERNEST HILGARD, Ph.D., (deceased) Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA;
JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA;
DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS;
PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D., (deceased) Harvard University, Cambridge, MA;
ROBERT A. KARLIN, Ph.D. , Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HAROLD LIEF, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA;
SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH;
PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD;
HAROLD MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;
SPENCER HARRIS MORFIT, Author, Westford, MA;
ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased) U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland, OR;
CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., (deceased) Concordia University, Montreal, Canada;
MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada;
AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;
JAMES RANDI, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL;
HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D. ,Washington University, St. Louis, MO;
CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL;
THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., (deceased) University of California, Santa
    Cruz, CA;
THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., (deceased) U of Indiana, Bloomington, IN;
MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for
    Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa;
MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D., {deceased) University of California, Berkeley,
    CA;
RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State University Law School,
    Detroit, MI;
DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Ctr, Piscataway, NJ;
JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D., Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY;
HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, 
    Northfield, MN;
CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco, TX

**********************************************************************
                     YOUR CONTRIBUTION WILL HELP
                   Please Fill Out All Information
                             Please Print

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       __Mastercard: # & exp. date:____________________________

       __Check or Money Order:_________________________________
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      Signature: ______________________________________________

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      State, ZIP (+4) _________________________________________

      Country: ________________________________________________

      Phone: (________)________________________________________

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                    THANK YOU FOR YOUR GENEROSITY.
**********************************************************************