FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - September/October 2006 - Vol. 15, No. 5, HTML version


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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
September/October 2006 Vol. 15 No. 5
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ISSN #1069-0484. Copyright (c) 2006 by the FMS Foundation
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The FMSF Newsletter has been published 6 times a year by the False
Memory Syndrome Foundation. Starting in 2007 it will be published 4
times a year and will be delivered electronicaly. It is also available
at on the FMSF website: www.FMSFonline.org. Those without access to
the Internet should contact the Foundation.
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
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Dear Friends, 

Standing in line at the Post Office last week, we started to giggle.
On a wall behind the clerk was a poster with the words: "Create
Memories With Mail." For those of us involved with false memories,
such words can evoke a host of humorous ideas-obviously unintended by
the authors. FMS has changed the perspectives of many of us in lots of
different ways.

Remarkably, we still get calls or e-mails from newly accused families
-- not a lot, but any number is too great. How can this still be
happening? Most of these newly destroyed families have children who
went to some type of "Christian" counseling. Are these counselors
ignorant of the warnings from all the professional organizations or
from the results of malpractice lawsuits?

Theophostic Prayer Ministry (TPM) is a name we hear frequently now. In
this issue, investigative journalist Jan Fletcher provides an updated
analysis of TPM and its belief in Satanic ritual abuse. (See p. 4.)
She explains why one needs to be skeptical when TPM claims that it is
not "recovered memory therapy." Theophostic counseling is growing at
lightening speed and producing its own spin-offs.

Virginia-based Restoration in Christ Ministries (RCM) is one such
spin-off that several families have recently mentioned. A quick glance
at the RCM website gives the picture:[1] headed by Tom R. Hawkins,
(Ph.D. in Biblical Studies) who claims no mental health credentials so
that he "will not be restricted in any way by state regulations when
dealing with 'spiritual dynamics,'" RCM is described as an "adaptation
of the teachings of Basic TheoPhostic." "RCM offers training and
support to those called to restore lives shattered by abuse," and the
focus of Hawkins's books and seminars is treating Dissociative
Identity Disorder. He knows "specific indicators of ritual abuse" and
has devised an evaluation tool "on the subtle indications of complex
DID/RA." He is a member of the International Society for the Study of
Dissociation and the Christian Society for the Healing of Dissociative
Disorders.

Hawkins argues that because people report satanic abuse, it can not be
discounted. He writes: "Granted, the victims' memories may be
distorted and contain false information, but there is the possibility
that the emotional duress these people display may have experiential
roots. It is not likely that people can become this emotionally
battered just by living a normal and happy life or by making up
stories of trauma and abuse."

Hawkins uses a disturbing analogy that is an example of muddled
thinking. He asks readers to compare someone going to a therapist
claiming satanic ritual abuse with a person who is all broken and
bleeding who goes to a hospital emergency room claiming that she was
run over by a truck. Since there is no evidence of a truck, the
patient is discredited and her story dismissed. Hawkins asks if
therapists should discredit patients just because they cannot produce
physical evidence.

But emergency room doctors treat the symptoms; they don't treat the
symptoms of someone who is harmed by a truck differently from those
same symptoms in a person who might have been harmed in some other
way. They treat the damage. Hawkins seems to assume that some care
providers think that patients who believe that they were abused by
satanists should be abandoned. That is just as absurd as assuming that
someone who claimed that she was Joan of Arc should be abandoned. Of
course people should be treated who turn to professionals for help.
Research into effective therapy practice, however, has shown that
helping people solve problems in the here and now is effective
treatment; relentless exhuming of memories is not. No doubt the
leaders of these ministries truly believe that they are helping
people, just as the many secular therapists of 15 years ago also
thought. Separation of church and state limit what government or
regulators can do when the harmful therapy is done through the
churches. There is a tremendous need for religious leaders to take
responsibility for the harmful practices now taking place on their
watch.

Two brief summaries in this issue document the terrible toll that
false memories can have. On page 7, Frank Kane writes about the prison
release of Bernard Baran who was convicted during the height of the
child-abuse day-care hysteria. On page 9, is the tragic story of the
Hamlin family that self-destructed, apparently after Mrs. Hamlin
thought that she needed to recover memories of childhood sexual abuse.
The story, revealed during a lengthy trial, portrayed her husband as
someone who became obsessed with the idea that she was abused, and he
even hired the notorious Ted Gunderson to help find the evidence of
the satanic cult. Gunderson has been dedicated to finding satanic
ritual abuse during the past three decades, and he has left a trail of
harm. If Mr. Hamlin had not been obsessed with satanic conspiracies
and his wife's memories before working with Gunderson, it's highly
possible he was after exposure to someone who claimed authority in the
matter. 

Perhaps it is just the ease of getting information on the Internet and
the fact that there are so many websites devoted to the topic
maintained by people who believe the conspiracy claims, but in the
past year it seems that we have been reading more and more stories
about claims of satanic ritual abuse. (See p. 12.) Work is needed to
remind people that the claims have been thoroughly debunked.

We are now planning for 2007. You should have already received our
annual letter. We will continue to support families who need the
Foundation. Sadly, some families have given up any hope of seeing
their children again. But we are all delighted for those families in
which there has been a retraction. Resumed contact, however, comes
without verbal apology for most families. 

  As you know, my daughter returned after 15 years - not just returned
  but about to move into a condo one half block from mine. A close
  friend summed it up aptly with the comment, "How wonderfully weird."
  It's good to have such candid friends. Remarkably, I seem to have
  lost all anger and bitterness.

Many families still have no contact, but they have come to terms with
the loss.

  I am writing to update you on our continuing soap opera. We see our
  three sons. We see our five grandchildren and our four great
  grandchildren. We do not see the two accusing daughters whom we
  understand do not speak to each other anymore either. The family
  therapist who started this journey is now teaching knitting. Ah
  life!

  Now, more than a dozen years later, my oldest daughter is still lost
  to me, and I am not allowed to have any communication with her. But
  my family is intact, my personal and professional friendships were
  not affected, and -- now living in retirement-my life is good. For
  the most part, I can accept the rupture by my daughter.

The greatest measure of the Foundation's success is that each year
fewer newly accused families contact the FMSF for help, while at the
same time more families either reconcile or feel that they no longer
need help. But the gratification of the accomplishments of the past 15
years is offset by the recognition that many affected families remain
broken and the knowledge that "merchants of discredited memory theory
prevent the memory wars from being completely extinguished," as
Elizabeth Loftus noted in 2004. During the next year, we plan to shine
a bright light on these "merchants" -- who they are, what they are doing.

Over the years, the work in the office has changed dramatically.
Almost everything we do is now by computer. The biggest change that
will affect you is the transition of the newsletter to electronic
distribution. There will be four issues in 2007 unless a reason for
more arises. If you have not previously received the newsletter in
electronic version and you wish to get it, we need to hear from you. 

If you do not have access to a computer and wish mailed copies of the
electronic version, we especially need to hear from you. We will
compile the information from the electronic versions and do mailings
four times during 2007. But we need to hear from you so that we can be
sure that our records are correct.

We thank you for your generous support and help over the years.

                                                                PAMELA

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \ 
| "...I refuse to be intimidated into not confronting the            |
| increasing troubles in our field. We are 'in it,' so to speak,     |
| deep. If you don't believe me, check recent adjudications, not to  |
| mention multimillion dollar settlements, against therapists. The   |
| trouble we need to address, which is how to serve not only our own |
| interests but also those of our clients, does not stem solely from |
| the efforts of our major detractors in the false memory syndrome   |
| movement; it has been lurking in our field from the beginning.     |
| There is an urgent need for therapists to become sophisticated     |
| enough to provide treatment without presupposing that clients'     |
| reports or 'memories' are in accordance with fact, and without     |
| assuming that only one (or even several) interpretation(s) can     |
| explain even the most suggestive symptoms or dreams."              |
|                                                                    |
|                      Nancy Hornstein, M.D., 'President's Message'  |
|                                  ISSD News, August/September 1995  |
|                  (International Society for Study of Dissociation) |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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                   Update on Theophostic Counseling
                             Jan Fletcher

      Jan Fletcher is a Christian journalist who has reported 
      on TPM since June 2003. Her research is on the web at 
      www.lyingspirits.com

Despite changes in training materials by founder Ed Smith, Theophostic
Prayer Ministry (TPM) remains dangerous, and yet continues to be the
fastest spreading inner-healing practice in Christian churches
today.[1] Smith is an ordained Southern Baptist minister who operated
a private counseling practice for female survivors of sexual abuse
called Family Care Christian Counseling, in Campbellsville, Ky., in
the early 1990s. Having reached the point of burnout in his counseling
practice,[2] Smith launched a ministry he named TheoPhostic [God's
Light] Counseling in 1996.

With Theophostic, Smith soon went beyond attempting to treat childhood
sexual abuse. He changed the name, first to Theophostic Ministry, and
then to Theophostic Prayer Ministry. Until recently, Smith promoted
his method as a "cure-all for non-organic mental and emotional
problems," noted one Christian apologist and researcher.[3]

In TPM, a Theophostic-trained facilitator asks the ministry recipient
to drift back and identify the first memory she can remember in which
she feels the same negative emotion that has been "triggered" in the
present time, and is her current source of trouble. Then, the
facilitator helps her identify a lie embedded in that memory, such as,
"I'll never be safe." She then prays to Jesus to show her the truth
with the expectation that both the lie and the emotional pain will be
vanquished.

Smith says Theophostic facilitators "ask the Lord to reveal His truth"
as clients "watch for, listen [to] and feel" a special revelation from
Jesus, who "has the ability to enter into our historical moment and
reveal truth in the experience."[4] The TPM facilitator then discerns
the source of the revelation is actually Jesus.

It is within the TPM client's search for a "historical moment," that
controversy over TPM's potential to generate false memories has
arisen. TPM's premise that Jesus is bound to appear with a divine
message regarding the client's interpretation of a past event has
added to the concern that the ministry client will be unlikely to
question the reliability of any recovered memories.

Smith has strongly denied that TPM is a form of recovered memory
therapy, and, despite some new warnings in his materials, still
remains recalcitrant to critics' concerns over TPM's potential to
induce false memories in clients. At times, he has even resorted to
publicly accusing critics of secretly conspiring against him
personally.[5] He has also accused those "who feel obsessed with
making other peoples [sic] traumatic memory false," of discrediting
the reliability of human memory in order to hide their own evil
deeds.[6]

Smith's pre-2005 materials are filled with extremely dangerous
teachings on the need to search for repressed memories in order to
resolve current emotional problems;[7] assuming that half of all women
in America have suffered from childhood sexual abuse;[8] and a belief
in widespread satanic ritual abuse.[9] "It is impossible to believe
that these memories have been implanted by the counselor/
minister/therapist when they are accompanied by such strong physical
manifestations," said Smith.[10] In his 1999 training video, he
claimed the majority of his personal clients were SRA victims.

In April 2005, Smith released a revised training manual, Basic Seminar
Manual. In it, Smith answers the question: "If people are using the
Theophostic approach according to the specific teaching and ministry
guidelines is there a possibility that the facilitator could implant a
'false memory?'"[11] He asserts that, if ministry guidelines are
followed, only the client surfaces the memory, and the facilitator
should "never make any insinuations, suggestions or ask questions that
would provide memory content for the person." [Emphasis in original.]
Smith also recommended that TPM facilitators have clients sign a "hold
harmless" agreement[12] before engaging in Theophostic.

The warnings Smith placed in this section were long overdue. But look
at what Smith says later:

  "I have ministered to many people who report memories that would be
  identified as Satanic Ritual Abuse. I do not believe that everything
  that is being reported by these people is accurate by any means. The
  very nature of what is being reported lends itself to fabrication
  and implanting of falsehood. If even a portion of what has been
  reported is accurate (which I believe it is), then the people doing
  the evil deeds would want there to be all manner of falsehood,
  mistaken identities and fabrication present. Logic would say that
  falsehood would intentionally be put into the person's mind by the
  perpetrator so that the person would never be able to sort out the
  truth." [13] [Emphasis added.]

In Keeping Your Ministry Out of Court, which is still being
distributed on the www.theophostic.com website -- a book that is
touted as "a MUST BUY book for those using Theophostic Ministry" --
Smith says, "The whole idea that counselor/ministers can create
dissociation or 'false memories' is giving counselor/ministers much
more power and suggestive influence than is even possible. Someone
needs to set up a controlled environment and prove that planting a
'false memory' is even possible." (p. 75)

Smith believes alleged Satanists can implant false memories in complex
schemes, yet counselors cannot.

Along the same lines, Smith says he has reports that Satanists are
possibly "programming" women to fake Theophostic healing and
"accepting the role of speaking for Jesus."[14] Furthermore, he
describes as "absurd" the applicability of scientific studies proving
the unreliability of memory.[15]Elliot Miller, editor, Christian
Research Journal, notes: "It is impossible to interact with TPM
training seminars and materials for long without encountering
discussion of satanic ritual abuse (SRA)."[16] He said, "It is clear
that there remains a population in the larger counseling client pool
that will, if given the opportunity, display abreaction and tell
gruesome SRA stories. Smith and other TPM facilitators have
experienced this phenomenon numerous times."[17] [Emphasis added.]

Miller also admits in "Teachings in Transition" that "if the alleged
perpetrator is innocent, the TPM recipient's choice to forgive him for
wrongs he didn't actually commit would not prevent harm from being
done to their relationship by her believing he committed those wrongs.
If he is a significant person in her life, then the consequences of
this false belief would be severe."[18] The consequences of TPM can
indeed be severe. Based on my research and first-hand accounts I have
heard since publishing my e-book, Lying Spirits, I believe there is a
significant risk of the unnecessary loss of familial love for anyone
who engages in TPM.

Despite the fact that the essential TPM process remains unchanged,
Smith's willingness to tinker with wording in describing certain
theological issues enabled him to achieve an enviable endorsement from
Miller. [19] Miller declared in his two-part evaluation that TPM
"operates within the parameters of orthodox Christian theology."
Virtually all other evangelical Christian counter cult apologists
disagree with Miller's conclusion, as do I.

One example of Smith's changes in the 2005-revised training manual is
that one of his original nine Theophostic principles -- "God heals the
lost and saved equally with no preference over either" -- quietly
disappeared in the revised manual.[20] Smith says of Theophostic:
"People consistently say it was from God. This is even the case with
those who do not profess any relationship with God." [21] And, later
he says, "God does not seem to require confession of sin from a
nonbeliever."[22] But, how can a lost person have the peace of Christ"
-- that which Smith defines as the end result of Theophostic healing?
If a lost person can have it, and claims God showed it to him, then
it's not the peace of Christ: it's a false gospel! If a lost person
gets a word of truth from Jesus without repentance, it's a false
Jesus! Theophostic, in its core process, is a gross distortion of
Christianity.

Smith has consistently shifted his terminology, switching from
"genuine recovery" to "genuine renewal," and repackaging his concepts
to stay ahead of critics, and also to ensure TPM remains appealing to
conservative churches.

Perhaps the greatest danger is due to the fact that Theophostic is a
movement that has taken on a life and theory of its own. Smith has no
organizational control over Theophostic counselors, or the power to
police what happens in any Theophostic counseling session. His
previous materials, to my knowledge, have not been recalled. As a
result of these factors, even though Smith has made changes to his
training materials, there is still a great risk to the public.

Shortly before my presentation[23] on Theophostic at the Discernment
Ministries conference, a gentleman told me he had driven four hours
each way to hear me speak. Why? Because a woman in his church, with no
history of sexual abuse, had been talked into engaging in TPM. Within
a very short time, she apparently recovered a memory of her
grandfather forcing her to have oral sex while riding on a Ferris
wheel. This gentleman was horrified that the TPM facilitator allowed
this woman to leave the session with no warning that this recovered
memory could be false. I told him, wryly, "It sure doesn't make for
happy family get togethers." Sadly, that's an understatement for
families who suffer the unintended side effects of TPM..

[1] Elliot Miller, "Theophostic Prayer Ministry: Christian Prayer,
    Occult Visualization, or Secular Psychotherapy?" Christian
    Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 2., p. 15.  
[2] Ed M. Smith, interview with Jan Fletcher, June 27, 2003.  
[3] Elliot Miller, "Teachings in Transition: Recent Changes and
    Remaining Concerns with Theophostic Prayer Ministry," Christian
    Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 3, p. 35.  
[4] Ed M. Smith, Basic Seminar Manual (2005), New Creation Publishing,
    p.137-138.  
[5] Smith's corporate website (www.theophostic.com), during November
    2004, published a false statement claiming there was "no question"
    of my ties to the False Memory Syndrome Foundation. He has since
    removed this from his website.
[6] Ed M. Smith, Beyond Tolerable Recovery, 4th ed., Alathia
    Publishing, p. 57.
[7] Ibid. p. 41.
[8] Ibid. p. 25.
[9] Dr. E. James Wilder and Dr. Ed M. Smith, Keeping Your Ministry Out
    of Court, Alathia Publishing, 2002. p. 73.
[10] Ibid.
[11] Ed M. Smith, Basic Seminar Manual (2005), New Creation Publishing, 
     p. 279.
[12] Ibid. p. 202-204.
[13] Ibid. p. 280.
[14] Ibid. p. 139.
[15] Ibid. p. 86.
[16] Miller, Teachings in Transition, p. 36.
[17] Ibid. p. 37.
[18] Ibid.
[19] Ibid. p. 32.
[20] Smith, Beyond Tolerable Recovery, p. 116.
[21] Ibid. p. 136.
[22] Ibid. p. 147.
[23] This presentation is at www.lyingspirits.com/speech.html.


+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| "I'm always fascinated by the way memory diffuses fact."           |
|                                                       Diane Sawyer |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

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           Why Was It So Difficult to Free an Innocent Man?
                         The Milgaard Inquiry

When David Milgaard was 16, he traveled with some friends through
Saskatoon. It happened that he was there on the morning in January
1969 when a young woman named Gail Miller was raped and stabbed to
death. Milgaard was identified as a suspect and later convicted of the
murder. He spent 23 years in prison and his case is now considered one
of the worst miscarriages of justice in modern Canadian history. In
1992, a serial rapist who was known to have been in the area at the
time of the crime was finally convicted of the murder.

In Canada, Milgaard's story is now well known. There was much in the
news during the original trial and appeal, the two applications for a
review of the conviction to the federal justice minister, the Supreme
Court review of the conviction, a police investigation, the trial and
conviction of the person who was the actual murderer, two books, and a
made-for-TV movie.

Several years ago, the government of the province of Saskatchewan
asked that an inquiry be conducted to determine why Milgaard spent 23
years behind bars for a terrible crime he did not commit. The inquiry
is supposed to bring together all the information from the previous
trials and inquiries and to distill the facts from the perceptions.
For many years, there have been allegations in the public forum that
the government felt needed to be resolved. One of these issues is that
authorities covered up information pointing to the real killer to
maintain Milgaard's conviction. Another issue is why it was so
difficult to free an innocent man through the processes established by
the government. "How were these mistakes made...why didn't they reopen
[the case] sooner?" asked Milgaard's attorney.

The Milgaard hearings began in January, 2005. There have been 107
witnesses to date and the transcript is 35,000 pages long. The cost of
the hearings is expected to be about $10 million. The last five weeks
of the hearings will begin at the end of August after a summer recess.
It is not known when the final report will be released.

                                              Cook, T. (2006, July 4)
                                    Milgaard's miscarriage of justice
                                       Wellant Tribune (Ontario), A10

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| "It's not what I forget that bothers me; it's what I remember      |
| that's not true. If they could market a supplement that hunted     |
| down false memories and corrected them, I'd buy it."               |
|                                                                    |
|                                        Lileks, J. (2006, July 12)  |
|      Now where did I put that correction to the Old Dutch column?  |
|                                                  Star Tribune, 2E  |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

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       Two New Books of Interest by FMSF Advisory Board Members

Two new collections of essays will be of interest to newsletter
readers. FMS Foundation Scientific Advisors Frederick Crews, Ph.D. and
Paul McHugh, M.D. have each published volumes of some of their most
notable articles .

The Mind Has Mountains: Reflections on Society and Psychiatry by Paul
McHugh (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006) includes one of the
first scholarly articles questioning the reliability of recovered
memories. "Psychiatric Misadventures" [1] is as timely now as it was
when first published in 1992. Dr. McHugh, who as chairman of the
Department of Psychiatry at Johns Hopkins for more than 25 years has
been a major influence on generations of psychiatric researchers and
clinicians, examines many other foolish and misguided claims in
psychiatry.

McHugh has a brilliant mind and is never shy about expressing his
opinions. He writes with wit, logic, clinical expertise and scientific
authority.

Follies of the Wise: Dissenting Essays by Frederick Crews (Shoe-maker
Hoard, 2006) includes "The Revenge of the Repressed I & II," [2] an
article that was a real turning point in public opinion on recovered
memories, especially in the liberal community. Indeed, Crews, who has
been described as "the infamous Freudian contrarian," linked the
recovered memory movement to psychoanalysis, really stepping on the
toes of the Freudian community as evidenced by the response the
articles evoked in the New York Review of Books.

Joan Acocella has described Crews as a "public defender against the
sloppy thinking, pand above all the harmful therapies, put forth by
people who should have known better." Crews shows the follies that are
a consequence of confusing science and pseudoscience and of muddled
thinking.

Crews and McHugh are each masters of style. These books are a real
pleasure to read.

[1] McHugh, P. (1992). Psychiatric misadventures. American Scholar,
    61, 497-510.

[2] Crews, R. (1994, November 17). The revenge of the repressed (Part
    1). The New York Review of Books, XLI (19), pp, 54-60.
    Crews, R. (1994, December 1). The revenge of the repressed (Part
    2). The New York Review of Books, XLI (20), pp. 49-58.
    Crews, F. , et al. (1995). The memory wars: Freud's legacy in
    dispute. New York: New York Review of Books.

             +-----------------------------------------+
             | Footfalls echo in the memory            |
             | Down the passage which we did not take. |
             | Towards the door we never opened.       |
             |                            T.S. Eliot   |
             +-----------------------------------------+

**********************************************************************
                          Sybil DVD Released

Although CBS announced that it would release a remake of Sybil in the
spring of 2006, that production has not yet appeared. There was
mention in a recent news article that it would appear next year. [1]
However, in July, Warner Brothers released the 30th Anniversary
Edition DVD of the original made-for-television movie, Sybil.

The Sybil DVD includes an additional disk with interviews of the
movie's stars, the producer Peter Dunne, the screenwriter Stewart
Stern, and a friend of the real Sybil, Nancy Preston. The new
information is listed as: "Retrospective Documentary: Examining Sybil,
Sybil Therapy Session, The Paintings of Sybil."

Stewart Stern described the process of writing the script. He told how
he got access to the therapy tapes, how he transcribed them, and how
he spent many hours of interviewing psychiatrist Cornelia Wilbur and
Sybil author Flora Schrieber. The thousands of pages of working
material, he said, is on file at the University of Iowa. Stern also
explained why he needed to change some of what was in the book to make
it suitable for the screen.

Stern commented that Dr. Wilbur had the longest Lincoln Continental he
had ever seen and that it was pink. Her apricot color hair and full
theatrical evening make up during the day surprised him. He said that
she had incredible self-assurance and was "riveting to listen to."

The section listed as a "Sybil Therapy Session" was primarily about
the difficulty of transcribing the tapes. An all but inaudible short
segment was presented as an example. No mention was ever made that
Sybil's memories were the result of hypnosis, drugs, and undue
suggestion. Instead, Dr. Wilbur was described as "one of the foremost
psychiatrists in the world, especially in the multiple personality
area."

The real life Sybil was an artist who taught in Lexington, Kentucky. A
collection of her pictures drawn between 1944 and 1965 was found after
her death, and the video explains who has them, how they were
acquired, and what is being done with them. It was suggested that the
pictures could be used to show the progression of her mental health,
noting that Sybil began therapy with Dr. Wilbur in 1954. Nancy
Preston, a former art student of Sybil's who was her friend for more
than 25 years, said that Sybil was as normal as could be. She
described her as a calm, compassionate lady.

[1] Ostrow, J. (2006, July 18). A classic revisited. DVD 30 years
    later, NBC's groundbreaking miniseries "Sybil" remains impressive.
    The Denver Post, F-1.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| "Nothing fixes a thing so intensely in the memory as the wish to   |
| forget it."                                                        |
|                                                Michel de Montaigne |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

**********************************************************************
      Symptom Lists and Hidden Memories: Beliefs That Fueled the
            Recovered Memory Phenomenon Are Alive and Well

  * all self-harming behaviors;
  * all addictions;
  * eating disorders;
  * conversion disorders
  * pseudoseizures;
  * childhood sexual abuse;
  * childhood physical abuse;
  * childhood neglect and emotional abuse;
  * growing up in a household as a witness to repeated violent 
    behaviors;
  * hearing voices with goal-directed, nonbizarre messages of 
    conversation;
  * "rapid-cycling" mood change occurring multiple times in a day or 
    hour;
  * attention-deficit problems that are inconsistent or situational;
  * chronic posttraumatic stress disorder;
  * chronic depersonalization or derealization;
  * prolongued or multiple life-threating hospitalizations in 
    childhood
  * profound body dysmorphic symptoms; and
  * borderline personality adaptations.

What do these behaviors have in common? According to Richard A.
Chefetz, M.D., they might be symptoms of dissociation, although he
cautions that "not everyone with these kinds of histories will have a
dissociative disorder." [Rather] "dissociative processes are often the
engine that drives these histories into childhood and adult
psychopathologies."

In an introduction to 16 recently published articles about
dissociation, Chefetz argues that therapists need to know how
dissociative processes work so that they will know how to ask their
patients about the central symptoms of their lives. He says that
people will "most often hide their dissociative processes if they are
aware of them. If they are not aware, then you will have to be smart
enough to ask about these processes before you will have a chance of
gently opening-just a little-the lid of their very own private
Pandora's box, in which their mind is hidden."

                                                 Chefetz, R.A. (2006)
        Why should you read these articles on dissociative processes? 
                   Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 29, xv-xxiii

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                          Lest We Forget:                           |
|        Why  One Therapist Thinks "Cutting Off" Is Necessary        |
|                                                                    |
| "Without some capacity to insulate the therapy from the family of  |
| origin, it is risky to the client to erode their dissociative      |
| defenses."                                                         |
|                                                                    |
| "At these times, the client is especially susceptible to the       |
| lulling pull of the family of origin's persistent denial. How many |
| times I have seen a client's certain conviction of the facts of    |
| their childhood abuse, carefully pieced together over the years,   |
| crumble to a solemn oath retraction after a brief encounter with   |
| the family!"                                                       |
|                                                 David Calof (1991) |
|                               Protecting the therapeutic framework |
|                                      Treating Abuse Today 1(4), 10 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                               Profile

There have been thousands of professionals who have taken active roles
in pointing out the dangers of false memories. Paul Durbin, Ph.D., a
retired US Army Chaplain and more recently Director of Pastoral Care
at Methodist Hospital in New Orleans, Louisiana is one of this
important group.

Durban wrote recently to let us know that he has published his third
book, Hypnotherapy for Body, Mind and Spirit. As in his previous
books, it contains a section about false memories.[1] The
International Association of Counselors and Therapists gave him its
"Pen and Quill" Award for the book.

Although Durbin and his family lost everything in Katrina, they are
all doing well in their new cities.

[1] For more information see: http://www.durbinhypnosis.com/


 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "Nevertheless, a good part of the activity of memory consists not  |
| in reproduction, or even in reconstruction, but in sheer           |
| construction. And constructed memories do not always correspond to |
| reality. One need not suffer from neurological or psychiatric      |
| dysfunction, nor need one be very young or very old to have false  |
| memories and to remember events that never happened."              |
|                                                Tulving. E. (2001)  |
|                  Episodic memory and common sense: how far apart?  |
|    In A. Baddeley, J. Aggleton, M. Conway (Eds.) Episodic Memory:  |
|                                        New Directions in Research  |
|                                  Oxford University Press. 269-287  |
\____________________________________________________________________/


**********************************************************************
                       L E G A L   C O R N E R

                            ______________
                            Bernard Baran:
    Pittsfield Massachusetts Day-Care Worker Conviction Overturned
           Massachusetts vs. Baran, No. 18042-51; 18100-1,
            Superior Ct, Berkshire, Mass., June 13, 2006.
                              Frank Kane

Superior Court Justice Francis R. Fecteau, in his 80-page decision of
June 13, 2006, granted Bernard Baran's request for a new trial.
Fecteau noted that Baran "raises several issues generally including
whether he was convicted upon unreliable evidence, that he received
ineffective assistance of counsel, and that there is newly-discovered
evidence that appears to have been improperly withheld, amounting to
prosecutorial misconduct, as well as other issues."

The Berkshire County District Attorney states unequivocally that he
will appeal Judge Fecteau's decision. Hence, Baran had to post $50,000
cash bail, and he must wear a transmitting ankle bracelet -- despite
the fact that the verdict was overturned.

On June 30, 2006, Bernard Baran (he prefers to be called "Bee") walked
free from the Berkshire County Court House, into the arms of his
family, three months shy of 22 years since his arrest for alleged
sexual offenses against children in the Pittsfield Massachusetts Early
Childhood Development Center (ECDC). Baran, a teacher's assistant, was
the first day-care worker to be convicted in the United States during
the wave of day-care sex abuse hysteria of the '80s and '90s.

Arrested in early October, 1984, three weeks after the arrest of the
Amirault family in Malden, Massachusetts, Bee was convicted just 115
days later, and sentenced to three concurrent life terms. He was
slammed into the general population at the maximum security prison in
Walpole, the Commonwealth's "home" for its worst, most dangerous
offenders. Even though Assistant District Attorney Dan Ford had
offered him a deal of five "easy" years for his guilty plea, Bee
refused, declaring, as he always has, that he was innocent. Bee
thought that he would never again see the light of day as a free man.

And so it seemed, to Bee, for many years. Four days after his
incarceration, he suffered his first rape and beating. His family was
without a car because his mother had had to sell it to raise money to
pay the lawyer. Consequently, they were able to visit Bee only rarely,
and the rest of the world seemed not to notice that it had allowed a
slight 19 year-old, of less than 100 pounds, to be thrown away like
damaged goods. In 1989, he was transferred to the "Treatment Center"
in the Bridgewater Correctional facility where he had a modicum of
safety, but there he was tossed into the maelstrom of mostly
truly-guilty sex offenders.

In 1995, Bee's case was cited in Debbie Nathan's and Michael
Snedeker's book, Satan's Silence. Later in the 90s, he was mentioned
in a letter from an FMS parent to the Wall Street Journal, correcting
the columnist's statement that Gerald Amirault was the "the last
day-care worker still in prison." A full-page column by Katha Pollitt
followed in February, 2000 in The Nation magazine, helping
immeasurably in fund-raising efforts.

In 1999, Bostonian Robert Chatelle took up the banner to get justice
for Baran. During seven years of Herculean effort, Chatelle was a
driving force pressing for a new trial. Chatelle enlisted attorney
John Swomley who then sought an evidentiary hearing into the original
trial and its perfunctory appeal. Because the Berkshire County
District Attorney's office dragged its feet, claiming the bulk of the
trial evidence had been lost or destroyed, nothing happened.

Two events in late 2003 opened up the possibility for a new trial:
Superior Court Judge Fecteau's order to allow attorney Swomley full
subpoena power to locate any and all evidence in criminal and civil
domains, and the snow-shoveling death of Berkshire County District
Attorney Gerard Downing who had been responsible for the delays. A few
months later, the new District Attorney found most of the long sought
unedited tapes of the children's interviews that had never been seen
by the grand jury or the defendant. These tapes were presented in an
evidentiary hearing along with comments and observations by Dr. Maggie
Bruck.

Judge Fecteau's June decision contains four pages of the most
egregious of the interrogations of these three- and four-year olds,
who often said, frequently under duress by several adults at the same
time, that "Bernie didn't do anything" and/or named other individuals,
including teachers and children. These segments had been edited out of
the final tape seen by the grand jury and the court, a final, neat
package on a 40-minute tape of several children's comments,
selectively chosen by the prosecution from the original several hours
of tape which contained contrary exculpatory evidence.

The person who apparently had orchestrated the editing was Assistant
District Attorney Dan Ford, now a Superior Court Judge in Berkshire
County. During the original trial, Ford even had to intercept one
little boy who hollered out, "Hi, Bernie," and tried to run over to
Bee. Ford then dropped the boy from the case, apparently due to his
lack of cooperation and unreliable testimony. Ironically, this boy's
mother was the first accuser and had filed a civil suit against the
day-care center, even before indictments were brought. In September,
1984, this same woman and her boyfriend had demanded the center fire
Bee because he was gay. When the day-care center refused, they brought
the original sexual abuse charges.

                          Historical Context

How could all this have happened to Bernard Baran and to so many
others? How does this case relate to FMS adult-children situations?

In the 80s, there was a tsunami of satanic ritual abuse -- , sexual
abuse -- and child pornography-ring hysteria that flooded North
America, drowning out "innocent-until-proven guilty" rights.
Unresearched fad theories gave energy to the wave. For example, Roland
Summit's "Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome" suggested that
children didn't lie about being sexually abused. They might, however,
effectively block out the abuse until aggressively questioned. If a
child retracted the "disclosure," he or she was not to be believed
because a retraction was just part of the "syndrome." Summit's theory
influenced many, if not all, of the more than 100 day-care cases.

The McMartin Day-Care case in Manhattan Beach, California was the
first to hit the headlines starting in 1983. Prosecutors from the
Massachusetts Fells Acres (Amirault) case went to Manhattan Beach to
get advice from the prosecutors there, returning with questions to ask
the parents and children about secret rooms, magic rooms, and evil
clowns. On September 12, 1984, the police in the Amirault case held a
meeting in which parents were recruited to question their children.
Exactly one month later, in Pittsfield, the Department of Social
Services and police held a similar program at the day-care where Baran
was employed. A puppet show and anatomically-correct dolls
specifically targeted Baran.

Fear and paranoia about child sexual abuse had spread throughout the
land. Lest we blame it all upon an hysterical element of true-believer
adherents, we need to remember that even the FBI helped fuel the
spread. In January, 1984, the FBI devoted the entire edition of its
Law Enforcement Bulletin to the subject, "Child Pornography and Sex
Rings." It was written by Ann Burgess, a Boston College Nursing School
professor, and Kenneth Lanning, a Special Agent in the Behavioral
Science Unit of the FBI. Lanning was instrumental in assuring funding
for police officers throughout the nation to be trained in the
investigation of non-existent Satanic-ritual abuse rings. Burgess went
on to write several papers on the effects of ritual abuse on day-care
children. Almost one decade later, Lanning grew more cautious and in
1992 issued a 41-page report commenting: "until hard evidence is
obtained and corroborated, the public should not be frightened into
believing that babies are being bred and eaten."

The therapist who was responsible for the interviewing of the Fells
Acres children, Susan J. Kelley, was an intern at Boston College
Nursing School. As further evidence of the spread of beliefs into
institutions of higher education, Kelley was awarded a doctoral degree
in 1988 for a study on the "Responses of Children and Parents to
Sexual Abuse and Satanic Ritualistic Abuse in Day Care Centers."

By the early 90s, the hysteria had spread to a new generation of
therapists who saw evil behind every family, who "knew" the terrible
nature of the incestuous patriarchy, who accepted Roland Summit's
theory, and who developed even more lists of symptoms of child sexual
abuse. These symptom lists extended to identifying adults who had been
allegedly abused decades earlier (i.e. Courage to Heal). The beliefs
invaded many of our institutions. Lurid books and Hollywood movies
also influenced the culture. For example, Sybil, the book and the
movie, promoted childhood sexual abuse as the cause of Multiple
Personality Disorder. Recovered memories were everywhere, on TV talk
shows and in popular magazines. Scores of celebrities suddenly
discovered that they, too, had been abused as children.

                              Conclusion

On June 30, 2006, after a press conference in attorney John Swomley's
office, I walked with Bee in a happy throng of family and friends. The
sky was a brilliant blue and Bee got his first look, ever, at the
Atlantic Ocean. He walked down the street, hand-in-hand with his Mom
and his sister, and smiled and cried. We all did. Tears of joy and
relief. Since then, Bee has been adjusting to a new world of cell
phones, ATMs, toilets that flush themselves, DVDs, E-mail, Google...
Well you know; just think of where you were in 1984 and what has
changed since then; the list is long.

Go to www.freebaran.org for the complete story of Bee's experience.

  Frank Kane is a retired financial manager and during the mid-90s was
  the manager of the FMSF office. He has been a frequent contributor
  to the newsletter.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                    What the Jury Never Saw                         |
|                                                                    |
| Example of interview segments that were kept from the jury in the  |
| Baran trial.                                                       |
|                                                                    |
| MOM: Paul, you can't remember anything he said to you? Did he say  |
|      wake up, or -- He didn't say anything at all?                 |
| A: No.                                                             |
| Q: He just went and did what?  A: Nothing.                         |
| Q: And after he pulled, after he pulled on your pee pee, did he    |
|    tell you anything then? Did he give you anything?               |
| A: No.                                                             |
| Q: No. Did he give you a box of donut?                             |
| A: What?                                                           |
| Q: Did he give you a box of donut?                                 |
| A: No.                                                             |
| Q: No. Did he give you anything or say anything?                   |
| A: He gave us a birthday.                                          |
|                                                                    |
|                                              Transcripts pg. 28-29 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

                  __________________________________
                  Accusations of Satanic Cult Abuse:
                     A Tragic and Unusual Ending

On January 10, 2006, after nine days of deliberation, an El Dorado,
California Superior Court jury convicted Richard Hamlin of torturing
his wife. In addition to the torture, which carries a life sentence,
he was also convicted of spousal abuse, making death threats against
his wife, and of misdemeanor child endangerment. During the
sensational 3-month trial, the jury heard a story that involved
recovered memories, satanic cults, mind control, and physical abuse.
Surprisingly, the trial did not gain national media attention, but it
was closely followed by various satanic cult and conspiracy oriented
groups.

Through the 90s, Richard and Susan Hamlin had a life many would envy.
Both Richard and Susan graduated from the University of the Pacific
McGeorge School of Law and were successful attorneys. Susan, 48,
worked for a large Sacramento law firm and Richard, 45, was a private
practice defense attorney earning about $700,000 a year. They had four
children and a million dollar hilltop mansion.

Susan's recovery of repressed memories likely precipitated the
implosion that subsequently enveloped the Hamlins: the divorce, the
bankruptcy, the home in foreclosure. According to trial reports, as
early as 1999, Susan said that she suspected she had been abused as a
child because of a memory she had when she was 16-years-old. She said
that she wanted to write a book about survivors of molestation.

By the fall of 2002, Richard Hamlin quit working in order to help
Susan deal with the emotional turmoil she was suffering from her
repressed memories of child sexual abuse by her father. He testified
that Susan declined, even after treatment with mood-altering
prescription drugs, depression counseling and cranial scans. Richard
worked with Susan in memory sessions that often involved days of
reviewing family letters and photos to fill in the gaps in her memory.
At some point, Richard even hired Ted Gunderson[1] as a private
investigator to try to help piece together Susan's memories.

In April 2003, Susan wrote a confrontation letter to her father, Dr.
Sydney Siemer. In June 2003, Richard passed out flyers to Siemer's
neighbors telling them Siemer had abused his daughter. Siemer filed a
restraining order stating that Richard and Susan should stop
contacting him. He also wrote a carefully worded letter about his
concern for his daughter.

In September 2003, Richard sent Dr. Siemer a letter demanding $800,000
"in lieu of proceeding with a filing of a complaint that will allege
his child rape and molest of his daughter." If Siemer didn't pay by
December 24, the amount in a lawsuit would increase to $1 million,
Richard wrote. Also in September, Richard tore off the head of a doll
that Dr. Siemer had sent to his granddaughter and returned the doll,
claiming that sending it was in violation of the restraining order.

In February 2004, the Hamlins went to the El Dorado County Sheriff to
report that Susan Hamlin had conspired with a satanic cult to murder
Richard. At the time, Susan had cracked ribs and a broken nose, but
explained to the sheriff that a cult member had punched her. Susan
claimed that her 71-year-old father led the cult that wanted to kill
Richard. She told the sheriff that the cult would make her a High
Priestess if she committed the murder. Susan also said she had been
molesting her own children and that she had seen a young girl tortured
and murdered in 1982.

Two days later, Susan Hamlin retracted those claims. She said she had
confessed because she was afraid of Richard and that he was the one
who had caused the broken nose and cracked ribs. Richard Hamlin was
arrested.

The Hamlin children at first supported their father because he had
told them that he had to beat the demons out of their mother. After a
detective told the children that his investigation found no basis to
their father's story that a satanic cult was going to kill him, the
children changed their minds. They testified against their father.

A longtime friend of Susan's testified that Susan had confided that
when Richard got upset, he started to hit her. The friend said that
the suggestion that Susan had been molested "drove him nuts." The
friend helped Susan get some books about spousal abuse. Later, Richard
claimed that this friend was also a cult member.

Richard's sanity was not at issue in trial. He represented himself.
Deputy District Attorney Vicki Ashworth presented the prosecution's
case. Judge Eddie T. Keller presided and is expected to sentence
Hamlin in September.

The information from the trial leaves many questions unanswered.
Perhaps an investigative journalist familiar with claims of repressed
memories will eventually be inspired to write the full story.

[1] Ted Gunderson is a major figure in the spread of satanic ritual
    cult beliefs. He is a former FBI agent who taught about
    devil-worshiping criminal conspiracies, but he never offered
    proof. Nathan & Snedeker wrote: "Gunderson discredited himself in
    1989 by making unfounded claims about mass satanic killings on the
    television show Geraldo," but nothing was found by digging.
    (p. 242) They suggest that some evidence that the ritual-abuse
    conspiracy theory has unraveled is the fact that: "McMartin
    tunnel-dig coordinator Ted Gunderson has appeared with
    paramilitarist leaders and asserted that a demonic element within
    the U.S. government, and not Timothy McVeigh, bombed Oklahoma
    City's federal building. (p. 245) Nathan, D. & Snedeker, M.
    (1996). Satan's Silence: Ritual Abuse and the Making of A Modern
    American Witch Hunt.

  Ramon Coronado covered this trial for the Sacramento Bee. There are
  too many stories to list here, but they can be found on the web.
  Robert Todd Carroll has summarized the case at:
  http://skepdic.com/refuge/funk49.html

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| "The past is malleable and flexible, changing as our recollection  |
| interprets and re-explains what has happened."                     |
|                                                       Peter Berger |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

**********************************************************************
                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S
                         ____________________
                         What Is the Message?
When I receive the FMS newsletter, I always skip down to the "From Our
Readers" section first. I have been a contributor to the Foundation
and reader of the newsletter since 1993 when the virus first hit my
family and I have written a few letters and e-mails myself, one of
which was published. The overwhelming message of the letters that you
publish reflects the pain of family members who are falsely accused
and the yearning to reconcile with an accusing child and heal the
wounds between parents and child. In this month's newsletter one
parent wrote, ". . . we have spent the last 7 years writing newsy
letters and cards sending many gifts and also sending some photos of
others. Most of all, though, we have been on our knees praying and
looking up every Scripture promise we could find to claim as our own!"
Another reader wrote, "I have prayed for your happiness since the day
you were born."

My heart goes out for these parents. It is important to remind
ourselves of the destruction that a false accusation causes. But I
wonder if FMSF realizes that these letters carry a subtext. One writer
wrote that she drove 5 hours to her daughter's town, left her husband
at a hotel and then drove to her daughter's house. "I felt I had
nothing to lose. After 4 times of ringing the doorbell, I laid my gift
on the doorstep and started to walk back to the car." Another writer
wrote, "Although dad is gone now, I think I can speak for both of us.
Please give me the chance, my darling daughter, to help us heal and do
the best we can for the life that is left to us."

Is tearful begging an appropriate memorial to a now deceased, falsely
accused husband? Is leaving a husband behind while leaving a gift on
the doorstep of the false accuser an act of a loving spouse? Are
efforts to reconcile and achieve a retraction worth putting aside
dignity, loyalty to the innocent and self-respect? What is the real
message FMSF is sending in the newsletter?

                     A Dad whose daughter called him a "former father."

                           ________________
                           Memory Mongering
How about injecting a new term into the FMS public domain? MEMORY
MONGERING. The latest issue of Ralph Nader's Public Citizen Health
Letter is a take-off analogy.

  "In our view, disease mongering is the selling of sickness that
  widens the boundaries of illness and grows the markets for those who
  sell and deliver treatments."

  "As an initial step toward combating disease mongering at a health
  policy level, we would urge decision makers to promote a renovation
  in the way diseases are defined. Continuing to leave these
  definitions to panels of self-interested specialists riddled with
  professional and commercial conflicts of interest is no longer
  viable."
                                      Moynihan, R. & Henry, D. (2006) 
                                  The fight against disease mongering 
                                           Health Letter, 22 (5), 1-4

Surely the spread of diagnoses of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder,
Multiple Personality Disorder and Recovered Memories fit under that
rubric "Memory Mongering produces Post-Therapy Disorder". Perhaps that
should be included in the next edition of the Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Disorders published by the American Psychiatric
Association.
                                                     Sidney L. Willens
                                                       Attorney at Law
                                                       Kansas City, MO
  
           _______________________________________________
           Second Thoughts Helped Our Daughter to  Retract

In 2004, some FMSF friends introduced me to the book Second Thoughts
by Dr. Paul Simpson. I immediately read it twice, and I was so
relieved to learn how my daughter could have come to believe she had
been abused that it brought tears to my eyes. Dr. Simpson's
explanation of regression counseling matched what our daughter had
gone through. I asked my wife, who had been supporting our daughter,
to read the book. She did and realized that it was indeed possible
that our daughter had been misled. Now, I have her full support.

We talked and both of us felt that it was important to see if our
daughter would be willing to read Second Thoughts. My daughter had
accused her grandfather (my father) in 1999. For the first few years
we occasionally talked about the accusations with her, but it had now
been two years since any mention was made.

We met with her in the early part of 2005 to discuss her current
feelings about the accusation, and we asked her if she would be
willing to read the book. We said that we would like to discuss it
after she and her husband had a chance to go through it. We didn't
pressure her to read it, but we did ask if she would let us know when
she and her husband had finished. I asked her a few times how she was
coming along with the book and she said that she was working on it. In
April of this year, I decided that we needed to get this discussed
because time was running out on my father's life since he is old and
not in the best health. I reminded her of that and also that her
mother and I really wanted to discuss this matter.

This past July 4th holiday weekend when we were spending a weekend
away together, my daughter said that she had finished the last chapter
of the book and was ready to talk to us. Since we were preparing to
leave at that point, we decided to get together after we returned
home.

We met with my daughter and her husband in their home having no idea
how they would respond to the book. My wife and I speculated during
the intervening days, but we really didn't know because our daughter
had been so neutral when she told us she was ready to talk.

My daughter started the conversation and within one minute she told us
that after reading the book, praying about what she read, and thinking
through all the sessions that she had had with the counselors, she
realized that none of this could have happened. She also stated that
if she could remember a specific traumatic incident that occurred to
her when she was just four years old, then why wouldn't she remember
the traumatic series of events that she accused her grandfather of
doing many years later.

She said it just was not possible for any of that to be true. At that
point, I burst into tears of joy and happiness. She spent a lot of
time discussing the things that led to her getting counseling in the
first place. And she talked about the events that led up to her
accusation of my father. In fact, she wanted to go over that with us
twice to put all of the pieces together.

We all rejoiced and prayed together at the end of our discussion. The
book played a huge part in helping her to examine her own
psychotherapy experience and to realize that she was just one of many
victims who have been falsely misled by recovered memory therapy.

It took her a year and a half to read the book because she really
didn't want to. She told us that she kept praying about reading the
book and felt that the Lord had put a burden on her heart to read it
because we had asked her to. We did not know until she recanted that
she had been frustrated and somewhat angry that we had approached her
about reading Second Thoughts because she had not shown that reaction
to us.

This story does not yet have an end because our daughter is in the
process of writing a letter to her Grandfather to apologize and to ask
him to forgive her for falsely accusing him six years ago.

She is also going to ask him to phone her after he has read the letter
so that she can explain what happened. Later in the year, perhaps, my
wife and I will try to get them together face to face since they live
very far away. My parents have never seen their great granddaughter.
When this reunion occurs, I envision a truly wonderful time of
celebration and am already praying that the Lord will prepare the
hearts and minds of all involved when the opportunity presents itself.

I cannot express strongly enough how instrumental Dr. Simpson's own
testimony and experience was, through the book, in helping my wife and
me and my daughter and her husband to understand what happened. I pray
that FMSF families realize that there is hope that truth will overcome
the horrible evil to which victims were introduced. I also pray that
all victims may learn the truth and be set free of false memories.

                                                    A much happier Dad

                        _____________________
                        Accepting the Sadness
After 17 years, I still don't have my daughter. She doesn't want
anything to do with me -- nor do her two children, my grandchildren.
My daughter would not have anything to do with her dad, even when he
was ill with cancer. She didn't attend the funeral. She wouldn't have
anything to do with my son, her brother, because he would not agree
with her that we were bad parents. She did not attend her brother's
funeral or send a card to her nieces when he died suddenly.

I am now 82-years-old and I don't think my daughter will ever be back
to see me. I ask myself why. It is hard to accept, but I do the best I
can and enjoy the company of my son's daughters. They are loving and
call every day.

Thank you for sending the newsletter all these years. 
                                                                A Mom 

              _________________________________________
              Reconciliation Is A Process, Not an Event

The last time we contacted the Foundation was in 2004 when we were
preparing for our accusing daughter's presence at her brother's
wedding, the first family contact after 14 years. We had not known
what to expect and didn't want any disruptions. The event was
successful, but after the wedding we learned that our daughter
intended re-uniting only with her siblings. We felt saddened, betrayed
and angry! But, we've been there before and thanks to the Foundation
we knew how to put the pieces back together and get on with life. We
just keep doing the things that are right to do and slowly build a
(mostly) happy and useful life.

This past spring, this daughter called me and said: "Mom I just
learned that for many years I had made up terrible and untrue stories
about you. This caused me to blame everything bad about my life on you
and it caused me to stay away from you all these years. I hated you
for a long time. I'm calling now to say I'm sorry, to ask if you can
possibly forgive me. If you can do that could we try to begin a new
relationship." She knew that I never believed her accusations against
her father.

After the phone call I seemed to have no feelings. This frightened and
confused me since my husband and I have waited for so long. After the
first call, she and I had several emails and phone calls. Little by
little some feelings returned. I suppose that I had buried my normal
emotions under the years of hurt.

This summer she invited me to visit. I felt grateful for the
opportunity but not excited. For the first time, however, I began to
have some positive feelings about seeing her.

The visit was successful and lasted three days. She invited me to stay
at her home rather than a hotel. Although I was uncertain at first, I
am now glad that I accepted her invitation. She obviously extended
herself in various ways to make me feel comfortable and welcome. I was
touched by her effort.

There were some tense moments and I felt very grateful to FMSF that I
had some knowledge that helped me to deal with it all in a positive
way. Some of the time was relaxed and even fun. All in all it was a
good first step and I feel there will be more to come.

We thank the Foundation for all the help during the past 14 years.

                                                                 A Mom

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                What's Wrong With These Stories?                    |
|                                                                    |
| Patrick Dropp had a long battle with his weight even before he     |
| began treatment with California psychologist Everett Jacobson in   |
| 1991, according to an article in the Orange County Register, Since |
| then, Dropp has tripled his weight and now weighs 800 pounds.      |
| Dropp believes "that the only cause of my eating disorder is the   |
| incest and ritual abuse I experienced as a child." Dropp uncovered |
| those memories after four years of therapy.                        |
|                                                                    |
| Psychologist Jacobson says that he knows that images can be        |
| planted, that recovered memories are controversial, but that he is |
| cautious. He thinks that Dropp's memories are true because "He has |
| specific images of specific people wearing specific articles of    |
| clothing and doing specific things to his body."                   |
|                                                                    |
| Dropp's brothers, on the other hand, think that that his memories  |
| could not be proved. They say he is consumed by conspiracies and   |
| cults. One of his brothers said that the psychologist "stuck weird |
| things in [his brother's] mind that weren't there in the first     |
| place and I lost my brother."                                      |
|                                          Walker, T. (2005, June 3) |
|                   The man beneath it all: His weight is eating him |
|                                             Orange County Register |
|                                                                    |
|                            *  *  *                                 |
|                                                                    |
| A British Columbia woman and her supporters are trying to change   |
| the law in that province so that the government will pay for her   |
| treatment for multiple personality. Currently, the BC government   |
| pays for psychotherapy treatment only if it is administered by a   |
| psychiatrist.                                                      |
|                                                                    |
| According to an article in the Times Colonist, the woman, who uses |
| the name Susan, had a breakdown 10 years ago . While she was in a  |
| hospital, a psychiatrist told her that "her mind had shattered     |
| into hundreds of different identities." Susan now believes that    |
| she has 261 identities that developed because of her childhood     |
| abuse lasting from the age of one until she escaped at 34. As a    |
| child, she was "stuck in a satanic cult world with bicycle         |
| gangs...devil-worshipping, sacrifices."                            |
|                                                                    |
| Although Susan has been treated by a psychiatrist for the past     |
| seven years, she wants to go for treatment to Marlene Hunter, a    |
| specialist in multiple personalities. Although Dr. Hunter has      |
| published widely and is a past president of the International      |
| Society for the Study of Dissociation, she is a general            |
| practitioner and, thus, does not qualify for psychiatric           |
| reimbursement under the current BC law.                            |
|                                                                    |
| According to the Times Colonist, Susan has been working at odd     |
| jobs trying to earn enough money to pay for the therapy that she   |
| thinks she needs. Susan and her supporters think that she should   |
| not have to do that.                                               |
|                                                                    |
| A separate article in the same issue highlighted the split in the  |
| psychiatric community about the diagnosis of multiple personality. |
| Dr. Joel Paris, professor of psychiatry at McGill University and   |
| editor of the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry was quoted as saying  |
| that "psychiatrists who treat patients for this condition [MPD]    |
| belong to a cult that is causing serious harm to patients.         |
|                                                                    |
|                                       Dickson, L. (2006, July 11)  |
|                                     A woman's quest for treatment  |
|                                    Disorder divides medical world  |
|                                 Times Colonist, (Victoria, BC) B2  |
|                                                                    |
|                            *  *  *                                 |
|                                                                    |
| The Melbourne Archdiocese has paid $33,000 to a man who said that  |
| when he was a child a priest had sexually and physically abused    |
| him. The investigator of the case said that he had "no reason or   |
| justification for doubting [the claimant's] credibility." The      |
| investigator was satisfied that the man was telling the truth.     |
|                                                                    |
| The man claims that he had seen three murders, but the police      |
| reported that they found no records of missing persons or murders  |
| when they investigated the claims.                                 |
|                                                                    |
|                                          Hughes, G. (2006, May 26) |
|                        Church pays victim of sex and death rituals |
|                                              Priest's satanic life |
|                                         Herald Sun (Australia), 11 |
\____________________________________________________________________/


**********************************************************************
*                           N O T I C E S                            *
**********************************************************************
* The FMSF Newsletter has been published 6 times a year by the False *
* Memory Syndrome Foundation. Starting in 2007 it will be published  *
* 4 times a year and will be delivered electronicaly. It is also     *
* available at on the FMSF website:                                  *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.FMSFonline.org.                         *
*                                                                    *
*                Those without access to the Internet                *
*                   should contact the Foundation.                   *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                http://www.theisticsatanism.com/asp/                *
*                       Against Satanic Panics                       *
*                                                                    *
*                 comp.uark.edu/~lampinen/read.html                  *
*            The Lampinen Lab False Memory Reading Group             *
*                       University of Arkansas                       *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.exploratorium.edu/memory                    *
*                  The Exploratorium Memory Exhibit                  *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.ctnow.com/memory                        *
*                   Hartford Courant memory series                   *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.tmdArchives.org                         *
*                     The Memory Debate Archives                     *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.francefms.com                          *
*                      French language website                       *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.StopBadTherapy.com                       *
*               Contains phone numbers of professional               *
*                 regulatory boards in all 50 states                 *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.ltech.net/OHIOarmhp                       *
*                             Ohio Group                             *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.afma.asn.au                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.bfms.org.uk                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/retractor                     *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm                  *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*              www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories/               *
*                       Locate books about FMS                       *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.religioustolerance.org/sra.htm                 *
*               Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse               *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.angryparents.net                        *
*                   Parents Against Cruel Therapy                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/newcosanz                     *
*                       New Zealand FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.werkgroepwfh.nl                         *
*                       Netherlands FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.falseallegation.org                       *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.nasw.org/users/markp                      *
*                  Excerpts from Victims of Memory.                  *
*                                                                    *
*                  www.rickross.com/groups/fsm.html                  *
*                         Ross Institute                             *
*                                                                    *
*         www.hopkinsmedicine.org/jhhpsychiatry/perspec1.htm         *
*             Perspectives for Psychiatry by Paul McHugh             *
*                                                                    *
*                     www.enigma.se/info/FFI.htm                     *
*                 FMS in Scandinavia - Janet Hagbom                  *
*                                                                    *
*                            www.ncrj.org                            *
*                National Center for Reason & Justice            *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.lyingspirits.com                        *
*          Skeptical Information on Theophostic Counseling           *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.ChildrenInTherapy.org/.                     *
*                Information about Attachment Therapy                *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.traumaversterking.nl                      *
*           English language web site of Dutch retractor.            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.quackwatch.org                         *
*             This site is run by Stephen Barrett, M.D.              *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.stopbadtherapy.org                       *
*            Contains information about filing complaints            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.FMSFonline.org                         *
*                  False Memory Syndrome Foundation                  *
*                                                                    *
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                         www.caseassist.com                         *
*                          www.findlaw.com                           *
*                        www.legalengine.com                         *
*                          www.accused.com                           *
*                        www.abuse-excuse.com                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                          ELIZABETH LOFTUS                          *
*                we www.seweb.uci.edu/faculty/loftus/                *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*            The Rutherford Family Speaks to FMS Families            *
*                                                                    *
* The video made by the Rutherford family is the most popular video  *
* of FMSF families. It covers the complete story from accusation, to *
* retraction and reconciliation. Family members describe the things  *
* they did to cope and to help reunite. Of particular interest are   *
* Beth Rutherford's comments about what her family did that helped   *
* her to retract and return.                                         *
*                   Available in DVD format only:                    *
*                      To order send request to                      *
*                    FMSF Video, 1955 Locust St.                     *
*                      Philadelphia, PA  19103                       *
*    $10.00 per DVD; Canada add $4.00; other countries add $10.00    *
*               Make checks payable to FMS Foundation                *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                       RECOMMENDED  BOOKS                           *
*                                                                    *
*                       REMEMBERING TRAUMA                           *
*                       by Richard McNally                           *
*                    Harvard University Press                        *
*                                                                    *
*          SCIENCE and PSEUDOSCIENCE in CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY          *
*                                                                    *
*         S. O. Lilienfeld, S.J. Lynn and  J.M. Lohr (eds.)          *
*                  New York: Guilford Press (2003)                   *
*                                                                    *
*                         PSYCHOLOGY ASTRAY:                         *
*  Fallacies in Studies of "Repressed Memory" and Childhood Trauma   *
*                   by Harrison G. Pope, Jr., M.D.                   *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*                              ABDUCTED                              *
*      How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens      *
*                          Susan A. Clancy                           *
*                   Harvard University Press, 2005                   *
*                                                                    *
* A very readable book recommended to all FMSF Newsletter readers.   *
* Chapter 3, "Why do I have memories if it didn't happen?" will be   *
* of particular interest.                                            *
*                                                                    *
* In an article in the British press about her research, Clancy      *
* wrote:                                                             *
*                                                                    *
* "We've all been seeing aliens for more than 50 years....Preparing  *
* this article, I showed 25 people a picture of an alien and Tony    *
* Blair: all recognized an alien, fewer than half recognized Tony    *
* Blair."                                                            *
*                                                                    *
* "The trick to creating false memories is to get confused between   *
* things you imagined, or read, or saw, and things that actually     *
* happened."                                                         *
*                                                                    *
* "For almost all abductees, the seed of their belief is a           *
* question.... Why did I wake up in the middle of the night          *
* terrified and unable to move?' 'Why are these odd moles on my      *
* back?' 'Why do I feel so alone?' 'Why am I different from everyone *
* else?' 'Why are my relationships so bad?' Questions generally lead *
* to a search for answers...and our search is limited to the set of  *
* explanations we have actually heard of."                           *
*                                                                    *
* "For better or worse, being abducted by aliens has become a        *
* culturally available explanation for distress-whether that         *
* distress comes from work, relationships or insecurity."            *
*                                                                    *
* "Many of us have strong emotional needs that have little to do     *
* with science-the need to feel less alone in the world, the desire  *
* to be special, the longing to know that there is something out     *
* there, something bigger and more important than you watching over  *
* you."                                                              *
*                               October 22, 2005, The Express, p. 45 *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                   13th International Conference                    *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                      Child Abuse Allegations:                      *
*                                                                    *
*             SCIENCE VS. JUNK SCIENCE IN THE COURTROOM              *
*                         Las Vegas, Nevada                          *
*                       September 28-30, 2006                        *
*                                                                    *
* A conference for attorneys, judges, investigators and other        *
* concerned professionals who deal with child abuse cases and who    *
* need to keep abreast of the most current medical, scientific, and  *
* psychological research, procedures and studies in order to be able *
* to separate fact from fiction, confession from coercion and harm   *
* from hyperbole.                                                    *
*                                                                    *
*                          Program Includes                          *
*                                                                    *
* Doug Peters, J.D.: The Winning Edge/The Right Ethics               *
* Zachary Bravos, J.S.: The Ethical Duty to Know: Your Education     *
*         Does Not End with Graduation                               *
* Debra Poole, Ph.D.: What Competent Interviewing of Children Can    *
*         and Can't Do (and Why)                                     *
* Kamala London, Ph.D.: Abuse Disclosure: Delay, Denial, and         *
*         Recantation of Abuse                                       *
* F. Edward Yazbak, M.D.: SBS: Vaccines or Violence                  *
* Loren Pankratz, Ph.D.: Unexpected Traps in Munchausen Syndrome by  *
*         Proxy                                                      *
* Stephen Guertin, M.D.: Literature Review of Medical Findings       *
*         Involving Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse                *
* Kathleen Coyne, J.D.: Ethical Considerations in the Investigation  *
*         and Defense of Child Abuse Cases                           *
* Richard Ofshe, Ph.D.: Coerced and False Confessions: What to do    *
*         Other Than Getting Depressed or Over the River and through *
*         the Woods doing a False Confession Case                    *
* Anthony Shaw, M.D.: Burns Bruises, Abdominal Injuries - Abuse or   *
*         Not                                                        *
* Mark Herbst, M.D., Ph.D.: Radiological Detection & Dating of   *
*         Pediatric Injuries                                         *
* Ronald Uscinisk, M.D.: A Primer on Understanding Head Injury:      *
*         Terms and Basic Comprehension                              *
* Faris Bandak, Ph.D.: Pediatric Neurotrauma                         *
* Kris Sperry, M.D.: What Medical Examiners Can & Cannot Do in   *
*         Suspected Child Abuse Cases                                *
* Piero Rinaldo, M.D.: Metabolic Disorders Mistaken for Intentional  *
*         Abuse                                                      *
* Lori Frasier, M.D.: Medical Examiners in Child Sexual Abuse:       *
*         Training Oversight & Limitations                       *
* Phillip Esplin, Ed.D., Jeni Feinberg, J.D. & Lorin Zaner, J.D.:*
*         Common Dilemma and Practical Tips for Representing Your    *
*         Client                                                     *
*                                                                    *
* "Regardless of your trial skills level, child abuse cases are      *
* unique among other crimes. Staying current with the medical and    *
* psychological research in this specific area is imperative to      *
* effectively represent your clients. This is the conference that    *
* keeps you current and sharpens your skills."                       *
*                                                                    *
*                                          Barry Scheck, Esq., NY    *
*                                                                    *
*                    For registration information                    *
*             NCADRC, P.O. Box 638, Holland, Ohio 43528              *
*                         FAX: 419-865-0526                          *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************

                _____________________________________
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:
_____________
UNITED STATES

ALABAMA
  See Georgia
ALASKA
  Kathleen 907-333-5248
ARIZONA
  Phoenix
        Pat 480-396-9420
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
CALIFORNIA
  Sacramento
        Jocelyn 530-570-1862
  San Francisco & North Bay 
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-738-0469
  East Bay Area
        Judy 925-952-4853
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Palm Desert
        Eileen and Jerry 909-659-9636
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 949-733-2925
  Covina Area 
        Floyd & Libby 626-357-2750
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 760-439-4630
COLORADO
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
CONNECTICUT
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
FLORIDA
  Date/Boward
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Sarasota
        Francis & Sally 941-342-8310
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 727-856-7091
GEORGIA
  Atlanta 
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
ILLINOIS
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
  Peoria
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
INDIANA
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Pat 260-489-9987
        Helen 574-753-2779
KANSAS
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
KENTUCKY
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
LOUISIANA
        Sarah 337-235-7656
MAINE
  Rumford
        Carolyn 207-364-8891
  Portland
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
MICHIGAN
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-4055
MINNESOTA 
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
MISSOURI
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  Springfield - Quarterly, 4th Sat. of 
        Jan., Apr., Jul., Oct. @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
MONTANA
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
NEW HAMPSHIRE
  Jean 603-772-2269
  Mark 802-872-0847
NEW JERSEY 
  Southern
        Sally 609-927-4147
  Northern
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
NEW MEXICO
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
NEW YORK 
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-922-1737
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
NORTH CAROLINA
  Susan 704-538-7202
OHIO
  Cleveland
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
OKLAHOMA
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
  Tulsa
        Jim 918-582-7363
OREGON
  Portland area
        Kathy 503-655-1587
PENNSYLVANIA
  Harrisburg
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
  Pittsburgh
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
  Montrose
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
TENNESSEE
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
TEXAS 
    Houston
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-595-3945
UTAH
        Keith 801-467-0669
VERMONT 
        Mark 802-872-0847
WASHINGTON
        Kathy 503-557-7118
WISCONSIN
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
WYOMING
        Alan & Lorinda 307-322-4170
_____________
INTERNATIONAL

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Lloyd 250-741-8941
  Victoria & Vancouver Island
        John 250-721-3219
MANITOBA
        Roma 204-275-5723
ONTARIO, CANADA 
  London 
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
  Ottawa
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Burlington
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
  Waubaushene
        Paula 705-543-0318
QUEBEC, CANADA 
  Chertsey
        Mavis 450-882-1480
AUSTRALIA
  Evelyn 
        everei@adam.com.au
BELGIUM
  werkgr.fict.herinneringen@altavista.net
ISRAEL
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax 972-2-625-9282 
NEW ZEALAND
        Colleen 09-416-7443
SWEDEN
        Ake Moller FAX 48-431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline 44-1225 868-682

          _________________________________________________
          Deadline for the Nov/Dec Newsletter is October 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    And should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                         pjf@cis.upenn.edu                          |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
**********************************************************************
The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified  501(c)3  corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.
**********************************************************************

PAMELA FREYD, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,     September 1, 2006

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic Psychology, 
    Sterling Heights, MI;
ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D., Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical
    Center, Chicago, IL;
JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
ROBYN M. DAWES, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA;
DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D., University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medical School;
GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA;
MARTIN GARDNER, Author, Hendersonville, NC;
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HENRY GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
LILA GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;
DAVID A. HALPERIN, M.D., (deceased) Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 
    New York, NY;
ERNEST HILGARD, Ph.D., (deceased) Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA;
JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA;
DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS;
PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D., (deceased) Harvard University, Cambridge, MA;
ROBERT A. KARLIN, Ph.D. , Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HAROLD LIEF, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA;
SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH;
PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD;
HAROLD MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;
SPENCER HARRIS MORFIT, Author, Westford, MA;
ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased) U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland, OR;
CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., (deceased) Concordia University, Montreal, Canada;
MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada;
AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;
JAMES RANDI, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL;
HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D. ,Washington University, St. Louis, MO;
CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL;
THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., (deceased) University of California, Santa
    Cruz, CA;
THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., (deceased) U of Indiana, Bloomington, IN;
MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for
    Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa;
MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D., {deceased) University of California, Berkeley,
    CA;
RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State University Law School,
    Detroit, MI;
DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Ctr, Piscataway, NJ;
JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D., Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY;
HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, 
    Northfield, MN;
CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco, TX

**********************************************************************
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