FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - September/October 2005 - Vol. 14, No. 5, HTML version


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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
September/October 2005 Vol.14 No. 5
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ISSN #1069-0484. Copyright (c) 2005 by the FMS Foundation
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        The FMSF Newsletter is published 6 times a year by the
        False Memory Syndrome Foundation. The newsletter is
        mailed to anyone who contributes at least $30.00. Also
              available at no cost on www.FMSFonline.org
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
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In this issue...
  Victor
    Freyd   
      Bartha  
        Legal Corner 
          From Our Readers
            Bulletin Board 
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Dear Friends, 

  "While we recognize the benefit from allowing therapists to diagnose
  and treat victims of sexual and physical abuse as children, no
  utility can be derived from protecting careless or inappropriate
  therapists and the practices. The costs are simply too severe: the
  therapist is allowed to continue negligently "treating" others, the
  patient remains disillusioned by the falsehoods, and the accused
  suffers the torment of being branded a child-abuser. We do not
  hesitate to conclude that mechanical application of the
  therapist-patient privilege to allow such results to continue
  unimpeded ill serves the public."

                                          Louis B. Butler, Jr., Judge 
          Johnson v. Rogers Memorial Hospital et al.  Sup. Ct. Wisc., 
         No. 2003AP784 & 2003 AP1413 (L.C. No. 96 CV 001228), 7/18/05. 

Parents have generally found it very difficult, indeed impossible, to
hold accountable the therapists who destroyed their families. Because
they are not the patients, parents have had no access to the therapy
records that are essential to determine what may have taken place. In
July, the Wisconsin Supreme Court issued an opinion that allows
Charles and Karen Johnson to have access to the their still-alienated
daughter's therapy records. Although the split decision applies only
to the Johnson case, the arguments of the justices on the various
issues of patient-therapist confidentiality are significant. (See p.
9).

There are now many therapists who have been held accountable for the
damage they caused, but some therapists whose writings and teachings
helped fuel the repressed memory phenomenon seem to pretend it never
happened. The article about D. Corydon Hammond, Ph.D. on page 5 shows
a person who may now prefer to distance himself from his past belief
in intergenerational satanic abuse cults. He has not yet taken
responsibility for his past actions.

Where are we in the memory wars? The country still spans the continuum
from strong believers to strong skeptics about the reliability of
recovered memories, but the weight is tipping toward the skeptics as
the Wisconsin decision indicates. There is still a huge amount of
silliness, however. For example, we read this summer in the Washington
Post:

  "A turning point in his life occurred when he was 6, an event he
  repressed until he was 30 and in therapy."

  "He also endorses a technique using 'bioenergetics' in which a
  client releases pent-up anger by smashing a tennis racket against a
  mound of pillows while repeatedly screaming 'Dad' -- or the name of
  the person about whom the client has unresolved feelings. This is
  how he recovered his repressed memories of sexual abuse."

                                      Boodman, S.G. (2005, August 16). 
         A conversion therapist's unusual odyssey. Washington Post, F4

Pillow beating while screaming a name as a method for recovering
accurate memories? Perhaps the article should have been with the
comics. That is not to demean any person who has been abused. But how
can those persons possibly be aided by printing nonsense about how
historical memories have supposedly been recovered? Reporter Debbie
Nathan exposed that technique over a decade ago.

More typical was an article in the Wall Street Journal that same week:

  "It is no mystery why traumatic memories are so vivid. Compare your
  recollection of Sept. 11, 2001, with that of Sept. 10, 2001. 'When
  we experience something traumatic, stress hormones such as noradren-
  alin are released from the brain stem and reach the amygdala,' says
  Roger Pitman of Harvard Medical School, Boston. 'The amygdala tells
  the [memory-processing] hippocampus to remember better, burning in
  the memory of that event."
                                          Begley, S. (2005, August 19)
                A spotless mind may ease suffering, but erase identity
                                              Wall Street Journal, B1.

What do others think about the memory wars? Following is one opinion
we read this summer:

  "We have written throughout about a live, ongoing controversy. Yet
  it appears to us now that the memory wars are (almost) over. False
  memory proponents appear triumphant. In many countries, false memory
  societies modeled on the FMSF are winding down for lack of
  opposition. Many of the recovered memory Internet sites we have used
  in our study (begun in 1997) of the controversy have disappeared.
  Some of the more visible figures in the recovery movement, such as
  the multiple personality disorder therapists Judith Peterson and
  Bennett Braun, have been sued and/or have lost their licenses to
  practice."(p. 101)
                      Ashmore, M., Brown, S.D., & MacMillan, K. (2005)
                               Lost in the mall with Mesmer and Wundt: 
                   Demarcations and demonstrations in the psychologies
                   Science, Technology, & Human Values, 20 (1), 76-110

Another writer was more cautious:

  "Most of the distinctly unbeautiful language of recovery ("inner
  child," "personal truth," denial") has come to seem as dated and
  quaint as shoulder pads. Yet it would be wrong to deduce that the
  tenets of recovery have been decisively discredited. The fact that
  recovery's jargon is now passe may merely be an indication of how
  efficiently its ideas have been absorbed into the general culture.
  As anyone who has had cause to visit a shrink in recent years can
  attest, the idea that all our adult difficulties are traceable to
  physical and psychic wounds inflicted upon us by our parents is far
  from extinct."
                                             Heller, Z. (2005, July 4)
                                    Meet the parents. New Republic. 27

We have written in the past of the opinions of some FMSF Advisors.
Recall that Paul McHugh, M.D. has written that he feels that the
memory wars are basically over. Elizabeth Loftus, Ph.D., on the
contrary, considers that they remain active. She sees some dubious
claims of recovered repressed memories emerging in the context of the
clergy cases. She has seen cases in which a prior accusation is used
as "corroboration" for the repressed memory, giving apparent credence
to a concept that has virtually no good scientific support and is
highly controversial. At the Foundation office, we assess the climate
by the e-mails, calls, and letters that we receive. From that vantage
point, it seems that although there are still many legal cases being
brought against clergy and other institutions, there are far fewer new
cases being brought against parents based only on claims of recovery
of repressed memories. Most new callers tell us that they have already
seen the information on the FMSF web site.

The problems with which new FMSF contacts are struggling are most
often based in accusations made years ago. A poignant example: one
person called this week to tell us that as a result of a plea bargain
in 1994 in a recovered memory case, her non-citizen husband is now
being deported. She wondered if she could hold accountable his
daughter's therapist for encouraging false memories and his lawyers
for urging a plea. Another caller explained that her sister was in
jail because she murdered her mother in the belief that she had been
abused by her. The caller wondered if her sister's therapist, who used
hypnosis and who also dated his patient, could be held accountable. A
retractor who had become skeptical about her therapy after research on
the web called to ask if she could hold her former therapist
accountable.

It is clear that the detritus from the memory wars will remain for a
discouragingly long time. Families whose children have not returned
will continue to hurt as long as they live. Former patients will still
have questions about what happened to them. The type of help we are
asked to provide has changed from when the Foundation began in 1992,
and the way that the FMSF can provide information has changed.

Several years ago we wrote about an eventual move to publishing the
newsletter only through the internet and web. That time is getting
closer. Barring any dramatic changes in the FMS phenomenon, we
anticipate that the year 2006 will be the last in which the newsletter
is distributed in printed form. After that, the newsletter will be
posted on the web site. Because of the nature of electronic
publishing, the size and frequency of the newsletter can be much more
flexible. That is the background for the annual FMSF letter that you
will receive this autumn. We thank you in advance for your ongoing
generous support.
                                                                PAMELA

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                  Heard on Television This Summer                   |
|                                                                    |
| "Repressed memory, where it does exist, is usually a bad artifact  |
| of poor psychotherapy or where someone has contingencies that      |
| would reward him for remembering something. They're usually false  |
| memories. They're usually implanted. "The nature of severe trauma  |
| is that people have trouble forgetting. I never heard of someone   |
| who was in Auschwitz, Dachau, whose experience was so bad they     |
| couldn't remember it. The nature of trauma is that you can't       |
| forget...                                                          |
|                                                                    |
| "The nature of severe trauma is that you can't forget things, not  |
| that you do forget things. I don't want to say in 100 percent of   |
| the cases it never occurs, but the idea of someone who's 18 years  |
| old who had [a traumatic sexual] experience over four days and     |
| doesn't remember that it happened is essentially ludicrous from a  |
| modern psychiatric point of view."                                 |
|                            Joseph Deltito, Professor of Psychiatry |
|                    on the "Nancy Grace Show," CNN, August 17, 2005 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

       +------------------------------------------------------+
       |                    SPECIAL THANKS                    |
       |                                                      |
       |  We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of      |
       |  the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.    |  
       |                                                      |
       |  EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Janet Fetkewicz, Howard          |
       |           Fishman, Peter Freyd                       |
       |  COLUMNISTS: Members of the FMSF Scientific advisory |
       |     Board and Members who wish to remain anonymous   |
       |  LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers                |
       +------------------------------------------------------+

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           SUCCESSFUL STRATEGIES IN FIGHTING MORAL PANICS:
                   AMERICAN AND BRITISH COMPARISONS
                       Jeffrey S. Victor, Ph.D.

(The following article was prepared from notes for the 2005 Annual
Meeting of the British False Memory Society.)

HOW I GOT INVOLVED IN RESEARCH ON FALSE ACCUSATIONS

One day in 1988, my teenage son began receiving telephone death
threats falsely accusing him of being in a satanic cult. At the time,
there was a satanic cult panic taking place in our small town in rural
upstate New York. My son's only distinction was that he looked like an
artist or an English punk-rocker. At that point, I began my research
into satanic cult rumors and false accusations of satanic cult crime.
My expertise relative to false memories involves the sociology,
politics, and history of accusations of satanic cult crimes, including
false accusations of SRA.

COMPARISON BETWEEN U.K. AND U.S.

Before the conference, I asked Pamela Freyd, Director of the American
False Memory Syndrome Foundation, what helped most in fighting false
accusations. Her response follows:

  "I think one of the most important aspects of the inroads that were
  made by the FMSF was the active participation of so many families.
  They wrote letters, they talked to doctors, clergy, legislators,
  etc. Many were willing to be public and that meant that the press
  could do stories and have a human interest angle. In the U.S., it
  has taken the lawsuits to make inroads into professional
  organizations and head them in other directions. Alas, church
  counseling has not been affected by that pressure, and currently
  most new cases that we know about come from church counseling."

Following are a few thoughts about differences between American and
British societies that affect parents who must deal with false
accusations of sexual child abuse. I don't pretend that I am familiar
with all the subtleties of English culture.

DISTRUST TOWARD GOVERNMENT

American distrust in government goes way back to the American war for
independence from Britain.

IN THE U.S., falsely accused parents were able eventually to become
widely defined as victims of injustice in the legal system. This
happened, at least in part, because of the American distrust of
government, including the judicial system. The judicial system is seen
as often being arbitrary because of past racism and the influence of
money. In other words, falsely accused parents were aided by the
American concern about civil liberties and injustice in the judicial
system.

IN THE U.K., there may be greater trust in government and the judicial
system.

LEGAL SYSTEM AND CIVIL LAWSUITS

The special nature of the U.S. legal system makes it easier to bring
lawsuits than in the United Kingdom.

IN THE U.S., the false memory cause was helped by attorneys who
brought lawsuits against professionals who used techniques such as
hypnosis, sodium amytal, and guided imagery for the purposes of
recovering memories. Many medical doctors, psychiatrists, hospitals,
and various kinds of psychotherapists were put out of business, had
licenses taken away, or were financially disabled.

Claims of satanic cult ritual abuse were discredited by investigative
reports from the FBI and several state police. This situation led to
greater police awareness of possible false claims of sexual child
abuse, especially in cases involving divorce.

IN THE U.K., I am not sure why police don't seem to be as aware of the
possibility of false accusations, and why so many recovered memory
therapists are still operating.

DECENTRALIZATION vs. CENTRALIZATION

IN THE U.S., it is necessary to decentralize any national effort
because of the large size of the country and the federal political
system.

The FMSF helped local groups to become established across the U.S.,
even in small cities. The FMSF also helped to sponsor scientific
workshops with guest speakers in many large cities. Some local
universities sponsored conferences on false memories. This
decentralization helped to spread awareness of false memories created
by incompetent psychotherapists. Social workers and police in the
United States are in very different local bureaucracies and have very
different occupational cultures. They often distrust each other and do
not easily cooperate.

IN THE U.K., the small size and centralized administration may
encourage more centralized efforts, and impede the ability of the BFMS
to spread information around the country. Social workers have much
more power in the U.K. because they are part of a powerful
bureaucratic hierarchy of the national health care system. Even
Christian social workers are part of that bureaucracy. Police and
social workers are forced to cooperate in special child protection
units.

MASS MEDIA INFLUENCES

IN THE U.S., the only mass media that is genuinely national is
television. FMS families have been aided by the development of
widespread distrust for sensationalist national TV talk shows that are
viewed as emotionally manipulative entertainment. The sensationalist
shows eventually backfired because viewers came to see that some
people who were making accusations of child sexual abuse were doing so
to gain personal attention.

The respected, big city newspapers (in NYC, Chicago, LA) all published
sympathetic investigative reports about falsely accused parents that
were critical of recovered memory therapy. Many magazine articles and
books were published, critical of recovered memory psychotherapy.

The widespread skepticism of claims of satanic cult ritual abuse
eventually led to suspicion of recovered memory therapy in general --
except among many fundamentalist Protestants. The claims of satanic
cult ritual abuse on television became so outrageous that they
eventually undermined belief in other recovered memories of abuse.

IN THE U.K., the London-based sensationalist newspapers seem to have a
great influence. I do not understand why media sensationalism has not
backfired yet. Perhaps, it is due to the authority and prestige
attributed to social workers and police who work for the national
government.

POLITICAL CONFLICT AND ALLIES

IN THE U.S., accused parents were aided by internal political
conflict. Falsely accused parents in the U.S. had many natural allies.
On one hand, political conservatives dislike and distrust feminists
who make accusations against men. On the other hand, political
liberals distrust Protestant ministers and Christian social workers
who provide psychotherapy and make claims about sexual deviance and
satanic cult ritual abuse. Both conservative and liberal organizations
referred researchers and journalists to FMSF.

IN THE U.K., perhaps political conflict may be much more affected by
class conflict. It may be that in the U.K., there is more social class
resentment in which respectable, middle-class people are more likely
to be seen as perpetrators involved in hidden conspiracies. The theme
may play well in the sensationalist London newspapers. Social
respectability may actually hurt accused parents.

THE NATURE OF MORAL PANICS

Parents who must deal with false accusations of child sexual abuse
must deal with a moral panic. A moral panic may be defined as a form
of collective behavior characterized by sudden increased concern and
hostility in a large part of a society, a reaction to widespread
beliefs about a perceived threat from moral deviants. However, careful
empirical examination reveals that the perceived threat is greatly
exaggerated or even nonexistent.

In other words, a moral panic is a social process involving
multi-faceted conditions: widely circulating rumors, shared beliefs,
social stereotypes, political conflict between groups, and mass media
influences; all focused upon people regarded as being dangerous moral
deviants. Moral panics are processes that involve mass behavior,
rather than simply the actions of individuals. During most moral
panics, the threat is wildly exaggerated. In some, the threat is
purely imaginary, as with witchcraft, or more recently, satanic cults.

The key thing to realize is that a moral panic is spread by shared
beliefs, not contagious emotion. So, we need to ask who gains by
spreading beliefs that promote fear. The answer is that moral panics
are spread by groups that gain ideological support, power and money by
spreading the beliefs. For example, the mass media can benefit from
sensational stories that attract readers, advertisers and money. Some
people, who come to be regarded as experts in detecting dangerous
social deviants, can gain audiences, employment and social influence.
Politicians can gain votes and political influence.

During moral panics, law enforcement agents often see themselves as
fighting evil. If they are sheltered by secrecy and lacking
accountability, some will misuse and distort the law for purely
personal reasons, such as ethnic prejudice, ideological fervor, or
even for career advancement.

FINAL WORDS

Regard yourselves as part of a political struggle involving a battle
of ideas. Your opposition is just as impassioned, sincere and
committed as you are. Your success will depend upon much more than
simply providing accurate scientific information. Misinformation,
rumors and pre-judgment are difficult to fight. In the struggle of
ideas, truth will prevail only if it is given a lot of help.

  Jeffrey Victor, Ph.D. is the author of Satanic Panic. He is a member
  of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|    Some Practical Suggestions for Dealing with the Moral Panic     |
|                           Jeffrey Victor                           |
|                                                                    |
| A. ORGANIZE                                                        |
| o Encourage involvement. Ask for volunteer workers from families   |
|    of falsely accused. Even simple tasks encourage a feeling of    |
|   being able to fight injustice.                                   |
| o Help to establish support and education groups in many small     |
|    cities.                                                         |
| o Find sympathetic lawyers (solicitors) who might work on legal    |
|   cases pro bono, or at reduced fee.                               |
| o Seek allied organizations that can make referrals to the BFMS    |
|   for information, for speakers and for assisting falsely accused  |
|   parents.                                                         |
|                                                                    |
| B. PUBLICIZE (The goal is to influence public opinion.)            |
| o Organize training programs about false memories for police,      |
|   social workers and other professionals.                          |
| o Help to organize scientific workshops in large cities.           |
| o Send out news releases and invite news reporters to press        |
|   conferences. Create news events.                                 |
| o If you have volunteers who are knowledgeable about public        |
|   relations and advertising, learn from them.                      |
| o The falsely accused or retractors who are willing to go public   |
|   are crucial source. The press prefers stories that have a        |
|   personal interest angle.                                         |
|                                                                    |
| C. GATHER INFORMATION (Providing accurate scientific information   |
| is different from the effort to publicize.)                        |
| o Keep computer files on cases of false accusations.               |
| o Keep news releases ready to go, about specific issues.           |
|                                                                    |
| D. BE PROACTIVE                                                    |
| o Don't wait for bad news to happen and then react to it. Instead, |
|   make events happen.                                              |
| o Hold accountable medical doctors and social workers who have a   |
|   conspicuous history of dishonest or questionable practices, for  |
|   example.                                                         |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

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                THE CASE OF D. CORYDON HAMMOND, Ph.D.
                             Peter Freyd

Corydon Hammond is regarded as a distinguished expert on memory and
trauma treatment by psychiatrists. In 1999, the American Psychiatric
Association awarded him the prestigious Guttmacher Award. Hammond has
been complaining about the FMS Foundation since at least 1993: he
wrote in The Bulletin of the Psychological Hypnosis Division of the
American Psychological Association that he had been...misrepresented
in the media (e.g., Prime Time Live) by producers apparently wishing
to promulgate an FMS point of view, as well as by a radical FMS
spokesman.[1]

Dr. Hammond is best known for a speech he gave in 1992. It was
described in his hometown newspaper:

  In the bizarre realm of multiple-personality disorder and satanic
  ritual abuse, no theory boggles the mind more than one widely
  associated with a University of Utah psychologist and professor.

  D. Corydon Hammond has told colleagues many of the disorder cases
  stem from an international, multigeneration conspiracy masterminded
  by a Nazi-trained scientist named "Dr. Green."

  This man, Hammond told 300 therapists attending a training session
  last year, was a Jew who saved himself in the Nazi death camps by
  conducting mind-control experiments. The CIA brought Green to the
  United States after World War II as part of the large-scale
  transplant of German scientists, said Hammond.

  Green continued his mind-control research while obtaining his
  medical degree in the United States, conducting many experiments on
  military hospital patients, said Hammond, immediate past president
  of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis.

  The mysterious Green and his cohorts still are using electric
  shocks, strobe lights and systematic torture to brainwash children,
  Hammond said. The technique allegedly makes them mindless robots in
  the service of satanists.[2]

The Salt Lake Tribune wrote that they had paid $100. to Audio
Transcripts for a tape of the speech. Shortly after the story
appeared, the tape was withdrawn from sale, but within a year, a
transcript of the speech was posted on the internet under the title
"The Greenbaum Speech of D. C. Hammond".[3]

This note is engendered by a recent posting (July 14) on a discussion
group called "freedomofthought" in which Dr. Hammond wrote:

  Re the [1992] speech -- the "speech" was something originally put
  out on the internet I'm told by the father of Jennifer Freyd, who is
  also the husband of the woman who heads the false memory syndrome
  foundation. It was not entirely accurately transcribed, and was
  taken out of context. It was given under some time pressure, where I
  didn't speak as carefully as I ordinarily would, because people in a
  workshop setting had pleaded for me to diverge from my topic and to
  hurry and give them some ideas about ritual abuse. Part of it was
  based on ideas that someone had provided me, some of which had
  checked out and been independently verified, and therefore, I
  trusted some of the other material that you might think of as
  theoretical ideas. However, prior to even talking at that workshop,
  I had enlisted the aid of a law school professor friend of mine to
  do a Freedom of Information Act release to see if we could obtain
  some corroborating information. The search came back and did not
  corroborate certain things. Therefore, from shortly after that talk
  (later 1992, almost 13 years ago), I quit talking about those ideas,
  and in fact, quit taking on dissociative disorder patients and abuse
  cases.

If the speech is not entirely accurately transcribed, I trust that Dr.
Hammond will post the corrections. He might also correct his own
memory: it was not a workshop. The talk he gave was an invited
address.[4]

There is a missing context. Contrary to the impression that Dr.
Hammond now tries to make, his Greenbaum speech was not a momentary
aberration; it was the culmination of his devotion to a conspiracy
theory that directly affected his professional practice and -- through
his educational activities -- the professional practice of many other
psychotherapists.

Three years before the Greenbaum speech, Cavalcade Productions
released a videotape (1989) entitled "Ritual Child Abuse: A
Professional Overview." Dr. Hammond had this to say:

  Some of the children may retract a story at some point because, for
  example, they've seen people killed...After all the senses have been
  broken down in every conceivable way with electric shocks, with
  drugs, with fatigue, with lack of food they can be conditioned to do
  things on cue. And very strongly brainwashed. We've seen people in
  Korea who were brainwashed but these are children who are completely
  controlled by the cult that they're in...What we're talking about
  here goes beyond child-abuse or beyond the brainwashing of Patty
  Hearst or Korean-War veterans. We're talking about people -- in some
  cases who are coming to us as patients -- who were raised in satanic
  cults from the time they were born. Often cults that have come over
  from Europe, that have roots in the SS, in death-camp squads in some
  cases. These are children who tell us stories about being deprived
  of sleep all night, of then being required to work at manual labor
  exhaustingly all day long without any food or water. When they reach
  a point of utter fatigue they may then watch other people tortured.
  Perhaps a finger might be cut off and hung around their neck on a
  chain or a string as a symbol to them that they had better be
  obedient. They may be given drugs.[5]

Dr. Hammond's Greenbaum theories directly affected his therapeutic
practice. Two years before the Greenbaum speech, Dr. Hammond placed a
patient named Elizabeth Gale in deep hypnotic trances and advised her
that she had been programmed by the satanic cult using a flashing red
light, electrodes attached to her head, noises in her left ear, pain
in her right ear, intravenous chemicals, and physical restraints. He
advised her that she was in danger of death by suicide as a result of
the cult programming. As in the Greenbaum speech, her programming was
supposed to have been through letters of the Greek alphabet.[6]
Hammond claimed he could identify the codes and only by doing that
could such codes be deactivated and erased. We know all this because
Ms. Gale kept videotapes of the sessions.[7]

Dr. Hammond remembers the Greenbaum speech as a workshop, not an
invited address. His error may be a result of the numerous prior
workshops on the subject. We do have a videotape made by a participant
in one of them a year earlier. It was at Parkwood Hospital, Atlanta
Georgia (March 2, 1991):

  I will suggest to you that those people [deniers of satanic cults]
  are either, one -- naive and of limited clinical experience; number
  two -- have a kind of naivete that people have of the holocaust; or
  number two they're just such intellectuallizers and skeptics that
  they'll doubt everything; or number three -- they're cult people
  themselves and I can assure that there are people who are in that
  position.

  There are people who are physicians, who are mental health
  professionals who are in the cults, who are raising
  transgenerational cults.

  [I had a patient whose] grandfather had been sent out from Nazi
  Germany in the mid 1930s to New York expressly to help spread the
  cult to America. They were involved in kidnaping children.

  I believe that we'll probably end up finding about a fourth of
  outpatient multiples are cult-abuse and if you're in a specialized
  unit it may go as high as 50% and they're usually some of the more
  severe, difficult cases. But I also believe that we're treating too
  many of them. That's a cruel terrible thing to say. But I believe
  that quite a few of them that we're treating are still involved in
  cults and that we should not be treating them if they are. And it is
  a danger to them and a danger to us.

  And I know of patients where I've consulted on cases -- I only treat
  four cult victims myself -- but I consult in cases all around the
  country and I know of cases where people have revealed things in
  therapy...at one point a part [i.e. an alternate personality]
  revealed something she shouldn't and she was severely tortured
  because of that, to teach her not to do that in the future.

  Some of it is in very organized groups with interstate communication
  and who use a very, very systematic brainwashing that comes out of
  experimentation from Nazi doctors and experimentation in the
  intelligence community with mind-control research and involves
  medical technology and is very, very sophisticated. And is
  systematically done from early early childhood to produce multiples
  and continues through and into adulthood with periodic reinforcement
  truly trying to produce Manchurian Candidates.

  In fact, I know of cases where this has occurred where the Mafia
  likes to use cult people as hit people because they can have one
  personality who will come out and do it, go to another city and
  perform a cult blood-cleaning and have no emotion about it, come
  back and everybody has amnesia for it. And it's the perfect ideal
  situation.[8]

On November 21, 1991, midway between that workshop and the Greenbaum
speech, a Utah newspaper reported Dr. Hammond's reaction to a rumor
that the Utah Governor was disbanding a task force on Satanism that
Dr. Hammond had helped form three years earlier:

  Dr. Corydon Hammond, a therapist at the University of Utah Medical
  Center, questioned whether the governor had been pressured by
  "influential people" in the state who are satanists.[9]

On September 19, 1993, The Salt Lake Tribune quoted Dr. Hammond's
answer to why he gave the speech.

  I finally decided to hell with it. If they [the satanists] are going
  to kill me, they are going to kill me.[10]

His present statement concludes with this:

  Therefore, from shortly after that talk (late 1992, almost 13 years
  ago), I quit talking about those ideas, and in fact, quit taking on
  dissociative disorder patients and abuse cases.

Dr. Hammond may have stopped speaking about the subject, but he has
continued to write about dissociative disorder patients and abuse
cases. Six years after the Greenbaum speech, his name appears as a
co-author (with Daniel Brown and Alan W. Scheflin) of the book Memory,
Trauma Treatment, and the Law, W.W. Norton & Company, 1998 $100. The
American Psychiatric Association awarded the authors the Guttmacher
Award.

I think, though, I understand why Dr. Hammond wishes now to avoid the
subject. One of two things may be the case. Either he still believes
those conspiracy theories or he doesn't. In the first case -- chances
are he believes his silence is necessary for his very life. In the
second case -- perhaps he does not know what he can do besides stand
mute.

It is understandable that beliefs can change over time with new
information and experience. If Dr. Hammond, who is a full professor at
the University of Utah,[11] has altered or relinquished his belief in
an international intergenerational conspiracy, he could perform a
great service by discussing this openly. Tragically, many individuals
and families have been harmed by therapists acting on such beliefs,
many of whom were influenced by Dr. Hammond's publications and talks.

[1] See FMSF Newsletter, Feb. 5, 1993. He did not name the radical FMS
    spokesman. The "misrepresentation" by Prime Time Live included the
    scene in its program "Devilish Deeds," January 7, 1993, where Dr.
    Hammond said that therapists are not responsible for verifying the
    information they teach in workshops.
[2] Harrie. D. (1993, September 19).Theory Traces Ritual Roots to Nazi
    Era. Salt Lake Tribune, A6.
[3] Greenbaum was Green's original name. Google has two full pages of
    true-believer websites featuring the transcript; just search for
    "Greenbaum Speech."
[4] The Fourth Annual Eastern Regional Conference on Abuse and
    Multiple Personality, Thursday June 25, 1992, at the Radisson
    Plaza Hotel, Mark Center, Alexandria, Virginia. Sponsored by the
    Center for Abuse Recovery & Empowerment, The Psychiatric Institute
    of Washington, D.C.
[5] For excerpts of the other therapists who appear in the videotape
    (Bennett G. Braun, M.D., Jean Goodwin, M.D., M.P.H., Catherine
    Gould, Ph.D., D. Corydon Hammond, Ph.D., Richard P. Kluft, M.D.
    Roberta Sachs, Ph.D., Roland C. Summit, M.D., Walter C. Young,
    M.D.) see FMSF Newsletter, Vol 3 No. 4, April 5, 1994.]
[6] In the Greenbaum speech, Dr. Hammond says: "I would take your
    entire Greek alphabet and, with ideomotor signals, go through the
    alphabet and say, 'Is there any programming inside associated with
    epsilon, omicron,' and go on through." This was after he had
    explained: "Alphas appear to represent general programming, the
    first kind of things put in. Betas appear to be sexual programs.
    For example, how to perform oral sex in a certain way, how to
    perform sex in rituals, having to do with producing child
    pornography, directing child pornography, prostitution. Deltas are
    killers trained in how to kill in ceremonies. There'll also be
    some self-harm stuff mixed in with that, assassination and
    killing. Thetas are called psychic killers....Then there's
    Omega. I usually don't include that word when I say my first
    question about this or any part [alternate personality] inside
    that knows about Alpha, Beta, Delta, Theta because Omega will
    shake them even more. Omega has to do with self-destruct
    programming."
[7] Those videotapes were cited by attorney, Zachary Bravos in The
    FMSF Newsletter, March/April 2004, Vol. 13 No. 2 as leading to the
    quick resolution of the lawsuit Ms Gale filed. It was settled in
    her favor -- even before depositions had been taken -- for $7.5
    Million. Dr. Hammond's share was $175,000.
[8] For more excerpts see FMSF Newsletter, Vol 3 No. 3, March 8, 1994.
[9] Deseret News, The, November 21, 1991, page B1. The task force, in
    fact, was not disbanded until years later.
[10] (Op cit) In the course of the story it becomes apparent that Dr.
    Hammond was already in 1993 trying to distance himself from his
    own words.
[11] uuhsc.utah.edu/pmr/faculty.

**********************************************************************
        CULTURE OF CHAOS: THE SECRET LIFESTYLE OF THE SURVIVOR
                          Jeanette D. Bartha

Let me begin by disclosing that I was a participant of repressed
memory therapy (RMT) from 1986-1992 at a prestigious psychiatric
hospital. During those lost years, most as an in-patient, my
psychiatrist persuaded me that I was a survivor of satanic ritual
abuse (SRA).

I was an enthusiastic patient, willing to learn how repressed memory
recall would be the ultimate cure for depression. Unwittingly,
however, I was subjected to classic indoctrination into what I now
believe to be a psychotherapy cult. Here are a few of the techniques
used to keep me hostage to the RMT ideology: isolation in a hospital,
separation from family and friends, being told when to sleep and eat,
lack of information, sleep deprivation, administration of drugs,
classes, forced therapy sessions, physical restraint, involuntary
court commitments, and being encouraged to falsely confess to crimes
committed as a satanic cult member.

There are outstanding researchers and writers who have reported on
indoctrination techniques used to make patients believe in SRA. This
essay, however, will deviate from the how's and why's and focus on the
lifestyle of the survivor sub-culture and the impact on family
members.

My personal experience with SRA and dissociative identity disorder
(DID), combined with my experience with Internet chat rooms, E-mail
groups, survivor Websites, and online psychotherapy, reveals a
proliferation of the survivor lifestyle. I reviewed thousands of
E-mails, and they show that believing one has been abused in satanic
rituals has a powerful and influential hold. This SRA sub-culture is
based on the presumption of victimization and it has gained personal
and political momentum largely due to the easy access to
misinformation on the Web and Internet support groups. In addition,
some publishing houses have been eager to print survivor stories, but
they have no interest in publishing anything that is skeptical of SRA.

People who believe that they are SRA survivors were usually first
diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). After the
diagnosis they were quickly insulated from mainstream ideas,
traditional values, and acceptable modes of behavior. The rationale
for the insulation was to keep safe from perceived abusers. Insulation
nurtured increasingly bizarre beliefs because there was no contact
with those who questioned the ideology.

Keeping "safe" is a pressing concern for this subculture. The
isolation increases with the specialized use of language. In the SRA
subculture, certain modes of verbal and written communication are
required. For example, SRA "survivors" claim that their aim is to
converse in such a way as to avoid triggering memories and/or
abreactions of alleged sexual abuse. To keep emotionally safe in
Internet chat groups, writers must insert a "trigger warning"
preceding E-mail transmissions when explicit sexual abuse memories, or
the mention of God and/or religion, are contained within the body of
in the E-mail. Trigger warnings, however, usually seem to peak the
curiosity of survivors who then act-out by switching personalities.
They then discuss the negative emotional content of a trigger-warned
message, a message which they had the option of not reading in the
first place.

Families with an SRA/DID member live each day under a high level of
stress and chaos. Here are two examples of skewed values and behaviors
mentioned earlier. It is considered within the normal range of
behavior for a DID father of two young sons to switch to a child alter
and hug a teddy bear while his wife softly reads Winnie the Pooh to
soothe him. A common incident I witnessed during treatment was a
mother repeatedly taken to the hospital in the family car -- children
in tow -- where she remained for several months at a time. Both of
these scenarios are considered loving gestures, but the parents have
little apparent awareness of the impact these traumatic familial
events have on their children.

While mainstream Americans might express disapproval of these parental
behaviors, the survivor lifestyle expects, anticipates, and makes
provisions for them. A wife, for example, may purchase coloring books
and candy for her husband's little alters to circumvent an abusive
alter emerging. In another family, a six-year old girl might ask her
DID mother's child alters to come out and play with her after school.

A spouse, child, loved one, or friend of an SRA/DID individual is
referred to as a significant other (SO). Love and extreme devotion is
expressed by SO's in chat rooms where they discuss a high degree of
empathy and sympathy towards the survivor.

My experience and observations reaffirm that little or no
responsibility or accountability is placed on the SRA/DID individual
to act appropriately or to be a productive family member who
contributes financial and emotional security. In many cases, SO's and
therapists are quick to rationalize, and then dismiss, verbal and
physical violence as being committed by an alter the survivor either
has no conscious awareness of and/or no control over. Both men and
women SO's report that they have frequently been kicked, spat upon,
had objects thrown at them, been verbally assaulted and belittled,
and, in many circumstances, have had to cope with recurring
extramarital affairs.

This lifestyle encourages the wife to be mother and the husband to be
father to their spouse, leaving the adult relationship between lovers
to grow stale. What happens to the children -- whom I call generation
2? Generation 2 is being raised in these chaotic environments which
offer little parental guidance or comfort. Children are forced to keep
the behaviors of their parents and their home life a secret from
friends, school mates, and teachers, further alienating them.
Generation 2 is either pulled into the parental chaos, ignored, or
made caretakers for the SRA/DID parent. This lifestyle is
all-consuming and an emotional and financial drain on the family unit.
Generation 2 children, until now, have been quite invisible.

**********************************************************************
     PROMINENT BRITISH PEDIATRICIAN REMOVED FROM MEDICAL REGISTER

A prominent British pediatrician has been held accountable for giving
"erroneous" and "misleading" evidence at trial. The General Medical
Council's Fitness to Practice panel has found Professor Sir Roy Meadow
guilty of serious professional misconduct. The panel said that
Professor Meadow's actions "seriously undermined" the position of
doctors who serve as experts at trials. Meadow has been removed from
the medical register.

Meadow is a pediatrician who became well known in sudden infant
deaths, and he testified in many trials. He was famous for his belief
that one sudden infant death in a family was a tragedy, two were
suspicious and three were murder, unless proven otherwise." However,
research has shown that in sudden infant death syndrome, a second
child is actually at greater risk of dying if one child has already
died of the syndrome. The panel noted that Meadow did not intend to
mislead but "failed to provide a fair context for the limited
relevance" of his theory and that he used erroneous statistics.

Although many people may mangle statistics, the consequences of
Meadow's statements were to send people to prison. The deputy chair of
the Academy of Experts in London stated that it is a strong reminder
that experts must adhere to the three I's -- "independence,
impartiality, and integrity."

  Martin, N. (2005, July 16). GMC strikes off Meadow for 'abusing
  position' in cot death trial. Daily Telegraph (London), p. 11.

  Science and Law (2005, July 22). Flawed statistics in murder trial
  may cost expert his medical license. Science, 309, p. 543.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "Theophostic Prayer Ministry (TPM) should be recognized for what   |
| it is: a business enterprise. While masquerading as a religious    |
| experience, it makes false promises of miraculous psychological    |
| cures. Pretending to be based on some radically new, profoundly    |
| innovative combination of Christian teaching and psychological     |
| science, its theories and practices are a travesty of both. On     |
| examination, what TPM sells is clearly nothing more than a         |
| concoction made up of the thoroughly discredited psychotherapeutic |
| fad involving recovered memories, the unsubstantiated pseudo-      |
| Freudian beliefs about the roots of emotional pain popularized by  |
| Alice Miller, and an outdated "New Age" craze of seeking answers   |
| from 'spirit guides.'                                              |
|                                                        Tana Dineen |
|                www.psychoheresy-aware.org/images/Bobgan-Miller.pdf |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                       L E G A L   C O R N E R
                              FMSF Staff

                   ________________________________
                   Step Forward for 3rd Party Case:
              Court Allows Judge to Read Therapy Records
     Johnson v. Rogers Memorial Hospital et al.  Sup. Ct. Wisc.,
         No. 2003AP784 & 2003 AP1413 (L.C. No. 96 CV 001228).
                         Filed July 8, 2005.
       (See www.courts.state.wi.us for a copy of the decision.)

On July 8, 2005, in a split decision, the Wisconsin Supreme Court
ruled that a judge can decide if a woman's medical records should be
made available to parents over her and her therapists' objections. In
the past, patient-therapist privilege has prevented most parents from
bringing lawsuits against their children's therapists. Without
therapist records, there is no way to know what transpired in 
sessions. The ruling means that parents in a case in which they were
accused of abuse based on repressed-memory could explain to the judge
why the victim's records are relevant. The judge will then review the
records and provide them to the plaintiffs if deemed to contain
relevant information.

Three of six justices ruled that protection of parents from false
accusations is more important than therapist-patient privilege. Three
of six justices ruled that in this case Charlotte Johnson had waived
her privilege by virtue of her actions, including providing some
records to her parents, having her lawyer write to obtain a
restraining order, etc. Because of the split decision in which four
separate justices agreed that the Johnsons should get the records, the
ruling applies only to the Johnson case. The language and arguments in
the decision and the dissenting opinions are informative.

Justice Louis Butler wrote the court's lead opinion:

"We conclude that public policy requires creating an exception to
therapist-patient confidentiality and privilege where negligent
therapy is alleged to have caused accusations against parents for
sexually or physically abusing their child. Consistent with the
significant purposes underlying the privilege, however, we are still
concerned with maintaining and protecting the therapist-patient
relationship to the greatest extent possible. Along similar lines, we
also are sensitive to the implications of requiring a patient's
records automatically be surrendered whenever a lawsuit such as this
is commenced. Fishing expeditions cannot be allowed. Therefore, we
further conclude that an in camera inspection of the patient's records
is necessary."

The Johnson v. Rogers case has been in the courts for almost a decade.
It began in late summer 1991 when the Charles and Karen Johnson's
adult daughter entered therapy with Kay Phillips who was not certified
and who soon referred her to Rogers Memorial Hospital for treatment
for eating and addictive disorders and for sexual and physical abuse
issues. Charles Johnson agreed to pay the hospital bills for his
daughter. At Rogers, Charlotte expanded the beliefs that her father
had raped her and her mother had physically abused her. Charlotte
confronted her father in November 1991 and her mother in October 1993.
Charlotte cut off contact and tried to get a restraining order against
them.

The Johnsons were threatened with a lawsuit. In 1994, they received a
letter from a lawyer stating that they would be sued unless they
agreed to pay one million dollars. The attorney wrote: "I have handled
cases such as this for many years. I have conversed with and/or
corresponded with some of the finest, unbiased minds in both the legal
and medical/psychological communities. I have no doubts as to the
validity of repressed memories."

In 1996, the Johnsons filed a medical malpractice claim against the
psychotherapists for falsely implanting the memory of abuse. They also
sued the hospital for failing to provide appropriate treatment for
their daughter. The trial court threw out the case, and in 2000, a
state appeals court upheld that decision.[1] The appeals court noted
that in order for the case to continue, the Johnsons would need access
to Charlotte's medical records. Charlotte had not given permission to
release the records so there would be no evidence.

The Johnsons appealed to the Wisconsin Supreme Court which reversed
the decision in 2001.[2] The Court noted that because Charlotte had
talked about her treatment with a friend and with her attorney and
because she had brought her parents to a therapy session, she might
have waived her confidentiality privilege. The Court also stated that
lack of therapy records is not sufficient to dismiss a third-party
case.[3] The Court determined that in Wisconsin, families may continue
the legal process to gather more information.

The case went back to the trial court where the judge granted summary
judgment to the therapists. He said that the confidentiality of
medical records was more important than disclosing the records to the
parents. The judge also decided that Charlotte had not given up her
right to confidentiality. The Johnsons appealed directly to the
Wisconsin Supreme Court.

Commenting on the decision, attorney for the plaintiffs Bill Smoler
said: "People in this situation can't be delighted by any outcome.
Yes, it's a victory in that they get to push forward and try to hold
these therapists accountable. That doesn't bring their daughter back
into their life."

William Smoler of Monona presented oral arguments for the plaintiffs.
Laurie J. McLeroy of Milwaukee argued for defendant Rogers Memorial
Hospital, David McFarland of Madison argued for defendant Kay
Phillips, Ph.D., and Sarah A. Zylstra argued for defendants Drs. Jeff
Hollowell and Rim Reisenauer.

  Richmond, T. (2005, July 8). Court carves out exception to
  patient-therapist privilege. Pioneer Press. Retrieved from
  www.twincities.com/mld/twincities/news/local/states/wisconsin/
  12089266.ht on July, 9, 2005.

[1] See FMSF Newsletter Vol. 9(5).
[2] See FMSF Newsletter Vol. 10(1).
[3] See FMSF Newsletter Vol. 10(4).

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "If the plaintiff establishes a reasonable likelihood that the     |
| records contain information regarding negligent treatment, the     |
| circuit court must proceed to conduct an in camera review          |
| regardless of the victim's lack of consent...[T]his case presents  |
| a claim that essentially contends that Charlotte is the            |
| unsuspecting victim of falsely implanted and reinforced memories.  |
| To require Charlotte to give consent to open her medical records   |
| makes little sense considering that as a result of the negligent   |
| therapy Charlotte understandably wants nothing to do with her      |
| parents. We note that our procedure not only allows those who have |
| been wrongfully accused a way to proceed ...[with a third-party]   |
| action, but also ultimately enables the court to identify          |
| negligent therapists, which can only work to protect future        |
| potential victims from such negligent therapy. Bearing this in     |
| mind, we conclude that the victim cannot impede the claim."        |
|                                                                    |
|   "While we recognize the benefit from allowing therapists to      |
| diagnose and treat victims of sexual and physical abuse as         |
| children, no utility can be derived from protecting careless or    |
| inappropriate therapists and the practices. The costs are simply   |
| too severe: the therapist is allowed to continue negligently       |
| "treating" others, the patient remains disillusioned by the        |
| falsehoods, and the accused suffers the torment of being branded a |
| child-abuser. We do not hesitate to conclude that mechanical       |
| application of the therapist-patient privilege to allow such       |
| results to continue unimpeded ill serves the public."              |
|                                                                    |
|                                       Louis B. Butler, Jr., Judge  |
|                        Johnson v. Rogers Memorial Hospital et al.  |
|                       Sup. Ct. Wisc., No. 2003AP784 & 2003 AP1413  |
|                         L.C. No. 96 CV 001228) Filed July 8, 2005  |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
          COGNITIVE THERAPY REDUCES REPEAT SUICIDE ATTEMPTS
         Brown, G.K. Have, T.T., Henriques, G.R., Xie, S.X.,
                 Hollander, J.E., Beck, A.T. (2005).
      Cognitive therapy for the prevention of suicide attempts:
                    A randomized controlled trial.
                        JAMA 294 (5), 563-570

This study showed that when people who had recently attempted suicide
received Cognitive Therapy, they were 50 percent less likely to try to
kill themselves again within 18 months than those who did not receive
the therapy. The Director of the National Institutes of Health, Thomas
Insel, spoke of the study's significance: "Since even one previous
attempt multiplies suicide risk by 38 to 40 times and suicide is the
fourth leading cause of death for adults under 65, a proven way to
prevent repeat attempts has important public health implications."
The current study adds to the growing list of problems for which
cognitive therapy has been demonstrated to be safe and effective.

**********************************************************************
                    SOME RECENT BOOKS OF INTEREST


       ________________________________________________________
       How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens
                           Susan A. Clancy
               Boston: Harvard University Press (2005)

"If you're going to read just one book about alien abductions, make it
this one. And if you think alien abduction stories aren't worth
considering seriously, Clancy will convince you otherwise." Publishers
Weekly. (2005, August 19).

      _________________________________________________________
      Accounts of Innocence: Sexual Abuse, Trauma, and the Self
                           Joseph E. Davis
                  University of Chicago Press (2005)

"The findings shed new light on the ongoing debate over recovered
memories of abuse. They challenge the notion that victim accounts are
an evasion of personal responsibility." Book will be reviewed in
future FMSF Newsletter.

______________________________________________________________________
Destructive Trends in Mental Health: The Well-Intentioned Path to Harm
                Wright, R.H,  & Cummings, N.A. (Eds.)
                     New York: Routledge (2005).

"[S]ociety spent a number of years sentencing fathers to prison based
on false memories, followed by years of releasing them with the
court's apology, as accusers became aware of the implanted memories."

         ___________________________________________________
         Panic Attacks: Media Manipulation and Mass Delusion
                    Bartholomew, R.E. & Evans, H.
                        London: Sutton (2005)

"The seeds of potential mass delusions lie dormant everywhere,
awaiting the right conditions under which to bloom."

                             ____________
                             D'Amour Road
                           Sigrid Macdonald
                       Lulu Enterprises (2005)
                       Available on Amazon.com

A novel inspired by the murder of the author's friend whom she had met
while engaged in efforts to free David Milgaard. Milgaard spent 23
years in a Canadian prison for murder. He was released in 1992 when
his conviction was overturned. Five years later DNA proved
conclusively that he could not have been the killer. Currently there
is an important inquiry underway to determine what went wrong with the
prosecution. The results of the inquiry will appear in a future FMSF
Newsletter. D'Amour Road, while not about the case, presents a
fascinating picture of life in Ottawa, including the climate of the
women's movement.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                             Correction                             |
|                                                                    |
| We neglected to include the name of reporting editor Jenny Barkley |
| in a references for the article about Robin Mewes in the last      |
| issue. It should have read: Grunden, K. and Barkley, J. (2005,     |
| June 15). Missing Paris girl found after 15 years. Paris Beacon    |
| News.                                                              |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+

**********************************************************************
                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S

                           ________________
                           A Sister Returns
It was nine years ago that my sister's false accusations arrived
without warning. In her letter she claimed that both of us had been
the victims of satanic ritual abuse throughout our childhood by both
sets of grandparents. We later learned that my sister had fallen under
the influence of a "psychic healer." This woman, who believed that her
own grandparents had satanically abused her, claimed to specialize in
counseling survivors of ritual satanic abuse. She used The Courage to
Heal, Bradshaw on: the Family, Secret Survivors, and hypnosis in her
practice. My sister cut off contact with the family, writing that we'd
never hear from her again. She staged her disappearance in a way that
initially suggested she might have been kidnapped or murdered, and she
vanished with no chance for a face-to-face meeting or discussion. Our
shock, grief, anger, frustration, and pain knew no limits. We read
Victims of Memory, joined the FMS Foundation, and tried to understand
how this could have happened.

We learned quickly that she'd been seen since abandoning her car, so
we knew she was alive. She was declared a missing person and my father
obtained legal guardianship over her assets. This forced her to get
back in touch through an attorney when she returned to America after
traveling abroad, and it enabled us to negotiate an agreement in which
she agreed to keep a post office box for us to contact her. She
maintained the restriction, however, that it should only be used for
"business" or notification of a death in the family. The agreement was
negotiated by my father and didn't apply to me, so I tried sending her
postcards, but after four postcards my attorney relayed a demand that
I not write her. My father kept communication alive by including notes
about the family at every chance he had to send a financial document.

After two years, we learned that the psychic healer had died of
cancer. Retractors had told me that a victim of false memory syndrome
must get away from the therapist influence who reinforces the false
beliefs before reconciliation can occur, so I knew this created the
possibility for change.

After three years, my sister sent a letter at Thanksgiving saying
she'd had a religious conversion and had dedicated her life to serving
God, and that God wanted her to come home with her young son for
Christmas. She shared many details about her life and son. My parents
sent them plane tickets. But ten days later a second letter arrived
saying that since she sent the first letters, she'd been having
nightmares and flashbacks, symptoms she'd not had in a long time. She
wrote that she felt God needed her to heal at her own pace. At this
point, it was clear that my sister wanted to resume contact with the
family, but that the fear of us and our hometown that the therapist
had implanted was still too strong.

We kept sending postcards and letters and gifts for birthdays and
Christmas. My father financially supported her resumption of college.
I sent her a tape recorder and mailed her audiotapes. One time she
called my invalid mother's nursing home, but my mother was asleep at
the time, and the staff didn't put the call through. My father sent
phonecards, but she never called again. I tried sending her a prepaid
pay-as-you-go cell phone so she could call us if she wished or turn it
on and wait for us to call. She gave it away.

The years passed slowly, and increasingly I despaired at the lack of
progress. I began to lose hope that I would ever see my sister again
and to accept that I might have to find happiness in life in spite of
that. I even wrote her less and less often.

After eight years, my father invited her to visit my invalid mother --
the only person she'd never accused -- while my father and I were out
of town. She replied that it wouldn't be safe for her or her child. We
despaired. As the cost of my mother's illness soared, my father
informed my sister that he could no longer support her as before and
that we needed to make some progress towards our goal -- reconcilia-
tion -- if we were to continue to support her in her goals. After
that, many months passed with no contact.

A cousin, who had been out of touch with the extended family for 17
years since his parents' divorce, resumed contact with the family. He
wrote her a letter talking about how much happier he was as a result
of reconnecting. I don't know if it's cause and effect or a
coincidence, but two weeks before Thanksgiving my sister called my
parents at the nursing home and they had a pleasant, brief chat.

On Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day she called again, and we had our
first talks as a family of four in eight and a half years. Six months
later, she invited my father to travel to visit her town for a
weekend. He visited the very next weekend and brought back photos to
show my mother. My sister gave my parents her phone number and
permission to call her. Unfortunately, my mother passed away that same
month without seeing my sister in person, but she died having talked
by phone and knowing my sister was on the path to reconciliation.

My sister didn't attend the memorial service in our hometown, but she
invited my father and me to visit her. We visited her together and had
a wonderful weekend. She has now given me permission to call her as
well and invited us all to attend her son's upcoming birthday party.
My father already had travel plans, but I will attend. My sister and I
have already had a great phone call. We say "I love you" to each other
and hug when we meet just as before all this happened.

We don't talk about the accusations. I would classify my sister as a
"returner," not a "retractor." Our goal is to keep the visits pleasant
so my sister will enjoy them and want to see us more often. I would
appreciate an explicit retraction but won't require it. I do believe
that she was brainwashed so that partly she believes we abused her and
partly she knows we didn't, and that she has been unable to reconcile
the conflict so far. It is probably easier for her to remain doubtful
rather than to accept the reality that her bad therapy was all a
terrible mistake and caused much needless pain.

What is my advice for other FMS families? Maintain friendly contact by
whatever means you can. Keep sending letters, postcards, and gifts for
years on end whether you receive a response or not. Keep making it
clear that you want to resume contact. Have other friends, relatives,
and family members write too. Keep sending things like your phone
number and address because people with FMS may be somewhat
disorganized and overwhelmed by life in general and need your help to
stay in touch. Try to make it easy for the person to reconnect; you
don't want the price of a phone call to get in the way of a
reconciliation.

Accept that it's not in your power to ensure that a reconciliation
takes place; you can do everything you can to help, but you won't be
able to achieve it until the other person decides to do his or her
part. Understand that "repressed memories" are not based on logic or
science, so logical arguments may not be effective for fighting them;
trying to maintain an emotional connection may be more effective. Keep
trying. Never give up. My sister only returned after I'd almost
completely lost hope.

Whether my sister ever achieves resolution and explicitly retracts the
false accusations is not critical. We know the truth. The most
important thing is that we have my sister back in our lives and can
resume a more normal family relationship based on love, friendship,
and frequent contact, and that has already lifted a heavy burden from
my shoulders that had been weighing me down so long that I'd forgotten
I was even carrying it.
                                                             A brother
                            ______________
                            Now Very Close
My daughter and I are now very close and spend at least an hour every
week having coffee and visiting -- mostly about her four
grandchildren. She and her husband often have us over for meals and we
do the same for them. My other daughter still lives in another state,
and we have little contact. She says we have little to talk about.
Strange, since earlier she and I were closer than anybody; we
exchanged poetry and plans and such. Too bad -- and all because of The
Courage to Heal.
                                                                 A dad
                        ______________________
                        Ongoing Reconciliation
Standing in the front hall for the first time since she was four years
old was our granddaughter, now 20 years old and about to begin her
third year of college. She had decided to come with her mother, who
returned to us more than a year ago, to meet her grandfather, despite
all the therapy induced accusations. Something must not have added up
for her when she compared her mother's joy about her visits to the
image of us formed during therapy.

I brought out coffee, sodas and cookies. My granddaughter did not
touch a thing. I suspect that she had been told in therapy that we
might try to poison her if she returned. That was OK. Her mother had
at first touched no food at our home; now she often freely shares in
our conversation-filled meals.

My daughter gave her a tour of the house, and I imagine it must have
been difficult for my granddaughter to reconcile what she saw with
what she imagined in therapy. She got to see her aunt's wedding album
and "meet" her cousins.

During the visit, my granddaughter spoke freely with her grandfather,
but she kept a distance from him physically.

My granddaughter had made a pact with her mom before the visit -- stay
no more than 30 minutes. Amazingly they stayed almost two and a half
hours. She asked me if she could join me and her mom at the October
Illinois-Wisconsin FMS meeting. After having read some of the FMS
literature, she is trying to make sense out of how in therapy she
could have so clearly "seen" situations in such depth of detail. I
think that if and when she begins to come further out of this
travesty, she will experience anger at having lost our side of the
family for so may years.

This is where we are today. Her visit was truly a miracle, and I had
trouble keeping the tears back at times, knowing the enormity of what
was happening. I wanted to share this with you all and at the same
time thank you all for your support and prayer. Truly we learn in this
process of reconciliation the value of prayer, patience and the
ever-impacting force of love -- even in the heart-wrenching time that
we were not privileged to be with our offspring in person. Total
reconciliation will take many months; but then, it took us 15 years to
get to this point. Patience on all sides must rule.
                                                                 A mom

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "The only real evidence of life before the age of five is          |
| photographs, so someone could make a mint by starting a company    |
| trading in false memories. Lazy parents could bring photos of      |
| their offspring and have Bermuda or the Magic Kingdom superimposed |
| on the background, thereby giving the impression of a blissful     |
| childhood without any time or effort being expended"               |
|                                     Stothard, A. (2005, August 14) |
|                             Forget the sun oil: Just cut and paste |
|                                          Sunday Telegraph (London) |
\____________________________________________________________________/
 
**********************************************************************
*                           N O T I C E S                            *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                 comp.uark.edu/~lampinen/read.html                  *
*            The Lampinen Lab False Memory Reading Group             *
*                       University of Arkansas                       *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.exploratorium.edu/memory                    *
*                  The Exploratorium Memory Exhibit                  *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.ctnow.com/memory                        *
*                   Hartford Courant memory series                   *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.tmdArchives.org                         *
*                     The Memory Debate Archives                     *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.francefms.com                          *
*                      French language website                       *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.StopBadTherapy.com                       *
*               Contains phone numbers of professional               *
*                 regulatory boards in all 50 states                 *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.ltech.net/OHIOarmhp                       *
*                             Ohio Group                             *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.afma.asn.au                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.bfms.org.uk                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/retractor                     *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm                  *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*              www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories/               *
*                       Locate books about FMS                       *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.religioustolerance.org/sra.htm                 *
*               Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse               *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.angryparents.net                        *
*                   Parents Against Cruel Therapy                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/newcosanz                     *
*                       New Zealand FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.werkgroepwfh.nl                         *
*                       Netherlands FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.falseallegation.org                       *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.nasw.org/users/markp                      *
*                  Excerpts from Victims of Memory.                  *
*                                                                    *
*                  www.rickross.com/groups/fsm.html                  *
*                         Ross Institute                             *
*                                                                    *
*         www.hopkinsmedicine.org/jhhpsychiatry/perspec1.htm         *
*             Perspectives for Psychiatry by Paul McHugh             *
*                                                                    *
*                     www.enigma.se/info/FFI.htm                     *
*                 FMS in Scandinavia - Janet Hagbom                  *
*                                                                    *
*                            www.ncrj.org                            *
*                National Center for Reason & Justice            *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.lyingspirits.com                        *
*          Skeptical Information on Theophostic Counseling           *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.traumaversterking.nl                      *
*           English language web site of Dutch retractor.            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.quackwatch.org                         *
*             This site is run by Stephen Barrett, M.D.              *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.stopbadtherapy.org                       *
*            Contains information about filing complaints            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.FMSFonline.org                         *
*                  False Memory Syndrome Foundation                  *
*                                                                    *
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                         www.caseassist.com                         *
*                          www.findlaw.com                           *
*                        www.legalengine.com                         *
*                          www.accused.com                           *
*                        www.abuse-excuse.com                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                          ELIZABETH LOFTUS                          *
*                we www.seweb.uci.edu/faculty/loftus/                *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*            The Rutherford Family Speaks to FMS Families            *
*                                                                    *
* The video made by the Rutherford family is the most popular video  *
* of FMSF families. It covers the complete story from accusation, to *
* retraction and reconciliation. Family members describe the things  *
* they did to cope and to help reunite. Of particular interest are   *
* Beth Rutherford's comments about what her family did that helped   *
* her to retract and return.                                         *
*                   Available in DVD format only:                    *
*                      To order send request to                      *
*                    FMSF Video, 1955 Locust St.                     *
*                      Philadelphia, PA  19103                       *
*    $10.00 per DVD; Canada add $4.00; other countries add $10.00    *
*               Make checks payable to FMS Foundation                *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                       RECOMMENDED  BOOKS                           *
*                                                                    *
*                       REMEMBERING TRAUMA                           *
*                       by Richard McNally                           *
*                    Harvard University Press                        *
*                                                                    *
*          SCIENCE and PSEUDOSCIENCE in CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY          *
*                                                                    *
*         S. O. Lilienfeld, S.J. Lynn and  J.M. Lohr (eds.)          *
*                  New York: Guilford Press (2003)                   *
*                                                                    *
*                         PSYCHOLOGY ASTRAY:                         *
*  Fallacies in Studies of "Repressed Memory" and Childhood Trauma   *
*                   by Harrison G. Pope, Jr., M.D.                   *
*                            Upton Books                             *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                           SAVE THIS DATE                           *
*                                                                    *
*                          October 9, 2005                           *
*                        9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m.                         *
*                                                                    *
*                   ILLINOIS-WISCONSIN FMS SOCIETY                   *
*                            FALL MEETING                            *
*                   Prairie Lakes Community Center                   *
*                          Des Plaines, IL                           *
*                                                                    *
*                     Coping: Where are you now?                     *
*                                                                    *
* Speakers: Pamela Freyd, Ph.D. and Janet Fetkewicz, M.A. from the   *
* FMS Foundation                                                     *
*                                                                    *
* Two hours in the afternoon will be devoted to general group        *
* discussion, focusing on the variety of individual coping           *
* strategies (both successful and otherwise) of the participants.    *
* Retractors will serve as resource people. After the meeting those  *
* who wish will have a cocktail hour and dinner at a local           *
* restaurant.                                                        *
*                                                                    *
*                        FOR MORE INFORMATION                        *
*                 E-MAIL: president@IllinoisFMS.org                  *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                        Do You Read German?                         *
*                                                                    *
* If the answer is "yes" then you may want to check out an excellent *
* two-part article about memory written by Harald Welzer and         *
* originally published in Der Spiegel (the mirror).                  *
*                                                                    *
*      www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/mensch/0,1518,355525,00.html      *
*                                                                    *
* The article deals with the way in which people develop vivid       *
* visual recollections of something that never happened: survivors   *
* of the Dresden bombing in WWII who tell of fighters attacking      *
* individual people on the ground-when in fact the fire tornado      *
* raised by the bombing made low-altitude flying completely          *
* impossible; or Ronald Reagan including in his personal war         *
* memories a scene from a 1944 movie.                                *
**********************************************************************

                _____________________________________
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:
_____________
UNITED STATES

ALABAMA
  See Georgia
ALASKA
  Kathleen 907-333-5248
ARIZONA
  Phoenix
        Pat 480-396-9420
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
CALIFORNIA
  Sacramento
        Jocelyn 530-570-1862
  San Francisco & North Bay 
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-738-0469
  East Bay Area
        Judy 925-952-4853
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Palm Desert
        Eileen and Jerry 909-659-9636
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 949-733-2925
  Covina Area 
        Floyd & Libby 626-357-2750
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 760-439-4630
COLORADO
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
CONNECTICUT
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
FLORIDA
  Date/Boward
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Sarasota
        Francis & Sally 941-342-8310
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 727-856-7091
GEORGIA
  Atlanta 
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
ILLINOIS
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
  Peoria
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
INDIANA
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Pat 260-489-9987
        Helen 574-753-2779
KANSAS
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
KENTUCKY
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
LOUISIANA
        Sarah 337-235-7656
MAINE
  Rumford
        Carolyn 207-364-8891
  Portland
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
MICHIGAN
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge 616-383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-4055
MINNESOTA 
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
MISSOURI
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  St. Louis Area  -  call for meeting time
        Karen 314-432-8789
  Springfield - Quarterly, 4th Sat. of 
        Jan., Apr., Jul., Oct. @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
MONTANA
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
NEW HAMPSHIRE
  Jean 603-772-2269
  Mark 802-872-0847
NEW JERSEY 
  Southern
        Sally 609-927-5343
  Northern
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
NEW MEXICO
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
NEW YORK 
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
NORTH CAROLINA
  Susan 704-538-7202
OHIO
  Cleveland
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
OKLAHOMA
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
  Tulsa
        Jim 918-582-7363
OREGON
  Portland area
        Kathy 503-655-1587
PENNSYLVANIA
  Harrisburg
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
  Pittsburgh
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
  Montrose
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
TENNESSEE
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
TEXAS 
    Houston
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-595-3945
UTAH
        Keith 801-467-0669
VERMONT 
        Mark 802-872-0847
VIRGINIA
        Sue 703-273-2343
WASHINGTON
        Kathy 503-557-7118
WISCONSIN
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
WYOMING
        Alan & Lorinda 307-322-4170
_____________
INTERNATIONAL

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Lloyd 250-741-8941
  Victoria & Vancouver Island
        John 250-721-3219
MANITOBA
        Roma 204-275-5723
ONTARIO, CANADA 
  London 
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
  Ottawa
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Warkworth
        Ethel 705-924-2546
  Burlington
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
  Waubaushene
        Paula 705-543-0318
QUEBEC, CANADA 
  Chertsey
        Mavis 450-882-1480
AUSTRALIA
  Evelyn 
        everei@adam.com.au
BELGIUM
  werkgr.fict.herinneringen@altavista.net
ISRAEL
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax 972-2-625-9282 
NEW ZEALAND
        Colleen 09-416-7443
SWEDEN
        Ake Moller FAX 48-431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline 44-1225 868-682

     ___________________________________________________________
     Deadline for the November/December Newsletter is October 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    And should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                         pjf@cis.upenn.edu                          |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
**********************************************************************
The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified  501(c)3  corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.
**********************************************************************

PAMELA FREYD, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,     September 1, 2005

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic Psychology, 
    Sterling Heights, MI;
ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D., Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical
    Center, Chicago, IL;
JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
ROBYN M. DAWES, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA;
DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D., University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medical School;
GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA;
MARTIN GARDNER, Author, Hendersonville, NC;
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HENRY GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
LILA GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;
DAVID A. HALPERIN, M.D., (deceased) Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 
    New York, NY;
ERNEST HILGARD, Ph.D., (deceased) Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA;
JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA;
DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS;
PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D., (deceased) Harvard University, Cambridge, MA;
ROBERT A. KARLIN, Ph.D. , Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HAROLD LIEF, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA;
SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH;
PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD;
HAROLD MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;
SPENCER HARRIS MORFIT, Author, Westford, MA;
ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased) U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland, OR;
CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., (deceased) Concordia University, Montreal, Canada;
MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada;
AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;
JAMES RANDI, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL;
HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D. ,Washington University, St. Louis, MO;
CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL;
THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, CA;
THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., (deceased) U of Indiana, Bloomington, IN;
MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for
    Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa;
MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D., {deceased) University of California, Berkeley,
    CA;
RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State University Law School,
    Detroit, MI;
DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Ctr, Piscataway, NJ;
JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D., Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY;
HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, 
    Northfield, MN;
CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco, TX

**********************************************************************
                     YOUR CONTRIBUTION WILL HELP
                   Please Fill Out All Information
                             Please Print

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                    THANK YOU FOR YOUR GENEROSITY.
**********************************************************************
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