FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - January/February 2004 - Vol. 13, No. 1, HTML version


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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
November/December 2004 Vol. 13 No. 6
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ISSN #1069-0484. Copyright (c) 2004 by the FMS Foundation
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        The FMSF Newsletter is published 6 times a year by the
        False Memory Syndrome Foundation. The newsletter is
        mailed to anyone who contributes at least $30.00. Also
              available at no cost on www.FMSFonline.org
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
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In this issue...
  Bakker
    Anderson
      Legal Corner
        From Our Readers
          Bulletin Board
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Dear Friends,

We laughed when we read the following in an analysis of the
presidential campaign:

  "The [presidential] campaign is subjecting American voters to an
  intensive course of attempted treatment for a nonexistent-memory
  disorder. [They] have seeded the political discourse with what
  amounts to False Memory Syndrome. Not recovered memory syndrome,
  mind you, which assumes that the memory summoned to consciousness 
  is real, but FMS."  
                      Twersky, D. (2004, Oct. 13). Global memory test
                                                  New York Sun, p. 11

The term "false memory syndrome" has unquestionably become a part of
our language, even if used in ways that are unrelated to the problems
of the Foundation. The term has recently been included in the Oxford
Concise Dictionary with a definition as used by the FMSF.[1] If only
the use of the term could solve the problem!

The modern flirtation with recovering memories, hypnotic age
regression, and past lives may very well have taken hold in the 1950s
with the publication of the best-seller The Search for Bridey Murphy.
In a seemingly scholarly style, author Morey Bernstein revealed the
story of Virginia Tighe who claimed to have had a previous existence
as an Irish woman born in 1798, Bridey Murphy.[2] Although Tighe, with
the help of hypnosis, provided a graphic description of life in
Ireland at the time, a place she had never visited, the story was
thoroughly debunked a few years later. It was discovered that Virginia
Tighe had been recounting stories she had heard in her childhood from
an Irish neighbor in Chicago. Even so, belief in past lives and alien
abduction flourished in the following decades.

By the mid-80s, the reliability of memories recovered with the help of
hypnosis was completely and scientifically debunked though the
research and court testimony of Martin Orne, M.D., and Campbell Perry,
Ph.D., FMSF Advisors, as well as by other scientists. The American
Medical Association issued a warning about the unreliability of
hypnotically enhanced memories in 1985, yet almost 20 years later, the
Foundation still receives calls from families whose children have
recovered "memories" with the help of therapists using hypnotic
techniques.

What does it take to eliminate a pseudoscientific practice? The vastly
reduced number of people who now smoke in our country demonstrate that
dramatic change in personal belief and habit can happen, but it is
also true that some people continue to smoke. Perhaps it is
unrealistic to think that the belief in recovered memories as reliable
will ever disappear. But is it unrealistic to expect that doctors will
discourage people from smoking or that therapists will use techniques
that do not risk encouraging patients to develop false beliefs that
tear families apart?

This issue of the newsletter contains a letter from the FMS group in
the Netherlands explaining that they have decided to disband. Members
believe that new government regulations will prevent the FMS problem
from resurfacing. In this country, however, there is as yet no
national policy or legislation that would prevent a resurgence.

Indeed, as long as some therapists continue to encourage belief in the
reliability of all recovered memories, there is danger of a rebirth of
the FMS problem. In fact, one of the first legal decisions to help
slow the spread of recovered memory lawsuits is currently under
challenge. In its 1996 Hungerford decision, the State of New Hampshire
Supreme Court ruled that repressed and recovered memories are
admissible only if eight criteria are met. Four of those criteria
relate to the reliability of the science of recovered memories and
four concern the individual circumstances of how the memories were
recovered. In a pretrial hearing taking place this autumn, New
Hampshire Superior Court Judge Tina Nadeau will determine whether or
not the Hungerford decision should be overturned and whether repressed
memories may be used as evidence.

Compounding the legal uncertainty is the crest of legal cases related
to the clergy abuse scandal. Many of these cases involve claims of
recovered memory, but the majority seem to have been combined with
other abuse cases and settled, thus not affecting laws. Still, some
cases are in the courts. Although we do not anticipate a return to the
legal climate of the early 90s, upcoming pretrial admissibility
hearings, the trials, and the appeals have the potential to change the
legal landscape.

The need for education about recovered memories and suggestible
therapeutic techniques seems as great as ever because every few years
there is a new generation of lawyers, reporters and therapists.
Although vast strides have been made in many educational institutions,
some people still are not exposed to the problems of suggestibility
and false memories during their years in school. To those of us who
have been enmeshed in this topic for so many years it seems
impossible, but we still get calls from lawyers and reporters who know
almost nothing about the problems and the research concerning
recovered memories.

Exacerbating the problem of belief in the reliability of recovered
memories are the movie and literary industriess fascination and
uncritical portrayal of the topic. "The one thing that Hollywood likes
to remember is the ability to forget".[3] Recovered memories are
likely to be with us for a long time. It is important, therefore, that
stories such as "Losing Linda," are published so that the dangers of
recovered memories will also be a part of the general climate. 

The final chapter of the Klassen case appears to have ended.  Richard
Klassen and the 11 others who were charged with child abuse in 1991
have received not only monetary compensation but also written
apologies from the police and therapists who were responsible.
Apologies are the exception, although they are surely deserved and the
right thing for those responsible to do. The falsely accused almost
never receive an apology, either in legal cases or, as we have learned
from FMSF surveys, in families.

Most of us have come to terms with the fact that apologies are
unlikely, even if that is what we most wish would occur. And although
many families are happily reunited, many other families have accepted
that reunification of their families seems less and less likely. The
death of much-loved Seattle activist Chuck Noah is a reminder of the
passing years and increasing age of Newsletter readers.

The preceding paragraphs might seem to suggest that we feel gloomy,
but that is far from the truth. The present climate is absolutely
nothing like the situation that the Foundation faced in 1992. Then,
the general climate supported the notion that if an accusation of
sexual abuse was made, it must be true. Many held that recovered
memories were somehow more accurate and pristine than ordinary
memories. The change in understanding about memory that has taken
place during the past decade is phenomenal thanks to memory
researchers, scholars, careful reporters, concerned lawyers, and all
of you.

The work now is to maintain the momentum and ensure that there is not
a resurgence of harmful unscientific beliefs about recovered memories.
Thanks to your generous financial support, the Foundation will
continue to work in this direction.

We wish you the best for the holiday season.
                                                                PAMELA

[1] Soanes, C.& Stevenson, A. (Eds.) (2004). The Concise Oxford
    English Dictionary. (false memory n. Psychology -- an apparent
    recollection of an event which did not actually occur, especially
    one of childhood sexual abuse arising from suggestion during
    psychoanalysis.)
[2] See FMSF Newsletter 2(10), November, 1993.
[3] Macaulay, S. (2004, April 22). Not always on my mind. The Times,
    (London), p. 7.

       +------------------------------------------------------+
       |                    SPECIAL THANKS                    |
       |                                                      |
       |  We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of      |
       |  the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.    |  
       |                                                      |
       |  EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Janet Fetkewicz, Howard          |
       |           Fishman, Peter Freyd                       |
       |  COLUMNISTS: Members of the FMSF Scientific advisory |
       |     Board and Members who wish to remain anonymous   |
       |  LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers                |
       +------------------------------------------------------+

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                          Foundation Audit                          |
|                 March 1, 2003 - February, 29, 2004                 |
|                                                                    |
| The Foundation has received the audit for the fiscal year March 1, |
| 2003 through February, 29, 2004 as provided by Goldenberg          |
| Rosenthal, LLP, the CPA firm that audits the books and financial   |
| statement of the Foundation. The Foundation spent $189,659 in the  |
| fiscal year, of which 79% went to program activities, 20% went to  |
| management of the office, and 1% went to fund raising.             |
\____________________________________________________________________/

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "In 2000 the Psychiatric Association's trustees, eschewing risky   |
| flights into theory, approved a lower-profile 'Position Statement  |
| on Therapies Focused on Memories of Childhood Physical and Sexual  |
| Abuse.' This declaration, however, was more pussyfooting than its  |
| predecessor. The validity of recovered memory treatment, it        |
| whispered, 'has been challenged' in some quarters. While pointing  |
| out that memories can be altered as a result of suggestions from   |
| 'a trusted person or authority figure,' the drafters tactfully     |
| refrained from mentioning that the suggesting party is usually a   |
| therapist. And clinicians were advised to avoid 'prejudging the    |
| veracity of the patient's reports' of abuse, as if false reports   |
| were typically delivered to therapists out of the blue, without    |
| influence from confabulation-enhancing devices employed within the |
| treatment. The absence of any mention of those devices, such as    |
| hypnosis and sodium amytal, marked a step backward from the        |
| association's 1993 statement."                                     |
|                        Crews, F. (2004, March 11). The trauma trap |
|                                    NY Review Books LI(4), p. 37-40 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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                               A LETTER
           FROM THE NETHERLANDS WORKGROUP FICTIVE MEMORIES
                             TO THE FMSF

It's been a long time since we officially communicated with you about
the state of your sister organization from Holland: the "Werkgroep
Fictieve Herinneringen" (WFH). We send you now a longer letter because
of the fact that we have ended the activities of the WFH. Only our
website will remain: www.werkgroepwfh.nl .

Ten years ago a few falsely accused parents started the working group,
naturally on a smaller scale than you did in 1992. We limited the
problem to bad therapies inducing incest memories. At first we thought
that our task should be easy, that people and officials were rational,
especially psychologists, especially in Holland, such a down-to-earth
country, as we like to think. How naive! We registered nearly 300
cases in these ten years, mostly in the first 4-5 years; and all were
horrible stories.

We learned a lot from your newsletters and fact sheets, and translated
and distributed them among ourselves and others. The problem here was
virtually the same as in the USA, with a similar proportion of victims
(Holland has 16 million inhabitants). We met with the same opponents,
who visited our country and were working with Dutch scientists and
practitioners, making the dissociation theory blossom here. We met
with the same smear and accusations. The official psychological
organizations didn't answer our letters, didn't want to meet us,
didn't give us a chance to speak at conferences, didn't print our
articles. We had to work hard to get the attention of the Ministry of
Public Health, using much politeness and patience. Our experiences,
like yours, were mostly very frustrating and infuriating. Happily
there were some wonderful independent scientists, who -- like
Elizabeth Loftus -- never got tired of speaking out and publishing
about the problem. Perhaps you know some of their names: Hans Crombag
and Harald Merckelbach (Maastricht University) and Peter van Koppen
and Willem Wagenaar (Leiden University). They wrote books and articles
and acted as experts in court cases. There was some very good
publicity, mostly initiated by one of our working group-members, Jan
Buijs.

Slowly the tide turned. Claims of "repressed" and "recovered" memories
of abuse could not be proven; no trace of "satanic circles" has ever
been found, despite fierce police research. Certain media (tv shows)
were fined for having unfairly accepted and publicized outrageous
claims about abuse and implicitly and explicitly accusing innocent
citizens.

Personally we had several ups and downs, and our working group became
smaller and smaller. In the beginning we had 6 active members. In the
ten years we existed, three of them died. You knew Jan Wind, and you
had some correspondence with Siena van Borrendam, a wonderful person,
who did such good work. She died of cancer 2 years ago. We went
through the same frustrations and disappointments as you did, but
sometimes events went well for us. Adriaan Mak was our "liaison
master"; he translated our news for the FMSF.

Our main goal was to force the organizations of psychiatrists and
psychologists to take responsibility. One problem was that our
Minister of Public Health, in contrast to the Minister of Justice,
didn't feel any need to correct "her" field, mental health; and so the
spending of tax money on phony and dangerous therapies went on.

After our complaint about non-cooperation of the Minister of Public
Health to the National "Ombudsman" -- an institute with great
authority in our country, which can advise the government to take
citizen complaints seriously -- action was taken at last, although
very slowly. In 2000, the minister of Public Health asked another
institute concerned with health, the Health Counsel, to advise her in
this matter.

A committee was set up (a process that took more than a year!) with
well known scientists from different sides, including the main players
in the field (Nel Draijer and Onno van der Hart; but also Harald
Merckelbach and Willem Wagenaar). That was a difficult but important
move. To our great surprise (and after a long 2 years) the final,
official advice (January 2004) was as good as it could be: recognition
of the problem, and acknowledgement of the dangers of certain forms of
psychotherapy to suggestible people. Furthermore, suggestions were
made to construct guidelines to disseminate the knowledge of the
workings of memory, and so on. In June 2004, the Minister of Public
Health accepted all the points in this report.

We feel now that our main goals are reached. Not to perfection, but
that is impossible. Parents no longer telephone us in despair. In
recent months, there is even a very active retractor, seeking
publicity, with good web sites, www.traumaversterking.nl and
www.valseherinnering.eigenstart.nl. All in all, we think this is the
time to end the activities of the WFH. We are tired; we want to rest,
and let time heal the wounds -- if possible. Only a small number of
our children have returned (as is, unfortunately, the case in the USA)
and there is still a lot of grief. We have to accept that life is like
that. There is a long way to go for psychotherapy before it is as
well-controlled as medical practice.

We hope that you will also see, one of these days, the end of your
FMSF-work. We are very, very grateful to you for your example and your
courage. We keep an interest in your work and will be happy to
continue to receive your newsletters by mail.

With all due respect and sincere feelings of friendship, brought on by
our shared difficulties,
                                                      Yours sincerely,
                                                          Mieke Bakker

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "The reason why psychotherapists ought to familiarize themselves   |
| with actual knowledge about the workings of memory, and why their  |
| professional societies should stop waffling and promulgating       |
| misinformation about it, is not that good science guarantees good  |
| therapy; it is simply that pseudoscience inevitably leads to       |
| harm."                                                             |
|                                        Fred Crews (2004, March 11) |
|                                                 NY Review of Books |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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                           LEST WE FORGET:
AN EXAMPLE OF THE CLIMATE OF BELIEF IN 1992 WHEN THE FOUNDATION BEGAN.

"Sexual assault, incest, cannibalism, torture, brainwashing, even
murder. Can this actually be going on? In Manitoba? In the name of the
Devil? Leanne Boyd, a mental health worker who chairs a government
committee on ritual abuse and youth involvement in satanic cults, says
stories of ritual abuse should not be dismissed.

"`The very fact that you've got a committee made up of four different
government departments and representatives from the clergy and the
police should tell you that's it real, that it's out there,' she says.
The registrar of the Psychological Association of Manitoba, Dr. Lois
Edmund, said she has an inch-thick file of articles from professional
journals dealing with ritual abuse.

"`Certainly within the last couple of years people have become
increasingly aware of these problems,' Edmund said. But if it's out
there, where's the proof? Why has no perpetrator of these unspeakable
crimes ever been arrested? Counsellor Shirley Tervo says it is because
victims often have no memory of the crimes. Some have dissociative
disorders -- or multiple personalities -- which must be overcome
before they could ever testify. Others have been brainwashed, she
says, or threatened with death if they ever expose the cult."

                                             Gair, B. (1992, April 25)
                               Outlandish stories ring true to experts
                                                   Winnipeg Free Press

       +------------------------------------------------------+
       | "Memory is a complicated thing, a relative to truth, |
       | but not its twin."                                   |
       |                                   Barbara Kingsolver |
       +------------------------------------------------------+

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                       THEOPHOSTIC COUNSELING                       |
|                                                                    |
| Jan Fletcher, writer for the Central Kentucky News-Journal, won an |
| award for Excellence in News Writing from the newspaper's parent   |
| company, Landmark Community Newspapers Inc. The judges said of     |
| Fletcher's entry about Theophostic counseling:                     |
|                                                                    |
| "This reporter's work stood out for its depth of detail and the    |
| authoritative voice. The reporter took the time to explain very    |
| complicated theological issues in an understandable manner. The    |
| stories on Theophostic Ministries were intriguing on several       |
| fronts, from one local man's rise in a niche field to the legal    |
| ramifications."                                                    |
|                                                                    |
| Jan Fletcher's website, www.lyingspirits.com, contains an          |
| investigative report on Theophostic counseling that is available   |
| to download, as well as links to resources for those interested in |
| learning more about Theophostic counseling and recovered memories. |
|                                                                    |
| http://www.cknj.com/articles/2003/07/02/news/04smith.txt           |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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          LOSING LINDA: A LEGACY OF RECOVERED MEMORY THERAPY
                               Part II
                          Jennifer Anderson

Part I of "Losing Linda" contained the testimony of a woman who believed 
that she had been a victim of satanic ritual abuse and was in court 
seeking a restraining order against her mother.

                               Part II

I believe that my sister, Linda, was lost to us in the recovered
memory therapy process endorsed by The Courage to Heal. In order to
understand the full scope of this iatrogenic process, I'll begin at
the beginning, before Linda began therapy and was still in contact
with us, her family. Ironically, the family member with whom she kept
in most contact was the one whom she eventually accused of satanic
ritual abuse and murder: her mother.

Linda was a prolific writer of letters and postcards, most of which my
mother saved as mementos. They were filled with the large and small
happenings of my sister's busy life. My sister was married in 1982, at
22 years old. An especially poignant response to her wedding
invitation read:

I wanted you to know how pleased I would have been to be at Linda and
David's wedding. They are exceptional young people and I have been
privileged to get to know them (especially Linda) well. I especially
respect a mother who can raise and nurture a young woman of Linda's
strength and depth of character. I hope we have an opportunity to meet
some day...

A 1985 birthday card sent to my mother read:

Dear Mom,
  Happy Birthday! I hope your day is wonderful! How are you? David and
  I are doing A-okay. David's beard has filled in and he's put on
  about 25 pounds. I look about the same. Have you ever been shaded?
  That's where a person tells you what season you are according to
  your skin tones, hair, and eyes. I am an autumn. That means I look
  best in brown, rust, yellow, orange-red and generally warm colors.
  David is a spring. Take care of yourself,
                                                           Love, Linda

Later that same year, Linda  sent a Mother's Day card:

Dear Mom,
  Happy Mother's Day! How are you? David and I are fine. The weather
  here is beautiful this time of year. I love to go swimming in the
  Gulf. I'm mainly writing to say I'm thinking about you and I hope
  you really have a wonderful day.
  Much happiness to you always!
                                                           Love, Linda

Christmas arrived, and again Linda wrote:

Dear Mom,
  Have a Merry Christmas! Peace to you throughout the whole New Year.
  I love you!
                                                 Love, Linda and David

1986 came around, a new year...and many more letters. Linda and David
bought a house in Florida. Linda responded to a letter my mother
wrote, commenting on a visit from our father (our parents divorced
years ago):

Dear Mom,
  Hi! How are you doing? Thank you for your letter. Dad came to visit
  us Monday. It was really good to see him. I'd love to see you
  sometime too!  We finally bought our house Monday, right after Dad
  left. We've already planted two pine trees in the front yard. We
  have one more pine tree to plant and a yellow rose bush. I want a
  rose garden. I've always wanted a rose garden. I love roses...Take
  care, Mom!
  I love you!
                                                           Love, Linda

Her letters continued as the months passed by. Linda and David moved
to Oregon. A 1987 card decorated on the front with a fuzzy, white,
smiling sheep read:

Dear Mom,
  Hi again! There's a lot of sheep raised here in Oregon. I was
  thinking about you today and thought you might like this card. Happy
  Birthday again! The sheep's name is Sunshine, by the way. Actually I
  think this is your Easter card and Sunshine is an Easter sheep so...
  Happy Easter! How are you doing? Jenny tells me you're working too
  hard. I hope you're not overdoing it. Spring has sprung here. The
  flowers are beautiful and my allergies are blossoming with each
  tree...I'd love to visit you again. I plan to once we have the
  money. Take care, Mom.
                                                           Love, Linda
  P.S. I was thinking about how neat it is that you're a feminist.
  I've been getting involved in feminism and "peopleism" lately.
                                                           Love, Linda

Linda mailed an unusual birthday card in April 1987, addressed to
"Joanne," rather than "Mom." At this point in time, my sister may have
already become involved in psychotherapy, as a patient herself,
through her graduate studies, or as a therapist. We don't know for
sure. Despite the more impersonal opening, her letter is
extraordinarily warm and loving:

Dear Joanne,
  Hi! How are you? David and I are fine. The weather has been
  beautiful here the last few weeks. It's been sunny and warm, which
  is amazing for Oregon this time of year. I really have been enjoying
  working and living here...I've been taking some fun classes like
  acting! I'm going to be taking an Indian beadwork class, too.
  Remember the bead chains I used to make? I miss you and Jenny and
  Craig and Michael...I would really like it if David and I could come
  to visit you soon...Take care of yourself.
  Happy Birthday!
                                                           Love, Linda
  P.S. My birthday present to you is a very big, warm hug which is
  sealed in this envelope! Just shut your eyes and you'll be able to
  feel the loving warm hug I'm giving to you...I hope this year is
  really a happy one for you! You are a very special person-especially
  to me!
  I love you!
                                                           Love, Linda

My sister's rounded, feminine handwriting sprawled across letter after
letter to our mother. She adds a Master's Degree in Education to her
undergraduate Physics degree...I mentioned that my sister was bright,
didn't I? Her dabbling in counseling starts to solidify with this 1988
letter, after another move to New Mexico:

Dear Mom,
  Hi! How are you doing today? I could tell you weren't feeling too
  well the other day when I called. I've been having my ups and downs
  too, with looking for work, getting acclimated, and making new
  friends here. So far I haven't gotten a job. I'm thinking of opening
  my own counseling private practice if nothing else works out. I
  wasn't planning on doing this for a few years yet. I'll see what
  happens...
  Take care Mom! I love you!
                                                           Love, Linda

One final card ends the stream of caring and support pouring out from
Linda's distinctive handwriting. It's a Christmas card, addressed to
my mother and brother, Craig, arriving in her mailbox on December 14,
1988.  It's the last loving card from Linda that my mother has
received to date. Linda writes:

Dear Mom and Craig,
  Merry Christmas! How are you doing?...We are sending lots of love
  and good wishes that you two have a great Christmas and New Year.
  Take care, and Mom, thanks for the recipes!
                                               Love, Linda and David

Then the axe falls. Linda makes a memorable telephone call to my
mother in August 1989. At this point, the recovered memory therapy
movement is well underway. The 1988 edition of The Courage to Heal is
available in bookstores. Our self-help culture readily absorbs its
skewed teachings. My mother recalled the strange phone conversation,
"She (Linda) asked me if she had been abused as a child. I answered,
'No! If you had, you would have told me.' She talked briefly and hung
up hurriedly." My mother was confused by the call. She thought that
Linda was asking if she had ever been abused by anyone. She never
considered that Linda was asking if she had been abused by her own
mother.

My relationship with Linda was strained at this point. For the past
few years her behavior had changed towards me. She had become distant
and withdrawn. Phone conversations with my sister left me feeling like
I had just talked with a therapist. It was annoying. Linda's speech
patterns had even been affected. We talked less and less, often
letting months slide by, as I was no longer comfortable talking with
my sister. My childhood camping, tennis, and horseback riding partner
had changed in an inexplicable manner. I just couldn't figure it out.
I also felt she was shirking her family responsibilities in many ways
and began to resent the way she was distancing herself from my mother
and two younger brothers.

By the time Linda made that last phone call to our mother, I hadn't
talked with her for a long time, perhaps even a few years. I had
written her letters, but she never wrote back. Looking back through
the scrapbook my mother has made with Linda's postcards and letters
surprised me. She had written regularly to Craig, our youngest
brother, and our mother. I had thought at the time that the reason
Linda never wrote back to me was that she was angry with me. I didn't
understand it, but felt I had to have done something that really upset
her. I couldn't remember what, but lived with the nagging doubt that I
had botched our relationship somehow. I felt guilty. Surely I had done
something. I never dreamt that the reason she was distancing herself
from our family was that she was becoming afraid of us.

After the phone call, my mother's anxieties over Linda shifted into
high gear. She worried that Linda was involved in a cult, as she had
now completely cut off all communication with us. Linda and David had
moved to Florida. They ignored my mother's increasingly concerned
letters and phone calls. Finally, my mother left a message on Linda's
answering machine, saying she was coming to visit. She received an
extremely hurtful letter in reply. It contained one stinging, short
paragraph, long engraved in my mother's memory:

Joanne,
  You are not welcome here. If you come to visit, we will not see
  you...
                                                    Linda and David

No explanation. No 'why.' A total cut-off for no reason. It was the
strangest letter I had ever seen. "I had no clue," my mother remarked
years later. Despite the cold response, she flew out to see them in
September, 1990. In fact, the letter only deepened her worry that
something was terribly wrong with my sister. The trip was a disaster.
My mother stayed in a motel room for eight days, leaving phone
messages daily on their answering machine. There was no response.
Although she knew Linda's home address, she didn't attempt to see
Linda and David in person. "I thought she was mad at me about
something and I didn't have a clue. I felt very awkward and didn't
want to force myself on her. I was brought up to believe that you
don't push yourself on people that don't want you," my mother
explained. My mother returned home with all her questions and 
concerns unanswered.

I believe that Linda had become enmeshed in recovered memory therapy
by the time of my mother's Florida visit. She had almost certainly
read The Courage to Heal. In retrospect, her actions are a textbook
case of recovered memory therapy. My claim is supported by
documentation, the vast majority of it supplied by my mother, who
continues to this day to worry over Linda's welfare. Without this
carefully compiled documentation, I couldn't have written Linda's
story.

For whatever reason, Linda entered therapy in the late 1980's. The
reasons could be many or few. At any rate, Linda was in an emotionally
vulnerable position, as women who enter therapy tend to be. Her
master's degree in education and her previously stated interest in
counseling may have brought her into contact with recovered memory
therapy. The reasons for entering therapy, oddly, do not really
matter. It's the immersion in recovered memory therapy that has the
devastating impact.

My words are validated in an ironic twist of fate by the very person I
believe helped contribute to Linda's therapy-induced mental distress
that we witnessed during the restraining order hearing. I am
referencing official declarations handwritten by Linda's friends and
supporters. This paperwork was submitted to the Superior Court of
Washington, King County, 1998, supporting Linda's petition to have a
restraining order issued against my mother. The first declaration is
written by a licensed mental health counselor in the state of Florida.
It reads:

  I knew Linda _______ (previously Linda _______) while she lived in
  Florida from 1989-1991. I was a friend and colleague of Linda's
  during the time she was recalling memories of childhood abuse. The
  memories Linda shared with me were incidents of severe abuse in
  which she was victimized by her parents and other family members.
  Linda was very frightened of her parents and wanted absolutely no
  contact with them. She asked repeatedly for them to leave her alone
  and stop any attempts to contact her. As I recall, they ignored her
  attempts and continued to contact her. Linda grew more and more
  frightened and at one point when her mother was in Florida, she
  avoided going home as much as possible for fear her mother would be
  there.

With my 14 years of experience as a licensed Mental Health Counselor
in the State of Florida specializing in abuse issues, I believe the
information Linda is giving you to be correct. I believe her request
for a restraining order should be granted.

Even as I type the therapist's words, it takes my breath away that one
person could do so much damage to another, with the very best of
intentions.

Linda's belief in the value of recovered memory therapy came straight
from her mouth in an April 1997 conversation she had with Michael, the
older of our two younger brothers. It was the year before the
restraining order hearing. Michael had left a message for Linda, as he
was very concerned for her welfare. We all feared at this point that
Linda was involved in a cult. Recovered memory therapy was completely
unknown to us. Michael volunteered to try again to contact his sister.
Surprisingly, Linda returned his call and they had a strained,
uncomfortable conversation. During the call, Linda suggested to
Michael that he needed Memory Enhancement Therapy. She was very
mistrustful on the phone and when Michael asked what group she was
involved in, Linda hung up. This scenario is remarkable in that Linda
feared her family because she thought we were part of a satanic ritual
abuse cult, and we feared for her because we thought she was involved
in a cult herself! No wonder the conversation was so stressed.

One year later, in a statement to the court, she wrote:

  ...certifies under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of
  Washington that the foregoing is true and correct...sending mail to
  me although I have repeatedly stated to family members that I want
  no contact...As a child and teenager she sexually and physically
  abused me many times. I witnessed her kill many people (children and
  adults). I have seen her use knives. I have scar tissue under one
  arm and injuries to ribs from beatings. I know as a child and
  teenager we were drugged sometimes and other victims were drugged
  prior to killing them. She was and probably still is an alcoholic...

The fact that there are no missing persons in the area that my mother
lives in serves as no reality check to Linda. The scar tissue under
one arm that she is writing about may simply refer to when she had
moles removed that were becoming irritated by clothing, while she was
in college. I waited for her in the doctor's office during the
procedure, as she was understandably nervous. Her rib injuries I know
nothing about and strongly suspect that they are figments of her
therapy-induced fantasies.

The phraseology used in this next "certified under penalty of perjury"
declaration, submitted in Linda's support of the restraining order, is
chilling. The words and phrases can be traced directly back to The
Courage to Heal. A friend of Linda's writes (name withheld to protect
privacy):

I am writing in support of the restraining order which Linda has
requested be placed on her birth mother, Joanne. Several years ago,
Linda told members of her family-of-origin, including Joanne, to leave
her alone...Because it is unusual in our society for someone to
request a restraining order against one's own mother or family, I
would like to tell more about Linda's situation. Linda has told me
about how she, her siblings, and other children were severely and
ritually abused at the hands of the adult family members and other
adults while Linda was growing up. Linda's family belonged to a cult.
And the cult members would cut the children with knives and some of
the children would die. These rituals would often take place on
holidays, like Easter and Halloween.

I have known Linda for the past 7 years and during these holiday
times, I've witnessed Linda to be very upset and traumatized as the
memories of what happened would come to her...Linda is a very strong
and brave woman who suffered greatly as a child, but who is committed
to healing from the trauma. She has chosen to live a life very
different from that which she was raised in, and this means no contact
with her family-of-origin...

As I read over the court documentation, I was struck at the odd
phrases used so readily by Linda and her friends. The words leap right
off the pages of A Courage to Heal. "Healing" is a familiar refrain
throughout the book, echoed by Linda's friend. One chapter, titled
"Families of Origin," is dedicated to continuing, or not continuing,
relationships with the accused family. I dislike the phrase
"family-of-origin," sprinkled so liberally throughout the chapter.
Labeling one's family a "family-of-origin" is an effective distancing
technique, setting the stage that allows the 'survivor' to cut off her
family, an act that is encouraged by the authors. "It is painful to
make a break with your family, but it is even more painful to keep
waiting for a miracle," admonish the authors, in a section called
"Making the Break" (Bass & Davis, 1988, p. 305). The ease with which
the authors recommend cutting off all contact with the 'survivor's'
family is astonishing, "If you decide to make a separation for the
sake of your own healing, you will have to let go, grieve, and move
on" (p. 303). Then, the authors encourage, "mark the occasion" with a
ritual of some sort, whether it be "going to the desert, holding a
wake, throwing a party, writing a "Dear John" letter" (p. 306).
Linda's equivalent to a "Dear John" letter was her September 1990
letter, addressed to "Joanne." The letter was so upsetting that my
mother finally hid it within a book, preventing her from compulsively
reading it over and over.

Bass and Davis then propose creating a new family, "...you can create
an alternative family of your own choosing in the present. Look to
your friends, the members of your incest group...they can offer
abundant opportunities for nurturing, closeness, and comfort" (p.
306). Unfortunately, this advice effectively maintains the closed
belief system of recovered memory therapy. Linda is firmly centered
within this belief system. Her family and childhood friends have been
discarded, replaced by friends and therapists who support her false
beliefs. There is no opportunity for a seed of doubt to be planted and
to allow the closed belief system of false memory syndrome to
self-correct.

Bass and Davis then note how "other women have changed their names,
casting off any identification with the abuser" (p. 306). Linda
followed their suggestion and cast off both her maiden and married
names, selecting a new middle and last name as part of her newly
constructed identity as a 'survivor.' My mother had sent her many
letters before the restraining order, before we realized what we were
dealing with. The letters to Linda from my mother have dwindled to a
small trickle now. I had been writing Linda sporadically, but after
the 1998 restraining order, have sent her only one brief note, when my
husband, two children and I moved to a different state. I don't
attempt to contact Linda for two reasons. First, it was very clear at
the hearing how afraid of us Linda was`. I didn't want to add to her
fears and force her to move away again. Linda holds an excellent
position in a university now, and I didn't want to impact her career
in any way. Second, I've always had an instinctive fear that Linda was
so mentally unstable as a direct result of this 'therapy' that she may
attempt to hurt herself if pushed too far. In doing research for this
paper, my worst fears were confirmed. Bass and Davis devote an entire
section to suicide, titled "Don't Kill Yourself." They counsel the
reader with:

Sometimes you feel so bad, you want to die. The pain is so great, your
feelings of self-loathing so strong, the fear so intense, that you
really don't want to live...It's okay to feel as devastated as you
feel. It's just not okay to hurt yourself...(as listed in a footnote
within the same section).(fn. Many of the women whose stories appear
in "Courageous Women" have felt suicidal at some point of their
healing. Their words can reassure you that it's worth staying alive.)
(p. 202)

Truly this is therapy gone haywire. It sickens me that this book has
had such a far-reaching impact. Therapy is supposed to make you feel
better, not drive you to contemplating suicide!  The late 1980s are
noteworthy in that the belief in satanic ritual abuse cults was a
widespread social phenomenon. It seems more than coincidence that:

At about the same time that therapy-induced memories of childhood
incest became common, grotesque stories of ritualistic abuse by
satanic cults began emerging from therapy sessions. A growing number
of licensed therapists are involved in these cases. Some therapists
claim that they have patients who are victims of an international cult
of satanists operating in virtually every town and city in America.
(Goldstein & Farmer, 1994, p. 319)

Satanic ritual abuse (SRA) cults are a myth. The cult's myth status
has been shown in an exhaustive investigation by FBI agent Kenneth V.
Lanning, who conducted an often cited nationwide study as chief FBI
expert in the field of child abuse allegations (Lanning, 1992). He
states:

  ...in none of the cases of which I am aware has any evidence of a
  well-organized satanic cult been found...For at least eight years
  American law enforcement has been aggressively investigating the
  allegations of victims of ritual abuse. There is little or no
  evidence for the portion of their allegations that deals with large-
  scale baby breeding, human sacrifice, and organized satanic
  conspiracies. Now it is up to mental health professionals, not law
  enforcement, to explain why victims are alleging things that don't
  seem to have happened" (1992).

In 1994, a "federally commissioned research project, directed by Gail
Goodman, Ph.D., examined 12,264 cases of suspected SRA. The research
could not find a single case of alleged child sexual abuse where there
was clear corroborating evidence for the existence of a well-organized
inter-generational satanic cult which tortured children and committed
murders" (as cited in Freyd & Goldstein, 1998, p. 90). Satanic ritual
abuse cults simply don't exist.

So where has this taken us? Has our society learned anything from this
social phenomenon? Most importantly, has the psychiatric field learned
caution? I believe the tide has turned, as many former accusers have
recanted their claims of childhood abuse and returned to their
families. Many therapists have learned caution in their work. I read
an intriguing sidebar contained within the November/December 2003
False Memory Syndrome Foundation Newsletter. The editors printed a
quote by Janet Boakes, head of psychotherapy services at St. George's
Hospital, London. Boakes states, "Most doctors in the mental health
field now accept that some so-called recovered memories can be false
memories unwittingly induced in therapy by leading questions and
suggestions. Most clinicians now accept the reality of 'false memory
syndrome,' but few recognize that they could themselves be responsible
for creating or fostering false memories." I understand the hesitancy
a psychotherapist would feel when shouldering such a burden.
Acknowledging the harm done to families by a substantial number of
one's colleagues would be extremely difficult, especially when that
profession is dedicated to helping their fellow human beings.

I wrote this account in late 2003 of how our family lost Linda through
recovered memory therapy. I still dream of Linda at least once a
month. In my dreams, she is never scary, never the stuff of
nightmares. Linda is just reassuringly there, present as my
subconscious mind unravels the events of daily life. Pamela Freyd
gently suggested that writing Linda's story may help me lay it to
rest. The only problem is, I don't want to lay it to rest. I want my
sister back.

                              References

Bass, E., & Davis, L. (1988). The courage to heal: A guide for women 
survivors of child sexual abuse. New York: Harper & Row.

False Memory Syndrome Foundation. (2002). Frequently asked questions 
[Brochure].  Philadelphia, PA.

False Memory Syndrome Foundation. (1998-2003). Recovered memories: Are 
they reliable? Retrieved October 22, 2003, from
http://www.fmsfonline.org/reliable.html

False Memory Syndrome Foundation. (2003, November/December). FMS 
Foundation newsletter (e-mail edition). Vol. 12, No. 6.

Freyd, P. (1995, Spring). False memory syndrome phenomenon: Weighing the 
evidence. Court Review, 16-21.

Freyd, P., & Goldstein, E. (1998). Smiling through tears. Boca Raton, 
FL: Upton Books.

Goldstein, E., & Farmer, K. (1994). Confabulations: Creating false 
memories-destroying families. Boca Raton, FL: Upton Books.

Lanning, K.V. (1992, January). Satanic, occult, & ritualistic crime: A 
law enforcement  perspective. Retrieved September, 25, 2003, from 
http://www.locksley.com/6696/ritukill.htm

McNally, R. J. (2003). Remembering trauma. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap 
Press of Harvard University Press.

Pendergrast, M. (1995). Victims of Memory: Incest accusations and 
shattered lives. Hinesburg,  VT: Upper Access, Inc.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \ 
| "Ah, amnesia. It's been a staple in films since, well, longer      |
| than I can remember. There was a bit of a lull in the memory-loss  |
| tale for a few years there in the '90s, but no more. Whether by    |
| accident, trauma or design, memory loss is once again a favorite   |
| concept among contemporary movie makers."                          |
|                                         Rosen, L. (2004, March 21) |
|                                         Movies, amnesia, mon amour |
|                                            Los Angeles Times. p. 8 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                       L E G A L   C O R N E R

                        _____________________
                        Hungerford Challenged
                     New Hampshire v. Bourgelais
        #02-S-2834 ET AL  Rockingham County NH Superior Court

In its 1996 Hungerford decision, the State of New Hampshire Supreme
Court ruled that repressed and recovered memories are admissible only
if eight criteria are met. Four of those criteria relate to the
reliability of the science of recovered memories and four concern the
individual circumstances of how the memories were recovered.[1] A
challenge to that decision is currently taking place in New Hampshire.

In a pretrial hearing, NH Superior Court Judge Tina Nadeau will
determine whether or not the Hungerford decision should be overturned,
and whether repressed memories may be used as evidence against Phil
Bourgelais, who was accused of child sexual abuse by his now
18-year-old daughter Rhianna Light. The prosecution argues that the
science of memory repression has changed since 1996. States with
similar admissibility rules are watching this case.

According to reporter Chris Bernard, Rhianna Light claims to have
recovered repressed memories of sexual abuse by her father. When Light
was 2-years-old, her parents divorced, and she lived full time with
her father. Later, she alternated weeks with each parent. In July
2000, 14-year-old Light told a counselor that she wanted to live with
her father "because he listens." At that time, she said her
relationship with her father was great, and she was worried about
telling her mother. Custody of Light became an issue.

In 2001, however, Light accused her father of physical abuse, but,
unprompted, she also told an officer that she had never been sexually
abused. Her father was convicted of physical abuse, and Light stayed
with her mother full time. Later, she said she remembered being
sexually abused when she was 6 or 7 years old.

The reliability of Rhianna Light's memory of abuse is the issue of the
current hearing. Light said that she began to suspect that she had
been sexually abused when she was hospitalized because of suicidal
thoughts. She said that she had started hearing voices when she was in
her early teens. When Light was 13, therapist Catherine Ganley-Brown
told her that hearing voices can be an indicator of sexual abuse.
Light then purchased several self-help workbooks about sexual abuse
and joined an online forum for survivors of abuse. Defense attorney
Andrew Cotrupi argued that Ganley-Brown suggested the possibility of
abuse, thus planting the seed for Light's recovered memories.

Rockingham County Assistant Prosecutor Brad Bolton called expert
witness Daniel Brown, Ph.D., who testified for two days about the
nature of memory and said that since 1996 "the science of memory
recovery has caught up with the phenomenon." Brown cited 85 clinical
studies that he claims document the reliability of repressed memories.
He said that the majority of his field supports the science of memory
repression and recovery, and that a well-organized vocal minority led
by the FMSF are flag-bearers for the opposition. Brown also said that
he tested Light's inclination toward suggestibility in order to rule
out false memories being implanted by others.

Defense attorney Cotrupi challenged Brown on the credibility of many
authors that he cited and on his methods and motives. Cotrupi noted
that Brown earns about $4,000 a semester from Simmons College as an
adjunct professor but has earned almost $200,000 as an expert witness
supporting repressed memories over the past two years.

The defense called Harrison Pope, MD, as the first of three witnesses.
The prosecution asked how Pope could be an expert on recovered
memories if he did not think that they existed. Pope went on to
testify that the studies that Brown presented did not meet the
criteria for sound scientific research. He said that the only studies
that can scientifically show the reliability of recovered memories
must be prospective and include a documented trauma. They must show
that the individual was actually unable to remember the trauma and
rule out other reasons for amnesia, such as physical reasons.

Pope testified that his search of medical indices showed that before
the early 1990s, there were virtually no published studies that were
accessed by the search term, "repressed memory," but that this number
rose to over 100 in the year 1997 alone, then fell back sharply to an
average of only 25 papers per year in 2001-2003. By contrast, Pope
said, scientific papers about well-validated disorders show a steadily
expanding rate of publications as the science develops. He argued that
the "rise and fall" pattern of repressed memory suggested a "fad" that
had enjoyed only a brief period of scientific interest, rather than an
established, scientifically accepted phenomenon.

Prosecutor Bolton pointed out that Pope was a member of the FMSF
Scientific Advisory Board and questioned the integrity of the FMSF.
Bolton noted that Pope typically charged $600 per hour as an expert.
Pope countered that he had accepted the case knowing that the
defendant had limited funds, and that he did not expect to be paid
more than a small fraction of his charges.

The defense then called expert Peggy Ward, Ph.D., who testified that
she supports the reality of repressed memories but did not think that
Light met the criteria. She said that Light had felt pulled by her
parents and that she was inconsistent in her statements. She also
noted that Dr. Brown had omitted any studies by Richard McNally when
he presented his table of studies.

The hearing is scheduled to continue in November when another defense
expert is expected to testify about the interpretation of the
psychological tests taken by Ms. Light. We will report the results of
this hearing on the FMSF e-mail news list as soon as they appear.
1.www.courts.state.nh.us/supreme/opinions/1997/hungrfrd.htm

Chris Bernard, C. (2004,Aug. 11) Human mind put on trial; (2004,
Aug. 24) Teen hopes to change the way sexual abuse cases are tried;
(2004, Sept. 10).Teen's memories on the stand; (2004, Sept. 12).
Repressed memories take the stand; (2004, Sept. 14). Repressed
memories at issue in trial; (2004, Sept. 17). Expert questions sex
abuse. The Portsmouth Herald

                      __________________________
                      Update of Klassen Case [1]

In June, the Klassen and Kvello families reached a settlement with the
government, ending a 14-year legal fight about their malicious
prosecution for child abuse. No details of the agreement were
released.

In 1991, the Richard Klassen and 11 members of his family were charged
with child abuse based on stories of three foster children. The
charges were dropped two years later and in 1994 the malicious
prosecution lawsuit was filed. Terms of the settlement are
confidential.

In January, 2004, the Saskatoon Chief of Police, Russell Sabo,
apologized on behalf of his force. He commented that: "[M]y sympathy
goes to each and every person that was wrongfully charged and I extend
my apologies to them for any part that the Saskatoon police service
played in this case."

Finally, in September 2004, all 12 people received declarations of
their innocence from the three main officials who handled the case.

"I acknowledge and accept, based on the information and evidence now
available to me, that all Plaintiffs in the above-mentioned action
were, and are, innocent of all criminal-related charges that the
plaintiffs faced."

wrote Saskatoon Police Services Supt. Brian Dueck. Crown prosecutor
Matthew Miazga and therapist Carol Bunko-Ruys wrote similar
declarations.

Platt Productions of Toronto is planning to produce a made-for-TV
movie about the Klassen case.

[1] Of the five known Canadian Multiple Victim-Multiple Offender cases,
only one has escaped critical attention, namely the Prescott, Ontario
case (a.k.a Project Jericho. See FMSF Newsletter, 13(2)). The other
cases are: Stirling (Martensville, SK), Kliman (Richmond, BC), Klassen
(Red Deer, SK), Leduc (Cornwall, ON), and they have now all been
exposed.  Makin, K. (2004, Oct. 19). Cornwall child-sex case sunk by
delays. The Globe and Mail, A1. Warick, J. (2004, June 26). Klassens,
Kvellos reach deal with provincial gov't. Leader-Post, B2.Warick,
J. (2004, Sept. 11). Klassens, Kvellos declared innocent in
writing. Leader-Post, B1.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "We hold that the trial court erred by refusing to allow Defendant |
| to present expert testimony on the subject of the proper protocols |
| for interviewing young children to avoid suggestiveness and the    |
| implanting of false memories.                                      |
|                                                                    |
| "Our Supreme court has observed that most jurors are likely to be  |
| unfamiliar with the behavioral sciences. Consequently, they do not |
| necessarily possess the experience to determine what constitutes   |
| proper questioning of child witnesses or the knowledge of the      |
| possible effect of suggestive questioning on a young child's       |
| memory and its impact on the reliability of any subsequent         |
| testimony."                                                        |
|                                                                    |
|                                               Judge Patrick Irvine |
|           Arizona v. Speers 1 CA-CR 02-0578 Ct. App. Div. 1 Dept B |
|                2004 Ariz App. LEXIS 139.  Filed September 28, 2004 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S

                             ___________
                             In Memoriam

On August 27, 2004, we lost a good friend and a most kind man, Chuck
Noah. He was a true pioneer in the struggle for good therapy and sound
mental health practices.

Our condolences go out to his wife, June, and to all his fine
daughters and their children.

Most of us early-'90s FMS parents were shocked into a numbed state of
grief and confusion by our children's or grandchildren's false
allegations of childhood sexual abuse. A few pockets of families
around North America, following the lead of Pamela Freyd and the
newly-formed False Memory Syndrome Foundation (March, 1992), organized
to educate ourselves, the media, and the culture in general, as to the
destructive nature of what was reported to be the recovery of
repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse.

We were generally good, middle-class citizens who counted on the
conventional wisdom of expressing quiet, polite opposition to a
wrong-minded theory which was doing harm to our children and
destroying our families. We were confident that, once the national
mental health associations were apprised of the facts, remedial
corrective action would soon follow to put an end to the unfounded,
unscientific practice of repressed memory recovery, in therapy and
elsewhere.

Chuck Noah, however, decided to do what any good labor union member
would do when shunted aside by a judgmental system, which not only
deemed him to be guilty without a hearing, but also rendered him
voiceless, helpless to protect his child and to restore his good name
and reputation. He picketed the clinic staff who had harmed his
daughter and ruined his reputation.

Eventually, his daughter's "therapist," credentialed only with a
certificate in bookkeeping, was censured and her license briefly
suspended. The clinic later shut its doors.

Early on, to show how ridiculously easy it was to do, Chuck paid
$78.00 to the State of Washington for a license to practice private
psychotherapy. Armed only with his signs and his therapist license,
Chuck took it upon himself to continue to oppose fad therapy, despite
it costing him dearly. He gave unselfishly of his time and effort to
help all of us. And why? Because he knew it was the right thing to do.
My own father was a union man, first for the Boston Police and later
for the Stonecutters, so I could identify with what Chuck believed in
and the way he lived his life.

Chuck even flew East, at his own expense, on two occasions, in
September, 1995 and April, 1998, when the Middlesex D.A.
unsuccessfully tried to remove Ray and Shirley Souza from house arrest
and put them in prison. He made his signs, put them all over his
rental car, and parked illegally in front of the courthouse in
Cambridge, Mass. Court employees brought him coffee. A State
policeman, who stopped him on the highway because of the signs all
over the car, told Chuck he knew the Souzas were innocent, wished him
well, and sent him on his way.

Chuck had a way with people.

Before he went home from his trip in 1998, the last time I saw him,
Chuck said he wanted to do two things: see Salem, Mass. and visit
Gerald Amirault. He and I, in one day, went to the Witch Museum in
Salem, Old Ironsides in Charlestown, and Plymouth Correctional Center
to see Gerald Amirault.

As we stood in the great hall of the Witch Museum, surrounded by the
life-sized panoramas of the 1692 Witch Trials, looking up at the
gruesome scenes of Giles Corey being pressed to death, the hysterical
children in the court house, and the executions on Gallows Hill, Chuck
"tsked, tsked," as he often was wont to do, and said, "So this is
where it all began."

After lunch at Salem Willows, in Salem Harbor, we toured the U.S.S.
Constitution, "Old Ironsides," in Charlestown Navy Yard, then drove
through Boston down to Plymouth. Chuck and I signed in at the prison
and were admitted to the 'outside' section of a little totally
enclosed cubicle. When Gerald was escorted into the 'prison' side of
the cubicle, he picked up the phone and I introduced him to Chuck.
They stayed standing and put a hand on the Plexiglas, a poor
substitute for shaking hands. Chuck said into the phone, "It's an
honor to meet you, Mr. Amirault." And Gerald said, "It's my privilege,
Mr. Noah. I have heard a lot about you."

I felt like I was observing the meeting of two legends of our time,
icons of courage and integrity, two John Proctors out of The Crucible,
the elder and the younger. Our visit lasted only 30 minutes but I'll
remember it always.

When June called to tell me of Chuck's passing, I immediately pictured
Chuck, healthy again, standing next to Saint Peter at the Pearly
Gates. He has a picket sign in his hand. It reads, in huge black
letters, "Unrepentant Voo Doo Therapists Need Not Apply."

Chuck, I miss you, my friend. When I grow up, I want to be just like
you. June, we all love you.
                                                            Frank Kane  
                              Volunteer FMS Contact from Massachusetts

                          _________________
                          Discipline Action

I was deeply involved in false memories for over ten years, but I have
come to realize that my road to disaster first began when I went to a
social worker who diagnosed me with MPD. During the decade that I was
his patient, this therapist sent me to psychiatrists who took his word
for the diagnosis and who heavily medicated me. I lost my marriage,
custody of my kids, my career, friends, and the list goes on. I
stopped seeing that therapist a year ago and filed a complaint against
him with the Texas State Board of Social Worker Examiners. On
September 10, 2004, the Ethics Committee of the Board met in San
Antonio to review complaints filed against 24 therapists, including
mine. Mr. James (Jim) Perdue's case was the second on the agenda, and
the specific charge was "inflicting harm during therapy." Among the
examples of harm were that he broke the confidentiality of clients,
solicited clients to join in private business ventures, made sexual
innuendos, and advertised himself as a family therapist when he has no
such certification. There were three other patients of Mr. Perdue at
the hearing so there was not time to say all of the things that I
wanted to. A state investigator reported to the committee and verified
the accusations. Mr. Perdue did not deny any of the charges, although
he did seem to try to justify his actions and even made unflattering
remarks about his clients.

The committee voted to suspend Mr. Perdue's license indefinitely,
pending a complete medical evaluation (to determine the extent of his
sleep problems), as well as a psychological analysis to certify his
fitness to be a counselor. The committee advised him that he could not
practice therapy until the Board scheduled another hearing to review
the results of the evaluations. Mr. Perdue has 30 days in which to
appeal this decision.

For the record, even though I no longer believe that I have multiple
personalities, I do know that I was abused by a relative when I was a
child. I am also sure, however, that I was not abused by all the other
men that I accused as a result of the hypnotic trances induced by Mr.
Perdue.

My feelings about this experience are mixed. On the one hand, I was
surprised that the Board took me so seriously because I honestly
didn't expect them to. On the other hand, I am "ticked off" that Mr.
Perdue basically called me a liar about one part of my complaint. In
the meantime, I have also filed a complaint with the Texas Medical
Foundation and they told me that they would investigate the doctors
involved in this situation.

I would be happy to speak to anyone who would like additional
information. You can contact me through the FMSF.
                                                           A retractor
                                 Incorporating information provided by 
                               an FMSF member who attended the hearing

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "The memories which lie within us are not carved stone; not only   |
| do they tend to become erased as the years go by, but often they   |
| change, or even increase by incorporating extraneous features."    |
|                                                         Primo Levi |
\____________________________________________________________________/

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                             Correction                             |
|                                                                    |
| In the July/August 2004 newsletter we incorrectly stated that the  |
| New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety Division of         |
| Consumer Affairs had ordered social worker Dorothy Neddermeyer to  |
| remove the "Ph.D. from the list of credentials on her web site     |
| since she did not have that degree." Dr. Neddermeyer does have a   |
| Ph.D. In 2003, New Jersey permanently restrained Dr. Neddermeyer   |
| from practicing social work or providing counseling and/or therapy |
| services. They also ordered her to change her web site to "make it |
| clear that she is not licensed or certified to engage in social    |
| work, counseling and/or therapy and to pay restitution to all      |
| clients that she counseled after April 1, 2002."                   |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
*                           N O T I C E S                            *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*            CANADIAN FALSE MEMORY SUPPORT GROUPS MEETING            *
*      Ontario and Quebec Families, Friends, and Professionals       *
*                  CURRENT ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES                   *
*                                                                    *
*                      Sunday, November 7, 2004                      *
*                                                                    *
*                Civic Garden Center (Edward Gardens)                *
*          Toronto Botanical Gardens ( Civic Garden Centre)          *
*           S.W. corner of Lawrence East and Leslie South            *
*                                                                    *
* PROGRAM SCHEDULE                                                   *
*                                                                    *
*  9:15    Registration                                              *
*                                                                    *
*  9:45    Welcome and Introduction: Mavis Lipman                    *
*                                                                    *
* 10:00    Challenges for the 2nd Decade of the FMSF                 *
*          PAMELA FREYD, Ph.D.                                       *
*          Executive Director, False Memory Syndrome Foundation      *
*                                                                    *
* 11:00    Brief presentations:                                      *
*          Why the Dutch parents' group has been so successful       *
*          in getting ministries of health and justice on its side   *
*          ADRIAAN MAK                                               *
*          Attempting to get through to officials in Manitoba        *
*          GEORGE BERGEN                                             *
*          A victim of recovered memory therapy seeks justice        *
*          ROMA HART                                                 *
*                                                                    *
* 12:00    Lunch                                                     *
*                                                                    *
* 1:00    The Science and Folklore of Traumatic Amnesia:             *
*         Facts parents and others need to know about the            *
*         current state of the memory war.                           *
*         RICHARD J. McNALLY, Ph.D.                                  *
*         Professor of Psychology, Harvard University                *
*                                                                    *
* 2:15    Break                                                      *
*                                                                    *
* 2:30    Legal Developments: The Good, Bad, and Ugly                *
*         ALAN D. GOLD                                               *
*         Criminal Lawyers Association of Ontario.                   *
*                                                                    *
* 3:45    Discussion: Where are we now? Where do we go?              *
*         What needs to be done?                                     *
*         Concluding remarks:                                        *
*         MAVIS LIPMAN                                               *
*                                                                    *
* 4:15     Conclusion                                                *
*                                                                    *
*                            REGISTRATION                            *
*                                                                    *
* The cost of the meeting, including lunch, is $25.00 (Canadian) per *
* person. Coffee, soft drinks and juice will be available gratis     *
*                                                                    *
*                              Contact:                              *
*                                                                    *
* Mavis Lipman, 2021 Lac David Est, Chertsey, QC                     *
* J0K  3K0; e-mail: mavisl@colba.net; phone: 450-882-1480            *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                        HUNGRY FOR MONSTERS                         *
*                       A documentary film by                        *
*                        George Paul Csicsery                        *
*                                                                    *
* When 15-year-old Nicole Althaus told a teacher that her father was *
* molesting her, the quiet affluent Pittsburgh suburb of Mt.         *
* Lebanon, Pennsylvania, was turned inside out. Nicole's father,     *
* Rick, was arrested and charged with sexually abusing Nicole amidst *
* bizarre satanic rituals.  With the support of her favorite         *
* teacher, police, therapists, social workers, and officers of the   *
* court, all of whom believed her stories, Nicole began to embellish *
* her initial accusations. As she recovered more memories of wild    *
* orgies, sacrificed babies, and murder, more people were arrested,  *
* including her mother and a pair of strangers.                      *
*                                                                    *
* A year later, all charges were dropped, and Nicole admitted that   *
* her accusations were false. After Nicole and her parents           *
* reconciled, they sued the authorities. This time, Nicole claimed   *
* she was the victim of abuse perpetrated by the very people who had *
* supported her allegations against her parents.                     *
*                                                                    *
*                        Ordering Information                        *
*                                                                    *
* The introductory VHS price is $195.00 to universities/libraries/   *
* institutions and $39.00 to individuals for home use. Add $5.00 for *
* shipping.                                                          *
*                          George Csicsery                           *
*                          P.O. Box 22833,                           *
*                      Oakland, CA 94609-9284.                       *
*                         Fax 510-429-9273.                          *
*                    Email: geosci@compuserve.com                    *
*                                                                    *
*        There will be a screening of this film in Pittsburgh        *
*                    on Tuesday November 9, 2004.                    *
*       Call the FMSF office in October for time and location.       *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                 comp.uark.edu/~lampinen/read.html                  *
*            The Lampinen Lab False Memory Reading Group             *
*                       University of Arkansas                       *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.exploratorium.edu/memory                    *
*                  The Exploratorium Memory Exhibit                  *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.ctnow.com/memory                        *
*                   Hartford Courant memory series                   *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.tmdArchives.org                         *
*                     The Memory Debate Archives                     *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.francefms.com                          *
*                      French language website                       *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.StopBadTherapy.com                       *
*               Contains phone numbers of professional               *
*                 regulatory boards in all 50 states                 *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.ltech.net/OHIOarmhp                       *
*                             Ohio Group                             *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.afma.asn.au                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.bfms.org.uk                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/retractor                     *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*                  www.geocities.com/therapyletters                  *
*             This site is run by Deb David (retractor)              *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm                  *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*              www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories/               *
*                       Locate books about FMS                       *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.religioustolerance.org/sra.htm                 *
*               Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse               *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.angryparents.net                        *
*                   Parents Against Cruel Therapy                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/newcosanz                     *
*                       New Zealand FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.werkgroepwfh.nl                         *
*                       Netherlands FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.falseallegation.org                       *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.nasw.org/users/markp                      *
*                  Excerpts from Victims of Memory.                  *
*                                                                    *
*                  www.rickross.com/groups/fsm.html                  *
*                         Ross Institute                             *
*                                                                    *
*         www.hopkinsmedicine.org/jhhpsychiatry/perspec1.htm         *
*             Perspectives for Psychiatry by Paul McHugh             *
*                                                                    *
*                     www.enigma.se/info/FFI.htm                     *
*                 FMS in Scandinavia - Janet Hagbom                  *
*                                                                    *
*                            www.ncrj.org                            *
*                National Center for Reason & Justice            *
*                                                                    *
*             www.undergroundbride.com/lyingspirits.html             *
*          Skeptical Information on Theophostic Counseling           *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.traumaversterking.nl                      *
*           English language web site of Dutch retractor.            *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.FMSFonline.org                         *
*                  False Memory Syndrome Foundation                  *
*                                                                    *
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                         www.caseassist.com                         *
*                          www.findlaw.com                           *
*                        www.legalengine.com                         *
*                          www.accused.com                           *
*                        www.abuse-excuse.com                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*            The Rutherford Family Speaks to FMS Families            *
*                                                                    *
* The video made by the Rutherford family is the most popular video  *
* of FMSF families. It covers the complete story from accusation, to *
* retraction and reconciliation. Family members describe the things  *
* they did to cope and to help reunite. Of particular interest are   *
* Beth Rutherford's comments about what her family did that helped   *
* her to retract and return.                                         *
*                   Available in DVD format only:                    *
*                      To order send request to                      *
*                    FMSF Video, 1955 Locust St.                     *
*                      Philadelphia, PA  19103                       *
*    $10.00 per DVD; Canada add $4.00; other countries add $10.00    *
*               Make checks payable to FMS Foundation                *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                         FMS Stories Wanted                         *
* Seeking FMS-related nonfiction accounts by survivors of False      *
* Memory Syndrome for collection of work to be published by DEL SOL  *
* PRESS. We define "survivors" as patients recovering from           *
* therapeutic FMS/MPD abuse. We include relatives who have not       *
* retracted but admit harm. Contact Mary O'Neal:                     *
*                        fmsdialogue@mail.com                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                               NOTICE                               *
*                                                                    *
* A group of individuals in southwest Virginia is drafting           *
* legislation that seeks to attack the false memory problem before   *
* it begins as well as proposing a way for families to speak out     *
* after separation from their relative has occurred. We are asking   *
* for input from other Virginians who have been affected by the      *
* false memory syndrome and who would like to join us in support of  *
* this legislative effort. Please express your interest by email to  *
* the following address: frang@kimbanet.com or by regular mail to    *
* Att: Lee Law, P.O. Box 231, Collinsville, VA                       *
**********************************************************************
                _____________________________________
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:
_____________
UNITED STATES

ALABAMA
  See Georgia
ALASKA
  Kathleen 907-333-5248
ARIZONA
  Phoenix
        Pat 480-396-9420
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
CALIFORNIA
  Sacramento
        Joanne & Gerald 916-933-3655
        Jocelyn 530-873-0919
  San Francisco & North Bay 
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-738-0469
  East Bay Area
        Judy 925-952-4853
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Palm Desert
        Eileen and Jerry 909-659-9636
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 949-733-2925
  Covina Area 
        Floyd & Libby 626-357-2750
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 760-439-4630
COLORADO
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
CONNECTICUT
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
FLORIDA
  Date/Boward
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Sarasota
        Francis & Sally 941-342-8310
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 727-856-7091
GEORGIA
  Atlanta 
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
ILLINOIS
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
  Peoria
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
INDIANA
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Pat 260-489-9987
        Helen 574-753-2779
KANSAS
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
KENTUCKY
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
MAINE
  Rumford
        Carolyn 207-364-8891
  Portland
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
MICHIGAN
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge 616-383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-4055
MINNESOTA 
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
MISSOURI
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  St. Louis Area  -  call for meeting time
        Karen 314-432-8789
  Springfield - Quarterly (Apr., Jul., Oct., Jan. - 
            last Sat. of month) @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
MONTANA
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
NEW HAMPSHIRE
  Mark 802-872-0847
NEW JERSEY 
  Southern
        Sally 609-927-5343
  Northern
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
NEW MEXICO
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
NEW YORK 
  Manhattan
        Michael 212-481-6655
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
NORTH CAROLINA
  Susan 704-538-7202
OHIO
  Cleveland
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
OKLAHOMA
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
  Tulsa
        Jim 918-582-7363
OREGON
  Portland area
        Kathy 503-655-1587
PENNSYLVANIA
  Harrisburg
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
  Pittsburgh
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
  Montrose
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
TENNESSEE
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
TEXAS 
    Houston
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-595-3945
UTAH
        Keith 801-467-0669
VERMONT 
        Mark 802-872-0847
VIRGINIA
        Sue 703-273-2343
WASHINGTON
        Kathy 503-557-7118
WISCONSIN
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
WYOMING
        Alan & Lorinda 307-322-4170
_____________
INTERNATIONAL

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Lloyd 250-741-8941
  Victoria & Vancouver Island
        John 250-721-3219
MANITOBA
        Roma 204-275-5723
ONTARIO, CANADA 
  London 
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
  Ottawa
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Warkworth
        Ethel 705-924-2546
  Burlington
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
  Waubaushene
        Paula 705-543-0318
QUEBEC, CANADA 
  Chertsey
        Mavis 450-882-1480
AUSTRALIA
  Evelyn 
        everei@adam.com.au
BELGIUM
  werkgr.fict.herinneringen@altavista.net
ISRAEL
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax 972-2-625-9282 
NEW ZEALAND
        Colleen 09-416-7443
SWEDEN
        Ake Moller FAX 48-431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline 44-1225 868-682

          __________________________________________________
          Deadline for the Jan/Feb Newsletter is December 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    and should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                         pjf@cis.upenn.edu                          |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
**********************************************************************
  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.
**********************************************************************

PAMELA FREYD, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,      November 1, 2004

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic Psychology, 
    Sterling Heights, MI;
ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D., Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical
    Center, Chicago, IL;
JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
ROBYN M. DAWES, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA;
DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D., University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medical School;
GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA;
MARTIN GARDNER, Author, Hendersonville, NC;
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HENRY GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
LILA GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;
DAVID A. HALPERIN, M.D., (deceased) Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 
    New York, NY;
ERNEST HILGARD, Ph.D., (deceased) Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA;
JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA;
DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS;
PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D., (deceased) Harvard University, Cambridge, MA;
ROBERT A. KARLIN, Ph.D. , Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HAROLD LIEF, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA;
SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH;
PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD;
HAROLD MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;
SPENCER HARRIS MORFIT, Author, Westford, MA;
ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased) U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland, OR;
CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., (deceased) Concordia University, Montreal, Canada;
MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada;
AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;
JAMES RANDI, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL;
HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D. ,Washington University, St. Louis, MO;
CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL;
THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, CA;
THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., (deceased) U of Indiana, Bloomington, IN;
MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for
    Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa;
MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D., {deceased) University of California, Berkeley,
    CA;
RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State University Law School,
    Detroit, MI;
DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Ctr, Piscataway, NJ;
JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D., Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY;
HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, 
    Northfield, MN;
CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco, TX

**********************************************************************
                     YOUR CONTRIBUTION WILL HELP
                   Please Fill Out All Information
                             Please Print

       __Visa: Card # & exp. date:_____________________________

       __Discover: Card # &  exp. date:________________________

       __Mastercard: # & exp. date:____________________________

       __Check or Money Order:_________________________________
              PAYABLE TO FMS FOUNDATION IN U.S. DOLLARS

      Signature: ______________________________________________

      Name: ___________________________________________________

      Address:_________________________________________________

      State, ZIP (+4) _________________________________________

      Country: ________________________________________________

      Phone: (________)________________________________________

      Fax:  (________)_________________________________________

                    THANK YOU FOR YOUR GENEROSITY.
**********************************************************************