FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - July/August 2001 - Vol. 10, No. 4, HTML version


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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
July/August 2001 Vol 10 No 4
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ISSN #1069-0484.           Copyright (c) 2001  by  the  FMS Foundation
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    The FMSF Newsletter  is published 6 times a year by the  False
    Memory  Syndrome  Foundation.  A hard-copy subscription is in-
    cluded in membership fees (to join, see last page). Others may
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    dollars); Foreign: $40, Student  $20; Single issue price:  $3. 
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
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IN THIS ISSUE:
  Loftus
    Legal Corner                  The next issue will be combined
      Bartha                             September/October
        Feld
          Piper
           From Our Readers
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Dear Friends,

    How attitudes about recovered memories have changed since the
Foundation began! In the last newsletter, we mentioned that Elizabeth
Loftus was to receive a prestigious award from the American
Psychological Society. This month we reprint the text of the award and
of Dr. Loftus's acceptance, not only because we are very proud of her
and our Scientific Advisory Board, but also because these texts
document how much attitudes have changed. (see below) The award to Dr.
Loftus specifically mentions her work with recovered memories.

    "As a result of her pioneering scientific work as well as her
    activity within the legal system, society is gradually coming 
    to realize that such memories, compelling though they may seem
    when related by a witness, are often a product of recent
    reconstructive memory processes rather than of past objective
    reality."

    Until recently, most professionals and organizations, however
sympathetic they may have been to the FMS issue in private, kept a
neutral stance in public. It is significant that Loftus was honored in
great part because of her work with recovered memories.
    The Supreme Court of Wisconsin also exemplifies how attitudes are
changing. In Johnson v Rogers Memorial Hospital, the Court took an
important step in June in the direction of holding accountable those
who have harmed families and destroyed reputations. In the past, if
parents did not have access to therapy records, the case did not go
forward. The Wisconsin Supreme Court, however, stated that lack of
therapy records is not sufficient to dismiss a third-party case. The
Court determined that in Wisconsin families may continue the legal
process to gather more information.
    Without doubt, many problems related to recovered memories remain.
But to the extent that problems involve the scientific understanding
of memory, the tools for correcting the problems are all around us,
and public attitudes about recovered memory are now open to change.
The FMS Foundation set out to educate the public and professionals
about the nature of memory. The job isn't finished, obviously, but
problems caused by misinformation about memory are diminishing
rapidly.
    To the extent that the problems affecting families are part of
larger social problems, however, change is far more complex. To say,
for example, that therapy should be safe and effective and grounded in
science should hardly get an argument. But to implement that simple
concept requires deep changes in professional and political attitudes
and systems. The problems that result because there is no system in
place to ensure safe and effective therapy involve many more people
than those who are a part of FMSF. To think that the FMSF alone can
bring about broader changes is not realistic. We can but play a part.
    The fact that in June in Colorado, two therapists were held
criminally responsible for bad conduct in a professional setting and
were sentenced to sixteen years in jail, is highly significant in
terms of the broader changes needed. The issue did not involve memory.
It did involve untested, non-scientific, dangerous therapy.  Cornell
Watkins and Julie Ponder, about whom we wrote last month in connection
with the death of Candace Newmaker, will spend sixteen years in
prison. In Colorado, a bill has already been signed into law to
prevent the use of the type of "Rebirthing/Attachment Therapy" used by
Watkins and Ponder. But such a law is a bandage. As fast as one
dangerous therapy is outlawed, another will probably appear. What is
needed is a broader coalition of forces willing to work to make the
changes needed so that all therapy is safe and effective.
                                                                PAMELA

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                        FMSF FINANCIAL UPDATE

We have received the audit report for the fiscal year March 1, 2000
through February 28, 2001 as provided by Goldenberg Rosenthal, LLP,
the CPA firm that audits the books and financial statements of the
Foundation. The fiscal results showed that for every dollar spent by
the Foundation, 70 cents went for program services, 27 cents for
administrative and general expenses, and 3 cents for fund raising.
There was a loss due to the issuance of unauthorized checks, but the
situation that permitted the occurrence has been corrected
    The Foundation spent $367,716 in this fiscal year just ended,
approximately $50,000 less than in the previous fiscal year and
$200,000 less than in the fiscal year ending 2/28/99. We will continue
to reduce expenses as the problems that brought about the formation of
the FMS Foundation continue to recede and as our website expands to
provide information previously disseminated by FMSF.

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                              MEMBERSHIP

The Foundation has made a change in its method of handling membership.
Beginning in January 2001, all memberships are now for the calendar
year and the Foundation has been sending membership renewals that
reflect an amount prorated through December 31, 2001. There are
several reasons for this change in procedure. Perhaps the most
important is that we expect that it will aid our ongoing efforts to
simplify administrative tasks. The change has been going smoothly and
we thank you for your help and patience. If you have any question
about your membership, please do not hesitate to contact the
Foundation.

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                            SURVEY UPDATE

Thank you to all who returned the FMSF 2001 Survey Update. A second
mailing has been sent to active members from whom we did not receive a
reply. If you forgot, it is not too late. The deadline is August 31.
We need your input. No other group can provide the information that
FMSF families have.

        +----------------------------------------------------+
        |                   SPECIAL THANKS                   |
        |                                                    |
        |   We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of   |
        |  the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.  |  
        |                                                    |
        |  EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Toby Feld, Allen Feld, Janet   |
        |           Fetkewicz, Howard Fishman, Peter Freyd   |
        |  COLUMNISTS: August Piper, Jr. and members         |
        |           of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board    |
        |  LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers              |
        +----------------------------------------------------+

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                   ELIZABETH LOFTUS RECEIVES AWARD
  William James award 2001 from American Psychological Society (APS)

"Elizabeth Loftus is an example of the rare scientist who is
instrumental both in advancing a scientific discipline and in using
that discipline to make critical contributions to society."
    "Beginning in the mid-1970's, following acclaimed basic research
on the workings of semantic memory, she waded into relatively
uncharted waters, investigating the critical issues of how and under
what circumstances complex memories change, often quite dramatically,
over time. Her innovative yet highly rigorous research on this topic
brought her renewed praise in the scientific community. At the same
time however, she realized the fundamental applications of her and
related findings to the legal system, particularly in understanding
the circumstances under which a sincere eyewitness may have
misidentified an innocent defendant. It is not hyperbole to say that
in response to her ingenious laboratory work and her ubiquitous public
presence, both the quality of basic memory research and the fairness
of the criminal justice system have advanced substantially."
    "Over the past 15 years, Dr. Loftus's attention has turned to a
related but considerably more controversial issue, that of the
validity of "recovered memories" of childhood abuse. As a result of
her pioneering scientific work as well as her activity within the
legal system, society is gradually coming to realize that such
memories, compelling though they may seem when related by a witness,
are often a product of recent reconstructive memory processes rather
than of past objective reality. In bringing to light these facts of
memory, Dr. Loftus has joined the ranks of other scientists, past and
present, who have had the courage, inspiration, and inner strength to
weather the widespread scorn and oppression that unfortunately but
inevitably accompanies clear and compelling scientific data that have
the effrontery to fly in the face of dearly held beliefs."

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          Acceptance Speech APS  William James Fellow Award
                           ELIZABETH LOFTUS
                            June 14, 2001

Receiving this honor, the William James Fellow Award for scientific
achievement, could not have come at a more meaningful or ironic time
in my life. It has made me think about the purpose of awards: what we
give them for, what qualities of the recipient or of his or her work
we admire. And it has made me think about the purpose of science, that
ideally dispassionate, empirical investigation of a particular set of
questions.
    For more than a decade, as I'm sure many of you know, I have been
pursued by the enemies I created by virtue of my research on memory
and my efforts to discredit recovered-memory therapy, which has done
so much harm to individuals and families. The public thinks this
epidemic is over. But many families have never recovered, and many
promulgators and victims of the recovered-memory movement remain angry
and vengeful. For so many years, I have tried to understand their
position, sympathize with the emotionally disturbed young women whom I
regard as victims of misguided or misinformed therapists, and find
common ground.
    Now I realize that for these people, there may be little in the
way of common ground. I am their enemy -- scientific evidence is their
enemy -- and I will not be able to persuade them otherwise, not with
all the good data and good intentions in the world. This was a
terribly difficult realization for me. The research findings for which
I am being honored now generated a level of hostility and opposition I
could never have foreseen. People wrote threatening letters, warning
me that my reputation and even my safety were in jeopardy if I
continued along these lines. At some universities, armed guards were
provided to accompany me during speeches. People misinterpreted my
writings and put words in my mouth that I had never spoken. People
filed ethical complaints and threatened lawsuits of organizations that
invited me to speak. People spread defamatory falsehoods in writings,
in newspapers, on the Internet.
    As I stand here, the happy recipient of an award that honors me
for my research, I continue to be the target of efforts to censor my
ideas. I am gagged at the moment and may not give you any details. But
to me, that itself is the problem. Who, after all, benefits from my
silence? Who benefits from keeping such investigations in the dark?
My inquisitors. The only people who operate in the dark are thieves,
assassins, and cowards. Those of us who value the first amendment and
open scientific inquiry must bring these efforts to suppress freedom
of speech into the light, and tonight I vow to you that when my own
situation is resolved, that is precisely what I'm going to do.
    In this we can learn from the recent experience of Scott
Lilienfeld. Scott wrote a paper on the collision between politics and
science that followed in the wake of the Rind et al. affair. The
article was accepted for publication, but, mysteriously, later
rejected, unless Scott gutted it of all political relevance.
Psychological scientists -- many of whom are members of APS --
launched a campaign to insure publication of Scott's article. They
told the story to the Chronicle of Higher Education and to Science.
They wrote letters, individually and collectively, arguing for the
preservation of peer review and the importance of keeping politics out
of the publication process. "Organizational officials" grumbled about
how inappropriate it was to go public, to argue by e-mail, to air an
internal conflict to the media. They wanted everyone to shut up and
let the appeals process take its course. Was that so Scott's paper
could have been quietly suppressed? The scientists did not shut up,
and Scott's paper will be published this year, along with commentary
and debate, just as it should be.
    I am honored to receive this award. I accept it on behalf of the
ideals and goals of science that we all hold so dear, and which we
must now redouble our efforts to defend.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                 The FMS Climate in the Early 90s:                  |
|                            A True Story                            |
|                                                                    |
| I was feeling a bit grumpy anyway, because during the talk I'd     |
| just given to a professional audience of psychologists and         |
| psychiatrists in San Francisco, I was hissed and booed. That was a |
| first. Now all I wanted to do was get back home......              |
|                                                                    |
| "And what do you do?" my seatmate asked politely.                  |
|                                                                    |
| "I teach at the University of Washington," Purposely vague.        |
|                                                                    |
| "What do you teach?"                                               |
|                                                                    |
| "Psychology."                                                      |
|                                                                    |
| "Are you a clinician?" she asked turning in her seat to regard me  |
| with greater interest. "What kind of therapy do you do?"           |
|                                                                    |
| "I don't do therapy," I said. "I study memory."                    |
|                                                                    |
| "Memory," she repeated softly. "What kind of memory?"              |
|                                                                    |
| "I study memory storage and retrieval processes," I said, trying   |
| to use neutral language to describe my work.                       |
|                                                                    |
| "What's your name?" she asked suddenly.                            |
|                                                                    |
| I told her. How could I lie about my name? She looked at me, her   |
| eyes narrowed. "Oh no," she said. "You're that woman! You're that  |
| woman!" And -- I know this will be hard to believe -- she started  |
| swatting me over the head with her newspaper.                      |
|                                       The Myth of Repressed Memory |
|                                          Loftus and Ketcham, p.211 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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                           The NETHERLANDS

Two very technical fathers who are members of the Working Party FMS in
the Netherlands have designed a website for their group. Members of
the FMSF who speak Dutch may find it helpful. It can be accessed at:
www.werkgroepwfh.nl
    The Ombudsman Report, described in the FMSF Newsletter, Vol. 9 (3)
May/June `00, received a follow-up. The Department of Health has
ordered a commission to inform them about the status quo on scientific
knowledge of recovered memories.

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                             NEW ZEALAND

COSA New Zealand, the Christchurch-based group, has opened a web site.
FMSF readers may be interested in checking out the newsletters posted
there for news about events in that country. It can be accessed at:
www.geocities.com/newcosanz/

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "We tend to think of memory as a camera, or a tape recorder, where |
| the past can be filed intact and called up at will. But memory is  |
| none of these things. Memory is a storyteller, and like all        |
| storytellers it imposes form on the raw mass of experience. It     |
| creates shape and meaning by emphasizing some things and leaving   |
| others out. It finds connections between events, suggests cause    |
| and effect, makes each of us the central figure in an epic toward  |
| darkness or light."                                                |
|                                        Wolff, T. "War and Memory"  |
|                              New York Times Op-Ed, April 28, 2001  |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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                                A LOSS

JERRY BARR passed away on Monday April 9th in LDS Hospital in Salt
Lake City, surrounded by his loving family. He is already greatly
missed.
    Newsletter readers know all too well the excruciating moment when
they discovered that a loved offspring had accused them of the
unspeakable horror of child abuse. Imagine the nightmare of turning
the television on to the national news and learning there for the
first time that you had been accused! That is exactly what happened
to Helen and Jerry Barr when their daughter, the comedienne Roseanne,
announced her claim of recovered memories.
    Roseanne's allegations were made just a few months after the
former Miss America, Marilyn vanDerber had made a similar
announcement. That year, 1991, was marked by a wave of public
accusations and lawsuits being brought against parents by offspring
who had come to believe they had recovered "memories" of childhood
abuse. Roseanne's belief was so strong that she said that there were
only two answers to the question of whether or not a person had been
abused: "Yes" and "I don't remember."
    The accusation estranged Roseanne from her entire family. Helen
and Jerry quietly set out to do all that they could to educate others
about the FMS phenomenon. Many newsletter readers will remember Helen
and Jerry from past conferences or from the outstanding 60 Minutes
segment on April 17, 1994.
    Roseanne eventually tried to reconcile with her father, to show
how you can heal from bad things, but it was not to be. Jerry felt
that Roseanne would need to apologize first.
    According to an article in the National Enquirer (May 1, 2001), he
told a friend, "My only wish is that Roseanne would come to her senses
and apologize. I'd take her back in a minute. There's nothing I want
more than to see my daughter and grandchildren before I die." That,
too, was not to be.
    All of Jerry's family except Roseanne gathered for his funeral.

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     THE SEVEN SINS of MEMORY: HOW the MIND FORGETS and REMEMBERS
                          Daniel L. Schacter
                        Houghton Mifflin, 2001

Newsletter readers eager to improve their understanding of memory will
find this book written for the general public of great interest.
Schacter, Chairman of the Psychology Department at Harvard, explains
memory processes through memory errors that he calls the Seven Sins.
These are:
                          SINS of OMISSION:
    TRANSIENCE - the weakening or loss of memory over time.
    ABSENTMINDEDNESS - the breakdown between attention and memory,
i.e.  attention is not focused on what we need to remember.
    BLOCKING - the attempt to find a word but failing.

                          SINS of COMMISSION
    MISATTRIBUTION - the assigning of a memory to the wrong source.
    SUGGESTIBILITY - the implanting of memories as a result of leading
questions, comments, etc.
    BIAS - the influence of current knowledge and beliefs on how we
remember.
    PERSISTENCE - the remembering of disturbing information that we
would prefer to forget.

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                    THE TRUTH and HYPE of HYPNOSIS
                           Michael R. Nash
              Scientific American  July 2001, pp. 47-55

This readily understandable article summarizes current scientific
understanding of what hypnosis is and isn't and describes specific
situations in which hypnosis can be of benefit. It includes a list of
popular beliefs contrasted with the facts. For example: "If you think
hypnosis can help people to `relive' the past..., The Reality is
Age-regressed adults behave like adults playacting as children;" "If
you think hypnotized people can remember more accurately..., The
Reality is Hypnosis may actually muddle the distinction between memory
and fantasy and may artificially inflate confidence." Among resources
listed is a video of an actual hypnosis session that can be viewed at:
www.sciam.com/2001 /0701issue/ 0701nashbox1.html

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| When I was younger I could remember anything, whether it had       |
| happened or not; but my faculties are decaying now and soon I      |
| shall be so I cannot remember any of the the things that never     |
| happened. It is sad to go to pieces like this but we all have to   |
| do it.                                                             |
|                                                         Mark Twain |
|                                        Wit & Wisecracks (1961) |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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 MAKE MY MEMORY: HOW ADVERTISING CAN CHANGE OUR MEMORIES of the PAST
               Braun, K.A., Ellis, R., & Loftus, E. F.
                To Appear in: Psychology and Marketing

Elizabeth Loftus, collaborator Dr. Kathy Braun, and student assistant
Rhiannon Ellis wondered if the use of nostalgic autobiographical
advertisements could cause people to believe that they had those same
experiences as the children in the ads. Subjects were shown a fake
advertisement describing a trip to Disneyland and shaking hands with
Bugs Bunny. Even though this could not possibly have happened because
Bugs Bunny is a Warner Bros. cartoon, about 16 percent of the subjects
later said that they remembered or knew that the event had actually
happened to them.
    Commenting on the study, Jacquie Pickrell, a graduate student who
replicated and extended the experiment said: "The frightening thing
about this study is that it suggests how easily a false memory can be
created. It's not only people who go to a therapist who might implant
a false memory or those who witness an accident and whose memory can
be distorted who can have a false memory. Memory is very vulnerable
and malleable. People are not always aware of the choices they make.
This study shows the power of subtle association changes on memory."

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                          www.Quackwatch.com

Quackwatch is a web-site that newsletter readers may wish to check
out. The entire site is operated by Stephen Barrett, M.D., a retired
psychiatrist from Allentown, PA. Of particular interest is the page:
"Mental Help: Procedures to Avoid."
    Barrett is the coauthor with William T. Jarvis of the 1993 book
The Health Robbers: A Close Look at quackery in America. Jarvis is the
president of the National Council Against Health
Fraud. (www.ncahf.org)

    +-----------------------------------------------------------+
    | Truth is stranger than Fiction, but it is because Fiction |
    | is obliged to stick to possibilities; Truth isn't.        |
    |                   Mark Twain, Wit & Wisecracks (1961) |
    +-----------------------------------------------------------+

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                       EVERYDAY IRRATIONALITY:
         How Pseudo-scientists, Lunatics, and the Rest of Us
               Systematically Fail to Think Rationally
                  Robyn Dawes, Westview Press, 2001

Excerpts from Everyday Irrationality appeared in Sept/Oct and Nov/Dec
2000 newsletters. Dawes, a member of the FMSF Scientific Advisory
Board, shows how to recognize thinking that is not merely confused or
wrong, but is actually irrational. The book is a mixture of
entertaining stories with rigorous explanations of logic and
probability. Dawes is the author of House of Cards, an important
critical analysis of clinical psychology.

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                         "RECOVERED MEMORIES:
                           Fact or Fiction"
                            Simpson, Paul
                  Physician, May/June 2001 pp. 14-19

This article will be of particular interest to those families who are
working to educate people within the religious communities about the
problems of FMS. The journal Physician is a publication of Focus on
the Family for doctors. To our knowledge, this is the first time that
Focus on the Family has published so openly about the problem of false
memories.

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                   COMMENTS on LOGERQUIST DECISION
      Arizona State Law Journal, Spring, 2001, 33 Ariz.St.L.J.40

"On April 19, 2000 the Arizona Supreme Court decided Logerquist v.
McVey,[1] upholding the use of the "general acceptance" standard to
determine the admissibility of expert scientific testimony and
rejecting the "scientific soundness" standard now used by the majority
of jurisdictions. This is the third case in which the court has chosen
to adhere to the 1923 test enunciated by Frye v. United States,[2]
despite the Supreme Court's 1993 decision in Daubert v. Merrell Dow
Pharmaceuticals, Inc.[3] Other state supreme courts have reached the
same result.[4] Given the resounding importance of the issue for
litigants nationwide, the Journal invited comments from authors of the
leading treatises on scientific evidence and from authors of evidence
treatises cited by the Logerquist court."

[1] P.3d 111 (Ariz.2000).
[2] 293 F.1013 (D.C. Cir. 1923).
[3] 509 U.S. 579 (1993).
[4] See, e.g., Kuhn v Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corp., 14 P.ed 1170 (Kan.
    2000) (relying on Logerquist).

All the articles in the Arizona State Law Journal were critical of the
decision. The following excerpt is an example:

                       ________________________
                       "Embracing the Darkness:
                       Logerquist v. McVey and
          the Doctrine of Ignorance of Science is an Excuse"
                            Faigman, D. L
"For now, however, Logerquist appears to be mainly an aberration...
Nonetheless, the error of Logerquist is worthy of consideration and
study."
    "I admit that I have been harsh in my criticism of the Arizona
Supreme Court. The tenor of my criticism stems from my belief that the
court does not simply err in its understanding of the scientific
method. Instead, the opinion manifests an almost willful desire to
remain in the dark ages on this subject. The court admits that `most
judges, like most jurors, have little or no technical training and are
not known for expertise in science.' With this statement no one would
disagree. But to fail to change this state of affairs is unforgivable.
The law, by its nature, is inextricably linked with other disciplines.
It relies, for example, on history, philosophy and ethics to fulfill
its designated role. Would a state supreme court ever readily admit
ignorance of these subjects? It is unlikely that one would try.
Science and technology permeate every inch of modern society and,
consequently, virtually every case before the law. Courts simply no
longer have the luxury of ignoring science. The only question is how
long it will take .for them to fulfill this responsibility."

**********************************************************************
                       L E G A L   C O R N E R
                              FMSF Staff

  __________________________________________________________________
  Wisconsin Supreme Court Says Parents Can Sue Daughter's Therapists
                  Johnson v Rogers Memorial Hospital
    Review of A Decision of the Court of Appeals, 2000 WI App 166
       Reported at: 238 Wis. 2d 227, 616 N.W.2d 903 (Published)
       (See www.courts.state.wi.us for a copy of the decision)
On June 19, 2001, the Wisconsin Supreme Court reversed an Appeals
Court [1] decision and found that Karen and Charles Johnson had the
right to sue their accusing daughter's therapists and hospital. In
the appeal decision that was reversed, the Court had noted that the
"Johnsons' claims presented a significant collateral burden on
confidentiality within the therapist-patient relationship." That court
stated that it believed that medical records were necessary to resolve
the Johnsons' claims in a fair way, and that because the Johnsons did
not have access to these records, their claims could not be fairly
resolved.
    In its reversal, however, the Supreme Court noted that "In sum, in
view of the current state of the record, we conclude that the Johnsons
have presented claims upon which relief may be granted. The record is
insufficient for us to determine whether public policy considerations
bar the Johnsons' claims." The Court said that the Johnsons' lawsuit
had not progressed far enough for a court to determine whether it
would impinge on the patient's right to confidentiality. The Johnson
case will be returned to Circuit Court in order to gather more
information.
    The significance of this case to FMSF families in Wisconsin is
that they will now get a chance to ask some questions before a case
can be dismissed. By asking questions, parents can find out who their
child talked to, what credentials the child's therapists possess or
even if they are licensed.
    Charles and Karen Johnson are the parents of an adult daughter who
was treated in Rogers Memorial Hospital in 1991. The parents
contracted with the hospital to pay for their daughter's care. While
in the hospital, the daughter confronted her father with allegations
that he had sexually abused her as a child. Later, in a meeting with a
therapist, the daughter confronted her mother with accusations of
physical abuse and of supporting the sexual abuse.
    The Johnsons denied the allegations and brought a third-party
medical malpractice claim against the psychotherapists for falsely
implanting the memory of abuse. They also sued the hospital for
failing to provide appropriate treatment for their daughter. The trial
court dismissed the complaints and the Johnsons appealed.
    Oral arguments for the Johnsons were given by William Smoler and
Gregory P. Seibold.
    Oral arguments for defendant Rogers Memorial Hospital were made by
Lori Gendelman; for defendant Kay Phillips by David E. McFarlane; and
for defendants Hollowell and Reisenauer by Mario D. Mendoza.

[1] Johnson v Rogers Memorial Hospital No. 98-0445, Wisc Ct. Appeals
    dist 4, July 13, 2000 (2000 Wisc. App. LEXIS 642). See FMSF
    Newsletters 2000 9(5) and 2001 10(1).
For a recent discussion of third-party suits see: Appelbaum, P.S.
    "Third-party suits against therapists in recovered-memory cases"
     Psychiatric Services, 52 (1), January 2001, p. 27, 28.

   _______________________________________________________________
   New York's Highest Court Allows Experts on Eyewitness Testimony
          People v. Lee  No. 57 Court of Appeals of New York
               2001 NY LEXIS 1061, May 8, 2001, Decided
The New York Court of Appeals, the state's highest court, joined the
federal courts and a handful of other states in enabling judges to
allow expert witnesses to testify about why eyewitnesses can be
unreliable. Until recently, most courts did not allow such testimony
claiming that it intruded on the sphere of the jury.
    Concern about eyewitness testimony has increased significantly
because of the fact that of the 86 people on death row who have
recently been exonerated by DNA evidence, eyewitness testimony played
a role in 46 of the convictions and was the entire prosecution case in
33 of them. Laurence Marshall, the legal director of the Center on
Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University Law School said,
"Juries think the most important factor in assessing witness
credibility is the witness's level of certainty. But we now know that
the amount of certainty is a function of witness personality, not
their credibility."
    H. Scott Wallace of the National Legal Aid and Defender
Association noted that "this ruling is immensely important in
confirming the major prong of the fallibility of the system."

Rovella, D.E., "Eyewitness testimony faces increasing criticism: New
    York high court Oks experts' challenges to truth of perception."
    National Law Journal, May 18, 2001.

                          _________________
                          UPDATES of cases:

WENATCHEE: Meredith Town has filed a claim seeking damages in excess
of $10 million from Chelan County. Former Wenatchee police officer Bob
Perez is one of the people named in the claim. in which Town said that
his civil rights were violated. Because his 1994 conviction was
vacated, he alleges that he was was illegally held in jail for six
years..[1]
    Pastor Roby Roberson has settled a civil rights lawsuit with
Chelan County. The lawsuit claimed that officials failed to protect
him from harm while he was incarcerated in the regional jail. The jail
no longer places people accused of sex crimes in the general inmate
population.[2]

[1] Gilstrap, K, "Another sex-case claim files," Wenatchee World, June
    21, 2001.
[2] Maher, S., "County Settles Roberson Litigation," Wenatchee World,
    May 17, 2001.

BENNETT BRAUN, M.D. has amended the lawsuit filed more than a year ago
in Illinois [1] against the insurance company, risk managers and
former defense attorneys in the case he says was settled against his
wishes. (Burgess v Braun) [2] He has now also named the American
Psychiatric Association and groups that administer the APA's liability
insurance program under which he was insured.
    Braun claims that his career was destroyed because the APA and its
insurance programs take actions that protect their own interests and
not those they represent in lawsuits. He believes that the $10.75
million settlement in 1997, made against his will, brought about the
loss of his practice, damage to his reputation and great economic
damage. His license to practice medicine was suspended for two years
and he was expelled from the Illinois Psychiatric Society and the
APA. A hearing is scheduled for October.
    Grinfeld, M. J., "Lawsuit Raises questions About APA Liability
       Insurance Program," Psychiatric Times XIV (1) January 2001.

[1] Case No. 99 L 06876).
[2] See FMSF Newsletter Vol 6 (11) Dec `97.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "The fact that we can remember something -- even have vivid and    |
| detailed memories for it -- carries no guarantee that we remember  |
| it accurately."                                                    |
|                 American Scientist, Vol. 88 Jan-Feb, 2000,  p. 88. |
|                              Review of The Science of Self-Report: |
|  Implications for Research and Practice" by Rebecca Sloan Slotnick |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                         REBIRTHING THERAPY:
                           The Money Trail
                            Jaye D. Bartha

Connell Watkins and Julie Ponder, the psychotherapists convicted of
reckless child abuse resulting in the death of Candace Newmaker, were
each given a minimum sentence of 16 years in a state prison on June
18, 2001. (See FMSF Newsletter 10(3) May/June 2001.)
    Candace's adoptive mother Jeane Newmaker, a pediatric nurse from
Raleigh, North Carolina, paid $7,000 to Connell Watkins and Associates
for a "Two Week Intensive" (Rebirthing, a form of Attachment Therapy)
in Evergreen, Colorado. Watkins, an unregistered and unlicensed
psychotherapist, designed a program to help adopted and foster-
children "bond" with their new parents. According to the Glascow
Herald, four other children have died in the last few years during
Attachment Therapy sessions: Viktor Matthey, age seven, in New Jersey
in 1999; David Polreis, age two, in Colorado in 1997; Lucas Ciambrone,
age seven, in Florida in 1997; and Crystal Ann Tibbets, age three, in
Utah in 1995.[1]
    I was able to attend most of the Watkins and Ponder trial. The
news reports of Candace's torture and death as shown on the video of
the last therapy session were not exaggerated. Given the real danger
of this unscientific therapy, I wondered if insurance or other third
parties would reimburse expenses. Public documents and court testimony
from the Watkins trial, unfortunately, provided little information.
    A flyer describing "Watkins' Two-Week Intensive Payment Policy"
states: "Due to the small nature of our agency, we do require payment
in full the first day of the intensive. We have to pay our independent
contractors that will be members of your treatment team and cannot
afford to wait for insurance payments or payments from state
agencies." [2]
    Connell Watkins had gained considerable status in North Carolina
as an "expert" in rebirthing therapy. Families with foster or adopted
children were being referred to Watkins and several made the 1,700
mile trip across country for help. Mike Kernodle, a North Carolina
Department of Juvenile Justice intake-counselor at a children's home,
testified that "foster kids" are partly funded by a "private parenting
group" which he did not specify.
    At the Watkins/Ponder sentencing hearing, Roxanne Bradley
testified for the defense that her adopted daughter had been
successfully treated by Connell Watkins in January 2000. Bradley
testified that she took her adopted daughter to more than eight
psychiatrists and psychotherapists before reaching Connell Watkins.
She said that Kaiser, her insurer, initially provided one year of
"talk therapy" which the mother found ineffective but Kaiser refused
to fund long-term attachment therapy.
    What source did Jeane Newmaker use to get $7,000 dollars to
rebirth her adoptive daughter? Are state agencies paying for foster
and adoptive children to be subjected to unscientific and unregulated
psychotherapies? Who runs the "private parenting group" in North
Carolina? Are insurance companies paying for rebirthing therapy like
they did for repressed memory therapy? What will be the long-term cost
to patients and their families this time?

[1] Reed, C. "The cuddles that kill..." Glascow Herald, June 21, 2001.
[2] The Two Week Intensive: Therapy for Families, by Connell Watkins &
    Associates at 28753 Meadow Dr., Evergreen, CO 80439.
    303-674-6860. [no date].

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| Since by definition "attachment" involves two people, there's      |
| something odd about the way reactive attachment disorder is        |
| identified as an illness of only one of them -- the one who's not  |
| paying the bills.                                                  |
|                                 Caldwell, C. : "Death by Therapy"  |
|                                     Weekly Standard, May 28, 2001. |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                    WHAT PARENTS CAN and CAN'T DO
                              Allen Feld

It seems fair to say that virtually all falsely accused parents would
like a retraction. They know that they did not commit the horrendous
crimes of which they are accused; they wish that the accusing
offspring would recognize the truth; they believe that family
reintegration is desirable and trust that it is possible.
    Past Newsletters have included letters from parents who are in
contact with an offspring who doesn't want to talk about the false
accusations. Some families inform us that they have reached a point
where a retraction, although desirable, is not necessary for their
happiness. Many others long for a retraction regardless of how strong
their desire for family reunification may be. Some parents adamantly
state that neither family reunification nor a relationship with the
accusing offspring is possible without a retraction. Perhaps a
retraction is evidence to them that the accuser's mental health is
improving.
    Most parents report unwavering support and a disbelief of the
accusations from their other children, key family members and friends.
Yet, to have those important supporters hear the news of the
retraction may be another indication that their support was not
misplaced. For some, a retraction may be a form of public vindication.
    Parents concede, at least intellectually, their inability to
control the situation or to create the circumstances that might lead
to a retraction. Yet for many, their self-definition of the parental
role may dwarf the awareness of their limited influence in these
unique circumstances.
    Even when parents may realize that they are unable to get a wanted
retraction, they still ask the following question: What can we do to
get a retraction or help our daughter (son) retract? Many parents
believe that there are particular actions or specific paths that may
lead to a retraction. I don't believe that anyone knows what steps
will assure retractions in a significant number of cases. Nor do I
believe that a course of action that seemed helpful in a particular
family should be assumed to be equally helpful with other families.
Such an effort may be justified, but those who follow a dictum such as
"We have nothing to lose" should be mindful that the effort includes
risk.
    Readers may recall newsletter articles or letters from retractors
and families about efforts made to "keep the door open" by sending
cards, notes, e-mail, gifts, etc. The accusing person came to
understand that the parents would welcome them back and forgive. Many
believe that some families have been able to create a climate
conducive to retracting or returning.
    But there is an opposite result of such efforts in other families
-- returned unopened letters, gifts and cards. Some families have
reported that they received notes demanding a stop to their letters
and cards and, at times, even threats of legal action. Again, what I
see is that efforts that seemed to have had a positive impact in some
families seemed, at least in the short term, to have made matters more
difficult in others.
    Some families have wanted to take action by having the FMS
Foundation intervene by sending certain articles to accusers. This
well-intentioned aim embraces the idea that the persons reading the
articles will discover the folly of their thinking and that they will
value the articles in the same way as the person sending them. Early
in the Foundation's existence, however, the decision was made not to
send unsolicited material in this way. Unsolicited mail to accusers is
inappropriate and commonly fraught with negative outcomes. We had
observed that when families sent such material on their own, it often
resulted in greater hostility and alienation.
    What I believe is common across the retracting experiences is that
the person who retracts is the one who makes a change. Without some
significant change in thinking by the accuser, a retraction seems
inconceivable to me. Typically the parents' main role in the
retraction process is being open to a return and finding ways to
communicate this willingness to their offspring.
    What the accusing offspring wishes in way of a relationship with
the family is at his or her discretion. A person must have some desire
to again be part of the family. Parents are only a part of a climate
that may support a person's decision to retract. Recognizing both
their opportunities and their limitations in dealing with their
falsely accusing adult offspring will serve parents well.

  Allen Feld is Director of Continuing Education for the FMS
  Foundation. He has retired from the faculty of the School of 
  Social Work at Marywood University in Pennsylvania.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "How does one measure the agony of being accused of sexually       |
| assaulting one's child, especially when that accusation is made by |
| the child herself and conveyed to her parents? Such accusations go |
| to their very being as parents. They cannot be certain what will   |
| come of the accusations. Will they be conveyed to other people?    |
| . . . [The parents] felt branded as sex offenders and lived in     |
| dread of further disclosures. It is very difficult to put a price  |
| upon such damages."                                                |
|                                            Judge Thomas H. Barland |
|                                June 7, 2001Wisconsin Circuit Court |
|                                         Sawyer v Midelfort 96CV381 |
|                  Memorandum Decision Deciding Post Verdict Motions |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
   A FEW CONCERNS ABOUT APPLYING the RESEARCH by ANDERSON and GREEN
                        August Piper, Jr. M.D.

University of Oregon investigators have supposedly discovered "an
unambiguous model for exploring memory repression": this from the
respected journal Nature. On March 15, the journal published a study
by Michael Anderson and Collin Green,[1] which shows, according to an
accompanying commentary,[2] that people can powerfully inhibit recall
of unwanted memories.
    Anderson and Green's participants first learned a list of pairs of
unrelated words (paired associates). The participants were then given
one of the words from a previously learned pair, and were asked either
1) to say aloud the associated word, or 2) to avoid thinking about it.
The investigators found, on later testing, that avoided words were
recalled more poorly than unavoided ones. Martin Conway, the Nature
commentator, claims "Anderson and Green have shown [in the laboratory]
that if a memory. . . associated with something familiar (here a word)
is actively avoided every time that familiar object is seen, then the
memory becomes repressed and the avoided item is later difficult to
remember".[2, p.319]
    As is often the case with research, the difficulties lie not so
much with the science as with the uses to which people put that
science. Here, in Conway's comments about repression, there lurks a
potential misapplication of Anderson and Green's science, a
misapplication important to anticipate and forestall. My concerns are
four:
    A:  Conway is correct in saying that Anderson and Green's work
lends support to Freud's original definition of repression. However,
his discussion is potentially misleading. It fails to discourage the
reader from assuming that because the Oregon experiments support the
way "repression" was used in the nineteenth century, the experiments
must therefore also support the kind of "repression" endorsed by
today's repressed-memory theorists and practitioners. But Conway's
discussion does not mention that, over the past two decades,
"repression" has come to be used in a way quite different from the way
Freud originally used the term.[3,4,5] He also does not mention that
today's heated controversy about "repressed" or "recovered" memories,
so familiar to readers of this newsletter, has little to do with the
way Freud used the term.
    Critical distinctions exist between the way "repression" was
originally used, and the way the word is used today. For Freud, and
the Oregon investigators, repression involved a deliberate,
controllable, targeted, and consciously-initiated inhibition: indeed,
Anderson and Green even entitled their paper "Suppressing unwanted
memories by executive control." But today's repressed-memory theorists
and practitioners unquestionably do not believe that repression
operates through this kind of deliberate, willed process. Rather, for
these modern proponents, repression functions like a circuit breaker
-- operating immediately, automatically, and without conscious intent.
[3,4,6-9] Furthermore, it supposedly operates by a wholesale
uncontrolled sweeping of whole blocks of memories into a kind of "deep
freeze." These proponents believe this process causes adults
traumatized as children to recall nothing of years or even decades of
their lives.[3-5,7,9]
    It should be clear, then, that this concept -- so-called "robust"
repression [3,5] -- that is endorsed by today's proponents bears next
to no resemblance to the original nineteenth-century concept.
Therefore, no matter how much Anderson and Green's work may support
Freud's original concept, it must in no sense be read as providing
support for today's repressed-memory theories or practices.
    B:  Conway suggests that the Oregon investigators' results may
explain how repression operates in children who have been victims of
maltreatment. This suggestion seems seriously flawed. Are three-year-
olds, say, likely to initiate the kind of willed and deliberate
repression envisioned by Anderson and Green? Are young children likely
to have the conceptual, cognitive, and attentional abilities needed to
"adapt their patterns of thought [by using] executive control
processes"? [1, p.368] McGinn says it well:

  Children are supposed by Freud to be particularly adroit at this
  operation of repression. But why can they achieve easily what I am
  unable to bring about as an adult? Am I not usually more in control
  of my mental life than a mere child? I have forgotten much that I
  once knew, but I have to report that I don't know of a single desire
  or memory I have ever repressed, in Freud's sense. [Nor is there]
  evidence, either from manifest gaps in my memory or from the
  testimony of other people, than any such motivated forgetting has
  occurred in me.[9, p.22]

    C:  Anderson and Green are quite clear that the process they call
suppression "pushes unwanted memories out of consciousness".[1, p.368]
But if we consider suppression to be an active, intentional process,
what should we call the passive unintentional one?
    These two investigators seem to believe it should be called
repression. They write, "Inhibition may be sustained without any
intention of avoiding the unwanted memory. . . [providing] a viable
model for repression".[1, p.368] Suppose, however, that all such
unintentional processes were, in fact, considered signs of repression.
All forgetting would then have to be considered to result from
repression -- surely not a position anyone would wish to endorse or
defend.
    D:  Conway alludes to two major pillars of present-day repressed-
memory theories and therapies: first, that amnesia regularly occurs
after childhood trauma, usually sexual abuse: and second, that the
amnesia results from the trauma: the amnesia supposedly functions to
keep painful memories out of awareness.
    But these pillars rest on shaky ground indeed. Pope and others
have convincingly argued that as of 2000, no properly-designed studies
had ever demonstrated evidence for post-traumatic repression (also
known as dissociative or psychogenic amnesia). [10,11,12] As of June
2001, I am unaware that any studies refuting this argument have since
been published.
    Moreover, the unmodified and unelaborated term "sexual abuse"
fails to precisely specify the nature of the victim's mistreatment.
The expression, without further specification, is therefore
meaningless from a scientific standpoint. In addition, the term's
vagueness is compounded by its prejudicial qualities. The reader who
encounters "sexual abuse" tends to assume that it denotes some
violent, aggressive act -- such as intercourse with a struggling child
-- highly likely to cause significant and immediate pain.
    In fact, however, many events rightfully considered examples of
sexual abuse are not physically painful; they should thus not be
considered traumatic in the sense of inducing immediate distress. For
example, in about a third of the cases in Williams' study,[13] the
child had been subjected to nothing more painful that touching and
simple fondling. (It goes without saying, of course, that to say
"nothing more painful than" is in no way to excuse or justify
inappropriately touching children). As Finkelhor notes,

  Much sexual abuse does not occur under conditions of danger,
  threat, and violence. [Rather,] many abusers, misusing their
  authority, or manipulating moral standards, act with the child's
  trust. Sometimes the fact of having been abused is recognized only
  in retrospect as children learn more about appropriate conduct.
  [14, p.328]

    The discussion above helps one understand the logic of one of Pope
and colleagues' requirements for a scientifically sound study that
purports to provide evidence for trauma-induced repression.[10,11]
These writers require any such study to demonstrate that the trauma
experienced by the victim was too severe to simply be forgotten.
    And finally, the discussion above helps one understand another
criticism of repressed-memory theory: if repression keeps painful
memories out of consciousness, then why would anyone need to repress
the memory of a non-painful touch? To believe that a young child would
repress the memory of such a contact requires a highly dubious
assumption -- namely, that the child would have internalized a
sophisticated analysis of such a contact. In other words, in order to
need to repress the memory, the child would have to be able to
understand that the touch was an illicit sexual contact, and that
society condemns those who initiate such contacts.
    I hope these concerns help to forestall any misapplication of
Anderson and Green's interesting work.

[1] Anderson, M. C., & Green, C. Suppressing unwanted memories by
    executive control. Nature 410, 366-369 (2001).
[2] Conway, M.A. Repression revisited. Nature 410, 319-320 (2001).
[3] Ofshe, R., & Singer, M.T. Recovered-memory therapy and robust
    repression: Influence and pseudomemories. International J Clin.
    Exp. Hypnosis 42, 391-410 (1994).
[4] Crews, F. The revenge of the repressed. New York Review of Books
    XLI, 54-60 (November 17, 1994).
[5] Ofshe, R., & Watters, E. Making Monsters (Scribner's, New York,
    1994).
[6] Bass, E., & Davis, L. The Courage to Heal (Harper and Row, New
    York, 1988).
[7] Fredrickson, R. Repressed Memories: A Journal to recovery from
    sexual abuse (Simon and Schuster, New York, 1992).
[8] Herman, J. Trauma and Recovery (Basic Books, New York, 1992).
[9] McGinn, C. Freud Under Analysis. New York Review of Books XLVI,
    20-24 (November 4, 1999).
[10] Pope, H.G., Olivia, P.S., & Hudson, J.I. The scientific status of
    research on repressed memories. In: Modern Scientific Evidence:
    The Law and Science of Expert Testimony (eds Faigman, D. L. Kaye,
    D. H., Saks, M. J. & Sanders, J. 115-155, West Group, St. Paul,
    MN 1999).
[11] Pope, H.G., Hudson, J.I., Bodkin, J.A., & Olivia, P.S.
    Questionable validity of "dissociative amnesia" in trauma
    victims. Brit . J.  Psychiat. 172, 210-215 (1998).
[12] Piper, A. T. Jr., Pope, H.G. Jr., & Borowiecki, J. J. Custer's
    last stand: Brown, Scheflin, and Whitfield's latest attempt to
    salvage "dissociative amnesia." J. Psychiat. Law 28, 149-213
    (2000).
[13] Williams, L.M. Recall of childhood trauma: A prospective study of
    women's memories of child sexual abuse.  J. Consult. Clin.
    Psychol. 62, 1167-1176 (1994).
[14] Finkelhor, D. Early and long-term effects of child sexual abuse:
   An update. Prof. Psychol. Research Pract. 21, 325-330 (1990).

  August Piper Jr., M.D., is the author of Hoax and Reality: The
  Bizarre World of Multiple Personality Disorder. He is in private
  practice in Seattle and is a member of the FMSF Scientific Advisory
  Board.
 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|           Examples of Recovered Memory Proponent Beliefs           |
|                                                                    |
| "If you still have a hard time believing a survivor even though    |
| you want to, look at your own history for signs that you yourself  |
| may have been abused and are in denial (an unconscious defense     |
| mechanism that enables us to block out of our memory events that   |
| are traumatic or unpleasant).                                      |
|     "People in denial about their own experience of sexual abuse   |
| often have the hardest time believing the disclosures of others."  |
|                              Engel, B., Partners in Recovery" 1991 |
|                               Fawcett Columbine: New York, page 55 |
|                                                                    |
| "Many will go through a period of mourning as they give up the     |
| fantasy that they had a "normal" childhood and that their parents  |
| loved and protected them."                                         |
|                              Engel, B., Partners in Recovery" 1991 |
|                               Fawcett Columbine: New York, page 36 |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S
                             ___________
                             The Silence
One year after my dear husband's death, our accusing daughter, from
whom we had not heard for 14 years, sent me a condolence card writing
that she hoped I had found peace since my loss.
    I debated about responding, but finally wrote a short note of
appreciation and expressed hope that we might correspond occasionally.
Seven months of silence have followed. But I still treasure that tiny
expression of compassion.
                                                                 A Mom
                           _______________
                           A Fiance's Help
Our daughter responded to a phone call her mother made to her in 1994,
even though no attempt had been made to call her during the previous
three and a half years. It was strictly God's timing, for our daughter
said, "I tried calling you last week." It was as if we had spoken only
yesterday! She did say in that conversation, "I feel as if I need to
say `I'm sorry'!"
    She left her therapist when she realized her life was going no
place. She had a relationship with her after terminating therapy, but
realized that the therapist had more problems than she did.
    Her future husband came into her life and upon hearing her story,
said to her, "Your family is not like that! You have to go back to
them." She and her fiance visited. It was only `social' but just so
good to see her and begin the process of reentering.
    She came home by herself several months later. She told us what
she had been through -- with tears. Her dad said, "Now you need to
hear what we went through." She wept and said, "I'm so sorry."
    She is again part of the family. Her three siblings have taken
much longer to find their relationship with her and that is still in
progress.
                                                         A Mom and Dad
                            ______________
                            Reconciliation
My other two children and I (the accused) kept in touch with each
other and they kept in touch with the accuser. Eventually my daughter
began calling me. I did not mention the accusations and let her
reunite with me in her own time. We finally began having family
gatherings which she attended. We just did not mention the past and
eventually she began doing things to let me know she knew the
accusations had been false. For example she asked me if I wanted my
granddaughter to spend the night with me... a way of letting me know
she trusted me.
                                                                 A Mom
                             ____________
                             Just in Time
My husband was diagnosed with cancer in November 1997. We were unaware
that the sister-in-law who had remained in touch with our daughter had
told her of her dad's illness.
    In early January 1999 we received a phone call from our daughter
expressing her concern over "Dad's" illness. Not a thing was mentioned
of the family situation. After the call I asked my husband what he
would say if she called again and asked to visit. He said he would
reply: "When are you coming?" He had made peace and forgiven his
daughter for her heinous accusations.
    Two weeks later she called with a request to come to see him. She
and the one of four brothers who had believed her spent one day at
home. They talked briefly with their father, his physical condition
did not warrant a longer conversation.
    Five days after their visit Bob died. When informed of his death
she indicated that she did not wish to come for the funeral, but the
night before the burial she called and changed her mind. She became
very upset, crying like a baby, when no arrangements could be made to
get her here in time. She later told me that she was so emotionally
upset that she could not work for a week. Was this all a result of
remorse or guilt?
    The accusing daughter and son have remained in close contact with
our family although my younger daughter is yet unable to forgive what
they did to her dad. No mention of the accusations has ever been made
by either of them. I think I have forgiven both, but I still feel
resentment when either comes to visit and behaves as though nothing
had ever happened to disrupt this family.
    I am still in a dilemma: Do I try to initiate a dialogue with the
possibility of reopening this conflict or do I remain quiet and hope
that someday my daughter will retract and my son will realize and
express his error in judgment? One of my daily prayers is that I live
long enough to see my daughter come to her senses.
    Thank you FMSF for making this terrible family crisis understood
world wide, for helping those of us involved in this situation realize
that we were not alone, and for all others areas in which your
organization has assisted accused family members. I will continue to
support you as long as I am able.
                                                                 A Mom
                            ______________
                            Safe Not Sorry
I continue to be amazed at the number of families who have written
that they have taken their returner daughters and sons back without a
retraction of the false charges. Neither my wife nor I will ever
associate with our daughters without a retraction. This is not for
reasons of ego but of self-preservation.
    It has been nine years now and the legal clock has tolled. Without
a retraction, contact risks the possibility of renewed charges and the
potential for lawsuits, criminal charges, etc. Unlikely? Well, I
didn't think the original charges were likely.
    She's not seeing her therapist anymore. But what if she makes new
mistakes or life goes wrong again and she needs reassurance that "it's
not her fault" and she goes back. What if she gets mad at me and takes
the grandchildren to her therapist? No thanks!
    Sure we miss our daughters and grandchildren, but after nine years
we have made a new life with our other children and we are not about
to place our life or freedom in jeopardy for anyone unwilling to face
reality and behave as a responsible adult.
    Your returning child is still that -- a child who is still
unwilling to take adult responsibility for his/her actions. Still more
interested in not accepting blame than on admitting mistakes and
easing your pain. In addition, as long as they continue to act as
self-centered children blaming others for things gone wrong in their
lives, you continue to be at risk of new charges stemming from the
"it's not my fault" syndrome.
    Those of you who have accepted unrepentant returners better make
sure you are never alone with either your children or grandchildren.
You might also question the motive behind this return without
explanation or apology. Could it be financial? You are now 5 to 15
years older and that much closer to the inheritance thing than when
the charges were first made. Ask your child if you can set up a legal
plan to live with them in case of debilitating illness, inability to
live alone or widowhood. Their response may tell you a lot.
    I hope and pray you are not disappointed. But as for us, we'd
rather be safe than sorry!
                                                                 A Dad
                     ____________________________
                     The Courage to Heal -- Again
When one of our Minnesota group members was a patient at the Mayo
clinic in Rochester a few months ago, she informed us that The Courage
to Heal was on the shelves of their Patient Education Center. My
husband and I wrote immediately to the Clinic and pointed out 1) that
the presence of this book on their shelves gave it credibility, 2)
that the book recommends making important life decisions based upon
retrieving "repressed memories," 3) that there are no valid scientific
studies to support the recommendations in this book, 4) that the
authors have no mental health professional credentials, and 5) that
the book has harmed many families.
    We received a prompt response thanking us for pointing out the
problems and informing us that the book was removed.
                                                      Minnesota Member
                           _______________
                           Changed Opinion
In the May/June newsletter there was a question about why siblings who
supported the accusers have returned. In my case, my other two
returned after three years when the accuser started revealing how her
parents were heavily into satanic rituals that she was just
remembering -- something to do with animal blood,etc.
    Another reason for returning may have been when the accuser
started attacking almost every member of their family. The parents
okay, but the entire clan? They weren't buying it!
    And yet another reason is the media's expose of the FMS insanity.
Friends and relatives have likely informed the siblings even if they
hadn't heard or seen the information. Exposure to the facts can break
the spell of misguided loyalty.
                                                                 A Mom
                               _______
                               No Hope
Our daughter suffered from a pancreas problem and had been completely
alcohol free for 8 years when she had a relapse in 1989. At this same
time she "discovered" she was gay and has been sharing her life with a
very nice woman with whom she seems happy. Her father and I are very
accepting of this and thankful she has found contentment in her new
life. She knows we feel this way. I mention all this because I have
always thought her difficulty in accepting her homosexuality probably
played a big part in her repressed memories. I would be interested to
know if there is any correlation between homosexuality and repressed
memories.
    I have sadly given up much hope of reconciling. She resists us
completely. We have six children and eight grandchildren so in many
ways we are blessed. But you really never get over the loss of a
beloved child, especially in such a terrible way.
                                                                 A Mom
                          __________________
                          A Wonderful Letter
One day eleven years ago, our daughter suddenly presented her vague
"you did horrible things to me... stay away from me and my children"
letter to us. She did withdraw totally and told our two grandchildren
(aged nine and eleven) never to talk with us again. (This is after we
had been with them from the time they were born and helped to raise
them.) They were, of course, greatly confused and hurt.
    Their father, who was divorced, defied their mother for the
benefit of the children and brought them over to visit us often and
for all the traditional family holidays.
    We made a policy of never berating nor talking against their
mother and they never commented to us about the situation. It was as
though we all understood the "taboo" so we just never talked about
it. We never really knew how our grandchildren felt about the
situation.
    Then, a few months ago, out of the clear blue sky we received a
letter from the granddaughter who was nine when all this started. She
expressed her feelings, and since so many newsletter readers have
grandchildren, we would like to share this with you.

  Dear Grandma and Grandad,

  I want to tell you two how much I appreciate and love you both. When
  I was younger, I remember spending the night at your house. I
  remember loving to be ornery to get a funny face from my grandma and
  a laugh from my grandad. Those were some of my best times.

  I never expected things would end up the way they did with my mom.
  For years, I imagined us all being one big happy family again. For a
  long time I was confused. I was also very angry that such a loving
  bond could be broken so quickly. If it wasn't for Dad stepping in, I
  don't know how things would have ended up....Thank you two for
  keeping your arms open to him...Throughout the whole ordeal, I want
  to thank you for loving my brother and me. Nor, did you talk bad
  about my mother. I know you love her. Those actions mean more to me
  than words ever could...

  I want you to know that you two mean so much to me and that I love
  you. I am extremely thankful two caring and loving people are part
  of my life.
                                                                  Love

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|                               Needed                               |
|                    Authors to write new books:                     |
|                                                                    |
| "THE COURAGE TO LEARN:" - an expose of the horrors of Recovered    |
| Memory Therapy. Useful for parents, families, returners,           |
| recanters, colleges, psychotherapists, and the general public.     |
|                                                                    |
| "THE COURAGE TO UNDERSTAND:" - a book that endeavors to provide    |
| strategies for the reconciliation of adult children and their      |
| families, people who have been divided and devastated by the       |
| insanity of Recovered Memory therapy.                              |
|                                                              A Mom |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
*                           N O T I C E S                            *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                          You Are Invited                           *
*                   ILLINOIS-WISCONSIN FMS SOCIETY                   *
*                              Meeting                               *
*                                                                    *
*                     Saturday October 13, 2001                      *
*                          1:00PM - 5:00PM                           *
*                       Bloomington, Illinois                        *
*                                                                    *
*                     KAREN and CHARLES JOHNSON                      *
*                  "History of 3rd-Party Lawsuits"                   *
*                                                                    *
*                     KEN MERLINO, FMS attorney                      *
*                       "Current Litigation in                       *
*                        Illinois and Texas"                         *
*                                                                    *
*                   For information: 847-827-1056                    *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                        NEW YORK/NEW JERSEY                         *
*                              Meeting                               *
*                           July 24, 2001                            *
*                  For details, contact Michael at                   *
*                           212-481-6655 .                           *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                       MANUFACTURING VICTIMS:                       *
*          What the Psychology Industry is Doing to People           *
*                           by TANA DINEEN                           *
*                                                                    *
*                       2nd edition sold out!                        *
*   New revised and updated 3rd edition, 2001, is available in the   *
*          U.S. at Barnes & Noble and in Canada at Borders.          *
*                                                                    *
*   Dineen writes: "Psychology presents itself as a concerned and    *
*   caring profession working for the good of its clients, but the   *
*  effects are damaged people, divided families, distorted justice,  *
*            destroyed companies and a weakened nation."             *
*                                                                    *
*       For more information about Manufacturing Victims visit       *
*                       http://tanadineen.com                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                                FREE                                *
*             "Recovered Memories: Are They Reliable?"               *
*     Call or write the FMS Foundation for pamphlets. Be sure to     *
*     include your address and the number of pamphlets you need.     *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                       SMILING THROUGH TEARS                        *
*                 Pamela Freyd and Eleanor Goldstein                 *
*                 Upton Books ISBN No 9-89777.125.7                  *
*                               $14.95                               *
*                                                                    *
* Over 125 cartoons by more than 65 cartoonists lead the way through *
* a description of the complex web of psychological and social       *
* elements that have nurtured the recovered memory movement.  Ask    *
* your bookstore to order the book or call 1-800-232-7477.           *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                          ESTATE  PLANNING                          *
*                 If you have questions about how to                 *
*             include the FMSF in your estate planning,              *
*               contact Charles Caviness 800-289-9060.               *
*            (Available 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific time.)            *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                         www.francefms.com                          *
*                      French language website                       *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.StopBadTherapy.com                       *
*      Contains phone numbers of professional regulatory boards      *
*                          in all 50 states                          *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.afma.asn.au                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.bfms.org.uk                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/retractor                     *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*                  www.geocities.com/therapyletters                  *
*             This site is run by Deb David (retractor)              *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm                  *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*               www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories               *
*                   Having trouble locating books                    *
*               about the recovered memory phenomenon?               *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*                                                                    *
*                       religioustolerance.org                       *
*               Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse               *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/newcosanz/                    *
*                       Netherlands FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.werkgroepwfh.nl                         *
*                       New Zealand FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                          www.findlaw.com                           *
*                        www.legalengine.com                         *
*                          www.accused.com                           *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                           DID YOU MOVE?                            *
*        Do you have a new area code? Remember to inform the         *
*                        FMSF Business Office                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
               _____________________________________
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:
_____________
UNITED STATES

ALABAMA
  Montgomery
        Marge 334-244-7891
ALASKA
  Kathleen 907-337-7821
ARIZONA
  Phoenix
        Pat 480-396-9420
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
CALIFORNIA
  Sacramento
        Joanne & Gerald 916-933-3655
  San Francisco & North Bay - (bi-MO)
        Gideon 415-389-0254 or
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-245-4493
  East Bay Area - (bi-MO)
        Judy 925-376-8221
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 714-733-2925
  Covina Area - 1st Mon. (MO) @7:30pm
        Floyd & Libby 626-330-2321
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 619-941-4816
COLORADO
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
CONNECTICUT
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
FLORIDA
  Dade/Broward
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Sarasota
        Francis & Sally 941-342-8310
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 813-856-7091
GEORGIA
  Atlanta 
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
HAWAII
  Carolyn 808-261-5716
ILLINOIS
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
  Peoria
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
INDIANA
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Nickie 317-471-0922; fax 317-334-9839
        Pat 219-489-9987
IOWA
  Des Moines - 1st Sat. (MO) @11:30 am Lunch
        Betty & Gayle 515-270-6976
KANSAS
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
KENTUCKY
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
MAINE
  Rumbold
        Carolyn 207-942-8473
  Protland - 4th Sun.(MO)
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
MICHIGAN
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge 616-383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-8119
MINNESOTA 
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
MISSOURI
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  St. Louis Area  -  call for meeting time
        Karen 314-432-8789
  Springfield - 4th Sat. Apr,Jul,Oct @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
MONTANA
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
NEW HAMPSHIRE
  Mark 802-872-8439
NEW JERSEY 
  Southern
        Sally 609-927-5343
  Northern
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
NEW MEXICO
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
NEW YORK 
  Manhattan
        Michael 212-481-6655
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
NORTH CAROLINA
  Susan 704-538-7202
OHIO
  Cincinnati
        Bob 513-541-0816 or 513-541-5272
  Cleveland
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
OKLAHOMA
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
  Tulsa
        Jim 918-297-7719
OREGON
  Portland area
        Kathy 503-557-7118
PENNSYLVANIA
  Harrisburg
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
  Pittsburgh
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
  Montrose
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
TENNESSEE
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
TEXAS 
    Houston
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-591-0271
UTAH
        Keith 801-467-0669
VERMONT 
        Mark 802-872-8439
VIRGINIA
        Sue 703-273-2343
WISCONSIN
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
_____________
INTERNATIONAL

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Ruth 604-925-1539
  Victoria & Vancouver Island - 3rd Tues. (MO) @7:30pm
        John 250-721-3219
MANITOBA
        Roma 240-275-5723
ONTARIO, CANADA 
  London -2nd Sun (bi-MO)
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
  Ottawa
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Warkworth
        Ethel 705-924-2546
  Burlington
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
  Waubaushene
        Paula 705-543-0318
QUEBEC, CANADA 
  St. Andre Est.
        Mavis 450-537-8187
AUSTRALIA
  Roger: Phone & Fax 352-897-9282
ISRAEL
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax-(972) 2-625-9282 
NETHERLANDS
  Task Force FMS of Werkgroep Fictieve 
  Herinneringen
        Anna (31) 20-693-5692
NEW ZEALAND
        Colleen (09) 416-7443
SWEDEN
        Ake Moller FAX (48) 431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline (44) 1225 868-682
      __________________________________________________________
      Deadline for the September/October Newsletter is August 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    and should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                         pjf@cis.upenn.edu                          |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
**********************************************************************
  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its 
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no 
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.
**********************************************************************

Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,          July 1, 2001

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,
PA;  TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D.,  Clinical  and  Forensic  Psychology,
Sterling Heights, MI;  ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D.,  Rush  Presbyterian
St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL; JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University
of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wiscon-
sin, Madison, WI; FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California,
Berkeley,  CA;  ROBYN M. DAWES,  Ph.D.,  Carnegie  Mellon  University,
Pittsburgh,  PA;  DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D.,  University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, PA; HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D.,  University  of  New  Mexico,
Albuquerque, NM; FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medi-
cal School,  Boston MA;  GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D.,  Emory University of
Medicine,  Atlanta,  GA;  MARTIN GARDNER,  Author, Hendersonville, NC;
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D.,  Rutgers  University, New  Brunswick, NJ;  HENRY
GLEITMAN, Ph.D.,  University of Pennsylvania,  Philadelphia, PA;  LILA
GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; RICHARD
GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;  DAVID A. HALPERIN,
M.D.,  Mount Sinai School of Medicine,  New York, NY;  ERNEST HILGARD,
Ph.D.,  Stanford University,  Palo Alto, CA;  JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA
Medical School, Los Angeles, CA; DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of
Kansas,  Lawrence, KS;  PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D.,  Harvard University,
Cambridge,  MA;  ROBERT A. KARLIN,  Ph.D.,   Rutgers  University,  New 
Brunswick, NJ;  HAROLD LIEF, M.D.,  University of Pennsylvania, Phila-
delphia,  PA;  ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of Washington, Sea-
tle, WA; SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati,
OH; PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; HAROLD
MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;  SPENCER
HARRIS  MORFIT,  Author,  Westford, MA;  ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell
University, Ithaca, N.Y.; RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of Califor-
nia, Berkeley, CA;  EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvan-
ia, Philadelphia, PA; MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased)  University
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D.,Oregon Health
Sciences  University, Portland , OR;  CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., Concordia 
University, Montreal, Canada;  MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian 
University, Ontario, Canada;  AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D.,  Harvard Medical School,  Boston, MA;  JAMES
RANDI,  Author and Magician,  Plantation, FL;  HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III,
Ph.D.,  Washington  University,  St. Louis, MO;  CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D.,
Loyola University, Chicago, IL;  THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of
California, Santa Cruz, CA;  THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., Indiana Univers-
ity,  Bloomington, IN;  MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C,
D.O.M., Center for Psychosocial &  Traumatic Stress,  Pretoria,  South
Africa;  MARGARET  SINGER, Ph.D.,  University of California, Berkeley,
CA; RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State  University  Law  School, 
Detroit, MI; DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center,
Piscataway, NJ;  JEFFREY  VICTOR, Ph.D.,  Jamestown Community College,
Jamestown, NY;  HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A.,  Institute  of  Psychological
Therapies, Northfield, MN;  CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D.  Baylor Uni-
versity, Waco, TX.

**********************************************************************
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Professional - Includes Newsletter       $125_______

Family - Includes Newsletter             $100_______

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______________________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________________
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(_____)_____________________________(_____)___________________________
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