FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - September/October 2000 - Vol. 9, No. 5, HTML version


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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
September/October 2000  Vol. 9 No. 5
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ISSN #1069-0484.           Copyright (c) 2000  by  the  FMS Foundation
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    The FMSF Newsletter  is published 6 times a year by the  False
    Memory  Syndrome  Foundation.  A hard-copy subscription is in-
    cluded in membership fees (to join, see last page). Others may
    subscribe  by  sending  a  check  or  money  order, payable to 
    FMS Foundation, to the address below. 2000 subscription rates:
    USA:  $30,  Student  $15;  Canada:  $35,  Student $20 (in U.S. 
    dollars); Foreign: $40, Student  $20; Single issue price:  $3. 
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
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IN THIS ISSUE:
  Dawes
    Legal Corner                           The next issue 
      Feld                                will be combined
       Williams                           November/December
         From Our Readers
           Bulletin Board
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                     PLEASE NOTE OUR NEW ADDRESS:
                          1955 Locust Street
                     Philadelphia, PA  19103-5766

                        AND NEW PHONE NUMBERS
                          215-940-1040 phone
                           215-940-1042 fax

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Dear Friends,

As many of you who tried to reach the Foundation in late July
discovered, we were unreachable. Frustratingly, telephone service was
delayed for almost a week after our move. We apologize for any
difficulties you may have experienced.
    We are now up-and-running in our lovely new offices, occasionally
even taking time to have a sandwich lunch in Rittenhouse Square while
trying to hold on to the the rapidly waning summer. Unfortunately, we
appear to have lost our bookkeeper somewhere in the move, but we
anticipate that business will continue smoothly as we look for a
replacement. Thank you for your patience.
    Along with the physical move, the Foundation has also been moving
in the direction of the internet. According to Greg Louis, who so
generously manages our site, the Foundation web site receives an
average of 300 "hits" a day. A large number of these "hits" come from
sources that are hosts to many computers so the actual number is
likely much higher. We are aware of school students who have been
given the site for their research. Developing resources for our web
site must be a priority in the next year.
    The FMS front has been relatively quiet during the summer. In the
area of research, the August 17 issue of Nature contains a very
important article about the instability of long-term memories of
fearful events. At this time, it is indisputable that long-term
memories can be easily altered or disrupted. (See below.) This
information, however, is lost on psychologist John Read from New
Zealand who has led a protest about the invitation of Elizabeth Loftus
to be a featured speaker at the annual New Zealand Psychological
Society meeting. Read declined an invitation to respond to Loftus and
resigned his position in the society as a protest. It seems a time
warp. (See below.)
    In the legal area, there have been two appellate decisions again
demonstrating the difficulty for parents to find some sort of
accountability in the courts. The bright news is that the tables have
turned in Wenatchee and many of those formerly imprisoned are now
holding the city and the department of child welfare accountable.
Readers will be glad to learn that a hearing has been scheduled in
September by the Massachusetts Advisory Board of Pardons to discuss
Gerald Amirault's request to have his sentence commuted. (See Legal
Corner.)
    The happiest news of the summer, however, has been the flow of
letters from parents describing the return of their children. How did
this happen? Parents provide three different explanations in the
letters "From Our Readers." These letters, and the many others that do
not appear in the newsletter, point to the desperate need for research
in this area. What can be learned from families in the process of
reconnecting that could be helpful to other families? What can be done
to ease the paths for siblings who are resentful of the returner
because of the hurt caused to the parents? What is it possible to do
beyond what we have been doing to speed up the return of alienated
offspring?
    The Foundation is still here because there are still important
jobs to finish. We look forward to continuing to work with you to
accomplish what needs to be done.
                                                                PAMELA
                  +-------------------------------+
                  | PLEASE NOTE OUT NEW ADDRESS:  |
                  |      1955 Locust Street       |
                  | Philadelphia, PA  19103-5766  |
                  |                               |
                  |    AND NEW PHONE NUMBERS      |
                  |      215-940-1040 phone       |
                  |       215-940-1042 fax        |
                  +-------------------------------+

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       EVERYDAY IRRATIONALITY: HOW PSEUDO-SCIENTISTS, LUNATICS,
        AND THE REST OF US SYSTEMATICALLY FAIL TO BE RATIONAL,
                Westview Press (to appear Spring 2001)

                            by ROBYN DAWES

                     With this Newsletter issue,
  we begin a serialization of a chapter from Robyn Dawes' new book.
                  SEXUAL ABUSE HYSTERIA (CHAPTER 9)

I begin this chapter by discussing a hypothetical nightmare. It is
absurd. Nonetheless, the logic contained in it has led to some very
real nightmares -- especially for those accused on irrational bases of
having sexually abused young children. In fact the irrationality and
false beliefs illustrated in my hypothetical nightmare have resulted
in a new form of horror that compliments the horror of actual child
sexual abuse. That new form consists of widespread accusations, and
occasional convictions, based on "expert" advice and testimony that
often follow the simple principles of irrational probabilistic
inference discussed elsewhere in this book.
    Such irrational accusations are often justified in terms of a
"natural" overzealousness resulting from our "increased awareness" of
the prevalence of child sexual abuse -- an awareness that has "let the
pendulum swing just a bit too far." Subsequently, the concern about
this irrationality is often ascribed to a vague "backlash."
    Irrationality and false beliefs are, however, unrelated to issues
of real child sexual abuse. In fact, by clouding the whole issue with
destructive nonsense, this recent irrationality may actually obstruct
the clear understanding of true sexual abuse, an understanding that is
necessary in order to diminish its extent. Unsupported accusations do
not involve "two wrongs making a right," because they have virtually
nothing to do with punishing real abusers. They are indeed related to
"vigilante justice" -- but only to that justice when the vigilante
determines who is guilty on the basis of ouija boards and tarot card
readings.
    But let me return to my nightmare. My hypothetical nightmare is
based on an actual one I had as a child. My father and my great-uncle
and I are walking along a dirt road by Lake Winnipesaukee to view the
sunset across the long strip of that lake. When I look down, there are
hundreds of toy cars swarming at out feet. They are all driven by
puppet-like rats, reminiscent of the type of rats in animated versions
of the Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite. Still being a very small boy
(two or three -- I can't remember which -- at the time my great aunt
and uncle visited us at Lake Winnipesaukee), I ask my father to carry
me on one of his shoulders. He does, and I look away from the swarm of
little cars with rats beneath us. The problem is, however, that if I
do not stare at them they become larger and larger. So I have to keep
looking. In contrast to my obsession with the little cars and their
occupants, and my fear of them, both my father and my great-uncle
appear totally unconcerned. They are talking about the beauty of the
sunset and about whether it is time to turn around and walk back to
the cabin. I desperately want them to go back. But I didn't talk much
anyway at that point in my life, so I don't express my fear to them.
    When I tell my therapist about this dream, she appears to be
intrigued by it. She asks me many times for the details I can recall
and ends her inquiry each time with a reminder I associated the rats
with bedtime and sleeping (unsurprisingly, given they occurred in a
dream). Concerning what I originally thought was an unrelated issue,
she also questions me about being a late talker. Wasn't it true that I
understood what other people were saying perfectly well when I was two
years old? (Yes.) So might not there have been some element of choice
in my not talking at all until I was almost three and then not much
until well past my third birthday? (Yes, I suppose that there could
be.)
    It takes her a while to suggest it. "Have you considered the
possibility that the rats were not part of the dream but real -- real
rats sacrificed somewhere in a ritual and then placed in the bottom of
your bed to terrify you?" "And could your late talking have resulted
from swearing you to secrecy once you found out about such rituals?
And threatening you with great physical harm if you ever told anyone?
    I know better than to say "that's absurd" to someone who's trained
in Freudian analysis, because such a therapist will simply interpret
such an assertion as confirmation of whatever is proposed. So instead
I try humor. "You mean I was afraid to let the rat out of the bag, so
to speak?"
    My therapist does not laugh. Instead she points out how often it
is that I try to use humor as a defense mechanism supporting denial.
But then the very next session she returns to the rats in the bed. "I
want you to try to imagine very vividly what the rats would have
looked like -- if, of course, they were actually there in your bed." I
describe gray and white rats with their throats slit and a deep knife
wound in their chest clear down through their sex organs. I don't
imagine blood on the bed, just on the rats -- which my therapist
points out would occur only if the rats had been sacrificed sometime
earlier. We spend about ten minutes of several sessions with my
imagining in a more and more vivid way what the rats may have looked
like at the bottom of my bed.
    Finally, I confess that the image is now extraordinarily
compelling. I see it in every detail, in Technicolor. Moreover, I do
not see myself in the image (which would be a cue that memory is
reconstructed -- given that we do not view ourselves in our actual
daily activities). I just see the rats, dead, with these pink outlines
of the blood where they had been slit from neck to anus. After several
sessions of such guided imagery, my therapist tells me that I am
psychologically ready to face facts. "Every experience we've had --
even as very young children -- is stored in specific neurons somewhere
in our brain. Experiences that we have not had cannot be stored that
way; consequently it is not possible to imagine vividly something that
didn't occur. If you think it might have happened, and you can imagine
it vividly, it happened." I think it is unlikely, but I know that if
therapy is to benefit me, I must "believe the therapist." I find it
particularly odd that my great-uncle Charlie should be involved, given
that he was the most conservative member of my extended family -- in
fact, the only Republican (and the only person I ever heard of
complain about "double taxation" prior to President Ronald Reagan's
mentioning this injustice). That, my therapist points out, does not
preclude his being a satanic priest. First, it is not impossible that
a Republican is such a priest; second, pretending to be a political
conservative is a perfect "cover" for such priesthood. My therapist
and I decide that it was really my great aunt and great uncle who ran
the cult, with my parents being sort of "fellow travelers."

 TO BE CONTINUED in the November/December newsletter.

  Robyn Dawes, Ph.D, is a member of the FMSF Advisory Board. He is the
  Charles J. Queenan Jr. University Professor of psychology in the
  Department of Social and Decision Sciences at Carnegie Mellon
  University. Dr. Dawes is the author of House of Cards and Rational
  Choice in an Uncertain World.

        +----------------------------------------------------+
        |                   SPECIAL THANKS                   |
        |                                                    |
        |   We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of   |
        |  the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.  |  
        |                                                    |
        |  EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Toby Feld, Allen Feld, Janet   |
        |           Fetkewicz, Howard Fishman, Peter Freyd   |
        |  COLUMNISTS: August Piper, Jr. and members         |
        |           of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board    |
        |  LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers              |
        +----------------------------------------------------+

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                TWO FMSF ADVISORS VOTED TOP SKEPTICS

We were pleased to read about some FMSF advisors in Skeptical Inquirer
Magazine.
    "In a century filled with UFO sightings, psychic claims, doomsday
prophecies, quack therapies, pseudoscientific gadgetry, conspiracy
claims, New Age spiritualism, and paranormal mystery-mongering, which
individuals rank as the ten outstanding skeptics of the last one
hundred years? Who are the brightest champions of science and reason-
exposing deception, uncovering fraud, identifying nonsense, and
solving so-called 'mysteries'?"
    "Skeptical Inquirer magazine polled those who should know best:
the Fellows and Consultants of the Committee for the Scientific
Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP), an international
organization of scientists and scholars that has tracked the
paranormal and the pseudoscientific for the past 23 years. Nominations
could be chosen from any combination of science, scholarship, writing,
public education, outreach, investigation, activism, leadership, or
other qualities. The only restriction was that the individual's major
contributions have been made in the twentieth century."
    The top two skeptics are FMSF Advisors James Randi and Martin
Gardner. Two other advisors, Fred Crews and Elizabeth Loftus, while
not among the top ten, are mentioned as having been in the running.
    JAMES RANDI - A skeptical investigator of paranormalists like
spoonbender Uri Geller and televangelist Peter Popoff, Randi combines
a mastery of conjuring skills, an irrepressible energy, a sharp
critical intelligence, and a fine understanding of science to expose
fraud, deception, and flim-flam wherever it arises. Randi's lectures
and television appearances have entertainingly educated audiences
worldwide about the differences between genuine science and
pseudoscience, the methods of psychic claimants, and the pitfalls of
self-deception and gullibility.
    MARTIN GARDNER - His first book published nearly a half-century
ago, Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science, influenced and
informed generations of scholars and future skeptics, and became a
classic. Essentially an independent scholar but without academic
trappings, the polymathic Gardner keeps tabs on all kinds of topics
and issues in mathematics, science, philosophy, and religion, not to
mention the fads and foibles of paranormalists, fringe scientists,
quacks, and pseudoscientists. For three decades he wrote the popular
"Mathematical Games" column for Scientific American, and has written
for Skeptical Inquirer since its inception, with his "Notes of a
Fringe Watcher" column appearing in every issue since 1983. He
followed Fads and Fallacies with later books about pseudoscience and
fringe science, including Science: Good, Bad, and Bogus; The New Age;
On the Wild Side; and Weird Water and Fuzzy Logic.

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                      REMINDER OF MONTREAL 1993
                           David McLoughlin
      "Academics in sex abuse row," The Dominion, August 5, 2000

In November 1993, Harold Lief, M.D. was invited to speak about the FMS
problem at McGill University in Montreal. That talk never took place.
A group of protesters were so disruptive that Dr. Lief could not
speak. University of Ottawa psychologist Connie Kristiansen, Ph.D.
described her participation in an article called "Bearing Witness to
the Patriarchal Revictimization of Survivors."[1]
    In July of this year, a bitter dispute erupted in New Zealand over
the invitation of Elizabeth Loftus to be a keynote speaker at the New
Zealand Psychological Society annual conference. John Read, Ph.D. a
senior lecturer in Auckland University's psychology department, has
resigned in protest because the society refused to revoke its
invitation to Loftus. Dr. Read declined an offer of a full hour after
the talk to respond to comments by Loftus.
    One of Dr Read's supporters, Wellington clinical psychologist and
Victoria University lecturer Judith McDougall commented, "Elizabeth
Loftus has shown that memory is fallible, which is useful, but it's
gone beyond that. She argues long-term memory is fallible. That's not
true. Adult memories of childhood are quite robust."
    Editor's Comment: McDougall could benefit from reading "Altering
of Reported Experience by Offer et al.[2] The scientific evidence
points strongly to the unreliability of long-term memory..

[1] Connie Kristiansen, "Bearing Witness to the Patriarchal
    Revictimization of Survivors," SWAP, 20(2) CPA.
[2] Offer et al "Altering of Reported Experiences" J Am Academy Child
    and Adoles Psych 39 (6) June, 2000, pp. 735-742

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                   COLORADO THERAPIST LOSES LICENSE
                             Jeremy Meyer
               Colorado Springs Gazette, June 23, 2000

After a six-month investigation by the Colorado Mental Health Board,
counselor Laura Hardie surrendered her license to practice. State
investigators concluded Hardie, age 56, had misdiagnosed her client's
psychological condition, provided inappropriate treatment and
practiced outside her training and competence, all violations of the
Colorado mental health laws.
    Regulators were alerted to this case by the ex-husband of one of
Hardie's clients. The husband said that his wife had turned to the
counselor because she felt shy and depressed. While in the care of
Hardie, his wife came to believe that she was a high priestess in the
Illuminati cult, that she had witnessed child sacrifices and that she
had a twin who will reappear some day. She also believes that the cult
classified her as a "Black Widow" who will be sent to have sex with
Christian ministers in 2002. The wife left her five-year-old daughter
and husband and fled to a "safe" house in Michigan.
    Amos Martinez, administrator for the state Mental Health Board
stated that Hardie "treated this person as if the memories were
accurate and contributed to her further mental deterioration." Hardie
has a master's degree in counseling from Colorado Christian University
and began a private practice in 1990. In February of this year, she
had 12 clients, four of whom claim that they suffered Satanic Ritual
Abuse. The state is attempting to get an injunction to bar Hardie from
beginning a ministry.

  Editor's Comment: This license action is especially interesting
  because the complaint was brought by a third-party.

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                  WASHINGTON PSYCHOLOGIST SUSPENDED
              Associated Press Newswires October 8,1999

The Washington State Examining Board of Psychology suspended the
license of Everett psychologist Monte L. Scott in October, 1999 after
determining that "Scott's continued practice of psychology created an
immediate danger to the public."
    In court papers filed in connection with the original criminal
investigation, a woman alleged Scott diagnosed her with multiple
personality disorder, told her the problem was rooted in childhood
sexual abuse, and led her to engage in sexual acts while telling her
she needed to resolve her feelings about sex in order to get better.
Scott was arrested in July of 1999 after two of his patients told
police he engaged in sexual acts as part of their treatment. One of
Scott's patients has also filed a civil lawsuit against him.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "It has become widely accepted by psychotherapists that a          |
| patient's narrative of her past is constructed in the present and  |
| therefore necessarily influenced by it. The remembered past is in  |
| constant flux."                                                    |
|                                                     Anna Fels, M.D |
|                                  Sorting out delusions in therapy" |
|                                      New York Times, July 4, 2000. |
\____________________________________________________________________/

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                   The Primacy of Early Experience:
      A Critique, an Alternative, and Some Clinical Implications
                           Joel Paris, M.D.
                   Journal of Psychiatric Practice,
                     May 2000, Vol. 6 pp. 147-152

Many recovered memory proponents claim that any person who has been
sexually abused is doomed to a lifetime of negative consequences. This
article examines the evidence for the concept that early childhood
experience plays a centrally important role in psychological
development. The author finds that the evidence does not support this
assumption, noting that children are resilient to a wide range of
adverse events and that the cumulative effect of adverse experiences
is more important than the timings. The author offers an alternative
model based on interactions between an individual's temperament and
childhood experiences and then presents some clinical implications of
the model.

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                          NEWS FROM ENGLAND
       ________________________________________________________
       "Hidden" Memories Surfaced After Reading Courage to Heal
                            David Williams
                  Daily Mail (London), June 8, 2000
After a six-day trial, Philip Shaw, a senior lecturer at the Royal
College of Art, was cleared of sexual abuse charges after a jury
learned that the person accusing him was likely influenced by the book
Courage to Heal.
    In 1992, a 27-year-old woman accused Shaw of sexual and physical
abuse between 1978 and 1979 after she had become suicidal following
the break up of a relationship with someone else and after reading the
book The Courage to Heal.
    According to defense expert Dr. Janet Boakes of the Royal College
of Psychiatrists, the two psychologists who interviewed the woman had
taken the case on face value and did not follow the guidelines
outlined by the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
                           ________________
                           A Father's Fight
                            Lynn Cochrane
                 Sunday Times (London), May 28, 2000
In the first case of its kind in England, Jim Fairlie, a former
government leader under Gordon Wilson from 1981 to 1985, is suing the
National Health Service and social services who treated his daughter
for defamation, negligence and personal injury. Fairlie brought his
action in 1998, but he has yet to see a courtroom and has already
spent tens of thousands of dollars. He stated that his wife and he are
"going to see this thing through even if it means selling everything
and going bankrupt. It's the only way to make these people take
responsibility."
    A year before Fairlie's daughter Katrina confronted her parents in
1995, she had been admitted to the hospital to have her appendix
removed, but the doctors found nothing wrong with her. When her pain
continued, doctors believed that the symptoms were psychosomatic and
admitted her to a psychiatric unit of Perth's Moray Royal Hospital.
She was treated with mind-altering drugs, hypnosis and prolonged
interviews, techniques since condemned by the Royal College of
Psychiatrists. Katrina deteriorated rapidly. She was encouraged to
talk about nightmares which turned to hallucinations and she finally
tried to commit suicide. Katrina came to believe that her father had
raped her and beaten to death another six-year-old girl. She thought
he was involved in a pedophile ring with 17 other men, including two
MPs.
    Katrina's accusations split the family and the rift began to heal
only after it became obvious to family members and the police that her
claims never happened. By 1996, Katrina also realized that her
accusations were false and she is pursuing her own civil action
against the authorities.

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                        NEWS FROM NETHERLANDS
               _______________________________________
               Dutch TV network NCRV accused of libel.
              Nieuwe Rotterdamse Courant, 17 August 2000
                      (translation Adriaan Mak)
The family of a woman, who was a principal female participant in the
TV documentary "Hidden Mothers," has brought an action of libel
against the NCRV network. This program, broadcast in June, made the
claim that a woman, "Annemarie," was a victim of incest. Family
members were not given a chance to respond. The family's attorney
states that the program "inferred a damaging accusation of incest."
    In addition to the action against the TV network, the family has
also brought suits against Annemarie and her therapist, says the
family's attorney, Veraart. The therapist maintained that his client
had "recovered" hitherto hidden memories of incest.
    Family members of "Jaqueline," who was the principal subject in
another installment of "Hidden Mothers" have also taken legal action.
They want to have the editors of the program questioned under oath.

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                      PSYCHOTHERAPY OR TUTORING?

Children at a public school in a poor neighborhood in Nashville,
Tennessee who had problems that included delinquency, aggression,
hyperactivity, depression, and anxiety participated in a controlled
test of traditional child psychotherapy as commonly practiced in
clinics and schools. Half of the children received tutoring and the
other half received therapy from psychologists, social workers, or
nurses. The outcome of treatment was based on the three problems the
child's parents thought were the most urgent.
    According to the June Harvard Mental Health Letter, researchers
were disappointed that there was no difference between the
groups. Therapists had thought that forty percent of the children were
successfully treated after two years, but these children also showed
no more improvement than the students who were tutored.
    (The report does not mention if there was any difference in
academic performance.)
    The Harvard Mental Health Letter, June 2000 p. 7 reporting on
Weiss B, et al. "The Effectiveness of Traditional Child
Psychotherapy," Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (1999),
Vol 67, No. 1 pp. 82-94.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
| What disturbs people's minds is not events but judgments on events.|
|                        Epictetus, 500 B.C. Stoic Greek Philosopher |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
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                       L E G A L   C O R N E R
                              FMSF Staff
                   ________________________________
                   Pennsylvania Supreme Court Rules
              Psychiatrist Has No Obligation to Parents
         Althaus v Cohen No 70 W.D. Appeal Dkt. 1998, No. 71
       W.D. Appeal Dkt. 1998, Sup Ct Pa Aug. 22, 2000 Decided,
                         2000 Pa. LEXIS 2017
The Pennsylvania Supreme Court ruled that a psychiatrist had no
obligation to Richard and Cheryl Althaus, the parents of a teen-age
patient who accused and later recanted her accusations of abuse.
    The Althaus parents will forfeit $213,000 that they won in
December 1994 in a lawsuit against psychiatrist Judith Cohen and
Pennsylvania Western Psychiatric Institute. The award to the daughter
remains, however.
    In 1991, Nicole Althaus sued her parents in a bizarre story of
ritual sex abuse after recovering memories. Both Althaus parents were
arrested, the mother in front of her elementary school class. Ms.
Althaus later retracted her story. (See FMSF newsletter May 21, 1992,
Vol. 1 (5) at www.MemoryAndReality.org for the full story.)
    Lawyers for the Althaus couple see no realistic way of appealing
the Pennsylvania Supreme Court decision.
          __________________________________________________
          Judge Throws Out Franklin Case Against Prosecutors
         Franklin vs. Fox, No. C 97-2443 CRB, 1000 U.S. Dist.
                     (July 19, 2000, LEXIS 10100)
District Judge Charles R. Breyer threw out most of the malicious
prosecution lawsuit brought by George Franklin against prosecutors and
detectives in San Mateo, California. Franklin had been convicted in
1990 of murdering his daughter's friend in 1969. The only evidence in
the trial were the recovered memories of Franklin's daughter.
    Franklin was released from prison in 1996 after a federal judge
said that the trial had been riddled with errors. Prosecutors did not
retry Franklin after his release because they learned that Franklin's
daughter, Eileen Franklin Lipsker, had falsely accused her father of a
second murder, and also that her memories had been recovered with the
use of hypnosis.
    All that remains of the suit is Franklin's claim that his daughter
conspired to have a therapist give false testimony.
    Franklin's attorneys at Riordan and Rosenthal in San Francisco vow
to appeal the ruling.
    Jason Hoppin, The Recorder, (American Lawyer Media) July 20, 2000
Bob Egelko, "Judge dismisses most of freed prisoner's civil suit," San
Francisco Examiner, July 20, 2000.
         ___________________________________________________
         Wisconsin Appeals Court Blocks False-Memory Lawsuit
   Johnson v Rogers Memorial Hospital No. 98-0445, Wisc Ct. Appeals
           Dist 4, July 13, 2000 (2000 Wisc. App.LEXIS 642)
In a 2-1 decision, the Wisconsin 4th District Court of Appeals decided
that Charles and Karen Johnson may not sue the psychologist of their
estranged daughter because the daughter will not waive her right to
keep her records confidential. The court stated that the daughter's
rights to keep her records confidential outweigh her parents' interest
in being compensated for their claimed injuries.
    The Johnsons wanted to sue three psychologists for emotional
injuries they suffered after their daughter accused them of abuse.
    In a dissent, Judge Charles Dykman noted that "it is a dangerous
practice for judges to guess what a plaintiff may or may not be able
to prove at trial, and to dismiss cases that they predict cannot be
proven."
    William Smoler, attorney for the Johnsons, said that he would
appeal the decision. He noted that he was "not worried about being
able to prove even without medical records that these were false
memories that came out during medical therapy."
    Cary Segall, "False-memory lawsuit blocked by appeals court," Wis
State Journal, July 14, 2000.
                     ____________________________
                     South Carolina Supreme Court
             Says Repressed Memory Can Be Basis for Suit
       Moriarty v Garden Sanctuary Church, No. 25156 SC Sup Ct
              June 26, 2000,filed (1000 S.C. LEXIS 149)
In a unanimous decision, the Supreme Court of South Carolina said that
repressed memory can be a basis to recover damages for sexual abuse
that occurred when the victim was a child.
    In 1995, a woman sued Garden Sanctuary Church to recover damages
for sexual abuse she allegedly suffered as a child between the ages of
two and four in the church's day care center. She said the memory was
triggered by counseling and by her nursing school classes.
    The justices affirmed a state Appeals Court decision and said that
alleged victims must present "independently verifiable, objective
evidence" to back up their claims. The justices expressed no opinions
about the merits of the suit or the validity of the woman's claims of
repressed memory. The case will now be heard in a lower court.
             ___________________________________________
             Child Welfare Workers Liable for Negligence
        Seattle Post-Intelligencer, June 16, 2000, Mike Barber
         Tyner v The State of Washington Department of Social
            and Health Services, Child Protective Services
    No. 67602, Supreme Court of Washington,  June 15, 2000, Filed.
                        2000 Wash.  LEXIS 387
On June 15, the Washington Supreme Court ruled that Child Protective
Services social workers can be sued for mishandled, negligent
investigations. In a 6-3 decision, the justices said that "CPS owes a
duty of care to a child's parents, even those suspected of abusing
their own children, when investigating allegations of child abuse."
The ruling overturned a 1997 Court of Appeals decision and reinstated
a $201,500 jury verdict against the Department of Social and Health
Services.
    In 1993, David Tyner III was accused by his wife of molesting his
then 4-year-old daughter. The Tyner's were in the process of divorce
and no abuse was found, but CPS still barred Tyner from seeing his
children for four months. Tyner sued, noting the failure of CPS to
investigate or disclose information that could have helped Tyner.
    This case has been watched closely by lawyers representing the 15
lawsuits pending in Wenatchee brought by people who had been caught up
in the wave of accusations and trials in 1995.
                          _________________
                          Wenatchee Update:
A federal court has ruled that social workers who interviewed
Wenatchee children leading to the conviction of Robert Devereaux did
not violate his civil rights. The 9th U.S. Circuit of Appeals in San
Francisco said that although the police and social workers may have
used questionable interview methods, Devereaux failed to show that
they should have known they were acting improperly. In a strongly
worded dissent, Judge Kleinfeld said "that coercing witnesses to lie
to support accusations against a person would deprive the victim of a
clearly established constitutional right to fair procedure, that is
due process."
                   Mike Barber, "A court rules on rights in sex case,"
                                           Seattle Post Intelligencer

Henry Cunningham has sued the city of Wenatchee and the state
Department of Social and Health Services for more than $10 million.
Cunningham, who was once labeled by a judge as the worst child
molester in the history of the state of Washington, was released from
prison in March of 1999 after the state Court of Appeals overturned
his conviction. Cunningham had been represented by a public defender
who never investigated his case and told him that he had no choice but
to plead guilty. Glenn Draper, Cunningham's current lawyer has stated,
"We want Chelan County to modify how they go about obtaining indigent
defense. It's not good enough to go out and hire the low bidder."
       Stephen Maher, "Sex-case figure asks for more than $10 million"
                                       Wenatchee World, July 17, 2000.

Ralph Gausvik was released from prison on June 29, 2000 on the order
of Superior Court Judge Wallis Friel. Robert Rosenthal, the New York
City lawyer for Gausvik, commented that the 1995 trial had been marked
by police lies, bogus medical evidence and a public defender's failure
to aid his client. "[The jury] were shown a case with no defense."
 Stephen Maher, "Gausvik latest to be freed by another prison release"
                                       Wenatchee World, June 29, 2000.

Sarah Doggett's lawsuit against a former Child Protective Services
social worker and Detective Bob Perez, scheduled for trial in August,
has been postponed for several months, however, due to the injuries
suffered by Perez in a horseback riding accident. Doggett, now 21-
years-old, claims she was tied to a gurney at a state office and was
driven to an Idaho mental hospital where she was given drugs and
pressured to implicate her parents. Doggett has repeatedly denied
being abused by her parents.
                            Stephen Maher, "Perez injury delays trial"
                                      Wenatchee World, August 3, 2000.

Randall N. Reed, who spent five years in prison, is suing the city of
Wenatchee and the state for $2 million, claiming he was wrongfully
convicted. He claims he was subjected to a negligent investigation,
false arrest and imprisonment, malicious prosecution, emotional
distress and defamation.
    A total of 43 people were arrested in Wenatchee during the 1994-95
child sex-abuse investigations. Twenty-six of those were convicted of
felonies. In 1997, Barry Scheck, the originator of the Innocence
Project, offered a deal to professors at the University of Washington
who were trying to get him to speak in Seattle. He agreed he would
come, but only if the professors would consider starting an Innocence
Project on the West Coast. Because of the efforts of this project,
almost all of those convicted have now been released and are
attempting to hold the authorities accountable. The scope of the
Wenatchee wrongful convictions is unprecedented in Washington and
perhaps in the country.
                         Stephen Maher, "Tipping the Wenatchee scales"
                                     Wenatchee World, August 13, 2000.
                 ___________________________________
                 Release Hearing for Gerald Amirault
A public hearing has been scheduled for September by the Massachusetts
Advisory Board of Pardons to discuss Gerald Amirault's having his
sentence commuted.
    Amirault has served 14 years in prison after his conviction in the
notorious Fells Acres Day Care case. Amirault's mother, Violet (who
died in 1997) and his sister Cheryl LeFave, convicted in the same
case, were released in 1995 after new evidence about children's
suggestibility was provided.
    After the Advisory Board of Pardons hears Amirault's petition, it
makes a written recommendation to Governor Paul Cellucci, who has the
power to grant or deny commutation. The governor's recommendation must
then be ratified by the Governor's Council.
    Amirault's attorney, James Sultan, stated that although the Supreme
Judicial Court had "slammed the door in our face every time," Amirault's
pursuit of freedom is "winning in the court of public opinion." He said
the public feels that there is "something just rotten to the core about
this case and these convictions."
                 Sacha Pfeiffer, "Amirault will get a release hearing"
                                                 Boston Globe, 8/22/00
Letters can be sent to:
    Michael J. Pomarole, Chairman
    Advisory Board of Pardons, Suite 300
    27-43 Wormwood Street
    Boston, MA  02210:

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
| "Therapy can easily fail to face up to the reality of sin in our   |
| lives. When therapy replaces faith and when therapeutic techniques |
| are seen as the total answer to humanity's deepest needs and       |
| longings, another idolatry is introduced."                         |
|                         Dr. George Carey, Archbishop of Canterbury |
|                                          July 31, 2000, Amsterdam. |
|                         Reported in The Times (UK) August 1, 2000) |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                     THE  VERIFICATION  PRINCIPLE
                              Allen Feld

  "At this point it is impossible, without other corroborative
  evidence, to distinguish a true memory from a false one."

                  American Psychological Association
    Questions and Answers about Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse
                                 1995
The recognition that verification is necessary to authenticate the
accuracy of a memory is neither a recent idea nor a new principle.
Therapists should have been exposed to this truth early in their
education. The quote above was chosen from the many similar
admonitions made by professional organizations because the APA
statement uses the word "memory" without the limiting phrase "child
sexual abuse."
    The call for verification to assess the accuracy of a memory
applies to recollections reported in therapy. A recent New York Times
column by psychiatrist Dr. Anna Fels reinforces this proposition and
its application to all of psychotherapy. Dr. Fels wrote: It has been
widely accepted by psychotherapists that a patient's narrative of her
past is constructed in the present and therefore influenced by it.
The remembered past is in constant flux.[1] It is reasonable to wonder
how the false memory/accusation epidemic ever occurred if this
thinking were adhered to in the practice of psychotherapy.
    An article by Offer [2] and his colleagues described in the
July/August FMSF Newsletter further supports questioning the accuracy
of recollections. The inconsistent recall of 48-year-olds about their
adolescent perceptions adds to the significant scientific support
underscoring the need for verification in order to know if a client's
story is accurate. Offer and the other researchers felt so strongly
about the uncertainty of the accuracy of memory that they included
this caution among the clinical implications of their study:
Psychiatrists need to remember that inaccurate memories can be costly
and dangerous and can lead to faulty conclusions and inaccurate
diagnoses. (p. 741).
    I cringe whenever the word "memory" is used to describe a product
created in therapy, preferring the word "narrative" used by Dr. Fels.
Referring to the interactions between therapist and patient as
"memories" is imprecise at best. It is known that dreams do not
necessarily depict real events. Similarly, therapists should know that
the therapeutically created narrative could be equally flawed and not
an accurate depiction of reality.
    The influence that a therapist plays in the creation of a
narrative has been recognized in the literature for decades.
Therapists' influences take various forms. They may be intentional or
unintentional, direct or indirect, explicit or implicit, or verbal as
well as non-verbal.
    A narrative may be significant to a client regardless of its
accuracy, and none of the cautions that are offered about its reality
should detract from that. Even a slight attitudinal or behavioral
change by a patient may create changes in her relations with others.
If a patient seems to be altering her behavior in a manner that can
have potentially negative ramifications to her or to others, however,
the therapist must demonstrate concern for the accuracy. A possible
mechanism to indicate this concern is to discuss early, and review as
necessary, the widely accepted knowledge that neither of them can know
the accuracy of the report without verification. When the incidents
produced in therapy describe criminal acts, the authenticity of the
narrative becomes even more critical.
    A hypothetical situation may explain this point. One spouse (A)
enters therapy. For this example, the other spouse (B) feels there is
no need to be seen by the therapist. During the therapy, A describes
situations claimed to be examples of B's lack of support. The
supposedly non-supportive situations are described in detail and may
be fleshed out by questions, non-verbal indications and comments from
the therapist. (However, if B were present or were asked about these
situations, it would not be surprising to hear completely different
versions and evaluations of these same incidents.)
    Overlooking the subjective conclusion about the lack of support,
how accurate are the descriptions of the events? How could a therapist
possibly even know? Would others describe the events similarly and
define them as non-supportive? (The latter entails reaching subjective
conclusions.) A believes both the accuracy and the resulting
"non-support" of these events. Furthermore, A regards these incidents
as important. If A starts behaving based on this belief, it is
possible that there may be no problems. It is also conceivable that
harm can result for both A and B as well as for other family members.
If the therapist communicates either verbally or non-verbally the
belief that the incidents are factual, as opposed to recognizing the
reality of the unhappiness that the patient is expressing and
experiencing, added difficulties can be created for the patient as
well as for others. Additionally, if the therapist makes judgments
about B, even unintentionally, and those judgments are communicated to
A, this could result in a worsening family situation. Without
verification, how is it possible for a therapist to determine the
accuracy of these narratives? It serves the patient well for the
therapist to make clear to A from the onset of therapy the limitations
of their work together.
    While the demand for verification is a necessity when the
situation involves "recovered memories" of sexual abuse or other
crimes, it may serve us well to bear in mind that the veracity of all
clinical narratives cannot be assumed without corroboration.
    Someone once said to me that as long as the narrative (or
therapeutically created memory) remains in the therapist's office,
that was acceptable. This might be an appropriate comment for many
therapeutic purposes. However, it is not acceptable if unverified
events lead to negative changes in patients' lives and the lives of
family members. I believe there is more merit in helping patients
learn to live with ambiguity and uncertainty. After all, shouldn't
therapists try to help patients deal with the uncertainty that people
often face in their lives?

[1] Fels, A. "Sorting out delusions in therapy," New York Times, July
    4, 2000.
[2] Offer et al "Altering of Reported Experiences" J Am Academy Child
    and Adoles Psych 39 (6) June, 2000, pp. 735-742

  Allen Feld is Director of Continuing Education for the FMS
  Foundation. He has retired from the faculty of the School of Social
  Work at Marywood University in Pennsylvania.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|         Absence Therapy: Killing Two Birds with One Stone          |
|                          N. Renay Tanner                           |
|         Journal of Irreproducible Results Vol 35 (2) p. 22         |
|                                                                    |
| The author of the satirical "Absence Therapy" notes that it is     |
| "widely known that drug holidays frequently improve the physical   |
| and mental well-being of patients by decreasing the possibility of |
| toxic side effects from their medications," and goes on to point   |
| out that it is not quite so well-known that "holidays away from a  |
| patient's therapist" improve the well-being of both patient and    |
| therapist. She proposed that formalizing "absence therapy" would   |
| bring about a decrease in iatrogenic psychiatric illness, but the  |
| therapist's income would be unlimited. The therapist would charge  |
| each patient a fee for each day that the therapist does not see    |
| the patient. Resistant patients will get traditional therapy until |
| they realize that writing "a check to the therapist is the         |
| therapy."                                                          |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
              RECOVERED  MEMORY  BRINGS  NEEDLESS  AGONY
                           by Norm Williams
                    Culpeper News, March 30, 2000
               Reprinted with permission of the author.

Thousands of fathers and mothers, grandfathers and grandmothers,
uncles and aunts in America and throughout the world know from
personal experience the torment school coach Ronald Heller and his
wife were put through recently.
    With an unblemished record of over 32 years as a teacher and
coach, Heller suddenly found himself in the principal's office at the
Roberto Clemente Middle School in Germantown, suspended and required
to leave the premises within 15 minutes.
    The Washington Post reports he had been accused by some students.
Six girls and a boy (only two known to him) charged him with fondling
and taking indecent liberties with them.
    It took a month for the police to determine the kids were lying. A
couple of them were sore at Heller for one reason or another and drew
the others into the scheme to get back at him.
    Mind you, these conniving youngsters were not children of
low-income, inner city, single-parent homes. They were straight-A
students, apparently with loving parents. They not only put this poor
man through an emotional wringer, they nearly destroyed him.
    Restored to his job and heaped with praise, Heller is doing his
best to pick up the pieces of his life. Whether he can ever erase the
awful shock from his ordeal remains an open question.
    What happened to this teacher is like what many parents and
relatives of no-longer-young children have experienced upon being
abruptly confronted with "recovered memories" of sexual abuse that
supposedly occurred 30 or 40 years before.
    But the short-lived devastation engulfing Heller was nothing
compared to the years of agony such people suffer when false charges
are made by offspring they have loved and nurtured, who they had
assumed enjoyed normal, if not blissful, childhoods.
    In many cases the accusing child finally comes to his senses,
retracting the charge and reconciliation takes place. But in other
cases, tragically, the accused dies prior to such an outcome. The
effects throughout families are always destructive.
    These "recovered memories" practically never crop up
spontaneously. They are induced during psychotherapeutic treatment, or
alternatively, through the influence of a book entitled The Courage to
Heal by Laura Davis and Ellen Bass.
    Mental-health practitioners, backed by the American Psychological
Association (APA), believe a wide range of common ailments is always
caused by childhood sexual abuse -- even where the patient has
absolutely no recollection of any such abuse.
    Typically the patient is manipulated into believing he or she has
a history of childhood sexual abuse perpetrated by a family member. No
attempt is made to find corroborative evidence. Nor is any effort
taken to consult with the family.
    Indeed, the patient is deliberately isolated from the family; not
only from the parents but also from spouse and children. Becoming
wholly dependent upon the practitioner, the patient often declines
into hospitalization and even suicide.
    Healing is only possible, the practitioner insists, through
confronting the "guilty" family member -- usually the father. In fact,
there are many instances in which the patient has been urged to sue
the accused family member in order to collect damages.
    For an accused person, such a fate precipitates disaster. In the
renowned Ramona case, the father lost his job and his wife divorced
him in the aftermath of his daughter's accusation.
    However, Ramona marked a turn-around by the courts. He sued and
won damages from the psychiatrist. Increasingly, judges will not
accept "recovered memory" as being scientifically valid.
    Though discredited, this voodoo psychology is still foisted on
unsuspecting patients by practitioners (an insightful review appears
in a recent book, Creating Hysteria, by Joan Acocella).
    The organization trying to bring sanity into all this chaos is the
False Memory Syndrome Foundation of Philadelphia, PA. Supported by a
panel of eminent professionals in the field, it is making some
headway; but the APA is extremely resistant to change.
    Now imagine, if you will, that the Germantown students who falsely
accused Ronald Heller had first gone to the school counselor with
their problem. And imagine he identified the cause as sexual abuse by
their teacher -- even though they had no memory of any such sexual
abuse. And imagine the counselor told them the only solution was to
charge Heller with that crime.
    And imagine that the counselor, in encouraging the students to
make these false charges (never having conferred with Heller) had the
full approval of the American Psychological Association.
    It's not hard to imagine the resulting public outcry, or the
pressure on the APA to change its policies in this regard. Yet,
paradoxically, the APA appears to be under no such constraint to
abandon its endorsement of the "recovered memory" insanity.
    Until the American Psychological Association (as well as the
American Psychiatric Association) follows the lead of its counterpart
organization in England by repudiating once and for all the poisonous
doctrine of "recovered memories," American families will continue to
be torn apart, traumatized, and forced to endure protracted, totally
needless agony.

  Norm Williams is a regular columnist for the Culpeper News.

 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________
/                                                                    \
|        Long-Term Memories of Fearful Experiences Unstable.         |
|                      Nader, Schafe and LeDoux                      |
|    "Fear memories require protein synthesis in the amygdala for    |
|                  reconsolidation after retrieval"                  |
|                      Nature, August 17, 2000                       |
|                                                                    |
| An August 16 press release from New York University describes the  |
| study above that shows that long-term memories of fearful          |
| experiences are surprisingly unstable. Long-term memories can be   |
| easily altered or disrupted.                                       |
|                                                                    |
| The study "demonstrates that the mechanisms mediating memory are   |
| much more dynamic than initially thought. Indeed, it may have      |
| explanatory powers for phenomena like false memory syndrome. For   |
| example, imaging you were at a scene of a crime. Someone asks you  |
| if you remember a person with a red jacket there (in reality there |
| was no one with a red jacket there). When you call up the memory   |
| of the crime scene it becomes labile, creating an opportunity for  |
| suggested or created images of a person with a red jacket to       |
| become stored with the original memory undergoing reconsolidation. |
| Therefore, the next time you think of a crime scene there may be   |
| someone wearing a red jacket at the scene of the crime and, to the |
| subject, it is completely accurate.  On the clinical level, it     |
| suggests a way of interfering with memory disorders such as        |
| post-traumatic stress disorder where the strength of traumatic     |
| memories impairs normal functioning."                              |
\____________________________________________________________________/

**********************************************************************
                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S
			      __________
			      A Question
Having followed the FMS phenomenon for ten years, both as a parent and
as part of my work as an analyst of benefit plans and malpractice
litigation, I have a question:
    What is the relationship between the largely well-educated women
treated in recovered memory programs and these same women living at
the margins of society, if not in poverty, years afterward? And why
does this pattern differ from other women who received traditional
long-term outpatient therapy, including treatment for sexual abuse?
    Clinical treatment for recovered memories was primarily directed
to women with generous medical plans. In the early to mid 1990s, the
cost to provide longer term outpatient mental health care was
approximately $2,500. The cost for women undergoing treatment for
recovered memories was much higher, often exceeding $10,000.
    I would like to share some observations:
    1. Treatment of women for recovered memories was directed to
patients with very generous benefit plans. This diagnosis was rarely
found on plans with more restrictive outpatient mental health
benefits.
    2. The women are largely well-educated.
    3. The women about whom I have information appear to live very
marginal lives years after their participation in this therapy. In
spite of excellent educations, advanced degrees and uncommon
resources, they live on the fringe of society, often in outright
poverty. Those who are not on the margins live lives of uncommon
instability, both personally and professionally.
    4. These characteristics are not found among other patients
receiving longer term out-patient mental health care, including care
for sexual abuse.
    When our daughter entered this treatment program in 1991, the cost
was enormous, and substantial sums were not covered by our very
generous benefit plan. She was an honors student at two leading
universities, obtaining an advanced degree in a field offering
exceptional career opportunities, and was highly successful. She
entered treatment for recovered memories and withdrew, refocusing her
life around a group of other women in the same program, and
terminating contact with her family -- including her grandparents and
two very young siblings. She seeks jobs that do not pay well, saying
she is not greedy for material things. Her life revolves around people
who describe themselves as "victims."
    I pose my question again: What is the relationship between
well-educated women treated in recovered memory programs and these
same women living at the margins of society, if not in poverty, years
afterward? And why does this pattern differ from other women who
received traditional long-term outpatient therapy, including treatment
for sexual abuse?
                                                                 A Dad
                         ___________________
                         What Is Being Done?  
What is being done to help those girls who fell victim to FMS? We have
not seen nor heard from our daughter for the past three years except
for an occasional card with profanity on it that is so horrible that
the post office encloses it in a envelope. Apparently our daughter has
moved to another doctor. We have no idea who this might be but must
assume that she is still being treated for her memories of rape and is
under the effect of too many prescribed drugs.
    Is there any hope for families such as ours? Our state medical
board refuses to consider the problem because she is over eighteen.
They say that they do not have the authority to request her medical
records except with her approval.
                                                                 A Dad
                             ____________
                             Left Hanging
On page 11 of your July/August FMSF newsletter, A Dad writes: "I came
up with a patient plan to figure out how I could be reunited with my
daughter and her family." He says "It finally worked. We are now in
loving communication..."
    The omission of his plan, or what worked, from the report is truly
painful. What could be more frustrating for us than to report that
something worked and then fail to share the secret with the rest of
us?
    Please.
                                                           Dave Hunter
                        _____________________
                        It Finally Registered
I just received a phone call from my son stating that he is retracting
all his accusations of incest.
    I have had some contact with my accusing son for almost two years
now. The first contact came as a result of the birth of my first
grandchild. My son, however, was never willing to discuss his
accusations, one of which was that I had anally raped him when he was
at the age of 20 months. From others, I heard, however, that he had
begun to doubt his recovered memories which over the course of therapy
also included memories of ritual abuse, something I never knew.
    I asked my son what the first thing was that had triggered his
recent doubt. His answer: "When changing my daughter's diapers, I
realized that anal penetration of a 20-month-old baby, if at all
possible, would cause such considerable laceration, bleeding, scaring
and lasting damage, that it could not have have gone unnoticed."
    I had told my son the same thing nine years ago when he first
accused me, but it did not register then until he saw so for himself.
                                                                 A Dad
			      __________
			      Dear FMSF,
For nine and one-half years we had not seen our daughter, but one day
I came home to find a message on our answering machine saying that she
was coming East with her two daughters and would like to see us. She
asked if a day the next week would suit us and gave us her phone
number and e-mail address.
    I e-mailed our schedule back immediately but told her the most
important thing in the world was for us to see her and we would make
any changes necessary to suit her schedule. She accepted the day we
had chosen and called a few days before it to set the time. She said
she would come for an hour or two.
    Around the appointed time, the doorbell rang and standing at our
door was out daughter and her two beautiful blond daughters, aged four
and seven, as well as her mother-in-law with whom she was staying. I
opened my arms and hugged my long lost daughter and afterwards she
introduced her girls to her father and me. (Her mother-in-law had long
worked as best she could for this reconciliation.) We had presents for
each grandchild which pleased them. We also happened to have birds
nesting on our balcony that so excited the girls they even went right
into our arms to be lifted to see the eggs.
    My husband said that the visit was as if she had lived across the
country for a while and was finally getting back home. It seemed
cautious but not uneasy as one would expect. When I said how much one
of her daughters looked like her, my daughter even said to them "This
is MY mommy." They stayed for almost four hours and when they left we
hugged and kissed again.
    Since then we have received a Mother's Day card that said "Have a
happy day" and a Father's Day card that said pretty much the same
thing.  Nothing really meaningful, but she has thanked us for an
anniversary check so I know she is trying. Whether we will ever get to
a sharing, close relationship again, only God knows. Of course no
mention was made of anything that has happened since we last saw her
all those years ago. But her father and I are very thankful that she
has opened the door as only she could. She is a continent away so real
effort has to be made to have closeness. Our son and his wife, also on
the West Coast, invited her and her family for Thanksgiving with us
and other West Coast relatives, but she said they couldn't make
it. Who knows what the future holds or why she has made these steps at
this time. Perhaps we will never know, but we do hope for continuing
improvement and we will be patient.
    Through all of the time when we couldn't understand what was
happening and with all of the feelings of loss and despair, FMSF was
our strength and teacher, so we wanted you to know that unexpected and
amazing things can happen even after such a very long time. We hope
this will give hope to many others.
                                                     A Thankful Mother
                              __________
                              My Prayers
On November 1, 1999, my family had the blessing of having our daughter
come home after being gone for eight years. I cannot tell you the joy
that we have felt or the thanks that we have given. We have continued
to work toward fighting against repressed memory therapy and that is
the reason I am contacting.
    About a year ago, I began a Prayer Chain for parents involved in
any way with the horrors of FMS. There are only a few of us, but I
think we draw support in knowing that we are praying for our daughters
and families.  Battles have been waged on every front with the
scientific and the legal community. I believe that we must also ask
for divine intervention and I feel led to try to have a Day of Prayer
across the country. Please let your readers know about this in case
they would like to join us.

                        National Day of Prayer
                      Wednesday-November 1, 2000
        Sponsored by: A Network of FMS Families Across America

For those who would like to join in with many others, please observe
this day (11/1) as a special time for prayer for all families who have
been damaged by dangerous therapy.
    Ideas for this event: (1) Gather with other FMS families on this
day for prayer, (2) Make it a day of fasting, (3) Join with others at
your church for special prayer, (4) Pray privately, (5) Call or e-mail
one of the families listed below with your specific need and ask them
to pray.
    There is no limit to the possibilities for personal or group
prayer for your needs and the needs of others. We can be helping
others by asking for divine intervention for hurting families...for
healing and restoration.
    If you would like to participate or receive more information,
contact:
  [ name removed 2007-05-08 at the request of the person concerned ]
  Tom and Joyce Rutherford      417-753-4878 twrutherford@juno.com

    If your would like to share your need, and would like to have
someone pray with you:

  Jerry & Nickie Bishop   IN     317-471-0922 - nbishop99@aol.com
  Eunice Campbell     Canada     519-822-9729 - campbell@sentex.net
  Dave & Norma Govan      CO     970-223-6104 - govan@frii.com
  Lee & Avone Holmes      MT     406-443-3189 - lholmes@ixi.net
  Dan & Carole LaPorte    CA     805-967-8058 - dandl@silcom.com
  Ian and Hazel Hutson    UK     011-44-1935-813331 if calling
      outside the UK and if calling within the UK  0-1935-813331

                           _______________
                           Special Letters
Dear Dad,
    I only hope it is not too late for you to hear what I need to tell
you. Over the years, I have developed profound doubts about the
validity of the recovered memory experience. It would have helped if
there had been any single shred of evidence, forensic or otherwise,
but nothing has ever surfaced other than more anecdotal stories. When
everyone from the letter carrier to the bank teller to the local deli
operator is a "co-conspirator," it just seems a bit paranoid.
    Please know I never never had any malicious intent. Frankly, I
spent years in terror of you. It was you who taught me never to
tolerate injustice, and I believed to the core of my being that such
an injustice had occurred.
    I guess better late than never, logic has prevailed.
    If you still need to be angry, I completely understand. Right now
I feel only a deep sense of loss and grief at a lifetime of friendship
destroyed. I am your daughter, and we shared at one time many
similarities and interests.
    I wish you all the best, send you my deepest regret for us both,
and dream of some small healing between us before you leave this
earth.
    I do love you,
                                                                    R"
Dear "R",
    Thanks for finally realizing and admitting the horror of the false
memory fiasco. I was never angry. I only felt deep sadness and guilt
that my child had participated in an insanity that destroyed over
20,000 families in the U.S. and probably many more worldwide. It is a
monstrosity. The main culprit is the mental health profession that
still has not taken responsibility in spite of millions of dollars in
lawsuit claims and the loss of licenses by many practitioners. It will
forever be a black mark on that profession.
    If you have any desire to make amends, check into the Court
Appointed special Advocate (CASA) or the Guardian ad litem (GAL)
programs in your area. There you can help children who have, in fact,
been abused, abandoned, and neglected and who have real, vivid,
terrible memories of that abuse and who are desperately in need of
friendly loving support. I have been in the program for a year and it
is very rewarding although heartbreaking at times.
    I love you,
                                                                  Dad.

**********************************************************************
*                           N O T I C E S                            *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*             Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society Conference              *
*                                                                    *
*             MOVING ON o o o GETTING ON WITH OUR LIVES              *
*                      Sunday, October 15, 2000                      *
*                                                                    *
*                             Sessions:                              *
* MOVING ON FOR DEAR LIFE: Larry Koszewski, Ph.D. clinical           *
* psychologist and a panel of parents; A MOTHER'S JOURNEY: The       *
* Franklin Case: Leah Franklin, Attorney; COPING WITH LEGAL ASPECTS: *
* Martha Churchill, Attorney; COMING TO GRIPS: Retractor Panel:      *
* Nadean Cool, Laura Pasley, Mary Shanley                            *
*                                                                    *
*                    Double Tree Hotel, Glenview                     *
*                         1400 Milwaukee Ave                         *
*                      Glenview, IL  60025-1400                      *
*   Cost: $40.00 per person, includes lunch, Optional dinner: $25    *
*                                                                    *
*               Contact Illinois/Wisconsin FMS Society               *
*                 P.O. Box 3332,  Joliet, IL  60434                  *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                         ONTARIO AND QUEBEC                         *
*                           ANNUAL MEETING                           *
*                  Sat., October 21, 2000, 1:00 PM                   *
*                                                                    *
*                             Featuring                              *
*                            TANA DINEEN                             *
*                         who will speak on                          *
*                  "Taking back our private lives"                   *
*                                                                    *
*                             Location:                              *
*          The Inn on the Park, Eglinton at Leslie, Toronto          *
*                          For details call                          *
*            Donna at 905-844-2876 or Paula 705-534-0318             *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                     IMPORTANT CONFERENCE ABOUT                     *
*                 CHILD AND ADULT FALSE ACCUSATIONS                  *
*                                                                    *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                   Ninth International Conference                   *
*                      CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATIONS:                      *
*                          2000 AND BEYOND                           *
*                       September 14-16, 2000                        *
*                         Adam's Mark Hotel                          *
*                       Kansas City, Missouri                        *
*                                                                    *
*    Speakers include: Maggie Bruck, Ph.D., Philip Esplin, Ed.D.,    *
* Elizabeth Loftus, Ph.D., Richard Ofshe, Ph.D., Debra Poole, Ph.D., *
*            Robert Rosenthal, J.D., Carol Tavris, Ph.D.             *
*                                                                    *
*                        For more information                        *
*                        Contact 419-865-0513                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                     www.MEMORY AND REALITY.org                     *
*                                 or                                 *
*                     http://www.FMSFonline.org                      *
*                                                                    *
*            Have you seen the new look of our webpages?             *
*                                                                    *
*   Back issues of the FMSF Newsletter to March 1992, the start of   *
*           FMSF, are now available at www. FMSFonline.org           *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                       www.StopBadTherapy.com                       *
*      Contains phone numbers of professional regulatory boards      *
*                          in all 50 states                          *
*                                                                    *
*                        www.IllinoisFMS.org                         *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.afma.asn.au                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.bfms.org.uk                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                    www.geocities.com/retractors                    *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*            www.geocities.com/~therapyletters/index.htm             *
*             This site is run by Deb David (retractor)              *
*                                                                    *
*                 www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm                  *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*           www.chordate.com/therapys_delusions/index.html           *
*              Website about book Therapy's Delusions.               *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                                                                    *
*                          www.findlaw.com                           *
*                        www.legalengine.com                         *
*                          www.accused.com                           *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                      NEW WEBSITE OF INTEREST                       *
*                          Heritage Theatre                          *
*                      www.heritagetheater.com                       *
*                                                                    *
* "We have just recorded the new play 'Denial' by British playwright *
*  Arnold Wesker. It had its World Premier recently at the Bristol   *
*   Old Vic. The play is a very moving account of the devastation    *
*    wrecked upon a very typical British family, after a daughter    *
*            falsely accused her father of sexual abuse."            *
*                                                                    *
*  The Heritage Theatre website provides information about the play  *
*                   and about the problem of FMS.                    *
*                                                                    *
*                      www.heritagetheater.com                       *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*   If you are having trouble locating books about the recovered     *
*   memory phenomenon because bookstores tell you they are out of    *
*   print, try the                                                   *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*              www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories/               *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                          ESTATE  PLANNING                          *
*                 If you have questions about how to                 *
*             include the FMSF in your estate planning,              *
*               contact Charles Caviness 800-289-9060.               *
*            (Available 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific time.)            *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                                FREE                                *
*             "Recovered Memories: Are They Reliable?"               *
*     Call or write the FMS Foundation for pamphlets. Be sure to     *
*     include your address and the number of pamphlets you need.     *
**********************************************************************
*                                                                    *
*                           DID YOU MOVE?                            *
*        Do you have a new area code? Remember to inform the         *
*                        FMSF Business Office                        *
*                                                                    *
**********************************************************************
*                    PLEASE NOTE OUT NEW ADDRESS:                    *
*                         1955 Locust Street                         *
*                    Philadelphia, PA  19103-5766                    *
*                                                                    *
*                       AND NEW PHONE NUMBERS                        *
*                         215-940-1040 phone                         *
*                          215-940-1042 fax                          *
********************************************************************** 
               _____________________________________
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:
_____________
UNITED STATES

ALABAMA
  Montgomery
        Madge 334-244-7891
ALASKA
  Kathleen 907-337-7821
ARIZONA
  Barbara 602-924-0975; 602-854-0404 (fax)
ARKANSAS
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
CALIFORNIA
  Sacramento
        Joanne & Gerald 916-933-3655
  San Francisco & North Bay - (bi-MO)
        Gideon 415-389-0254 or
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-245-4493
  East Bay Area - (bi-MO)
        Judy 925-376-8221
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 714-733-2925
  Covina Area - 1st Mon. (MO) @7:30pm
        Floyd & Libby 626-330-2321
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 619-941-4816
COLORADO
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
CONNECTICUT
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
FLORIDA
  Dade/Broward
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Boca/Delray  - 2nd & 4th Thurs (MO) @1pm
        Helen 561-498-8684
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 813-856-7091
GEORGIA
  Atlanta 
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
HAWAII
  Carolyn 808-261-5716
ILLINOIS
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
  Peoria
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
INDIANA
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Nickie 317-471-0922; fax 317-334-9839
        Pat 219-489-9987
IOWA
  Des Moines - 2nd Sat. (MO) @11:30 am Lunch
        Betty & Gayle 515-270-6976
KANSAS
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
KENTUCKY
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
MAINE
  Bangor
        Irvine & Arlene 207-942-8473
  Rumbold
        Carolyn 207-942-8473
  Protland - 4th Sun.(MO)
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
MICHIGAN
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge 616-383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-8119
MINNESOTA 
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
MISSOURI
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  St. Louis Area  -  call for meeting time
        Karen 314-432-8789
  Springfield - 4th Sat. Apr,Jul,Oct @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
MONTANA
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
NEW JERSEY 
  Southern
        Sally 609-927-5343
  Northern
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
NEW MEXICO
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
NEW YORK 
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
NORTH CAROLINA
  Susan 704-538-7202
OHIO
  Cincinnati
        Bob 513-541-0816 or 513-541-5272
  Cleveland
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
OKLAHOMA
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
  Tulsa
        Jim 918-297-7719
OREGON
  Portland
        John 503-297-7719
PENNSYLVANIA
  Harrisburg
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
  Pittsburgh
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
  Montrose
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
TENNESSEE
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
TEXAS 
    Houston
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-591-0271
UTAH
        Keith 801-467-0669
VERMONT (bi-MO) 
        Judith 802-229-5154
VIRGINIA
        Sue 703-273-2343
WASHINGTON
   See Oregon
WISCONSIN
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
_____________
INTERNATIONAL

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA
  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Ruth 604-925-1539
  Victoria & Vancouver Island - 3rd Tues. (MO) @7:30pm
        John 250-721-3219
MANITOBA
  Winnipeg
        Roma 240-275-5723
ONTARIO, CANADA 
  London -2nd Sun (bi-MO)
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
  Ottawa
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Toronto /N. York
        Pat 416-444-9078
  Warkworth
        Ethel 705-924-2546
  Burlington
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
  Waubaushene
        Paula 705-543-0318
QUEBEC, CANADA 
  Montreal
        Alain 514-335-0863
  St. Andre Est.
        Mavis 450-537-8187
AUSTRALIA
        Mike 0754-842-348 
         fax 0754-841-051 
ISRAEL
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax-(972) 2-625-9282 
NETHERLANDS
  Task Force FMS of Werkgroep Fictieve 
  Herinneringen
        Anna (31) 20-693-5692
NEW ZEALAND
        Colleen (09) 416-7443
SWEDEN
        Ake Moller FAX (48) 431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline (44) 1225 868-682

          _________________________________________________
          Deadline for the Nov/Dec Newsletter is October 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    and should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                         pjf@cis.upenn.edu                          |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
**********************************************************************
  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its 
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no 
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.
**********************************************************************

Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,     September 1, 2000

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,
PA;  TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D.,  Clinical  and  Forensic  Psychology,
Sterling Heights, MI;  ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D.,  Rush  Presbyterian
St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL; JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University
of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wiscon-
sin, Madison, WI; FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California,
Berkeley,  CA;  ROBYN M. DAWES,  Ph.D.,  Carnegie  Mellon  University,
Pittsburgh,  PA;  DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D.,  University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, PA; HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D.,  University  of  New  Mexico,
Albuquerque, NM; FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medi-
cal School,  Boston MA;  GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D.,  Emory University of
Medicine,  Atlanta,  GA;  MARTIN GARDNER,  Author,  Hendersonville, NC
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, CA; HENRY
GLEITMAN, Ph.D.,  University of Pennsylvania,  Philadelphia, PA;  LILA
GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; RICHARD
GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;  DAVID A. HALPERIN,
M.D.,  Mount Sinai School of Medicine,  New York, NY;  ERNEST HILGARD,
Ph.D.,  Stanford University,  Palo Alto, CA;  JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA
Medical School, Los Angeles, CA; DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of
Kansas,  Lawrence, KS;  PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D.,  Harvard University,
Cambridge,  MA;   ROBERT A. KARLIN,  Ph.D.,  Rutgers  University,  New 
Brunswick, NJ;  HAROLD LIEF, M.D.,  University of Pennsylvania, Phila-
delphia,  PA;  ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of Washington, Sea-
tle, WA; SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati,
OH; PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; HAROLD
MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;  SPENCER
HARRIS  MORFIT,  Author,  Westford, MA;  ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell
University, Ithaca, N.Y.; RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of Califor-
nia, Berkeley, CA;  EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvan-
ia, Philadelphia, PA; MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased)  University
of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D.,Oregon Health
Sciences  University, Portland , OR;  CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., Concordia 
University, Montreal, Canada;  MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian 
University, Ontario, Canada;  AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D.,  Harvard Medical School,  Boston, MA;  JAMES
RANDI,  Author and Magician,  Plantation, FL;  HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III,
Ph.D.,  Washington  University,  St. Louis, MO;  CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D.,
Loyola University, Chicago, IL;  THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of
California, Santa Cruz, CA;  THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., Indiana Univers-
ity,  Bloomington, IN;  MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C,
D.O.M., Center for Psychosocial &  Traumatic Stress,  Pretoria,  South
Africa;  MARGARET  SINGER, Ph.D.,  University of California, Berkeley,
CA; RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State  University  Law  School, 
Detroit, MI; DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center,
Piscataway, NJ;  JEFFREY  VICTOR, Ph.D.,  Jamestown Community College,
Jamestown, NY;  HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A.,  Institute  of  Psychological
Therapies, Northfield, MN;  CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D.  Baylor Uni-
versity, Waco, TX.

**********************************************************************
   Y E A R L Y   FMSF   M E M B E R S H I P   I N F O R M A T I O N
                                   
Professional - Includes Newsletter       $125_______

Family - Includes Newsletter             $100_______

                       Additional Contribution:_____________

PLEASE FILL OUT ALL INFORMATION

___VISA:  Card: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___

___MASTER CARD: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___

___Check or Money Order: Payable to FMS FOUNDATION IN U.S. DOLLARS.


______________________________________________________________________
Signature


______________________________________________________________________
Name (PLEASE PRINT)

______________________________________________________________________
Street Address or P.O.Box


______________________________________________________________________
City                                 State         Zip+4


(_____)_____________________________(_____)___________________________
Telephone                           FAX

*  MAIL the completed form with payment to: 
FMS Foundation, 1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766

*  FAX your order to 215-940-1042. Fax orders cannot be processed 
without credit card information.