********************************************************************** F M S F O U N D A T I O N N E W S L E T T E R (e-mail edition) July/August 2000 Vol. 9 No. 4 ********************************************************************** ISSN #1069-0484. Copyright (c) 2000 by the FMS Foundation ********************************************************************** The FMSF Newsletter is published 6 times a year by the False Memory Syndrome Foundation. A hard-copy subscription is in- cluded in membership fees (to join, see last page). Others may subscribe by sending a check or money order, payable to FMS Foundation, to the address below. 2000 subscription rates: USA: $30, Student $15; Canada: $35, Student $20 (in U.S. dollars); Foreign: $40, Student $20; Single issue price: $3. 1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766 Phone 215-387-1865, Fax 215-387-1917 ********************************************************************** IN THIS ISSUE: Feld Pankratz The next issue Legal Corner will be combined Bartha September/October Simpson From Our Readers Bulletin Board ********************************************************************** +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ | PLEASE NOTE OUR NEW ADDRESS: | | | | FMS Foundation | | 1955 Locust Street | | Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766 | | | | The Foundation is moving in July. | | Please start using the new address immediately. | | | | Our current lease with the Science Center near the University of | | Pennsylvania expired at the same time that a library/office owned | | by the Institute for Experimental Psychiatry Research Foundation | | became available. The Institute was looking for a tenant who would | | not mind the presence of its extensive library on hypnosis and | | memory. It is a perfect fit. We have more space, lower rent, an | | amazing library, and a great location (just half a block from | | Philadelphia's renown Rittenhouse Square). Come and visit us. | | | | Revised Office Schedule | | In July, the office will be open three days a week: | | Monday, Wednesday and Thursday. | | The telephones will be monitored daily, however. | +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ Dear Friends, "What is the situation now? Are therapists still doing memory recovery work?" Those are the two most frequent questions we are now asked by the media. They are questions that reveal how far we have moved since 1992. Where are we now? So much has happened in the past few years to discredit the recovered memory movement that it is tempting to say, "It's finally over," and close our doors. Important appellate decisions, a new statement by the American Psychiatric Association, and the disciplining of some of the most egregious practitioners are among the many changes we have seen since 1992. Closing our doors, after all, is what we would like to do; but it's not time yet. Several important new papers reported in this newsletter provide some perspective on the current state of the recovered memory phenomenon. The American Psychiatric Association has revised its 1993 guidelines on recovered memories. A new study comparing abused and non-abused same-sex twins discredits supposed check-lists for symptoms of sexual abuse. The study failed to find a difference in later psychiatric problems that could be accounted for by the abuse. Twins studies allow researchers to separate factors of family life and genetics since twins share genetic background and family upbringing. Another study  demonstrated how inconsistent is the recall of 48-year-olds of their adolescence on the same "subjective perceptions" compared to their perceptions about their lives when they were 14 years old. Other studies  highlight when and what kind of therapy is helpful for trauma and when it is not. A controlled study of treatment for chronic depression has found benefits about equal for either psychotherapy and drugs but a dramatic improvement over either alone when treatments were combined. The effect of reinforcement on children's fantastic claims has been isolated and documented. It is obvious that the level of research in areas that relate to recovered memory issues continues to improve. The Journal of the American Medical Association, one of the two most read by physicians, published a review of Creating Hysteria by Joan Acocella that included a history of the influence of popular culture on the diagnosis of multiple personality disorder.The New York Times published a front page story about a veteran who falsely admitted to participating in atrocities. The significant aspect of the story from the FMS perspective was the section examining why someone might think he had been a part of such a horrible event when he was not. Arnold Wesker's play "Denial" portrays the suffering of the parents in a family dealing with false memory syndrome and has received positive reviews in England. The public and professionals are being exposed to ever more nuanced and more understanding treatment of false memory problems. A major change in perspective about false memory issues has been expressed by Diana Russell, an important and highly quoted researcher in the area of child abuse. In the preface to a new edition of her 1986 book Secret Trauma: Incest in the Lives of Girls and Women, she cites the factors that led her to change from the belief that FMSF families were perpetrators to the belief that a genuine problem exists in some areas of therapy. But change is not to be found everywhere. The national distribution of Jane Brody's New York Times article about FMS resulted in calls from newly affected families or families who had just learned about the Foundation. A few families still tell us they are being sued on no other evidence than a claim of recovered memory. The column by Paul Simpson in this issue speaks to the ongoing use of regression therapies within the religious community. A dissociative disorders course to be taught by Allison Miller, Ph.D. and Marlene Hunter, M.D. has as an objective to "Know how to deal with internal parts of different ages and identities, and parts subjectively experienced as non-human." A Ritual Abuse conference is planned for Connecticut this summer. Although diminished, the FMS problem is still too much with us. Some therapists are still practicing risky therapy techniques and a few people are still bringing frivolous lawsuits. This is a large country and information filters slowly, if at all, to people who do not read professional journals. Joseph de Rivera, in a review of Christine A. Courtois' new book, concludes that although therapists have come a long way, they still have a lot to learn "about the powers of therapist influence and the important role of suggestibility." Courtois' book has chapters on trauma and memory and child sexual abuse and memory, but no chapter on suggestion. For families, trends are different. For some, the situation is reflected in the comment that follows: "My daughter returned in 1998. This year she has been properly diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder, put on the appropriate medications and is doing well." Some families are struggling to reunite and repair the terrible damage done to their offspring. They are often doing this with help of mental health professionals. Some families who thought they would never hear from their offspring are struggling with how to handle nibbles of communication. This month, for example, two offspring returned who had seemed completely intractable. Still, most families have no contact with their children and they are struggling to continue balancing the move forward without shutting doors for the possible return. It is the tightrope most families still walk. PAMELA  Dinwiddie et al. "Early Sexual Abuse and Lifetime Psychopathology: A Co-Twin-Control Study" Psychological Medicine, 2000, 30, 41-52  Offer et al "Altering of Reported Experiences"J Am Academy Child and Adoles Psych, 39(6), June, 2000, pp 735-742.  Littrell "Should the Expression of Emotional Memories Be a Goal of Therapy?" Harvard Mental Health Letter 6/00  Keller et al. "Comparison of Nefazodone, Cognitive Behavioral- Analysis System of Psychotherapy, and Their Combination for Treatment of Chronic Depression" New England J of Med, 342 (20) 1462-70, May 18, 2000  Garven et al. "Allegations of Wrongdoing: The Effects of Reinforcement on Children's Mundane and Fantastic Claims" J of App Psych, Vol 85 (1), 38-49  de Rivera "Sound Advice in Muddied Water," Contemp Psych, APA Review of Books, 2000 45(2) Review of Christine A. Courtois Recollections of Sexual abuse: Treatment Principles and Guidelines, Norton (1999). ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | American Psychiatric Association Issues New Fact Sheet | | | | "Therapies Focused on Memories | | of Childhood Physical and Sexual Abuse." 6/2000 | | | | The American Psychiatric Association has updated its guidelines | | pertaining to recovered memories. New brief guidelines replace | | those from 1993. Reference to "bodily sensations," "lack of | | conscious awareness," emerging at later date has been removed. | | Psychiatrists are told that when asked to provide expert opinion, | | they should "refrain from making public statements about the | | historical accuracy of individual patients' uncorroborated reports | | of new memories based on observations made in psychotherapy." And | | the statement notes that: "No specific unique symptom profile has | | been identified that necessarily correlates with abuse | | experiences." | | | | To obtain copies: | | www.psych.org (Public Information, Fact sheets) | | APA Telephone: 202-682-6000 | \____________________________________________________________________/ +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ | CONFERENCE TAPES WHILE SUPPLY LASTS | | | | A set of 5 audio tapes of many conference sessions will soon be | | available. Unfortunately, due to technical difficulties, the | | Retractor Panel and Ralph Slovenko's talk were not taped. | | | | The cost of tapes including shipping and handling is: | | Members: $15.00 | | Non-members: $25.00 | | | | To order, send request and check to FMSF office. NB Credit cards | | accepted only for orders of $25. | | (Due to technical difficulties, a few sessions were not recorded.) | +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ +----------------------------------------------------+ | SPECIAL THANKS | | | | We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of | | the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter. | | | | EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Toby Feld, Allen Feld, Janet | | Fetkewicz, Howard Fishman, Peter Freyd | | COLUMNISTS: August Piper, Jr. and members | | of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board | | LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers | +----------------------------------------------------+ ____________________________________ The Altering of Reported Experiences Daniel Offer, M.D., et al. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(6), June, 2000, pp 735-742. Researchers, headed by Daniel Offer, M.D., at the Northwestern University Medical School questioned 67 male participants twice, first at age 14 and again at age 48. The participants were asked questions about family relationships, home environment, dating and sexuality, religion, parental discipline and general activities. The results showed significant differences between adult memories of adolescence and what was reported during adolescence. With one exception, the importance of having a girlfriend, items that would be expected to have emotional significance such as type of discipline and relationships, were not remembered any more accurately than items without emotional overtones. Dr. Offer suggests that one of the reason memory is so poor is because it tends to meld into what society thinks is appropriate now. "If accurate memory of past events and relationships is no better than chance for normal, mentally healthy individuals, we might expect that the reports of past experiences by people who are currently medically ill, psychologically disturbed or otherwise compromised would be even less accurate," according to Offer. Offer also noted that in order to establish the truth of a person's autobiographical memory, there must be external corroboration from family members, medical records or other records.  The study was a follow-up to Offer's 1969 book, The Psychological World of the Teenager. __________________________________ The Story Behind a Soldier's Story Michael Moss, New York Times, 5/31/00 According to a story in the New York Times on May 31, 2000, when the Associated Press investigated whether the Seventh Cavalry Regiment had kill hundreds of South Koreans nearly 50 years ago, they turned for information to Edward Daily, who had written three books on the subject. Mr. Daily admitted his own role in the atrocity, showed medals he had received for rescuing a colleague and provided names and phone numbers of ex-soldiers. According to army records, however, Edward Daily never received a medal and he was not in the Seventh Regiment at No Gun Ri at the time of the incident. Rather he served as a clerk and mechanic at the time of the event. Why would someone confess to a massacre he did not commit? Some consider Daily a con man. Richard Burns, who was a consultant for the book Stolen Valor: How the Vietnam Generation Was Robbed of Its Heroes and Its History (Verity Press, 1998) suggested that someone might do this "because there is a movement in this country, the victim-hero thing. People will feel sorry for me that I killed children and women, and they will understand me." Another explanation came from one of Daily's friends who said, "Ed likes the limelight, he always did." Others think that Daily truly believed he was at the massacre because after spending so much time listening to other veterans stories at reunions and in bar room reminiscences, he painted himself into them. Mr. Daily had also spent two hours a week in group therapy at a veteran's hospital for over a decade. Of particular interest in the Daily saga is that several Seventh Cavalry Regiment veterans who were interviewed had come to believe Daily actually was there.  Those who have read Allan Young's anthropological study of veteran's hospitals, Harmony of Illusion, Princeton University Press 1995, may recall Young's observations about how veterans incorporated details from each others stories.  It appears that people who spend lots of time together reminiscing can come to incorporate others stories into their own historical narrative. Editor's comment: This is the fourth national story related to false memories to be discredited in the past two years. In June 1998, CNN fired two reporters who released a false story apparently based on a "recovered memory." In 1999, evidence was released that Sybil's multiple personality disorder was a creation of her doctor. During 1999, the memoir Fragments by Binjamin Wilkomirski was shown to be a fabrication. ________________________________________________ Early Sexual Abuse and Lifetime Psychopathology: A Co-Twin-Control Study S. Dinwiddie et al. Psychological Medicine, 2000, 30, 41-52 In many states, civil suits can be pursued against alleged perpetrators for up to three years from the time a victim discovers significant injury in his life resulting from molestation. How does someone know that molestation many years ago is the cause of a person's current problems? Although the assumption is often made that child sexual abuse causes long term psychopathology, studies documenting that effect have to date suffered from serious methodological limitations. One of the most serious problems is that studies have failed to take into account the likely interrelationships among family dysfunction, child sexual abuse and subsequent psychopathology. In addition, many psychiatric illnesses have a significant genetic component that could be a confounding factor. This study has the limitation of using retrospective self-reports, but it overcomes some past limitations by using twins. Dinwiddie and colleagues sought to determine the lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders among twins who reported childhood sexual abuse and to compare those rates with non-abused co-twins. Information was obtained by structured telephone interviews with 5995 Australian twins. Twins who reported a history of childhood sexual abuse were contrasted on lifetime psychopathology with subjects who were not abused. Comparisons were made between same-sex twin pairs. Childhood sexual abuse was reported by 5.9 percent of women contacted and 2.5 percent of the men. When comparisons were restricted to twins of the same sex in which one was abused and one was not, no differences in psychopathology were found. The authors noted, "With the exception of conduct disorder in men, in every category for which data were available, the odds rations for psychiatric illness were lowest among twin pairs in which neither was abused and next lowest among pairs in which the co-twin only was abused. The risk for psychiatric illness was greatest when both twins were abused. The authors conclude that the relationship between child sexual abuse and later psychopathology reflects "a complex interplay of factors." They note that "study of such life events, in order to most accurately judge their potential impact on mental health, must include appropriate evaluation of relevant familial protective and vulnerability factors. Failure to take these into account may lead to an overly simplistic view of the etiology of psychiatric illness, as well as minimizing the role of less dramatic but highly significant environmental factors." Editor's comment: The rate of reported sexual abuse in this study is lower than generally seen in popular literature. The authors defined sexually abused subjects as those who answered affirmatively to the question "Before age 18, were you even forced into sexual activity, including intercourse?" ____________________________________________________________________ A Comparison of Nefazodone, the Cognitive Behavioral-Analysis System of Psychotherapy, and Their Combination for the Treatment of Chronic Depression Martin B. Keller et al. New England Journal of Medicine, 342 (20) 1462-70, May 18, 2000 For some time, the field of psychiatry has been split between those who favor a biological medicine approach and those who favor psychotherapy. A new study seeks to resolve this issue for the treatment of chronic major depression. Researchers studied 662 chronically depressed patients (depressed more than two years) in twelve locations in the United States while they underwent up to twelve weeks of treatment. The patients were divided into three groups. One group received only the medication nefazodone (sold under the name Serzone); the second group received only psychotherapy; and the third group received both medication and psychotherapy. The results are striking: the overall rate of response (both remission and satisfactory response) was 48 percent in both the nefazodone group and the psychotherapy group as compared with 73 percent in the combined-treatment group. The combination of cognitive behavioral-analysis system of psychotherapy with nefazodone is significantly more efficacious than either treatment alone for this problem. ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | Things that are puzzling | | | | "Can those 'recovered memory' psychiatrists get you to remember | | high school French, or is it just sexual abuse?" | | Jim Mullen, New York Times Magazine, p 55, 2/21/999 | \____________________________________________________________________/ _______________ The Empty Couch Joan Acocella The New Yorker, May 8, 2000 pp, 112-118 In a review of several books focused on the fate of psychotherapy, Joan Acocella, author of Creating Hysteria, notes that the pendulum swing between the organic and psychological views of the causation of mental disorder has not been limited to recent decades. In the late nineteenth century, organic causation was the dominant view; it was then replaced by the influence of Freudian psychotherapy. During much of the past century, schizophrenia, autism and other ailments were blamed on the mother, even though there was never any evidence for this. As it began to be shown that schizophrenia was organic and that autism was connected with neurological deficits, the swing again went to biological approaches. According to the review, managed care has pushed the swing to new extremes. In many hospitals, psychotherapy has virtually disappeared with the exception of its use with trauma patients. To save money, inpatient treatment has been replaced by outpatient treatment. Thus, despite the fact that the hospitalization rate dropped sharply, the re-admission rate climbed considerably. However, CHAMPUS, which insures federal employees, discovered that providing outpatient psychotherapy reduced hospital admission rates significantly and thus was cost effective. The books reviewed are: T. M. Luhrmann, Of Two Minds: The Growing Disorder in American Psychiatry (Knopf); Joseph Glenmullen, Prozac Backlash: Overcoming the Dangers of Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, and Other Antidepressants with Safe, Effective Alternatives (Simon & Schuster); and Emily Fox Gordon, Mockingbird Years: A Life In and Out of Therapy (Basic Books). ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | We are pleased to announce that FMSF Advisory Board member Lila | | Gleitman, Ph.D. has been elected to the National Academy of | | Sciences. Gleitman, a psychologist at the University of | | Pennsylvania, has been an important force in the field of child | | language acquisition and as co-director of the only NSF-funded | | center in cognitive science, she has helped to set the agenda for | | research in that area. | \____________________________________________________________________/ _________________________________________________________________ Should the Expression of Emotional Memories Be a Goal of Therapy? Harvard Mental Health Letter 6/00 Jill Littrell, Ph.D. notes that there are psychological experiments that indicate that "expressing an emotion generally enhances the likelihood of a similar or more intense reaction to that person in the future. For example, if a patient were encouraged to express anger at someone (like a parent), having a stronger anger response in the future would not be surprising. Littrell mentions that some research has shown that at times exposure to revisiting the trauma may lead to some benefits. She includes brief descriptions of the kinds of exposure and conditions where there may be some positive gains. Editor's Comment: This report appears to underscore why informed consent may be necessary. There "may be" some potential benefits from exposure and, again, there "may be" some negative outcomes. Shouldn't clients be made aware of the "possible side effects" from the therapy that they are receiving? Littrell, J. "Should the Expression of Emotional Memories Be a Goal of Therapy?" Harvard Mental Health Letter, June 2000, p. 8. ______________________________________________________ Three-year Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial: Psychological Debriefing for Road Traffic Accident Victims Mayou, R.A. & Ehlers, A., British Journal of Psychiatry 176: 589-593 In a study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, patients who were given a one-hour debriefing which included a detailed review of a car crash within 24 hours after the accident had increased stress over time when compared with those who had no therapy. Those who had been debriefed showed greater emotional stress, physical symptoms and worse quality of life than those who had not. The research was conducted by Professor Richard Mayou and colleagues from Warneford Hospital in Oxford, who evaluated the subjects three years after the debriefing. Professor Mayou noted: "Psychological debriefing is ineffective and has adverse long-term effects. It is not an appropriate treatment for trauma victims. It is possible that the instructions led patients to ruminate excessively rather than putting it behind them."  Norton, C. "Early counseling after road crashes makes stress worse," The Independent, June 2000 _________________________________________________________ A Sad Example Shows Need for Safe and Effective Therapies On April 19, 2000 in Evergreen, Colorado, 10-year-old Candice Newmaker smothered to death in a blanket that therapists were using to make her relive the birth experience. This procedure, called rebirthing, is aimed at helping children with attachment disorder who cannot form bonds with their parents. The girl was wrapped in the blanket to simulate the womb, pillows were placed around her and counselors pressed them to simulate contractions to motivate her to push her way through the blanket. During the tape-recorded therapy session, the girl said seven times that she could not breath, but she was told to push harder. Four people have been charged with recklessly causing death. The lead therapist, Connell Watkins, is considered an expert in rebirthing, which she learned about in a two-week seminar taught by a California therapist who learned about it during his own treatment for depression, according to the arrest affidavit. Watkins, who is unlicensed and unregistered, could not recall any books she'd read on rebirthing. She had never undergone the treatment herself because she felt it would be too traumatic for her. Also arrested is another unlicensed, unregistered psychotherapist, and an office manager and a former drywall hanger who were employed at the clinic where this occurred. There is no scientific support or rationale for rebirthing therapy. "Rebirthing" is one of several alternative therapies involving holding or restraint to treat attachment disorder. Aversion therapies (rebirthing, rage reduction and holding) date to the 1960s when a California therapist named Robert Zaslow started Z therapy, which involved knuckling a child's sternum and ribs while being held down -- according to Don Bechtold, Associate Professor of psychiatry at U of Colorado Health Sciences Center. Rebirthing emerged from the explosion of alternative therapies in California in the 1970s. It was started by a therapist named Leonard Orr who was a strong believer in the theory that the trauma of birth or being in the womb caused psychological problems. Colorado state authorities are threatening to pursue child-abuse charges against mental-health professionals who physically restrain children as part of psychotherapy. Past FMSF Newsletters have reported other deaths from holding therapy and in April of this year the Dallas Morning News reported on two. Information for this article came from: Crosson, J., "Rebirthing halted after a death," Philadelphia Inquirer, May 22, 2000. Crowder, C, "Therapist has long ties to 'holding' treatment," Denver Rocky Mountain News, May 19, 2000. Kreck, C., "'Rebirth' death spurs warning," Denver Post, June 4, 2000. Reuters, "Girl dies in Colorado after controversial therapy." May 18, 2000. Shannon, K., "29 kids in 2 1;2 years died in state's care: 2 stopped breathing while restrained recently," Dallas Morning News, April 18, 2000. ______ Denial Arnold Wesker's "Denial," a play that deals with false memory syndrome, has opened in England and received positive reviews. The play is about a woman whose marriage and career have broken down and who accuses her father of raping her as a child and her mother and grandfather of being complicit in the sexual abuse. The accusations develop under the ministrations of a therapist who is looking for the reason Jenny is depressed. The play is not overly simplistic. The therapist is revealed to be haunted by her experiences as a social worker and who develops a "catch-all" solution to complex problems. The play powerfully portrays the agony of the accused and asserts the validity of the nuclear family, a theme of several of Wesker's previous works. Wesker is one of England's most prominent playwrights. Readers of the newsletter may be interested in the fact that the program for "Denial" contains several pages about the history and the FMS problem. Billington, M. "Never trust a therapist" The Guardian (London), (5/20/00) _________________________________________________ Multiple Personality Disorder and Psychic Mediums Loren Pankratz August Piper, Jr., M. D,, among others, has noted that the prevalence of Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) in the United States has dramatically increased while remaining relatively absent in Great Britain. Such an annoying inconsistency can be explained. Historically, all patients in England with MPD were not considered mentally disturbed. Instead, they were believed to be gifted psychic mediums. Harry Price, Britain's famous ghost hunter, studied many examples. In 1928, Price invited Madame Picquart to his National Laboratory of Psychical Research in London. This 60-year-old French widow could assume a dazzling array of "alters" in rapid succession. In a "self-induced cataleptic trance," her features expressed the characteristics of those by whom she was controlled. Her multiples included an actor, a French general, an Egyptian mummy, etc. Price was impressed when she assumed the part of a little boy and skipped about over the chairs. Then she became an old judge, an effect due entirely to the fact that she blackened her upper lip with burnt cork and pinned odds and ends of paper about her person. All this was ingenious and very amusing. But not psychic. Price ended his experiments because nothing abnormal played any part in her performances. She then left for Paris in her primary personality, that of a disappointed French widow. Harry Price figured out that there was nothing to distinguish MPD from good actors. Thus, even to this day the British reject the idea of assigning them to special diagnostic categories. American therapists never learned this lesson. Price H. Confessions of a ghost hunter. London: Putnam, 1936. Loren Pankratz, Ph.D. is a Consultation Psychologist and Clinical Professor Department of Psychiatry Oregon Health Sciences University. He is a member of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board. __________________________________________ More Thoughts on Informed Consent (Part 2) Allen Feld Last month, I wrote about the disagreement between some therapists and others -- mostly non-therapists -- over proposals to require therapists to offer informed consent. Among my comments, I stated that I believed informed consent should be an interactive process. The importance of a collaborative process and a joint agreement to achieve meaningful informed consent cannot be understated. However, a written statement is also an essential element of informed consent and it should accurately mirror the joint verbal agreement reached about the service being offered. Some elements that are vital in both the interaction and written statement include: detailing what caused the patient to seek therapy, what the therapist hopes to accomplish and how he or she plans to proceed, and what is expected of the patient in therapy. The therapist should explain in lay language his or her theoretical orientation and approach to helping, as well as prior experiences with this therapeutic approach and a summary of published outcome studies. It is reasonable for society to expect a therapist to be familiar with the research that supports his or her chosen theoretical orientation and that describes its effectiveness when used with the patient's problems. This process also allows an opportunity to discuss what the therapist perceives to be the risks, side-effects or anxieties that may be common in therapy in general and known to be associated with the chosen therapeutic approach. This is also a suitable time for a therapist to make the patient aware of the emergency procedures available should they become necessary. Essential logistics regarding fees, appointments, confidentiality standards and how changes in informed consent will be incorporated into the relationship are other important ingredients to make the written statement complete. It is reasonable to expect that the therapist and client may want to amend the informed consent agreement as therapy proceeds. The emphasis therapists place on a patient's past is related to a therapist's theoretical preference. Patients generally seek therapy to deal with some contemporary life situation they find troubling. When therapists believe a patient's past is a necessary element in the theoretical approach being used, they should initiate a discussion about the role that the past may play in the patient's current concerns and how understanding that past history will be used to help him or her. I believe it is essential to include a brief and specific statement in the informed consent document noting that without independent verification, memories of the past are not necessarily accurate or reliable. Assuming there is no crisis that needs to be addressed, informed consent can be introduced in the first therapy session. I believe this is a suitable and sound beginning for therapy. This exchange allows for exploration of the reasons that led the patient to seek therapy, introduces the reciprocal expectations of the patient and the therapist and describes how therapy will proceed. A rough draft of the informed consent statement could be given to the patient with the suggestion that it be taken home and reviewed. I recommend that the patient and therapist delay signing the document until there has been adequate time for review and thought by both parties. The patient should be asked to return to the following session with questions about and reactions to the informed consent agreement. I believe that informed consent is an essential element in therapy, particularly when coupled with the fundamental aspects of initiating a therapeutic relationship. It fails to be vital to therapy if it is handled in a casual or bureaucratic manner. When a therapist uses something similar to the process described here, the cooperative nature of the therapeutic interaction has been experienced and respect is shown for the patient. A genuine offer to help has been extended and an agreement to try to work together has been jointly reached. The therapist and the patient have specified and agreed to collaborate on the issues being brought to therapy. If professional organizations and licensing boards developed appropriate standards for informed consent, legislation for informed consent would not be necessary -- an obvious win/win situation. Allen Feld is Director of Continuing Education for the FMS Foundation. He has retired from the faculty of the School of Social Work at Marywood University in Pennsylvania. ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | | | Allegations of Wrongdoing: | | The Effects of Reinforcement on | | Children's Mundane and Fantastic Claims | | Garven, S., Wood, J. & Malpass, R | | Journal of Applied Psychology, 2000, Vol 85 (1), 38-49 | | | | Findings indicate that reinforcement can swiftly induce children | | to make persistent false allegations of wrongdoing. | \____________________________________________________________________/ ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | WHEN IS HYPNOSIS EFFECTIVE? | | Special Issue of the International Journal | | of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 48 (2) April, 2000 | | | | Review of controlled studies of clinical hypnosis in stopping | | smoking, trauma, pain reduction and other clinical areas. Single | | issue $23.00 | | | | Sage publications fax/order line 805-375-1700 | | E-mail email@example.com; www.sagepub.com | \____________________________________________________________________/ ********************************************************************** L E G A L C O R N E R FMSF Staff ______________________________ Carlson et al. v Zirkel et al. Case No. 96-CV-321 Wisconsin Circuit Court, La Crosse County Filed Dec 28, 1998 In April, 2000, plaintiff Steven D. Carlson reached a confidential settlement in a lawsuit he had brought against Family & Children's Center, Inc., the Human Development Associates, and several therapists there. Carlson had received psychological care at the centers from December 5, 1984 to May 31, 1994 from Patricia Richgels, David Hendricks, G. Martin Kreuzer and Clifford Zirkel, III. According to the second amended complaint, the therapists failed to obtain Carlson's informed consent to the course treatment they proposed to provide; failed to provide appropriate care and instead provided care that was "inappropriate, experimental, drastic and harmful." The Wisconsin Mental Health Act (Bill of Rights) provides that a patient has a right to prompt and adequate treatment." (The courts have defined 'adequate' to mean 'non-negligent' treatment.) The Act also provides that "a patient has a right not to be subjected to...drastic treatment procedures without the express and informed consent of the patient..." The complaint stated that the therapists told Carlson "that he was a victim of childhood sexual abuse; that such experience was a cause of the psychological problems that led him to seek their care, treatment, counseling and therapy; that the care that they proposed to provide would be safe and effective in resolving the problems that led him to seek counseling; and that the destruction of his relationships with his mother and other family members was a necessary part of such care." The complaint noted that these statements "were made with intent to sell or increase the consumption of the services offered..." and that this led to "pecuniary damage or loss" to Carlson. The complaint also stated that the therapists falsified treatment records with the intent to obstruct an investigation of the counseling of Carlson. The complaint also alleged that because of negligent acts, the defendants implanted false memories that he was a victim of childhood sexual abuse and other false memories in the mind of Steven D. Carlson, aggravated his preexisting psychological conditions, and created additional adverse psychological conditions and problems. Plaintiff was represented by attorneys G. Jeffrey George and James L. Kroner of La Crosse, WI. Defendants were represented by David Ray of Stevens Point, WI, Elizabeth O'Neil of Milwaukee, WI and Ross Seymour of La Crosse, WI. _____________________________________ Sheppard Pratt Sued for $5 Million in 'Repressed Memory' Challenge Earl Kelly, The Daily Record: Maryland Law, May 5, 2000 In a suit filed in Baltimore County Circuit Court, Regina C. Moran claims that she signed up for a weight-loss program, but was misdiagnosed and treated for repressed memories .Moran stated that she came to believe she had been sexually abused by many individuals including her father and that she suffered from multiple personality disorder. A Sheppard Pratt representative stated that the hospital is not affiliated with the psychologist, Steven L. Shearer who treated Ms. Moran, but only rented space to the Anxiety and Stress Disorders Institute. __________________________________ California Therapist Loses License On April 30, 2000, the California Board of Behavioral Sciences revoked the license of Linda Meads, a Los Altos psychotherapist after a psychiatric examination found she was suffering from a delusional disorder. Ms. Meads allegedly believed that a cult was trying to kill her, that the cult could brainwash people so they would not know they were in the cult, and that a number of prominent people in the area were engaged in a cult Mafia-prostitution and drug ring. A family notified the Foundation that Ms. Meads brought her patients into the cult belief system. They wondered what would happen to a loved family member now that her therapist had no license. Sean Webby "Ex-therapist loses license," San Jose Mercury News, May 6, 2000 _________________________________ Missouri Psychologist Disciplined Case No 99-0236 PS On March 10, 2000, the State of Missouri Committee of Psychologists put T. L., Ph.D. on three-year probation for his participation in the Geraldine Lamb affair. (See FMSF newsletter September 1998.) Dr. L. was found to have violated the Missouri code when he 1) saw some of Lamb's patients in order for them to obtain insurance for their treatment by Lamb; 2) sanctioned his signature stamp on insurance claims for treatment provided by Lamb; 3) did not fully supervise the treatment of patients for which his signature stamp was used. Under terms of the agreement, T. L. must be supervised by a psychologist approved by the State Committee. ______________________________________ Grandparents' Visitation Rights Curbed Troxel v Granville, 99-138, U.S. Supreme Court In a case that many FMSF families have been following, the U.S. Supreme Court voted 6-3 on June 5 to strike down a Washington state law that gave grandparents broad visitation rights against parents' wishes. The case pitted parents' rights to raise their children free from government interference against state laws aimed at giving grandparents. Justices Stevens, Scalia and Kennedy each wrote dissenting opinions. _________________ Wenatchee update: Carol and Mark Doggett, who were released from jail in 1998 after their convictions were overturned by the state Court of Appeals, will not face a new trial on charges they raped their children. Since their release from prison, the Doggetts have been reunited with four of their five children and are working at being reunited with the fifth who remains in foster care. Meridith "Gene" Town and Leo Catcheway were both released from prison on June 8, 2000. Documents obtained from Pinecrest, the now defunct Idaho psychiatric facility that treated Town's two sons in 1994, discredit Wenatchee Police Detective Bob Perez's version of events of the boys being abused by numerous adults. The hospital records are exculpatory for all the adults who were accused by the two boys. It appears that Child Protective Services in Wenatchee and detective Perez had some of this information but they never told the prosecutor, giving grounds for a new trial Catcheway, arrested on the Navajo Indian reservation in Arizona after being featured in "America's Most Wanted" television show, had been accused of raping a child and being a cameraman for an alleged sex ring. No videotapes were ever found and his attorneys contend that police withheld evidence, including a medical exam showing that his primary accuser had never been raped. Since 1997, nine defendants have had their convictions overturned by state appellate courts. Seven others, including Town and Catcheway, have been released from prison after accepting plea offers while their appeals were pending. Another seven either served out their sentences or received suspended sentences. Three remain in prison. Stephen Maher, "Sex-case evidence could free one more" and "Two men embrace 'real justice'" Wenatchee World, June 9, 2000 ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | There now appear to have been spectacular miscarriages of justice | | in litigation concerning breast implants . . . and in some | | criminal cases involving the alleged sexual abuse of very young | | children. The legal system performed very badly in those | | instances, precisely because the diagnoses employed criteria so | | imprecise that they didn't permit falsification. | | | | p 233 | | Judging Science: Scientific knowledge and the federal courts. | | 1997, MIT Press | \____________________________________________________________________/ ********************************************************************** ONCE A PATIENT, FOREVER A PATIENT By Jaye D. Bartha Retractor, Class of '92 Like an insidious disease, the residue from repressed memory therapy follows me. After leaving treatment eight years ago, I was trapped in its wreckage, ailing and penniless. During litigation, it ambushed me with flashbacks of horrors I had endured while remembering perverted sexual abuse that never happened. After successful litigation, repressed memory therapy's nefarious nature followed me 1700 miles across country to my new home. This is its most recent sting. Sandy, a colleague, became overly concerned about my emotional well-being after I shared feelings of depression. Sandy's mother committed suicide and I had unwittingly stirred up old fears. Early one morning, my computer keyboard broke and the phone line was receiving a fax. Across town, Sandy was home transmitting her daily onslaught of cheery email. I did not respond. She called me by phone. It was busy. Sandy panicked, called another colleague Joanne, and the two of them decided, since I was not answering email or the phone, I needed urgent help. Joanne left the local library where she was studying and quickly drove to my neighborhood. Along the way, she flagged down a police officer and convinced him to assist her in checking on me. Joanne told the officer I wasn't answering the phone or email and that I had a history of psychiatric problems. When I returned home from the store with my new keyboard and groceries, my dog frantically ran in circles instead of smothering me with kisses. Something was wrong. A rush of fear ran through me. Peeking from under a pile of newspapers on the kitchen counter was a police officer's business card and a scribbled note: Jaye -- I was really concerned because we couldn't get hold of you so the police came with me to do a welfare check. Please call me or call Sandy. -- Joanne I panicked. I shook as if the temperature had dropped fifty degrees. I hugged the dog. Then I got mad. Real mad. I dialed the number on the police officer's business card and learned they called a locksmith to break in. Then my colleague and the officer searched my home. "Your friends just wanted to make sure you were okay," he said as if I should be grateful. "Excuse me officer. Those people are not friends, they're colleagues. They know little about me," I answered angrily. I didn't take the intrusion lightly. I was reminded of being locked on a mental ward with no control over my life. I had flashbacks of amytal interviews, of grueling days in the hospital, of phony memories of rape and mayhem. Obviously, I had no right to be in my home without invasion. Rules of probable cause, a valid search requiring the existence of facts, did not apply to me. I have been working diligently to recover from recovered memories. I'm healthy and enjoying my life. The term, "serene-retractor" is no longer an oxymoron. So what happened? I shared my story, that's all. My colleagues were writers who had critiqued many manuscripts about false memory syndrome. I failed to hide my past. The "welfare check" was a clamoring wake-up call. Would these two people, aided by the police, have broken into my home if they didn't know my psychiatric history? If I had been home would they have burst into my bedroom or the shower to make sure I was OK? If my dog attacked, would the officer have shot my faithful companion? It was clear, people will probably make decisions regarding my mental health, without my input, for the rest of my life. It leaves me wondering when my home will be broken into by another concerned colleague, neighbor, or family member. If I had children, would social services have taken them? If I were laying on the couch, would I have been escorted to a mental hospital? Are retractors and accused parents open targets for unsubstantiated welfare checks? Why are the police permitted to break into someone's home just because it's requested? I won't allow this incident to pull me backward. I know the future holds another welfare check, unless I keep quiet about my experiences with repressed memory therapy. But keeping quiet isn't an option for me. Silence breeds misinformation. Talking fosters understanding. I'd rather deal with the consequences. For now, repressed memory therapy will just have to follow me. I hope it enjoys my life as much as I do. I will not run or hide. Next time I'll remain calm and try to smile when they come check on me. ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | Legal Websites of Interest | | | | www.findlaw.com | | www.legalengine.com | | www.accused.com | \____________________________________________________________________/ ********************************************************************** SPEAKING THE LANGUAGE OF FAITH: EDUCATING THE FAITH-BASED RECOVERED MEMORY MOVEMENT Paul Simpson, Ed.D. Since its inception, the FMS Foundation has made tremendous strides in alerting the public about the crisis that has affected so many families. One of the primary ways this was accomplished is through establishing a standard of scientific rigor by which professionals and the courts could understand the false claims of Recovered Memory Therapy (RMT). But despite these accomplishments, one segment of RMT has managed to resist reform: faith-based therapists and clients who reference a religious worldview (Protestant, Jewish, Catholic, New Age, etc.) and believe their practice of RMT is a spiritual reality. For this segment of RMT believers, the scientific standard holds little value. Since 1992, I've had the opportunity to talk with thousands of RMT believers. Time and again, when I've encountered faith-based RMT believers, I've had to learn to frame the false memory issues into a language that they would respect -- the language of faith. How can we best educate faith-based RMT believers? It was with this question in mind that families met in a special roundtable at the recent Foundation conference in White Plains, NY. Our discussions included impacting local churches, educating pastors, and accessing national denominations. Local Church Seminars: Providing educational seminars at local churches, temples and synagogues is an effective tool for informing faith-based RMT. Advantages include: * Sponsorship of a local church lends greater credibility. * There is a pre-existing group of people (the congregation) who are more likely to attend a seminar in familiar surroundings. * There are little or no advertising costs, equipment rentals or seminar room fees. * Churches and synagogues have meeting rooms and sanctuaries that are ideal for hosting talks. * Local families and retractors who are part of the denomination can tell their stories. * Other congregations within the local community can be encouraged to attend. Educating Pastors: A key strategy is to educate ministers regarding the FMS crisis that is taking place within their own congregations. One way to accomplish this is to meet with them face to face and ask them to discuss the problem with their congregation. This could be followed by or in addition to educational mailings. Packets could be customized according to particular denominations and include FMSF materials/booklets, testimonials from denomination members, and an invitation to sponsor a FMS seminar for their own congregation. Advantages of educating ministers include: * Ministers can act as mediators in promoting reconciliation between estranged families. * They can better educate their congregations about the realities of FMS. * They can exercise more care in referrals and be more cautious about recovered memory claims within their congregation. * They can work with and help educate therapists in their denomination National Denominations: Another means of expanding awareness of the false memory problem is through the leadership of various denominations. By educating leaders at the district and national levels, we can promote change on a large scale. Denomination leaders can: * Create positional statements regarding FMS and bring about changes in policy for counseling referrals and how to help divided families. * Access newsletters that are sent to thousands of ministers and congregational members. * Extend opportunities to present the FMS situation at annual denomination conferences. The roundtable also addressed practical ways to move towards these goals. One key point is to request the FMS Foundation to help families address the issues of faith-based RMT with clergy. We need the grass-roots help of families in making contacts with local and national church officials, help organizing seminars and getting the word out on local events. To find out more, or if you wish to help, contact Sherry at: 763-417-0659. Dr. Paul Simpson is the founder of Project Middle Ground. ********************************************************************** THE GREATER GOOD Reinder Van Til Excerpt from President's Letter in Newsletter of Illinois False Memory Society June 2000, 6(2) Available www.IllinoisFMS.org For those of you who have been reunited with your "lost children," we join you in being grateful and cautiously joyful. And though we realize that it is sometimes difficult to hang around with people whose lives have not been turned around and who may still be somewhat bitter and depressed, we say that we still need your support and solidarity. This is especially true for returnees and retractors: they need the support and understanding of people who personally know the impact RMT has had on families' lives. For those of you who have despaired of your own situations and of the effectiveness of the FMS societies -- again, we understand. But we may perhaps point out that your half-empty glass, viewed differently, could be half full. Naturally neither we or the FMSF can bring your children and grandchildren back. But both organizations have been effective in publicly exposing bad therapy, in educating the public about the perils of RMT, in inspiring corrective programs on public and network broadcasts, and in pressing legal battles against bad therapy. For those of you who believe the battle has been won, I need only relate that your newsletter editors, my wife, and I sat down to lunch at New York's professional meeting -- purely by happenstance -- with two people who had been accused within the last six months, both of them from our region! Though we are small in number and have an unpopular message, we must realize that we are not working merely for ourselves but toward a greater good. Reinder Van Til, author of Lost Daughters, is the president of the Illinois False Memory Society. ********************************************************************** F R O M O U R R E A D E R S ________________________________ You Must Have Been Abused Virus! After sending a birthday card to my granddaughter, my estranged daughter sent the card back. I began to wonder, as I had so many times before, how my wonderful kind daughter had become a person who could do such a cruel thing. I found an answer: My daughter's "Hard Drive" had been reprogrammed. The Recovered Memory Virus has completely wiped out our daughter's "hard drive." All of the good programs (True Memories) have been reprogrammed with bad viruses (False Memories.) "Recovered Memory" therapy is very much like a computer virus in the way it wipes out good files and replaces them with scrambled ones. The government knows the cost that a bad computer virus can cause. Similarly, the cost of "The Recovered Memory Virus" is enormous; but there is no way to total up the cost on heart aches and pain it has caused. The Psychiatric Industry seem unable or unwilling to put any funds or time into punishing the culprits or finding a way to help restore "real memories" to the victims. A Mom _________ It Worked About three years ago I was at wit's end trying to figure out how to solve the problem surrounding my daughter's false claim that I had molested her, this supposedly happening twenty years prior to the allegation. A psychologist she was seeing had her cut off all communication with me. Six years passed and I then found your organization. By reading each newsletter carefully, especially letters from those who were suffering similar fates, I came up with a patient plan to figure out how I could be reunited with my daughter and her family. It finally worked. We are now in loving communication with one another and although she is in a distant city, we will work out the details of a reunion. At first she wanted to go back into the past and "work through her trauma." I told her I would be there with her and for her when she found strength enough. It has never been mentioned since, and it begins to dawn on me that the past will never be broached, nor is there a need that it should be. A Dad ________________ It Can Get Worse When false memories split our family, my wife and I believed that nothing worse could happen to us. We were wrong. Our eldest son, alienated from us for more than six years, committed suicide two weeks ago by throwing himself in front of a subway train. The last time we saw him he had a good position and appeared to have a bright future. Then an untreatable psychiatric condition rendered him suicidal and unable to work. Although I don't believe false memories had any significant effect on his psychiatric illness, they certainly affected his conduct and made his suicide even more devastating for us than it would otherwise have been. Specifically, we were omitted from the death notice and excluded from a memorial service in our son's home. Preceding chapters in this tragedy will have a familiar ring for many readers. Early in the 1990s our two daughters cut off communication with us, although they didn't tell us why and have not until this day. Subsequently we learned from others that our daughters were accusing a grandparent of sexually abusing them many years ago. By this time that grandparent had been dead for more than ten years and the spouse was virtually comatose with Alzheimer's disease. We did, however, make inquiries of other family members without finding anything to support our daughters' accusations. Our recollection is that the children loved being at the farm with their grandparents. Some time after our daughters' alienation, our late son tried to bring about a family reconciliation; unfortunately he failed. He then came to believe, presumably after talking with our daughters, that although he had no memory of mistreatment, "something must have happened" in our house. He later tried to convince his two brothers of his suspicions. Fortunately for our sanity, they did not accept his conclusion and have remained supportive of us. Shortly after our sons' disagreement, we were cut off from any communication with our late son, his wife and their two sons. And that is how it remained until our son's death. A Dad ___________ Giving Hope I write to give hope to all. Today, May 23, 2000, I was having lunch with my daughter. We had reconciled two and a half years ago and at that time I asked her to say that she knew that the original statements about abuse were false. She did say that was so, but she had not apologized or said very much about her therapy. Today at lunch, with tears in her eyes, she said, "I'm very sorry about all that crap you had to go through six years ago." And with tears in my eyes, I told her that she had no idea how much those words meant to me. I write this to give hope to others. I didn't initiate the discussion. I knew the truth and had been leaving the outcome to God. Today, my prayers were answered. A Dad ______________________________SIDEBAR_______________________________ / \ | (1) The crime victims compensation program will not authorize | | services and treatment: | | (e) For any therapies which focus on the recovery of repressed | | memory or recovery of memory which focuses on memories of | | physically impossible acts, highly improbable acts for which | | verification should be available, but is not, or unverified | | memories of acts occurring prior to the age of two. | | | | Washington: Permanent Rules, | | Dept of Labor and Industries, | | Adopted April 20, 2000 | \____________________________________________________________________/ ______________ A TRAGIC STORY Claudette Grieb How I wish I could have afforded to be at the Memory and Reality conference. I know I would have met many courageous and enlightened individuals and some exceptional new friends. I have recently emerged from emotional paralysis following the death of my daughter and granddaughter and I am determined to turn that horrendous tragedy into some good. In Canada, as in other countries, an individual with little training has the right to advertise as a therapist. My daughter's "therapist," who specialized in working with single welfare moms, was ill-equipped to deal with my daughter's serious physical and mental problems. Yet she charged a handsome fee even to single welfare moms; I know because I have the receipts. My daughter found her therapist through the gay community but this was not her first experience with therapy. Jackie, who had a rough early childhood because of physical ailments, started to blossom when she was five years old and continued flourishing until her last year in high school when she was seventeen. At that point, she very publicly announced that she was a lesbian. I would be less than honest if I said that the family was pleased, but we adjusted and welcomed her and her friends to our home. Jackie, unfortunately, quickly encountered a great deal of discrimination in our Canadian city because of her sexual orientation, and she became very wild. She started taking drugs, she had herself tattooed and, to our great distress, she became friends with some very strange people. Jackie had always been moody, but with the drugs, these mood changes were intensified. She saw our family doctor who said that she was depressed, borderline suicidal, and had feelings of inadequacy. Jackie also had pelvic pain that he diagnosed as endometriosis. He prescribed an antidepressant and she was referred to a surgeon for the pain. Jackie, who had a distrust of male doctors, refused to take the antidepressants or to follow the surgeon's advice. Instead she tried alternative health remedies and visited clinics for the next few years when she felt she needed help. Jackie continued on this wild streak for several years but then returned and seemed to start settling down. She even opened a shop in town. When she lost the shop a year later because the building was sold, she decided it was time to have a baby. By 1997, my daughter was a 25-year-old single mom and a brilliant self-taught painter, but she was still involved with drugs and unsavory people. More important, however, she seemed to be suffering from the onset of paranoid schizophrenia, a condition that had affected several of her relatives when in their mid-twenties. Two, in fact, are institutionalized. My daughter had sought therapy because she was depressed and having panic attacks and nightmares. She was also distressed because of her many tattoos that she no longer wanted. Her therapist, whose credential is a masters level degree in sociology, did not attend to Jackie's drug problems and apparently did not even bother to take a family history. If she had, she would have learned of the family history of schizophrenia. This therapist saw only "repressed memories of sexual abuse" as the source for all Jackie's current problems. My daughter didn't have a chance. Allegations of childhood sexual abuse were first raised against her father, then against both of us. By August, 1997, Jackie divorced herself from the family, made death threats against us, and refused to let us continue our visits and to babysit with our beautiful granddaughter. We were in shock, weeping and suffering in silence. Later Jackie retracted the accusations against her dad but intensified the ones against me. By February 1998, my marriage had broken down and my son, a brilliant scholar who could not stand all the pain caused by his sister's accusations and cutting off, chose to move to another country. According to a homicide detective's statement, on June 4, 1998 my daughter's lesbian lover announced to her that she was leaving. By this time in her "therapy," my daughter had no one else to turn to, although we would have taken her back unconditionally if she could just have found her way home. Instead, in despair and obvious insanity, an hour and a half later my daughter killed her own two-year-eleven-month-old daughter, Dagmar, by hanging her. Then my daughter hanged herself. The horror of her death was compounded. I was not told about it right away because the person who was supposed to tell me was instead meeting with some of my daughter's "friends" to plan the theft of her estate. By the time I was able to be involved, my daughter's paintings, her personal possessions, her entire estate had all disappeared. I had to go shopping to buy decent clothes for the burial of two nude bodies. When I arrived at the funeral home, my daughter's and Dagmar's caskets had been desecrated with dirty bird feathers, a skull hanging from a chain, a bag of marijuana, and weird beads. Perhaps these were supposed to be gifts from the new-age, drug-taking people into whose company she had fallen and who stole her paintings. When I went to the authorities to attempt to redress the theft, fabricated charges were brought against me and I was dragged into court where not a shred of evidence was provided against me. For me, however, the worst insult of all was the fact that for many months, local papers printed negative and hurtful articles about my daughter and her alleged abusive family. A "therapist" threw a bomb in our family. She ignored the serious consequences of years of drug abuse and a family history of schizophrenia, instead becoming a judge and jury. The most rudimentary assessment of Jackie would have pointed to the professional help she so desperately needed. I continue to be haunted by nightmares of a baby shaking and hanging from a boot string. Why? Why did it happen? How can our society tolerate unqualified therapists preying on vulnerable people? I am dedicating my life to changing that. A Mom +---------------------------------------------------------+ | It is a virtue to keep an open mind when evaluating new | | ideas, "just not so open that your brains fall out." | | James Obert | | Repeated by Carl Sagan 1995, Demon Haunted World | +---------------------------------------------------------+ ______ Coping What helped the most was my assuring both grandmothers, now gone, that I would not let one child gone sour ruin my life or affect our relationship with out wonderful two sons and a daughter-in-law who excel in filling the gap left by one lost child. That thought has helped me through, as has a career and courage from reading your newsletter to tell our story. It's amazing how many others then open up to confess they have experienced the same thing. A Mom _______________ New Perspective The convention was wonderful. I must tell you that my daughter did not want to come at first. After we got there and she finally realized that we really didn't blame her for this whole mess but that she was a victim of bad therapy, the whole situation changed. Now she is ready to start a very aggressive campaign against the people who harmed her so that it will never happen to anyone else. A Mom ********************************************************************** * DID YOU MOVE? * * Do you have a new area code? Remember to inform the * * FMSF Business Office * ********************************************************************** * * * IMPORTANT CONFERENCE ABOUT * * CHILD AND ADULT FALSE ACCUSATIONS * * * * National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center * * Ninth International Conference * * CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATIONS: * * 2000 AND BEYOND * * September 14-16, 2000 * * Adam's Mark Hotel * * Kansas City, Missouri * * * * Speakers include: Maggie Bruck, Ph.D., Philip Esplin, Ed.D., * * Elizabeth Loftus, Ph.D., Richard Ofshe, Ph.D., Debra Poole, Ph.D., * * Robert Rosenthal, J.D., Carol Tavris, Ph.D. * * * * For more information * * Contact 419-865-0513 * * * ********************************************************************** * www.MEMORY AND REALITY.org * * or * * http://www.FMSFonline.org * * * * Have you seen the new look of our webpages? * * Back Issues of the FMSF Newsletter to 1993 are available. * * Check out the new unit on hypnosis? * ********************************************************************** * * * Back issues of the FMSF Newsletter to March 1992, the start of * * FMSF, are soon to be available at www. FMSFonline.org * * * ********************************************************************** * WEB SITES OF INTEREST * * * * www.StopBadTherapy.com * * Contains phone numbers of professional regulatory boards * * in all 50 states * * * * www.IllinoisFMS.org * * Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society * * * * www.afma.asn.au * * Australian False Memory Association. * * * * www.bfms.org.uk * * British False Memory Society * * * * www.geocities.com/retractors * * This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor) * * * * www.geocities.com/~therapyletters/index.htm * * This site is run by Deb David (retractor) * * * * www.chordate.com/therapys_delusions/index.html * * Website about book Therapy's Delusions. * * * * www.sirs.com/uptonbooks/index.htm * * Upton Books * * * * www.chordate.com/therapys_delusions/index.html * * Website about book Therapy's Delusions. * ********************************************************************** * * * If you are having trouble locating books about the recovered * * memory phenomenon because bookstores tell you they are out of * * print, try the * * Recovered Memory Bookstore * * www.angelfire.com/tx/recoveredmemories/ * * * ********************************************************************** * ESTATE PLANNING * * If you have questions about how to * * include the FMSF in your estate planning, * * contact Charles Caviness 800-289-9060. * * (Available 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific time.) * ********************************************************************** * * * FREE * * "Recovered Memories: Are They Reliable?" * * Call or write the FMS Foundation for pamphlets. Be sure to * * include your address and the number of pamphlets you need. * * * ********************************************************************** _____________________________________ F M S B U L L E T I N B O A R D Key: (MO)-monthly; (bi-MO)-bi-monthly; (*)-see Notices above Contacts & Meetings: _____________ UNITED STATES ALABAMA Montgomery Madge 334-244-7891 ALASKA Kathleen 907-337-7821 ARIZONA Barbara 602-924-0975; 602-854-0404 (fax) ARKANSAS Little Rock Al & Lela 870-363-4368 CALIFORNIA Sacramento Joanne & Gerald 916-933-3655 San Francisco & North Bay - (bi-MO) Gideon 415-389-0254 or Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm) East Bay Area - (bi-MO) Judy 925-376-8221 Central Coast Carole 805-967-8058 Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm Chris & Alan 714-733-2925 Covina Area - 1st Mon. (MO) @7:30pm Floyd & Libby 626-330-2321 San Diego Area Dee 619-941-4816 COLORADO Colorado Springs Doris 719-488-9738 CONNECTICUT S. New England Earl 203-329-8365 or Paul 203-458-9173 FLORIDA Dade/Broward Madeline 954-966-4FMS Boca/Delray - 2nd & 4th Thurs (MO) @1pm Helen 561-498-8684 Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time John & Nancy 352-750-5446 Tampa Bay Area Bob & Janet 813-856-7091 GEORGIA Atlanta Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917 HAWAII Carolyn 808-261-5716 ILLINOIS Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO) Eileen 847-985-7693 or Liz & Roger 847-827-1056 Peoria Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767 INDIANA Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices Nickie 317-471-0922; fax 317-334-9839 Pat 219-489-9987 IOWA Des Moines - 2nd Sat. (MO) @11:30 am Lunch Betty & Gayle 515-270-6976 KANSAS Wichita - Meeting as called Pat 785-738-4840 KENTUCKY Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm Bob 502-367-1838 MAINE Bangor Irvine & Arlene 207-942-8473 Rumbold Carolyn 207-942-8473 Protland - 4th Sun.(MO) Wally & Boby 207-878-9812 MASSACHUSETTS/NEW ENGLAND Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm Frank 978-263-9795 MICHIGAN Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO) Bill & Marge 616-383-0382 Greater Detroit Area Nancy 248-642-8077 Ann Arbor Martha 734-439-8119 MINNESOTA Terry & Collette 507-642-3630 Dan & Joan 651-631-2247 MISSOURI Kansas City - Meeting as called Pat 785-738-4840 St. Louis Area - call for meeting time Karen 314-432-8789 Springfield - 4th Sat. Apr,Jul,Oct @12:30pm Tom 417-753-4878 Roxie 417-781-2058 MONTANA Lee & Avone 406-443-3189 NEW JERSEY Southern Sally 609-927-5343 Northern Nancy 973-729-1433 NEW MEXICO Albuquerque -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm) Sy 505-758-0726 NEW YORK Westchester, Rockland, etc. Barbara 914-761-3627 Upstate/Albany Area Elaine 518-399-5749 NORTH CAROLINA Susan 704-538-7202 OHIO Cincinnati Bob 513-541-0816 or 513-541-5272 Cleveland Bob & Carole 440-356-4544 OKLAHOMA Oklahoma City Dee 405-942-0531 HJ 405-755-3816 Tulsa Jim 918-297-7719 OREGON Portland John 503-297-7719 PENNSYLVANIA Harrisburg Paul & Betty 717-691-7660 Pittsburgh Rick & Renee 412-563-5509 Montrose John 717-278-2040 Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO) Jim & Jo 610-783-0396 TENNESSEE Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm Kate 615-665-1160 TEXAS Houston Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970 El Paso Mary Lou 915-591-0271 UTAH Keith 801-467-0669 VERMONT (bi-MO) Judith 802-229-5154 VIRGINIA Sue 703-273-2343 WASHINGTON See Oregon WISCONSIN Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or Susanne & John 608-427-3686 _____________ INTERNATIONAL BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA Vancouver & Mainland Ruth 604-925-1539 Victoria & Vancouver Island - 3rd Tues. (MO) @7:30pm John 250-721-3219 MANITOBA Winnipeg Roma 240-275-5723 ONTARIO, CANADA London -2nd Sun (bi-MO) Adriaan 519-471-6338 Ottawa Eileen 613-836-3294 Toronto /N. York Pat 416-444-9078 Warkworth Ethel 705-924-2546 Burlington Ken & Marina 905-637-6030 Penetanguishene Paula 705-549-1423 QUEBEC, CANADA Montreal Alain 514-335-0863 St. Andre Est. Mavis 450-537-8187 AUSTRALIA Mike 0754-842-348 fax 0754-841-051 ISRAEL FMS ASSOCIATION fax-(972) 2-625-9282 NETHERLANDS Task Force FMS of Werkgroep Fictieve Herinneringen Anna (31) 20-693-5692 NEW ZEALAND Colleen (09) 416-7443 SWEDEN Ake Moller FAX (48) 431-217-90 UNITED KINGDOM The British False Memory Society Madeline (44) 1225 868-682 _________________________________________________ Deadline for the Sept/Oct Newsletter is August 15 Meeting notices MUST be in writing and should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING. +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Do you have access to e-mail? Send a message to | | firstname.lastname@example.org | | if you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and | | notices of radio and television broadcasts about FMS. All the | | message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but | | not necessary, if you add your full name (all addresses and names | | will remain strictly confidential). | +--------------------------------------------------------------------+ ********************************************************************** The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora- tion with its principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its Board of Directors. While it encourages participation by its members in its activities, it must be understood that the Foundation has no affiliates and that no other organization or person is authorized to speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex- ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda- tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition. ********************************************************************** Pamela Freyd, Ph.D., Executive Director FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board, July 1, 2000 AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Sterling Heights, MI; ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D., Rush Presbyterian St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL; JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wiscon- sin, Madison, WI; FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA; ROBYN M. DAWES, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA; DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D., University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM; FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medi- cal School, Boston MA; GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; MARTIN GARDNER, Author, Hendersonville, NC ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, CA; HENRY GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; LILA GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London; DAVID A. HALPERIN, M.D., Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY; ERNEST HILGARD, Ph.D., Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA; JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA; DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS; PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D., Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; ROBERT A. KARLIN, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ; HAROLD LIEF, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, Phila- delphia, PA; ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of Washington, Sea- tle, WA; SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; HAROLD MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada; SPENCER HARRIS MORFIT, Author, Westford, MA; ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.; RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of Califor- nia, Berkeley, CA; EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvan- ia, Philadelphia, PA; MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased) University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D.,Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland , OR; CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., Concordia University, Montreal, Canada; MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada; AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA; HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; JAMES RANDI, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL; HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis, MO; CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL; THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, CA; THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., Indiana Univers- ity, Bloomington, IN; MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa; MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA; RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State University Law School, Detroit, MI; DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center, Piscataway, NJ; JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D., Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY; HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, Northfield, MN; CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor Uni- versity, Waco, TX. ********************************************************************** Y E A R L Y FMSF M E M B E R S H I P I N F O R M A T I O N Professional - Includes Newsletter $125_______ Family - Includes Newsletter $100_______ Additional Contribution:_____________ PLEASE FILL OUT ALL INFORMATION ___VISA: Card: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___ ___MASTER CARD: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___ ___Check or Money Order: Payable to FMS FOUNDATION IN U.S. DOLLARS. ______________________________________________________________________ Signature ______________________________________________________________________ Name (PLEASE PRINT) ______________________________________________________________________ Street Address or P.O.Box ______________________________________________________________________ City State Zip+4 (_____)_____________________________(_____)___________________________ Telephone FAX * MAIL the completed form with payment to: FMS Foundation, 3401 Market ST, Suite 130, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3315 This address and the phone numbers have changed as of July 15, 2000 * FAX your order to (215) 287-1917. 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