FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - December 1999 - Vol. 8, No. 8, HTML version

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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
December 1999  Vol 8  No 8
ISSN #1069-0484.           Copyright (c) 1999  by  the  FMS Foundation
    The FMSF Newsletter  is published 6 times a year by the  False
    Memory  Syndrome  Foundation.  A hard-copy subscription is in-
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    Legal Corner                    The next issue
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        From Our Readers           January/February
          Bulletin Board

Dear Friends,

Can the tragic recovered memory fad be coming to an end? This month,
for the very first time, we saw a reference to the recovered memory
movement in the past tense. (See Newsletter p. 8) Although we don't
think we are ready to use the past tense, it is interesting that the
memory wars are beginning to be perceived as something over and done
with. Unfortunately, for most FMS families the tragedy is not over;
they are still bogged down with the detritus from the confrontations,
accusations, withdrawal of the accusers, and maybe their return. We
believe, however, that the evidence is strong that the
recovered-memory craze is rapidly waning.
    People who enter therapy now, for example, are less likely than
they were eight years ago to enter an environment in which they will
develop beliefs about past abuse by satanic ritual cults. In part,
that is because in November, Bennett Braun, M.D., the psychiatrist who
is credited by his peers with organizing the first professional
conferences at which SRA beliefs were spread, has surrendered his
license for two years. (See this month's Legal Corner.) In a plea
agreement, Braun also agreed to a 5-year probation should he decide to
return to practice. In addition, the agreement states that Braun must
show any future employer the original complaint against him. Braun has
been sued by 11 former patients and no longer holds his position at
Rush Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago. He was not on the program of
this year's International Society for the Study of Dissociation
conference -- the group he was key in forming.
    In another license action, an amendment to the May, 1999
discipline action of the Minnesota Board of Psychology against Renee
Fredrickson ordered that in the future, Fredrickson "shall practice
psychology only under the supervision of a licensed psychologist."
    Braun and Fredrickson were key figures in the spread of the
beliefs that have so harmed families. As we have written in the past,
all aspects of the recovered-memory movement are not likely to
disappear, but its practices should become increasingly marginal as
lawsuits and license actions sweep it into disrepute.
    The significance of these license actions to families and to the
end of the recovered-memory movement will be a focus of the FMS
Foundation conference "Memory and Reality: Return to Reason" to be
held in April in Westchester, New York. (See p.17 for preliminary
information.) This 4th Memory and Reality Conference will feature
professionals who have been in the forefront of stopping the spread of
false memories. Families who are waiting for or dealing with the
experience of reunification will also play an important role in the
    Evidence of a different sort from lawsuits and license actions
also anticipates the demise of the recovered-memory movement. An
increasing number of journalists are drawing parallels between
recovering memories of sexual abuse and recovering any other memories.
They are moving beyond seeing the recovered-memory debate as one
limited to memories of sexual abuse to one that is about the
"processes" by which any memories are recovered and to skepticism
about beliefs developed in suggestive therapy settings. This can be
seen in journalistic comments about the withdrawal of the Holocaust
memoir by Binjamin Wilkomirski.[3]
    Binjamin Wilkomirski's memoir about his childhood in Nazi
concentrations camps has been withdrawn by the publisher because
copious legal documents prove that Mr. Wilkomirski was not Jewish and
that he could not have spent the war years in concentration camps. The
book had been translated into 12 languages and Wilkomirski had
received awards and adulation from the literary and Holocaust
communities. (See this issue page 3.)
    In one of the most bizarre stories in the whole recovered memory
saga, a major "proof" for Wilkomirski's claims had been another "child
survivor," a Laura Grabowski, who declared she remembered him from
Auschwitz. In a strange twist, it turns out that Lauren Grabowski is
none other than Lauren Stratford (aka Laurel Wilson) who wrote the
book Satan's Underground in 1988, a memoir about her experiences as a
child victim of satanic abuse. That book was one of several that
helped fuel the satanic panic. It, too, was later exposed as
fraudulent and withdrawn by the publisher.[1]
    One writer commented that the Wilkomirski-Stratford incident
showed us "that there are some very weird people out there." While
that may be true, these incidents do give us reason to consider two
important questions. First, does it really matter that the stories
were false? Yes, it does. For Holocaust survivors or sexual abuse
survivors, such hoaxes and false claims attack their credibility. They
diminish the experience and pain of genuine victims. And they may
cause serious harm. Satan's Underground, for example, turns out to
have been a major source of information for a California therapist
named Maas who then helped at least 50 patients recover memories of
satanic ritual abuse.[2] Two of them sued their 76-year-old mother in
1990 in what is likely the first SRA trial of the current
panic. (Bennett Braun was an expert for the prosecution.)
    The second question is equally troubling because of what it asks
about the rest of us: What does it say about the gullibility of
publishers, literary critics and the rest of us? How could so many
people have been fooled by Wilkomirski's story? And by so many other
recovered memory stories? For this writer it is a demonstration that
people may suspend critical judgment if a story fits into the
prevailing cultural wind, if it is what they want and expect to hear.
In a "victim oriented" culture, readers' self-definitions are in the
    In a period of only eight years, however, we have moved from a
culture in which any recovered memory accusation or story was
considered true -- something that made some sense in the context of
belief in the videotape theory of memory -- to a culture in which
reason is rapidly returning and people once again look for
corroboration of claims. We should feel proud of the role that we have
played in this change. Education about what science has shown of the
constructive nature of memory has given sight to the blind belief in
the veracity of all abuse stories and accusations. Whatever the role
of the Foundation in this change, it has only been possible because of
you and your ongoing financial support. Thank you for your past
support and for the support you have given in the current pledge

    We look forward to seeing you in April.
    Happy New Year!   Happy New Millennium!

[1] Victor, J. (1993) Satanic Panic: The Creation of a Contemporary
    Legend. Chicago: Open Court; Passantino et al (1990) Cornerstone
    18(90) "Satan's Sideshow."
[2] Alexander, D. (Sept/Oct 1991) The Humanist,"Still Giving the Devil
    More Than His Due."
[3] Bloom, P., 9/30/98, The Independent, UK. "Later, the publisher
    supplied more information about the genesis of these traumatic
    recollections. Only psychotherapy had been able to unlock his
    memories of life in the land of the dead....It also could be
    another blow for the already widely discredited therapeutic method
    of "retrieved memory," which has led to countless allegations of
    childhood sexual abuse, many of which have later been demonstrated
    to have no basis in fact."
       Langley, W. & Fielding, N., 10/1/98, Mail on Sunday ."The
    victim who never was; His book about how he suffered in Hitler's
    concentration camps has been a worldwide best-seller. But now it
    seems Binjamin Wilkomirski never left neutral Switzerland. Is his
    story the ultimate case of false memory syndrome?... Wilkomirski's
    admitted use of Recovered Memory Therapy should, perhaps, have set
    alarm bells ringing."
       Kahn, J., 10/20/98, The Boston Globe. "Others point to
    Wilkomirski's work in "recovered memory" therapy -- a process
    called into question in many high-profile cases involving child
    abuse charges -- as one more reason to be cautious about the
    author's motives."

        |                   SPECIAL THANKS                   |
        |                                                    |
        |   We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of   |
        |  the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.  |  
        |                                                    |
        |  EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Toby Feld, Allen Feld, Janet   |
        |           Fetkewicz, Howard Fishman, Peter Freyd   |
        |  COLUMNISTS: August Piper, Jr. and members         |
        |           of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board    |
        |  LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers              |

                     WILKOMIRSKI  BOOK  WITHDRAWN
                              FMSF Staff

Fragments, a memoir by Binjamin Wilkomirski about his experience as a
Latvian Jewish orphan who spent his early years in a Nazi camp, has
been withdrawn by the publisher.[1] In September, Schocken Books
withdrew hard cover books from bookstores and in October they
suspended publication of paperbacks, citing evidence that the account
was no more than a vivid fantasy. Mr. Wilkomirski's American editor
said that the evidence "was sufficiently conclusive to require
immediate action."
    For several years, Wilkomirski received awards and literary
acclaim for this Holocaust book. Doubts about its authenticity,
however, surfaced a year ago and climaxed in devastating articles in
both The New Yorker [2] and Granta.[3] Documents were found proving
that Wilkomirski had spent the war years in Switzerland.
    Wilkomirski's memories developed in a therapeutic process with his
close friend, who happened to be a therapist. The author of the New
Yorker article interviewed that friend and wrote that, "the story he
told me of their friendship was the story of how, through a lengthy
collaborative process of trial and error, he had helped Bruno
Dossekker to become Binjamin Wilkomirski." (p.59) The friend stated:
    "Therapy...provided the secure environment he was seeking, in
which to "find words" for the memories that terrified him, and to sort
out the jumble of "preverbal" images in his mind -- "to see a subject
clear, and to see whether I have a memory, or two, three memories
overlapping, and to separate what doesn't belong together."
    Credibility was given to Wilkomirski's story when it was confirmed
by a Laura Grabowski, who claimed she had known Wilkomirski at
Auschwitz. But in an interesting twist, it appears that Laura
Grabowski was quite confused. Apparently her real name is Lauren
Stratford and she is the author of Satan's Underground, a book in
which she describes being forced to be a "baby breeder" in a Satanic
cult.[4, 5] An expose of Grabowski appeared in Cornerstone magazine in
November. Lauren Stratford was born in Tacoma, Washington, and has
spent her entire life in the United States.

[1] New York Times, 11/3/99, "Publisher Drops Holocaust Book.".
[2] Gourevitch,P., 6/14/99, The New Yorker, "The Memory Thief,"
[3] Lappin, P. 6/99, Granta, "The Man with Two Heads."
[4] Summers, S. 10/25/99, Daily Mail,. "Hoaxter of the Holocaust."
[5] Passantino, et al. 11/99, Cornerstone, "From Satanic Ritual Abuse
    to Jewish Holocaust Survivor." (See FMSF Newsletter Nov, 1998, Dec

  | The Cornerstone article is available at |
  | It can also be ordered from the FMS Foundation as article #738  |
  | for $3.00. (Checks only please)                                 |

/                                                                    \
| The other matter of importance is Wilkomirski's claim that his     |
| childhood memories surfaced in his mind as a result of             |
| psychotherapy. This would bolster the idea that forgotten memories |
| of childhood trauma can pop into a person's head and fishing for   |
| them has therapeutic as well as evidentiary value.... True         |
| believers in the recovered memory syndrome have suffered many      |
| setbacks in the past few years. When Fragments first appeared, it  |
| was hailed by beleaguered supporters of the movement. Last year,   |
| Michele Landsberg wrote in the Toronto Star that "Wilkomirski's    |
| book is a rare testimony of the way children struggle to make      |
| sense of horror -- and to validate their fragmented memories in    |
| the face of adult denial and silencing." Media fashions change, of |
| course. By now most people see that whatever the scientific        |
| validity of recovered memory, its uncritical and premature         |
| introduction into the criminal justice system has been wrong. It   |
| demonstrably resulted in innocent people being falsely accused and |
| convicted. Mental flashbacks elicited under therapy, unsupported   |
| by other evidence, cannot possibly amount to proof beyond a        |
| reasonable doubt. When the recovered memory syndrome first came    |
| into vogue, the media jumped on the bandwagon and contributed to   |
| the hysterical atmosphere of a modern witch hunt. It was decidedly |
| not the fourth (or fifth) estate's finest hour.                    |
|                          George Jonas, 10/3/98, The Calgary Herald |

/                                                                    \
|                            Yes Indeed!                             |
| But if his publishers had had the sense to wonder how a three-     |
| year-old child could possibly have remembered so many places,      |
| names, events and conversations, the whole freakish episode might  |
| have been avoided.                                                 |
|                      Adam Sweeting, November 4, 1999, The Guardian |

/                                                                    \
|          Excerpts about Wilkomirski from The New Yorker.           |
|                                                                    |
| "To question Wilkomirski's identity was to reprise one of his      |
| book's dominant themes: the plight of a victim who finds that his  |
| memories are doubted and dismissed. In fact, when Wilkomirski      |
| renounces 'the ordering logic of grown-ups,' he is not only        |
| telling his readers, 'You must believe me,' he is also issuing a   |
| warning: 'To disbelieve me is to participate in my further         |
| victimization.'" p.52                                              |
|                                                                    |
| "The one thing that Wilkomirski said repeatedly which I believe    |
| unequivocally is that he wrote his memories for himself, and he    |
| doesn't ultimately care what anybody else says, because nobody can |
| take those memories away from him. But after more than six months  |
| of studying the mischief that has followed from Wilkomirski's      |
| fantasies and obfuscation, I am more fearful for and depressed by  |
| the culture that received him as an apostle of memory than I am    |
| for the man himself, whoever he thinks he is. Several times,       |
| during our conversations, he told me that he was sure the papers   |
| in his official dossier represented a real boy called Bruno        |
| Grosjean, and so I asked him what might have become of that Bruno. |
| Wilkomirski wasn't sure, but suddenly he said that long ago, in    |
| his childhood, he had met this missing boy. In the beginning, he   |
| sounded uncertain about this, his voice slow and faltering, as if  |
| he were encountering a new memory unexpectedly. Then he grew       |
| excited, and everything became clear: he first encountered the     |
| Grosjean boy in the Swiss orphanage where, Wilkomirski believed,   |
| they were switched, and he said they met again much later, when    |
| they were both in high school. At first, they avoided each other,  |
| and then they began to talk. Wilkomirski said, 'He started to tell |
| me how wonderful he has it with his foster parents, that he's so   |
| lucky, and that they wanted to emigrate.' The words rushed out of  |
| him now, chunks of dialogue coming back intact. His eyes were      |
| aimed off somewhere. He was inside the memory. I interrupted him   |
| there to ask whether his lost doppelganger was still called        |
| Bruno. 'Yes, but, the boy had a new name, too -- Hugo, or Wolf, or |
| something like that,' Wilkomirski said, and he told me that he     |
| thinks the missing Grosjean may be living in America." p.68        |
|                                                                    |
|                             Philip Gourevitch, "The Memory Thief," |
|                           The New Yorker, June 14, 1999  pp.48-68  |

                           SOUND  FAMILIAR?
                              FMSF Staff

"Why would [Wilkomirski] claim to have endured such cruel privations,
outlining them in especially gruesome detail?"
                       David Belcher, November 6, 1999, The Herald, UK

That question is the same one with which so many FMS families have
been challenged. German psychologist Walther Schmieder suggested that
some people receive satisfaction from the adulation of others as a
result of playing an heroic role.

    "So it seems with this man. He put himself in the hellholes of the
    concentration camps and was able to write, "Look -- I survived!
    I'm special!"[1]

Sue Summers, producer of a BBC documentary about Wilkomirski, said:
"One can view him as the ultimate expression of modern victim culture.
An obscure Swiss boy abandoned by his mother could expect only limited
sympathy in the great scheme of things. But a little child left alone
to face the full onslaught of Nazi evil? The whole world's heart would
bleed -- and it did."[2]

[1] Quoted in Hall, A., 11/04/99, New York Post, "Holocaust Hoaxer?"
[2] Summers, S., 10/25/99, Daily Mail, UK.

/                                                                    \
|    Public Perceptions: Recovered Memory Movement in Past Tense     |
|                                                                    |
| For the first time the FMSF Staff has seen a reference to the      |
| recovered memory movement in the past tense.                       |
|                                                                    |
| "[C]urrent trends (belief in angels) are juxtaposed with defunct   |
| ones (belief in repressed memory syndrome and satanic ritual       |
| abuse, which Kaminer acknowledges have been widely discredited     |
| since the mid-1990's)..."                                          |
|        Review of Sleeping with Extra-Terrestrials by Wendy Kaminer |
|                           New York Times Book Review, Oct 24, 1999 |
|                                 I'm Irrational, You're Irrational" |
|                                                                    |
| Excerpts from the Kaminer book Sleeping with Extra-Terrestrials,   |
| New York: Pantheon, 1999.                                          |
|                                                                    |
| "The recovered memory movement valorized paranoia. The mere        |
| suspicion that your father had raped you provided entree into the  |
| community of survivors, where you were likely to be praised for    |
| your bravery in confronting your abuse, and cutting yourself off   |
| from family members who had conspired in it. The best-selling      |
| bible of the movement, first published in 1988, by Ellen Bass and  |
| Laura Davis, was predictably named The Courage to Heal. The        |
| recollection of childhood abuse was considered heroic. Bass and    |
| Davis affirm that the "courage and determination of survivors"     |
| was, for them, inspirational." (p.195)                             |
|                                                                    |
| "That children routinely bury their worst memories of abuse, which |
| are recovered years later in therapy, was not an established fact. |
| Indeed, research on memory has thoroughly refuted popular notions  |
| of repression.  Even common sense (touted by Bass) and a           |
| layperson's knowledge of the world might question the belief that  |
| traumatic experiences routinely cause amnesia: Holocaust survivors |
| struggle to keep society from forgetting the events they remember  |
| too well. Yet, belief in repressed memories became a fundamental   |
| article of faith. It implied that the truth was always in hiding." |
| (p.195-6)                                                          |
|                                                                    |
| "What fueled hysteria about recovered memories, child abuse, and   |
| conspiracies of satanic ritual abusers? The rise of the recovery   |
| movement coincided with popular anxiety about day care (and the    |
| effect of feminism on child welfare). In part, the hysteria        |
| represented cultural resistance to women's liberation and changing |
| gender roles. Yet it was also paradoxically encouraged by the      |
| feminist movement, from which recovery experts derived their       |
| mistrust of traditional family life and their belief in the        |
| routine abuse of women and children, as well as concern about      |
| pornography and the number of men "addicted" to it. Some           |
| feminists, in turn, borrowed recovery's rhetoric about             |
| codependency, addiction, and abuse. The recovery movement          |
| contributed to the rise of therapeutic feminism, which tended to   |
| demonize men and focused on restoring the self-esteem of           |
| presumptively fragile, perennially victimized women." (p.199)      |

                        As told to FMSF Staff

Slowly, very slowly, an action is taking shape in France. In December
1996 when we were first accused, we felt very much alone until we met
the Dutch "Werkgroep" chairman in person and the American FMSF on the
internet. The phenomenon of recovered memory was practically unknown
in France or was known only as an American aberration.
    That is no longer the case. We don't feel alone anymore.
    In 1997, the FMSF helped us contact two other accused families.
Then the French ADFI [1] to which isolated cases had been reported as
early as 1996 gave us contact with a fourth case. We had our first
meeting in March 1998. In 1999, three more cases were reported to ADFI
Paris and there are indications that there may be more cases in other
regions of France.
    These seven families were present or represented at a meeting
convened by ADFI at their office in Paris on October 14, 1999.
Although there had been telephone contacts before, it was the first
time that the three "newcomers" had physically met fellow sufferers.
Our cases are diverse in timing and situations. Sometimes all links
with the accusing daughter are not yet cut. The therapist may be
known or not. Sometimes there are connections with sects or
alternative therapies. A curious observation: most accusations took
place around December!
    The ADFI Paris Chairman summarized the present situation: There
may be about 20 other cases in Brittany connected to a semi-sectarian
local association; Little is know of the situation in other regions;
The UNADFI [2] president has been contacted by other accused parents
who wish to remain anonymous; Several psychiatrists and government
officials are aware of the FMS problem but not yet ready to expose it
openly; Groups for the protection of children are also aware of the
problem, but do not consider the accusations to be false; Alternative
therapists, like sects before them, often have the financial and legal
means to fight back in court the "slanders" of associations like ADFI;
Incest accusations are epidemic in the field of divorces in order to
deny fathers their rights.
    The following lines of action have been decided: UNADFI will ask
local ADFI groups to identify FMS cases in their respective regions in
order to collect and centralize nationwide information; UNADFI will
continue to inform the public on dubious psychotherapies; UNADFI will
try to identify professional psychiatric and legal support; The
accused families will continue to support each other and help new
cases when identified; They will also collect information when
possible; The next meeting will be held at ADFI Paris on Thursday 13
January 2000.
    There we are, at the beginning, like you some years ago. Your help
and presence are very dear to us in these moments of hope and

[1 Association for the Defense of Families and Individuals. Local
    associations in several regions of France. This group was formed
    in 1975 to help families whose members had been attracted into
    sectarian groups.
[2] UNADFI is National Union of local ADFIs. Well-known to American
    Associations such as American Family Foundation struggling against

/                                                                    \
|                 How Common are False Accusations?                  |
|                             FMSF Staff                             |
|                                                                    |
| A side-issue of the recovered memory debate has been the frequency |
| of false accusations. Recall that in 1994 Charles Whitfield, M.D.  |
| said that "Two percent of the people in the FMS debate are         |
| innocent."[1] and that in 1993 Judith Herman, M.D. claimed "only   |
| 10 percent of the FMSF parents could possibly be innocent."[2]     |
|                                                                    |
| Over the years there have been various studies examing false       |
| accusations, many about children in the context of divorce         |
| situations. One carefully done study of adults examined all        |
| reports of rape to the police in a small midwestern city over a    |
| 10-year period.[3] Of the total cases, 41% were deemed to be       |
| false. The false allegations seemed to serve 3 functions: alibis,  |
| revenge and obtaining sympathy and attention.                      |
|                                                                    |
| In June 1996, the Department of Justice issued a report on a study |
| of DNA analysis[4] resulting in post-conviction exonerations. In a |
| commentary accompanying the report, Barry Scheck described a set   |
| of data collected by the FBI showing "that every year since 1989,  |
| in about 25 percent of the sexual assault cases referred to the    |
| FBI where results could be obtained, the primary suspect has been  |
| excluded by forensic DNA testing." While there are many cautions   |
| in interpreting the data, these results are remarkable.            |
|                                                                    |
| According to attorney Scheck, the primary cause for false charges  |
| is mistaken eyewitness identification, and because the             |
| identification normally comes from a victim, it makes the police   |
| and prosecutors tend to "lock in on the wrong person."             |
|                                                                    |
| If such errors can occur when the crime is not in dispute and when |
| there is physical evidence such as sperm, what, if anything, do    |
| these studies have to say in situations in which the only evidence |
| is a recovered memory?                                             |
|                                                                    |
| [1] Quoted in Waterloo, C., McKeesport Daily News, 3/11/94.        |
| [2] Quoted in Salter, S., San Francisco Examiner, 4/4/93.          |
| [3] Kanin, E. (1994) "False Rape Allegations" Arch. of Sexual      |
|     Beh., 23 (1).                                                  |
| [4] Conners, et al. Case Studies in Use of DNA Evidence, NIJ       |
|     Research Report, June 1996.                                    |

                            Jonathan Petre
                  National Post, September 27, 1999

"Promoting Mental Health: The Role of Faith Communities," a report
citing U.S. research suggesting a strong link between religious belief
and well-being, was prepared for the Health Education Authority.
According to newspaper reports, the British government plans to accept
the report and recognize exorcism of demons as therapy for mental
illness. While the report warns that "An emphasis on demons and demon
possession can be very damaging to people who are vulnerable and there
is an important distinction to be drawn between evil and mental
ill-health." Nonetheless, it goes on to say: "At the same time, some
hold that a deliverance ministry is an important part of their belief
in prayer and some people have found exorcism and similar approaches
helpful." The report urges doctors to be sensitive to people's
religious beliefs and if their patients report seeing visions, hearing
voices or speaking in tongues, they should not automatically be
diagnosed as mentally ill.
    The report is part of a government campaign to reduce the stigma
that often accompanies mental illness.

/                                                                    \
|                               NOTICE                               |
|                  Six issues of Newsletter in 2000                  |
|                                                                    |
| Starting in January 1999, the FMSF Newsletter will be published    |
| bimonthly.  We feel that we can keep our readers current with this |
| new schedule. We will augment these bimonthly newsletter issues    |
| with regular news bulletins posted on the FMSF web site. This      |
| decision is a recognition that the "crisis" aspect of the FMS      |
| phenomenon has peaked and the fact that the most up-to-date news   |
| is now available on the internet.                                  |
|                                                                    |
| The decision is also in recognition of the fact that the           |
| newsletter price has remained the same since November 1994 when it |
| increased from $20 per year to $30 per year at the same time its   |
| size increased from 12 to 20 pages. We have maintained the         |
| Newsletter price over a period when costs of publication have      |
| risen dramatically. For example, during the past 6 years, paper    |
| costs rose from approximately $8. per ream to $12. per ream. First |
| class postage rose from 29 cents to 33 cents. And the government's |
| c.p.i rates indicated an approximate rise of 3% each year.         |

        Relations among childhood memory, a history of abuse,
                     dissociation, and repression
                         Timothy P. Melchert
                  Journal of Interpersonal Violence
                        Nov 1999, pp.1172-1192

This study investigated several questions about the relationships
between a history of child abuse, recovered abuse memories, childhood
memory in general, repression, and dissociation. In a sample of 560
undergraduate students, one quarter reported a history of child abuse
and 18% of these reported that they had a period when they lacked
memories of their abuse.
    Quality of childhood memory was found to be unrelated to a history
of abuse. Most participants, regardless of their abuse history,
reported recovering memories from their childhood. Repressive
personality traits were found to be unrelated to recovering abuse
memories. Dissociative traits were found to be weakly associated with
recovering abuse memories.

    Nevertheless, a reported history of child abuse or of more severe
    abuse was not significantly associated with reported quality of
    childhood memory. This is the third controlled study which has
    resulted in this finding (see also Melchert, 1996; Melchert &
    Parker, 1997).

    The majority of study participants, regardless of their abuse
    history, also reported recovering memories from their childhood in
    general. The hypothesis that these memories would be
    disproportionately negative because a significant number of them
    had originally been repressed or dissociated was not supported,

    [I]t would suggest that repressed or dissociated childhood
    memories are at most only rarely recovered by undergraduate
    students, despite the substantial amount of child abuse and
    recovered childhood memories that they report.

/                                                                    \
| broken-down and defenseless. We might get up and leave, but we're  |
| not desperate to get well. It is like what a chemotherapy patient  |
| is willing to put up with, because they want to get well. They     |
| believe the doctors that this is the way."                         |
|                                                                    |
| NAPOLEON? "If you treated a patient who thought he was Napoleon,   |
| would you write down in great detail all his battle plans and how  |
| he made his uniforms and where he stored the horses, and would you |
| fill up dozens and dozens of pages of what Napoleon planned to do  |
| with his men?"                                                     |
|                                                                    |
| IT'S EVIL! "What these therapists tell people is that they have no |
| free will, that something that might have happened 30 years ago is |
| controlling their lives today. They destroy families, and that is  |
| not just junk science, it's evil."                                 |
|                                                                    |
|                              Christopher Barden (lawyer) quoted in |
|    Ann Zimmerman, Dallas Observer,October 14-20, "Cult of Madness" |

                     CONTINUING  EDUCATION  WATCH

     Evidence that the recovered memory problem is not over yet.

On December 4, 1999 at a meeting of the New England Society for the
Study of Dissociation to be held at McLean Hospital in Belmont, MA,
Marian Kaplun Shapiro, Ed.D., a licensed psychologist will present
"Working with Child Alters in the DID System: Why? Why Not? How?"
    Shapiro, who is the author of Second Childhood: Hypno-play therapy
in age-regressed adults, will talk about how to decide when it is safe
and productive to work with child parts, and she will describe and
teach her play therapy methods in details.
    (Professionals who are skeptical of the overdiagnosis of MPD
suggest that talking to alters (adult or child alters) simply
encourages MPD-type behavior.)

     Evidence that professional organizations can take positions
       on topics to be taught in continuing education programs.

Notice from the American Psychological Association we were pleased to
receive: November 5, 1999 -- "The Continuing Professional Education
Committee (CPEC) passed a motion regarding Thought Field Therapy:

    "CPEC has determined that, at this point, Thought Field Therapy as
    a topic for Continuing Education for psychologists does not meet
    the current criteria for appropriate curriculum content."

The CPEC notes that starting immediately, the topic of Thought Field
Therapy "should not be included in programs that are offered to
psychologists for continuing education credit under the auspices of
groups approved as sponsors that grant APA credit."

/                                                                    \
|                            FUNDRAISING                             |
|                                                                    |
| The Fundraising campaign is now underway. Donations are the major  |
| source of funding for the foundation. While dramatic changes have  |
| taken place since the Foundation opened its doors in 1992, the     |
| Foundation's work is not done. Lee Arning and Charles Caviness,    |
| cochairs of the Foundation's annual drive, ask that you return the |
| pledge card with your tax deductible gift today.  Your gift is     |
| important. Please be as generous as you can.                       |

                        B O O K   R E V I E W
                         THERAPY'S DELUSIONS
                   The Myth of the Unconscious and
             the Exploitation of Today's Walking Worried.
           Ethan Watters and Richard Ofshe, Scribner, 1999,
                              249 pages
                   Reviewer: Spencer Harris Morfit

    "This is the story of the coming of age of the mental health field
    -- written in the midst of its metamorphosis."
                                       Ethan Watters and Richard Ofshe

An honest book review has to deal with a book within the context in
which it is written. Watters and Ofshe's purpose here is to show that
psychoanalytic/psychodynamic theory has a long history of acting like
a petri dish that breeds intellectual bacteria with some regularity.
Their major intent is to demonstrate how and why erroneous thinking so
regularly effloresces from this potentially malignant culture and why
you probably wouldn't want it in your refrigerator.
    For the FMSF audience, I doubt very much that there is much new
content in Therapy's Delusions. For this audience, I am more
interested in dealing with how Watters and Ofshe make their case, with
a special interest in bringing out anything that seems particularly
useful in the ongoing effort to communicate persuasively to the
justice system and the professional audience. This book would also be
useful for anyone who is struggling to swim up to the surface from a
therapeutic misadventure before they drown.
    Watters and Ofshe define their target as psychodynamic therapy
early in the game. Unfortunately, the therapeutic community does not
agree on consistent definitions for many bedrock concepts such as
"repression" and the "unconscious," let alone on the various clinical
approaches to these. In their Introduction, the authors specifically
say that by "psychodynamic therapy" they mean therapy that has roots
in Freudian theory. They continue, saying that, "This theory, broadly
defined, suggests that we are each largely at the mercy of unconscious
mental forces outside of our awareness, that we cannot by ourselves
name or tame." Furthermore, they say the theory "presumes a
social/developmental cause for mental illness, alleging that it often
stems from social interactions that took place in the patient's
childhood." [Please note the word "cause" rather than something like
"influence" or "factor."] To go much further would require another
book, for as the authors say (and as I have myself found), "To seek
out therapy today is to stick your hand into a grab bag of theories
that often utterly contradict each other in their specific assumptions
but agree on a more general unproved assertion that the therapist has
the knowledge and techniques allowing him or her to see into the most
fundamental and hidden motivations of the mind." These conflicting
theories, unintegrated, often appear in the person of one
self-proclaimed "eclectic" therapist as I have myself witnessed so
many, times.
    The consequence of such ideas, Ofshe and Watters point out, is
that they encourage patients to lose confidence in, and to abrogate
authority over their own personal experience and to place their
confidence instead in the powers of the therapist. Once they do this,
they are especially vulnerable to the suggestion of the therapist.
What's more, as the patient falls progressively under the influence of
the therapist, the patient's productions can become reinforcing to the
therapist's theory and practice, creating an elaborate folie a deux or
shared delusion, not to mention that the theories are often wrong, or,
if not wrong, unproven, and in still more cases terribly muddled. The
degree, speed and frequency with which this can happen is, in and of
itself, a sign of how seldom psychodynamic theory touches base with
anything remotely empirical.
    There are places where the authors tend to lump together
psychodynamic therapy and all "talk therapy" and to dismiss any
usefulness for either. Subsequently, however, they explicitly state
that "Cognitive-behavioral approaches, when used in the treatment of
mental illness, can be helpful as rehabilitative counseling." What I
hear them saying is: 1) Talk therapy may have a rehabilitative role,
but not a curative one, and 2) Cognitive-behavioral therapy would be
the preferred method. Ofshe and Watters are saying there is a role for
some forms of "talk therapy," but that role is more appropriately
confined to addressing behavioral or life issues than root causes of
what they might call "real" mental illnesses. The authors imply that
to qualify as a mental "illness" (as opposed to common and usual
problems of life) the problem at hand must have a bio-chemical
element, and treatment that ignores this bio-chemical factor is
unlikely to be productive unless the underlying physiological or
neurological issues are addressed. Moreover, the authors point out
that any "therapy" that does not address bio-chemical or biogenetic
issues makes an illegitimate claim to being a "medical" science. Once
again, the danger is that when therapy makes an exaggerated claim to
be "medical" or "scientific" it raises unrealistic expectations in a
patient and increases his or her vulnerability to suggestion based on
false authority. They are also saying that when empirical methods are
applied, they have repeatedly disproved psychodynamic theory and that
more advances are developing from empirical approaches than
psychoanalytic ones. Watters and Ofshe take some time to discuss
psychoanalysis's sorry history of completely off-the-wall
postulations, such as that asthma and schizophrenia are caused by poor
mothering. They also take the trouble to contrast this with the
history of recent contributions made in pharmacology, MRIs and other
advances largely made outside psychiatry.
    The authors outline a series of errors in Freud's original
thinking -- including some that were recognized -- or at least
questioned -- by Freud himself. They acknowledge that some of these
ideas were abandoned by a majority of professionals some time ago.
Nevertheless, they say, they exemplify a form of circular,
speculative, self-reinforcing thinking that has been characteristic
ever since. This kind of thinking is the metaphorical petri dish.
    The pattern of this thinking goes something like this: First,
advance a theory. Advance a theory making selective use of the facts
and without consideration of alternative hypotheses. Second, when
confronted with information that puts that theory into question,
rather than revisiting the theory to refine or discard it, take this
as an invitation to elaborate the theory to encompass an explanation
of the new material. Third, employ this theory in a context that will
be self-reinforcing. This is backwards because, as the authors point
out, this is theory looking for justification rather than facts
looking for explanations. It's taken nearly a hundred years of this
Baroque theorizing for the theoretical framework to implode, but it is
imploding. Therapy's Delusions is a good book, one of the best, but it
is certainly not the only book, television documentary, lawsuit or
other event to report on this implosion. It is STILL true that a great
deal of new theorizing and research utterly ignores the absolute fact
that no conclusive statement about memory or a memory can be made if
we do not or cannot corroborate the facts first.
    What's more, the authors document the fact that recent scholarship
calls into question the Founding Father's moral character. There is
some compelling evidence (provided by the authors) that Freud himself
used his theories to manipulate his patients to his own ends,
sometimes at great harm to his patients. If a theory and practice
allow this, that is reason enough to look for alternative forms that
do not so easily lend themselves to exploitation. In some of the most
outrageous cases that have come before the courts and the public eye
recently, it is interesting to note that patients with rich insurance
policies were most likely to be diagnosed as MPDs requiring long
treatment. A therapy that regards any healthy skepticism about the
therapy as "resistance" or as "transference" is a con-man's dream.
    The authors do not end with Freud, however. One of the strengths
of the book is that they document such convoluted thinking through
history. The book is peppered with solipsistic quotes and examples of
the false trails down which psychodynamic therapy has led us. For
example, they talk about a couple who got into trouble crossing an ice
bridge at Niagra Falls and drowned. On the basis of little more than a
news item and a brief conversation with a third party who knew the
couple, psychoanalyst Ernest Jones (one of the great proselytizers for
Freud in America) wrote and published a psychoanalytic trope on this
event. Not only is this analysis wildly speculative and colored by the
interpretive fads of Jones's day, but, as the authors point out,
whatever makes Jones think he can presume to guess what goes on in the
psyches of people he has never even met? Nowadays it would be
considered unethical for a therapeutic professional to do such a
public analysis of any public figure or anyone unknown to them.
Nevertheless, as recent events have shown, this has not prevented
contemporary therapists from speaking with unearned confidence about
the characters of members of a patient's family they have never
encountered, or about events in the history of that family the
therapist never witnessed.
    Are therapists unaware of the increasing criticism levied against
their profession? No, of course not. In fact they are complaining
loudly -- about managed care, about how non-credentialed critics
"don't understand us," about the formation and effectiveness of the
FMSF, about the credibility of their retractor patients.
    In a chapter called "Therapy's Retreat," Watters and Ofshe deal
with the profession's response to increasing skepticism. Many
psychodynamic therapists respond to the criticisms with the same
self-serving, convoluted thinking that so characterizes therapy. In
the consulting room they have always had the convenient interpretation
of "transference" or "counter-transference" to explain away any
uncomfortable question or criticism levied by the patient. Outside the
consulting room they are making odd, false claims to "scientific"
justification. Or they are saying that managed care is merely trying
to justify cost-cutting. What about the malpractice cases that are
being decided against therapists? A therapist trying to dismiss me
once said "different domains, different aims," as though the courtroom
and the consulting room were two utterly separate worlds with no
connection to each other. Or they can always pathologize the
critics. One of my psychodynamic critics, a man who has never laid
eyes on me or had a conversation with me, made a thinly-veiled remark
that "Some people are so afraid of their feelings they cannot tolerate
anything that cannot be rationally explained," -- or words to that
effect. Watters and Ofshe do a wonderful job of showing how therapists
characteristically meet criticism with some irrelevant
distraction. One of the most frustrating aspects of this issue is that
it is so damned hard to engage some therapists in a productive
discussion. Introduce a teapot to the discussion and they will answer
with a lawnmower.
    The importance of Therapy's Delusions is that it sees the "false
memory syndrome" as only the latest outbreak from the petri dish. If
we deal with false memories without understanding the source from
which such ideas arise, we may bracket some of the most extreme
therapies for now, but we will live to battle against some other
off-base notion that flares up later. Was it General Curtis LeMay who
said, "Let's stop swatting flies and go after the manure pile."?
    And after we deal with the manure pile, what is left? Watters and
Ofshe suggest a combination of medical advances and cognitive
behavioral therapy. Again, they think that medical advances offer the
best opportunities for eventual cure or control of symptoms, while
cognitive-behavioral therapy may play a rehabilitative role. In this
scenario, much more modest claims are made for "therapy."
    Therapy's Delusions is a strong companion piece to the authors'
book Making Monsters. It's a principle of effective communications
that "If you want to sell an idea, wrap it up in a person." Therapy's
Delusions addresses the abstract concepts from which some therapy
issues arise. Making Monsters is the story of the impact of those
ideas on some patients whose lives were taken over by the delusions in
question. As my wise friend Tom Comella has often said, "Ideas have
consequences and when ideas have consequences the truth matters." Put
another way, these ideas may seem bloodless, until we remember that
there are people who are still unjustifiably imprisoned and families
that have been separated for a dozen years -- all because somebody put
their trust and belief in some of these ideas. We must all continue to
challenge dangerous ideas. Watters and Ofshe are practiced
challengers. Take them as your companions.

    Spencer Harris Morfit is an author and business woman. She is a
    member of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board.

/                                                                    \
|                           Middle Ground?                           |
|                                                                    |
| "...the truth about recovered memory may lie at either end of the  |
| continuum; nothing requires us to assume that it must constitute a |
| compromise between two sharply divergent views. Analogously, one   |
| person may believe that the earth is round, whereas another may    |
| believe it is flat, but a 'balanced' view of the matter does not   |
| compel us to conclude that the earth is therefore oblong..."       |
|                         Richard J. McNally, Review of Brown et al. |
|                              Memory, Trauma Treatment and the Law. |
| In The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis |
|                                            Vol 47, Oct. 1999 p.374 |

                       L E G A L   C O R N E R
                              FMSF Staff

              Braun Surrenders License in Plea Agreement
Illinois Department of Professional Regulation v Bennett G Braun, M.D.
Bennett Braun, M.D. has surrendered his license for two years in a
plea bargain with the Illinois Department of Professional Regulation.
Dr. Braun had been accused in a 9-count complaint of implanting
memories of satanic ritual abuse in former patient, Patricia
Burgus. [1] The plea agreement includes a 5-year probation should
Braun ever decide to return to practice. The agreement also states
that the original complaint against him will follow Dr. Braun for the
rest of his life in whatever position he may hold. Braun, who was
considered a leading expert in MPD treatment, will not be allowed to
treat anyone with this disorder during the seven years.
    The complaint and the plea agreement can be found on the FMSF web
    The trial of the State of Illinois Department of Professional
Regulation against Bennett Braun, M.D. had been scheduled to begin in
November, 1999. In 1997, Dr. Braun and Rush Presbyterian Hospital
settled a lawsuit for $10.6 million with the Burgus family and there
have been a number of other lawsuits brought against him by former
patients. Dr. Braun is currently suing the insurance company that
represented him in the Burgus case claiming that they did not provide
adequate legal support.
    Burgus was in treatment at the Chicago hospital from 1986 to 1992
and said that the doctors convinced her that she had memories of being
part of a satanic cult and of abusing her own two sons. She said that
the doctors used hypnosis and other treatments that caused her to
believe she remembered cannibalizing people. Dr. Braun had hamburger
from a Burgus family picnic tested to see if evidence of human
proteins was found.

/                                                                    \
|                       Dr. Braun's Influence                        |
|                                                                    |
| "I took the course on Multiple Personality Disorder offered at the |
| annual American Psychiatric Association Meeting in Montreal in May |
| of 1988, taught by Richard Kluft, M.D. and Bennett Braun, M.D. It  |
| was an excellent introduction to the field of dissociation."       |
|                                                                    |
| "I decided to attend the next annual meeting of the International  |
| Society for the Study of Multiple Personality and Dissociation in  |
| Chicago. There I met many other therapists from all over the       |
| United States... who reported similar tales of their patients      |
| suffering ritualized torture..." (p.447).                          |
|                                                 Robert B. Rockwell |
|                  "One Psychiatrist's View of Satanic Ritual Abuse" |
|            The Journal of Psychohistory Vol. 21 No. 4, pp.443-460. |

/                                                                    \
| Bennett Braun has been a key figure in the multiple personality    |
| and satanic ritual abuse belief dispersion. Along with Richard     |
| Kluft, Frank Putnam, Roberta Sachs, Jane Dubrow and Richard        |
| Greaves, he was a founding member of the International Society for |
| the Study of Multiple Personality and Dissociation (now            |
| International Society for the Study of Dissociation) in 1983.[1]   |
| Braun was the most active organizer of early conferences on MPD    |
| and SRA where many therapists first learned about these notions.   |
| He served as an expert witness on behalf of two sisters who        |
| accused their 76-year-old mother of abusing them in cult           |
| ceremonies. He delivered speeches about satanic cults, referring   |
| to them as "a national-international-type organization that's got  |
| a structure somewhat similar to the Communist cell structure."[2]  |
| And he has written about satanic memories recovered by MPD         |
| patients.                                                          |
|                                                                    |
| Yet warnings about the dangers of these practices came as early as |
| 1991:                                                              |
|                                                                    |
| "If you guys don't stop [recovering satanic ritual abuse memories  |
| from patients], you're going to have big-time lawsuits."           |
|                   Frank Putnam at Braun's ISSD 1991 conference.[3] |
|                                                                    |
| "Satanic cults represent a tragic, urban rumor phenomenon that got |
| into a subset of MPD specialists... Despite hundreds of            |
| investigations in the United States by local police departments    |
| and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, there never has been a    |
| single documented case of satanic murder, human sacrifice, or      |
| cannibalism."                                                      |
|                Frank Putnam, 1991, Child Abuse and Neglect ,Vol 15 |
|                                                                    |
| These warnings were not heeded, however, and a testament to        |
| Braun's influence was given by Richard Kluft, M.D. when he stated  |
| in a 1992 interview:                                               |
|                                                                    |
| "Every MPD patient in the country owes a personal debt of          |
| gratitude to Buddy [Braun]. He's the first ever to get a unit set  |
| up for these people, and all the other units around the country    |
| follow the trail he has blazed."[4]                                |
|                                                                    |
| [1] Greaves, G., "A History of Multiple Personality Disorder" in   |
|     (Kluft, R.  & Rinc, C. Eds.) Clinical Perspectives on MPD. |
| [2] See FMSF Newsletters September 1995, November 1997, September  |
|     1998, October 1998, December 1998, June 1999, July/August      |
|     1999.                                                          |
| [3] Hanson, C., June 1998, Chicago Magazine, "Dangerous Therapy"   |
|     pp 77-79, 108-113.                                             |
| [4] Keenan, M., June 22-28, 1995, New City, "The Devil and         |
|     Dr. Braun."                                                    |

 /                                                                  \
 |                       Warning from 1942                          |
 |                                                                  |
 | "In the exploration of a multiple personality...the investigator |
 | must take the utmost precautions to avoid suggesting a role and  |
 | to refrain from making unwarranted interpretations of mental     |
 | processes which may be present in a vast number of normal        |
 | persons."                                                        |
 |                                       Philip L. Harriman (1942)  |
 |           The Experimental Induction of a Multiple Personality"  |
 |                                    Psychiatry Vol. 5 pp.179-186  |

        Religious Freedom Appeal Lost by Exorcising Therapist
  Olson v Morris, 98-15693 U.S. District Court, San Francisco, 1994
The Arizona Board of Psychology Examiners revoked the license of
clinical psychologist Kenneth J. Olson because he performed an
exorcism on an 8-year-old boy who had been referred to him for an
evaluation and therapy by a state caseworker. The boy's father
believed that the child had been a victim of satanic ritual abuse.
    Olson, who was also a Lutheran minister, appealed the loss of his
license in federal court claiming that not being allowed to use prayer
as therapy was a violation of his freedom of religion.
    The court did not address Olson's constitutional rights, but said
that he could have made his arguments during the license hearing.
Having failed to do that, Judge Barry Silverman noted in his decision
that Olson cannot make these arguments for the first time in federal

U.S.A. v. PETERSON -- U.S. District Judge Ewing Werlein Jr. decided
that the government need not pay the legal fees of five defendants
from the former Spring Shadows Glen hospital after a mistrial was
declared (2/9/99) in a 5-month federal criminal case against them.
    The government had accused 5 former workers at the former Spring
Shadows Glen hospital of using "mind control and brainwashing" to keep
patients in the hospital in order to collect insurance payments from
1991 to 1993. After the mistrial, the defendants, psychologist Judith
Peterson, psychiatrists Richard Seward and Gloria Keraga, therapist
Sylvia Davis and hospital administrator Jerry Mueck sued the
government to pay their legal fees in the case. They based their $3
million request on a 1997 law that allows criminal defendants who win
in federal court to collect fees if their prosecution is deemed
"vexatious, frivolous or in bad faith."
    Judge Werlein noted in his order that "the government had a
difficult case to prove, and perhaps at the end of a full trial could
not have persuaded a jury beyond a reasonable doubt of the guilt of
some or even all of the defendants. Nonetheless, far from coming to
court empty-handed, the government regularly demonstrated its thorough
and detailed good-faith preparation for a prosecution of this
    Werlein also expressed concern that the allegations of patients
regarding murder, rape and cannibalism were not reported by the
defendants. "The evidence consistently revealed...that while these
defendants in different ways regularly encouraged their patients to
divulge tales of such brutal crimes, which thereby perpetuated their
insurance-paid 'treatments,' defendants never reported any of these
supposed crimes to the police for investigation."
                                Smith, M., 10/8/99, Houston Chronicle,
"Judge says government not liable for ex-hospital staffers'legal fees"

Renee Fredrickson License Action -- In May, 1999 Renee Fredrickson was
disciplined for unprofessional conduct in treating patients for
alleged ritual or satanic abuse. In an amendment issued in September,
the Minnesota Psychology Board has ordered that in the future,
Fredrickson may practice only under the supervision of a licensed
psychologist. (This document is available on the FMSF web site.)

WENATCHEE -- In Wenatchee, Washington, 43 people were charged with sex
crimes during 1994 and 1995 as a result of investigations by police
chief Bob Perez. Of those, 21 were convicted, 7 pleaded guilty to
reduced charges, 4 people were acquitted and 11 had their charges
    Since then, The Court of Appeals has found 7 people were
wrongfully convicted. There are 8 appeals pending. There are 11 people
still in prison. One person has been freed pending a hearing on her
    In October, Laura Holt, Jeannie Bendt and Randall Reed entered
Alford pleas. All have been released from prison. An Alford plea is
one in which the accused maintain their innocence but agree that if a
trial were held they could be convicted.
    The attorneys for the prisoners are members of the Innocence
Project Northwest, a University of Washington-based legal group that
has been filing appeals on behalf of those who are still in prison as
a result of the Wenatchee investigations. The lawyers do not charge
for their services.
    During the past year, courts have found that when police chief
Perez interviewed children, he used a threatening tone, accused child
witnesses of lying when they denied abuse, confronted children with
disclosures made by other children, and asked the same questions over
and over. These procedures can contaminate children's testimony.
    The release of Holt, Bendt and Reed brings to 10 the number of
people convicted who have been released from prison before the end of
their sentences.
    Lenell Nussbaum, attorney for Holt explained that taking the plea
will, "result in her being immediately released from prison so she can
get on with some semblance of what remains of her life." 
              Stephen Maher,S., 10/14/99 and 10/28/99,Wenatchee World.

AMIRAULT -- Cheryl LeFave did not have to return to prison for her
conviction in the infamous Fells Acres day care case. In return for
her freedom, LeFave agreed not to appear on television to talk about
the case and not to profit from her fame for the next 10 years that
she is on probation. In addition, she agreed to drop her 15-year quest
to clear her name. As a convicted felon, LeFave cannot visit her
brother who remains in jail.
    LeFave, her mother, Violet Amirault, and her brother Gerald
Amirault had been convicted in 1987. Gerald Amirault, whose trial was
separate, remains in prison and now that LeFave is free, efforts will
be made to revise Gerald's sentence. LeFave's comments on the

    "I've had to give up life. You know, life for what I believe in
    and what is right and it's such a sacrifice...When you're accused
    of a crime like this, you have nothing to do but fight. There's
    nothing else that becomes more important so if there isn't milk in
    my refrigerator, who cares?...I deserved the not guilty verdict or
    a new trial so that all parties would be satisfied."

LeFave has paid a high price: Eight years in prison; Loss of her
mother to stomach cancer; Loss of her marriage; Loss of her chance to
have children; And, now, the loss of any chance at vindication, noted
J.M. Lawrence in the Boston Herald 10/22/99.

/                                                                    \
| "[A] society that will trade a little liberty for a little order   |
| will deserve neither and will lose both."                          |
|      Thomas Jefferson commenting on the need  for a Bill of Rights |
|                                                                    |
| Quoted in "Travesty of Justice," (an editorial about the decision  |
| to send Cheryl Amirault back to prison) Massachusetts Lawyers      |
| Weekly, September, 13, 1999, p.28 M.L.W. 2992                      |

        U.S. District Court Overturned Million-Dollar Judgment
     Martinelli v Bridgeport Roman Catholic Diocesan Corporation
   No. 98-7876 U.S. Ct. Appeals 2nd Cir, 1999 U.S. App. LEXIS 29610
On November 10, 1999, a three-judge panel of the 2nd U.S. Circuit
Court of Appeals in New York ordered a new trial in a sex abuse case
of Frank Marinelli who claimed that the Diocese of Bridgeport, CT
covered up sexual misconduct by the Rev. Laurence Brett because it
found that the trial judge erred in two of her instructions to the
jury. The reversal hinged on the statute of limitations. The circuit
court said U.S. District Judge Janet Bond Arterton erred in failing to
instruct the jury that Martinelli had the burden to prove that he
repressed memories of having been abused from 1962-64.
    Connecticut law, which applied in this case, states that a minor
who was molested must take legal action before the age of 35 years
old. An exception may be made if "fraudulent concealment" can be

[1] Renner, G., 11/12/99, Hartford Courant, "Judgment in sex case
    involving priest overturned."

/                                                                    \
|                           NO STANDARDS?                            |
|    Letter Received from State of New York Department of Health     |
|                            Jan 23, 1995                            |
|                                                                    |
| The Office of Professional Medical conduct has received your       |
| complaint regarding the issue of memory retrieval...               |
|                                                                    |
| I can understand your concern considering the sensitive nature of  |
| this subject compounded by the potential for devastation of        |
| families. This issue is very controversial. To date, there is no   |
| legislation or standards of care in place. It is therefore         |
| impossible to prove violations were committed.                     |


                              A  PUZZLE
                              Allen Feld

A therapist (T) is talking with an adult client (C). C describes her
childhood relationship with a parent (P).
    Assume you are T and never interviewed or even met P. After the
session is finished, what do you (T) think you might know with a high
degree of certainty about P? What do you think you might know about C
with a high degree of certainty? What might your answers tell others
about you (T) with a high degree of certainty? My answers to these
questions become obvious as you read on.
    There is a strong likelihood that you (T) learn more about C, the
narrator of the tale, than you do about the parent (P) who was the
focus of the story. If you have not met the parent and, particularly,
if you have not interviewed the parent, it would be an error to draw
any inferences, let alone conclusions, about the person who was not in
the room.
    Many families and retractors have reported that some clinicians
reached outrageous conclusions based solely on conversations with a
client. Conclusions can be drawn without corroborating information or
direct observation in virtually any clinical situation. (For instance,
a spouse meeting with a therapist discusses the other spouse. Any
assumptions made about the non-present spouse would be pure
speculation.) Seeds for drawing unfounded conclusions are present
whenever a client discusses someone or something in therapy and the
therapist shifts the focus of the narrative away from the client and
towards the person or situation key to the tale. When the interview
discussion can foreseeably lead to severe family disruption and/or
include alleged criminal acts, however, special concern is required
for accuracy. Moreover, professionals are obligated to recognize that
accuracy may be further compromised by retelling a story and also by
the therapist's involvement in these interactions.
    While I feel there is little to learn with certainty about T, C or
P, information about P is probably the most unreliable. In fact, it
may be that C is telling a great deal more about herself than she is
about the persons she discussed. Some hints about a client are
unveiled by what she selects to describe, discuss and debate. But a
client makes these selections in the context of her interpretation of
the therapist's questions, non-verbal encouragement or even prodding.
Many therapists rely on these kinds of discussions to draw some
initial impressions about a client. At the same time, therapists must
not overlook the influence, especially the unintended influence, that
they can have on what a client chooses to talk about.
    We could also ask what the interview "suggests" about T. If a
representative number of video or audio tapes of a therapist doing
therapy were available, what kind of conclusions (ignoring evaluative
impressions) might we be able to reach? Is there a therapy bias? What
beliefs of the therapist are being suggested? Does the therapist
attempt to direct the session in a particular direction? Which threads
of the client's narrative does the therapist choose to follow? Which
seem to be ignored? Does the therapist communicate neutrality? Does
the therapist seem to unintentionally convey conclusions? Does the
therapist identify and explain the basis for conclusions offered? Are
conclusions based on science? Does the therapist avoid trying to lead
the client to predetermined conclusions? Many of the answers to this
partial list of questions may offer a strong indication of the
therapist's belief system, biases, leanings and/or prejudices.
    Back to the questions raised in the opening paragraphs. Certainty,
obviously, is absent. It's clear that I believe it is a mistake to
conclude that a therapist (or friend) can reliably learn important
facts about P when C talks about P. While certainty may not be
present, some important information about C may be learned, but this
would probably require T to draw subjective conclusions. This
subjectivity may be influenced by several variables including, but not
limited to, the therapist's skills, knowledge, biases, theoretical
orientation and possibly political zeal. Insight into some of these
variables can possibly be gleaned from videotapes. It may be that we
could learn as much, or even more, about T than C when C talks about P
to T.
    When these kinds of constructed narratives create memories of
abuse, it can be devastating for clients as well as for their
families. The client typically becomes more impaired. Families become
fragmented. Family histories are recreated and rewritten. It becomes a
far greater tragedy, as well as a societal problem, when such
narratives make their way into the public arena and the courts,
especially when the people involved have never been interviewed. I am
greatly puzzled by how such far-reaching effects can result from
uncorroborated conclusions drawn about people who have never been met.

    Allen Feld is Director of Continuing Education for the FMS
    Foundation. He has retired from the faculty of the School of
    Social Work at Marywood University in Pennsylvania.

/                                                                    \
| "For me, true courage comes from the ability to admit that while I |
| was well-intended in what I did many years ago, I now realize that |
| I was wrong.  This is not a sign of weakness, or a loss of face,   |
| but a mark of maturity."                                           |
|                                       David J. Spillane, 10/12/99, |
|               The Nation, "Reflections on Oct 14, 6 and Black May" |

                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S

                   What Do You Tell Grandchildren?
I would like to pose a question regarding the recanters-returners who
have children of their own. When they do return to their accused
parent(s), what do they tell their own children after years of
separation? Over the years, these children have been led to believe
that their grandparent(s) did heinous things to their mother. The
grandchildren develop a deeply embedded anger.
    Very few returnees can actually say "I've made a terrible mistake.
Years have been wasted and my children have grown up without knowing
you." They just come back (gratefully received) and ease into old
routines and visits. But, what are the grandchildren thinking?
    If you have had some experience in this situation, I would
appreciate your comments.
                                                           Another Mom
                    Contact between Grandchildren
We have been extremely thankful for the many letters and articles
detailing familial experiences. Our situation seems to be unique,
judging from the absence of any comments from readers.
    Our daughter, sister of the accuser, refuses to establish contact
between her 17-year-old daughter and the 17-year-old daughter of the
accuser. She fears "contamination" of the close relationship with the
accused grandfather. We wish to see the cousins once again enjoying a
connection. Our close daughter has been telling her children about a
"problem" in her sister's early life that has separated her from the
rest of the family.
    There have been few articles or letters dealing with grandchildren
and how their absence or loss impacts on the entire family. We hope
that Newsletter readers may have some helpful comments.
                                                                 A Mom
                     Could You Accept a Returner?
I cannot show my appreciation enough to the FMSF staff for the help I
have received over these years that my daughter was "lost" to me and
especially as my daughter started to return.
    A few months before this was to happen, out of the blue my other
daughter called and asked me if I could accept my FMS daughter back as
just a returner. I said I had not allowed myself to think about that
because I was not sure I would ever see her again. (In hindsight, I
wish I had put the same question to her. It would be good, I think,
for siblings to give thought to this too.)
    My daughter had been lost to me for about 8 years with all the
accusations that go along with this. She declared her hatred for me in
every way, totally cut off her father (we are divorced), and divorced
her husband. She had two young daughters who will pay dearly for the
rest of their lives for the actual damage done to them. The
accusations, obviously, tore up the family.
    After my non-accusing daughter's phone call, I could not get her
question out of my mind. Being a woman of faith, I depended on what
God might also show me. As surely as I could have ever imagined, the
story of the prodigal son appeared in my mind like a huge sign. This
father ran to meet his son, gave him a robe and a ring, and had the
servants prepare a feast for him. Most important, he never asked his
son what he had been doing all that time, what he had done with his
money or what kind of relationships he had had. After I thought of
this story, I felt like our children have been there, too.
    I argued with God that I didn't think I could do it. But after
more days of thought, I accepted that perhaps I could do it if I had
the opportunity and if I had support. I would try to take my daughter
back as a returner if that was the only way she could do it.  And that
is the way it happened. The FMSF staff supported me through it. While
I still hope the day may come when my daughter has the courage to say
"I'm sorry, I was wrong," if it never happens, I have found a way to
enjoy loving my daughter again. Most important, she is in my life.
    Unfortunately, her sister will have nothing to do with her and a
brother who tries to remain neutral. We still have a way to go. And
perhaps my daughter has a lot of personal healing to do.
    I want to encourage families who are still dealing with this
sadness to please not give up hope. I wish you all the very best and
may God be with you.
                                                          A Single Mom
                             In the Event
My husband died recently after a prolonged illness. Several years ago,
he wrote a letter to our accusing daughter saying that if he died
before she realized the truth of our situation and if she wanted to
ask his forgiveness, he wanted her to know all is forgiven and that he
still loves her as he always has. While I am now in contact with my
daughter, she still has a long way to go. If and when the time comes
that it seems appropriate, I will give my daughter the letter of
forgiveness from her dad.
                                                                 A Mom
    My Sister and FMS: Perspective of A Mental Health Professional
I grew up in a suburb of Washington D.C. My father was a civil
servant, my mother was a housewife. I had one sister, who is one year
younger than me. My mother had periods of depression when I was
growing up, so I ended up spending a lot of time with my father -- he
was my primary caregiver. We had a great relationship. He was
brilliant and talented, with a great sense of humor. On weekends he
took us to old movies, museums, and exotic restaurants. I remember
that he was very "proper", and didn't like to talk about sex --
probably because of his generation (he was born in 1923). My dad was
diagnosed with leukemia when I was 12, which was at first devastating,
but the disease was well controlled, and eventually we adjusted.
    Both of my parents had psychoanalysis in the 60's and therapy was
very much accepted in our household. From a young age, I wanted to be
a therapist myself. I was also aware of serious mental illness, as my
mother's mother was schizophrenic and died in a state hospital when I
was 6.
    My sister was always a difficult person, prone to rages and
moodiness. We had frequent fights growing up, but were reasonably
close. She was hospitalized for a serious depression in college, but
was able to return to school. My parents devoted a lot of attention to
helping her over the years, especially my dad.
    After I finished college, I got a job working in a residential
program for the seriously mentally ill, and planned to attend graduate
school in social work. Working in the mental health community, I began
to be aware of "repressed memory" therapy and the influence of John
Bradshaw. Because I worked with more serious mental illness, such
theories didn't have much impact on my work.
    In early 1990, I got "The Call" from my sister (now in her senior
year of college) -- she had "remembered" in therapy (with a clinical
psychology student) that my father had raped her at a young age. She
ordered me to read The Courage to Heal and to talk to my own
therapist. She had a note of triumph in her voice as she rattled off
my assignments. She talked about hypnosis and body memories.
    I'm sure you can imagine my reaction. As a mental health
professional, I felt I had to believe her, but as a daughter, how
could I? She told my mom the same weekend. It is interesting to note
that my father was in California having an experimental leukemia
treatment. My mom and I had several conversations that weekend,
trying to support each other. My mother dutifully bought The Courage
to Heal. When my father returned, my mother told him what had
happened, even though she had been ordered not to by my sister. He was
mortified that we had even considered such a thing to be possible. I
still remember how incredibly relieved I was after that phone call.
    Over the next 2 years, I heard very little from my sister. She
summoned my parents to her college for a confrontation in her
therapist's office, with her therapist helpfully suggesting that my
father needed some kind of perpetrator treatment. My dad stuck to his
guns, assured my sister that he loved her very much, and hoped she
would eventually see that the memories were false. My sister moved to
San Francisco after college. She remained heavily dependent on my
parents for money, which she saw as her right due to the abuse. She
drifted in and out of jobs and shared apartments. We had occasional
strained phone conversations.
    Meanwhile, I started an MSW program. I met a disturbingly large
number of classmates who were "recovering" memories. Sometimes
students brought up their sexual abuse in class, and even used it in
presentations. This left me with a distinct feeling of nervousness
about my colleagues. How could they treat clients objectively? I felt
in some ways grateful that my own family experience had opened my eyes
to the problem -- otherwise it might not have occurred to me to
question the memory movement.
    In late 1991, when I was halfway through my final year of school
and interning on a psychiatric unit, my sister had a psychotic
episode. She began calling me and my parents at strange hours,
rambling about conspiracies and fears. After a few days, my parents
decided to fly to San Francisco to see her. That same day she
threatened to kill her landlord, and he called the police. By the time
my parents arrived, she had been committed to San Francisco General
Hospital, placed in restraints, and given an injection of
anti-psychotic medication.
    The amazing thing was that she ceased all allegations against my
father at that point. They embraced in the visitors' room at the
hospital. My father wept with happiness.
    My sister did not recover well from her episode. She has continued
to need medication and has not been able to work or live alone. She
has had many hospitalizations. My parents brought her home from
California and my father became her caregiver. She continued to hold
on to the idea that someone had abused her, although she admitted it
was not my father.
    In 1994 my father's leukemia worsened and spread to his lymph
nodes. He became physically weak and in pain, and although he remained
determined to continue treatment, we all knew he was dying. My sister
began skipping doses of her medication and withdrew into a world of
psychosis. At his funeral in December, she wandered on the fringes of
the group, laughing with her hallucinations.
    I have become convinced that the original accusations were a sign
of the more florid delusions to come. I also believe that having a
reason to hate my father made his illness easier for her to deal with.
    My sister has been living in group home for the seriously mentally
ill for the past few years. We maintain a decent relationship. I do
not believe in cutting off family members.
    My experience has given me a deep appreciation for research and I
try to keep up with the therapy practices shown by actual research to
be the most helpful in restoring functioning. I primarily use
Solution-Focused therapy, which is a strength-based approach.
Solution-Focused therapists believe that the concepts of "resistance"
and "denial" are unhelpful. It also allows the client (NOT the
therapist) to define the problem, and tends to stay in the "Here and
Now" as much as possible. One of the primary sayings of SFT is "If it
ain't broke, don't fix it."
    I have seen many damaged women admitted to my unit, clutching
teddy bears, their arms sprinkled with the scars of self-mutilation.
Most of these patients (especially those with an MPD diagnosis) tend
to come equipped with an over-involved therapist, who spends an
inappropriate amount of time hanging around the hospital, making sure
we are caring for their "special patient" appropriately. I tend to
call this type of therapist the "psychiatric voyeur" because they seem
more interested in eliciting interesting stories from the patient than
in the patient actually improving.
    I hope than I can do some small amount of good for these patients
and have a positive influence on my peers as well. While my experience
has been painful, I have learned powerful lessons about the risks of
therapy and the importance of the concept: "First, do no harm."
                                                   An MSW and a Sister
                       We Do Not Feel the Same
Our daughter, age 48, has rejoined our family after many years. She
has never recanted or said she was sorry. In fact, she said that she
never will. We accept her as she is but the situation is like the
following verse.

    True friendship is like china -- costly, rich and rare.
    Once it's broken, can be mended
    Can be mended but the crack is always there.

Our relationship, I feel, is a little strained. We do not feel the
same about her, but her children are wonderful!
                                                                 A Mom
                              No Relief
While it is encouraging to hear that a few of the people who have been
implanting false memories are being held responsible for their
actions, there still doesn't appear to be much relief for falsely
accused families or healing for the accusing children.
                                                                 A Dad
                         It's Still Happening
It has been over a year since our daughter wrote "the letter" that
changed our lives forever. She said she would never see us again. She
stated we couldn't have contact with our grandchildren until they were
18. This has destroyed our family. I thank God that we have two other
devoted children and 6 other grandchildren. But we miss the ones we
can't see so very much.
    Our daughter has called and spoken to me, but when I mention
seeing the grandchildren, she hurriedly hangs up. There is no joy;
holidays, birthdays and graduations become heartaches. I try to be
upbeat for the rest of the family. But for how long? How to parents
cope with this agony?
                                                         A Mom and Dad
                 You Are Forgiven Before You Even Ask
A poem written by the friend of a family who lost their daughter to

  Arising slowly -- ever so slowly
  From the ashes of your accusations;
  The fires of your supposed "repressed memories,"
  The fires you lit that burned
        your father
        your mother
        your brothers
  The hypnotic trances that wove their tentacles about the fabric of
your soul,
  Binding you together with other sick women in a web of unreality,
  But now you are emerging from the grave you dug with these
  You are being resurrected -- Hallelujah!
  Like Lazarus, the cloths that bound your body are being stripped off
  And you are emerging ever so slowly --
  As you reach out to contact tentatively
        Your father,
        Your mother,
        Your family,
        Old friends
  You wonder whether any of them could ever forgive
  Don't you know, Butterfly,
  That you are forgiven even before you ask?

                     A Thank You to FMSF Families
My husband and I, unfortunately, have a daughter who developed false
memories. When we first learned of her memories about a year and a
half ago, we were devastated and didn't know where to turn. Then I
remembered reading somewhere about false memories and started
searching for information. The search led to the FMS Foundation and to
other parents who have been so helpful to us.
    As we shared our heartbreak with family and friends, we were
surprised to learn that some of these people already knew about FMS
and understood what had happened to our daughter. With our family and
friends who didn't know about FMS, we were able to share videos,
articles and books about FMS with them. All of the work done over the
years by other families and the Foundation made a tremendous
difference to us. It is because of your faithfulness in working to
spread the news about false memory syndrome that the road has been
made a little easier for us than it must have been for many of you.
    Our daughter has now met with us two times in the last three
months. It was the wisdom of other parents that helped us know how to
handle those meetings in the best possible way to maximize the
possibility of reconciliation.
    My husband and I want to thank all of you for paving the road for
us and for your commitment to seeing the end to this travesty and to
the reconciliation of all families.
                                                A thankful Mom and Dad

/                                                                    \
|               What to give your child for Christmas.               |
|                                                                    |
| In our efforts to keep contact with our accusing daughter, last    |
| Christmas we sent her a card with an assurance of our undiminished |
| love. Since she lives in poverty, we enclosed a check. Three       |
| months later we were notified that she donated our Christmas       |
| present to an obscure organization called "Multicultural Women     |
| against Rape." Since she obviously does not want cash from us,     |
| this Christmas we will make a charitable donation in her name to   |
| the Canadian Cancer Foundation, a charity which we think she will  |
| approve but which has nothing to do with sex abuse or false memory |
| issues.                                                            |
|                                                              A Mom |

|                             Correction                             |
|                                                                    |
| Ross Cheit, Ph.D., J.D., assures readers that he intended no slur  |
| when he described August Piper, M.D. as an "operative" of the FMS  |
| Foundation. The editor takes responsibility for this               |
| interpretation.                                                    |

                  M A K E   A   D I F F E R E N C E
    Special Opportunity for Ontario Families to Make a Difference
The Regulated Health Professions Act (RHPS) provides a common
groundwork for regulation of those who work in Ontario's 23 regulated
health professions, including psychiatrists and other doctors of
medicine, psychologists, and massage therapists. It does not regulate
social workers.
    Recently, the Minister of Health asked the Health Professions
Regulatory Advisory Council (HPRAC) for its review of this Act and for
its recommendations. Specifically, the Council is asked to assess
whether the RHPA generated a regulatory system that is effective,
efficient, flexible and fair. Most important, the members of the
public are being asked for their input. Hence, many of us have a
golden opportunity to be heard and to make a difference.
    The Act's effectiveness will be evaluated by determining the
extent to which three of its key objectives have been met: protecting
the public from harm, providing high quality care and making health
professionals accountable for their actions. Flexibility will be
evaluated by determining whether the regulatory system has been able
to respond to emerging issues in a timely manner. I believe that the
readers of this newsletter have a lot to say about the failure of the
regulatory bodies (Colleges) to meet the above objectives.
    Anyone interested in making a submission should call HPRAC at
1-416-326-1550 and ask for a brochure "Weighing the Balance -- a
Review of the RHPA. It is an excellent overview of the Ontario
regulatory system and it explains very clearly how to make a
submission. They will send it to you free of charge. But please act
without delay. Deadline is December 19.

/                                                                    \
|                          A Confrontation                           |
|                                                                    |
| "Dr. Stanley told me what to say, and I regurgitated it. She had   |
| me write out the information, a list of all the memories and how I |
| expected them to support me. I was shaking and crying while I was  |
| reading it. One of my sisters started yelling that it wasn't true. |
| My other siblings told me that someone was putting this in my      |
| head. My parents were in shock. They had no idea what I was        |
| talking about."                                                    |
|     [My therapist prepared me for my family's response.] "She said |
| they would either accept it or they would be in denial. There was  |
| no third option -- that it might not be true."                     |
|                                  Martha Hurt (retractor) quoted in |
|   Ann Zimmerman, Dallas Observer, October 14-20, "Cult of Madness" |

*                           N O T I C E S                            *
*                                                                    *
*                          TWO  CONFERENCES                          *
* Programs and Registration Material in January/February newsletter  *
*                                                                    *
*               Sponsored by New York Medical College                *
*                        Friday April 7, 1999                        *
*                      Westchester Country Club                      *
*                       Westchester, New York                        *
*                                                                    *
*             MEMORY  AND  REALITY:  RETURN  TO  REASON              *
*                  Sponsored by the FMS Foundation                   *
*            Saturday April 8 and Sunday morning April 9             *
*                         Crown Plaza Hotel                          *
*                       White Plains, New York                       *
*                                                                    *
*                                                                    *
*    A special conference room rate of $110. plus tax (Single or     *
* Double) per night at the Crown Plaza will be in effect only until  *
*                     4 weeks before conference.                     *
*    To make your reservation call 1-800-PLAINA2 or 914-682-0050.    *
*                                                                    *
*  An exciting program will include: Elizabeth Loftus, Ph.D., Paul   *
* McHugh, M.D.; David Halperin, M.D.; Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.  and many  *
*                 others to be announced in January                  *
*                                                                    *
*                         ESTATE  PLANNING                           *
*                 If you have questions about how to                 *
*             include the FMSF in your estate planning,              *
*               contact Charles Caviness 800-289-9060.               *
*            (Available 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific time.)            *
*                                                                    *
*                        DUE  NOVEMBER  1999                         *
*                                                                    *
*             RECOVERED MEMORIES of CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE:              *
*            on a CONTEMPORARY MENTAL HEALTH CONTROVERSY             *
*                                                                    *
*                    Editor: Sheila Taub, J.D.                       *
*                    Publisher: Charles C. Thomas                    *
*                    Hardback  $44.95                                *
*                    Paperback   $31.95                              *
*                    ISBN 0398070059                                 *
*                                                                    *
*  This book contains articles based on talks presented at a         *
*  conference in the fall of 1997. Authors are: Sheila Taub, Arthur  *
*  Taub, M.D., Ph.D., Mark Pendergrast, M.L.S., David K. Sakheim,    *
*  Ph.D., Jerome L. Singer, Ph.D., Jonathan Schooler, Ph.D., D.      *
*  Stephen Lindsay, Ph.D., Pamela Freyd, Ph.D., Anita Lipton, B.S.   *
*                                                                    *
*   Of particular interest to FMSF members may be chapters on the    *
*   "History of the FMS Foundation" and on the FMS legal history,    *
*   "Rise and Fall of a Social Problem."                             *
*                                                                    *
*                                FREE                                *
*             "Recovered Memories: Are They Reliable?"               *
*     Call or write the FMS Foundation for pamphlets. Be sure to     *
*     include your address and the number of pamphlets you need.     *
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                                    *
*      Contains phone numbers of professional regulatory boards      *
*                          in all 50 states                          *
*                                                                    *
*                                      *
*     This site is run by Gerald Rosen, University of Washington     *
*                                                                    *
*                                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                              *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*               *
*             This site is run by Deb David (retractor)              *
*                                                                    *
*            *
*              Website about book Therapy's Delusions.               *
*                                                                    *
*                                 *
*       is the address of the website that FMSF is developing.       *
*            All past newsletters are now available here.            *
*               Expect major changes in late January.                *
*                                                                    *
*                         DON'T  MISS  THIS                          *
*              Featured article about Rutherford Family              *
*                    in Guideposts January, 2000                     *
*                                                                    *
*  To request a copy of the January 2000 issue of Guideposts - - -   *
*                 Send a check for $1.20 to                          *
*                   Customer Service, Guideposts,                    *
*                   39 Seminary Hill Road,                           *
*                   Carmel NY 10512.                                 *
*                                                                    *
* The customer service department would prefer to handle requests    *
* via mail rather than over the phone.                               *
*                                                                    *
* Tom Rutherford: "I am very pleased with the article. I believe     *
* the Lord had helped during every mile of the journey. Guideposts   *
* mentioned that they have never had an article like this one in     *
* their publication."                                                *
*                                                                    *
*      The Illinois FMS Society is expanding and has become the      *
*                  ILLINOIS/WISCONSIN FMS SOCIETY.                   *
* For further information you may check the Society's new web site:  *
*                                       *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                   P.O.B. 3332, Joliet, IL 60434                    *
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D
     Key: (MO)-monthly; (bi-MO)-bi-monthly; (*)-see Notices above

Contacts & Meetings:

  Kathleen 907-337-7821
  Barbara 602-924-0975; 602-854-0404 (fax)
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
        Joanne & Gerald 916-933-3655
  San Francisco & North Bay - (bi-MO)
        Gideon 415-389-0254 or
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  East Bay Area - (bi-MO)
        Judy 925-376-8221
  South Bay Area 
        Jack & Pat 831-425-1430
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 714-733-2925
  Orange County
        Jerry and Eileen 909-659-9636
  Covina Area - 1st Mon. (MO) @7:30pm
        Floyd & Libby 626-330-2321
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 619-941-4816
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Boca/Delray  - 2nd & 4th Thurs (MO) @1pm
        Helen 561-498-8684
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 813-856-7091
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
  Carolyn 808-261-5716
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Nickie 317-471-0922; fax 317-334-9839
        Pat 219-489-9987
  Des Moines - 2nd Sat. (MO) @11:30 am Lunch
        Betty & Gayle 515-270-6976
  Wichita - Metting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
        Irvine & Arlene 207-942-8473
        Carolyn 207-942-8473
  Protland - 4th Sun.(MO)
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge 616-383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-8119
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  St. Louis Area  -  call for meeting time
        Karen 314-432-8789
  Springfield - 4th Sat. (MO) @12:30pm
        Tom 417-883-8617
        Roxie 417-781-2058
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
        Sally 609-927-5343
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
  Susan 704-538-7202
        Bob 513-541-0816 or 513-541-5272
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
        HJ 405-755-3816
        Jim 918-297-7719
        John 503-297-7719
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-591-0271
        Keith 801-467-0669
        Judith 802-229-5154
        Sue 703-273-2343
   See Oregon
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686

  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Ruth 604-925-1539
  Victoria & Vancouver Island - 3rd Tues. (MO) @7:30pm
        John 250-721-3219
  London -2nd Sun (bi-MO)
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
        Eileen 613-836-3294
  Toronto /N. York
        Pat 416-444-9078
        Ethel 705-924-2546
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
        Paula 705-549-1423
        Alain 514-335-0863
  St. Andre Est.
        Mavis 450-537-8187
        Mike 0754-842-348 
         fax 0754-841-051 
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax-(972) 2-625-9282 
  Task Force FMS of Werkgroep Fictieve 
        Anna (31) 20-693-5692
        Colleen (09) 416-7443
        Ake Moller FAX (48) 431-217-90
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline (44) 1225 868-682

     Deadline for the January/February Newsletter is December 20
		  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    and should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

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|                                         |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its 
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no 
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.

Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,      December 1, 1999

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,
PA;  TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D.,  Clinical  and  Forensic  Psychology,
Sterling Heights, MI;  ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D.,  Rush  Presbyterian
St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL; JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University
of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wiscon-
sin, Madison, WI; FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California,
Berkeley,  CA;  ROBYN M. DAWES,  Ph.D.,  Carnegie  Mellon  University,
Pittsburgh,  PA;  DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D.,  University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, PA; HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D.,  University  of  New  Mexico,
Albuquerque, NM; FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medi-
cal School,  Boston MA;  GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D.,  Emory University of
Medicine,  Atlanta,  GA;  MARTIN GARDNER,  Author,  Hendersonville, NC
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, CA; HENRY
GLEITMAN, Ph.D.,  University of Pennsylvania,  Philadelphia, PA;  LILA
GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; RICHARD
GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;  DAVID A. HALPERIN,
M.D.,  Mount Sinai School of Medicine,  New York, NY;  ERNEST HILGARD,
Ph.D.,  Stanford University,  Palo Alto, CA;  JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA
Medical School, Los Angeles, CA; DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of
Kansas,  Lawrence, KS;  PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D.,  Harvard University,
Cambridge,  MA;   ROBERT A. KARLIN,  Ph.D.,  Rutgers  University,  New 
Brunswick, NJ;  HAROLD LIEF, M.D.,  University of Pennsylvania, Phila-
delphia,  PA;  ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of Washington, Sea-
tle, WA; SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati,
OH; PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; HAROLD
MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;  SPENCER
HARRIS  MORFIT,  Author,  Westford, MA;  ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell
University, Ithaca, N.Y.; RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of Califor-
nia, Berkeley, CA;  EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvan-
ia, Philadelphia, PA; MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., University of Pennsyl-
vania, Philadelphia, PA; LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences
University, Portland, OR; CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., Concordia University,
Montreal, Canada;  MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University,
Ontario,  Canada; AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr.,  M.D.,  Seattle, WA;  HARRISON
POPE, Jr.,  M.D.,  Harvard Medical School,  Boston,  MA;  JAMES RANDI,
Author  and  Magician, Plantation, FL;  HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D.,
Washington  University,  St. Louis, MO;  CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D.,  Loyola
University,  Chicago, IL;  THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of Cali-
fornia,  Santa Cruz, CA;  THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., Indiana University,
Bloomington,  IN;  MICHAEL  A.  SIMPSON,  M.R.C.S.,  L.R.C.P.,  M.R.C, 
D.O.M.,  Center for Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress,  Pretoria,  South
Africa;  MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D.,  University of California,  Berkeley,
CA;  RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D.,  Wayne State  University Law School,
Detroit, MI; DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center,
Piscataway,  NJ;  JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D.,  Jamestown Community College,
Jamestown,  NY;  HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD,  M.A.,  Institute of Psychological
Therapies, Northfield, MN;  CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D.  Baylor Uni-
versity, Waco, TX.

   Y E A R L Y   FMSF   M E M B E R S H I P   I N F O R M A T I O N
Professional - Includes Newsletter       $125_______

Family - Includes Newsletter             $100_______

                       Additional Contribution:_____________


___VISA:  Card: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___

___MASTER CARD: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___

___Check or Money Order: Payable to FMS FOUNDATION IN U.S. DOLLARS.



Street Address or P.O.Box

City                                 State         Zip+4

Telephone                           FAX

*  MAIL the completed form with payment to: 
FMS Foundation, 3401 Market ST, Suite 130, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3315

This address and the phone numbers have changed as of July 15, 2000

*  FAX your order to (215) 287-1917. Fax orders cannot be processed 
without credit card information.


                        D O N' T   F O R G E T

                Sponsored by New York Medical College                 
                         Friday April 7, 1999                         
                        Westchester, New York                         
              MEMORY  AND  REALITY:  RETURN  TO  REASON               
                   Sponsored by the FMS Foundation                    
             Saturday April 8 and Sunday morning April 9              
                        White Plains, New York