FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - January 7, 1997 - Vol. 6, No. 1, HTML version

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ISSN #1069-0484.          Copyright (c) 1997  by  the  FMSF Foundation
    The FMSF Newsletter is published 10 times a year by the  False
    Memory  Syndrome  Foundation.  A hard-copy subscription is in-
    cluded in membership fees (to join, see last page). Others may
    subscribe  by  sending  a  check  or  money  order, payable to 
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    3401  Market  Street  suite  130,  Philadelphia, PA 19104-3315

This address and the phone numbers have changed as of July 15, 2000
                 Phone 215-387-1865, Fax 215-387-1917
  Focus on Science by Pope
      Legal Corner
        Make a Difference
          From Our Readers
            1996 Highlights
              Conference Registration
Dear Friends,

  "This meeting could not have happened two years ago," wrote a
researcher who was describing his conference presentation of data from
a retractor study. "The opposition tried to mount the predictable
attacks but couldn't really get off the ground, in part because they
didn't know what to do with the data and in part because other
therapists recounted experiences with false memories."
  Things have changed.
  In November, the Victims Compensation Board in Washington state
began a review of some of its policies. It was proposed that
reimbursement for services will not be authorized for therapies which
focus on the recovery of memory. These services include, but are not
limited to, therapy for dissociative identity disorder related to
repressed memories, mapping of alter personalities to facilitate
disclosure of repressed memories, memory excavation, memory retrieval,
memory enhancement, hypnosis to aid in memory recovery, age regression
therapy, dream enhancement, dream reading image focusing, guided
imagery and any therapy which focuses on issues specific to satanic
ritual abuse.
  Things have changed.
  As we complied the highlights of 1996 for this issue (page 14), we
realized that there had been so many excellent new books and articles
that we simply did not have the space to include them now.
  Things have certainly changed from March of 1992 when a few hundred
parents sent copies of Darrell Sifford's articles around the country.
  January 14, 1997 marks the 300th anniversary of the Massachusetts
Day of Repentances when an apology was made to those harmed by the
hysteria in Salem.  Who is in charge now? Who will apologize to those
harmed in recent years?
  Some things have not changed.
  While public understanding of the memory issues has increased,
still, within the therapy community, there seems an effort to keep one
step ahead of growlingly profound critical thought...and still avoid
accepting accountability.
  The Foundation has stated from the start that some memories are
true, some a mixture of fact and fantasy and some are false, whether
they are continuous memories or recovered. Our critics, however,
currently seem bent on proving that some recovered memories can be
corroborated. This effort is long overdue and it demonstrates that in
many cases external corroboration can be obtained. Most of these are
examples of a single traumatic incident not of the bizarre claims of
FMSF families.
  At the Memory and Reality conference in March, many of the bizarre
aspects of the FMS phenomenon culled from the FMSF Legal Survey will
be inspected. That information is revealing. For example, limiting our
sample to 520 cases in the U.S. that were verified through court
records as accuser-initiated repressed memory, 84% were civil cases
and 16% were criminal. Most legal cases seem to have been filed in
1992, 1993, and 1994. The longest period that an accuser claims that
she was abused and repressed it was from birth to 36 years.. Abused --
repressed it -- lived normal live -- abused again -- no knowledge of
past abuse -- repressed it -- lived normal live -- for thousands of
events over a 36-year period. An extraordinary claim. Extraordinary
claims require extraordinary proof.
  Without that proof, other explanations make sense. For example of
115 trial level cases in which the accuser claimed to have recovered a
memory of abuse occurring below the age of five, 103 were in therapy
at the time.
  From the FMSF Family Survey of over 500 returns, we learned that 68%
of the reports included claims of "recovered" memories of abuse
allegedly taking place from birth through four years of age. This is
an extraordinary claim about memory and requires extraordinary proof.
Results of the Family Survey indicated that the average length of time
the abuse was alleged to have continued was more than 9 years. The
average length of time that the accusers claimed total amnesia for the
memories was 28 years with a range from 4 years to 53.
  Bizarre claims. Extraordinary claims. No external corroboration. Yet
families are still torn apart. Accused people are still shunned.
Families are looking for closure after more than five years in a
hostage-like situation. For some, even negative closure seems better
than going on like this. Letters from retractors, however, urge
families to keep offering love.
  Next month, we will include some of the first information about the
adverse health effects that the double whammy of an accusation coupled
with losing a child has had on some people. Yet, through it all, the
resilience of the FMS families has been remarkable. That strength
through a long period of continued stress is a tribute to the power of
love parents have for their children
  We wish all our readers a Happy New Year. May 1997 bring us all more
open doors and more open hearts.

         /                                                  \
         |         WHAT'S NEW IN THE MEMORY WARS ?          |
         |             Friday, March 21, 1997.              |
         |           Continuing Education Program           |
         |                                                  |
         |          MEMORY AND REALITY: NEXT STEPS          |
         |  Saturday & Sunday March 22 & 23, 1997   |
         |                Family Conference                 |
         |                                                  |

                   WHAT'S NEW IN THE "MEMORY WARS"
                        Friday March 21, 1997
                     Continuing Education Program
co-sponsored by the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions and FMSF. Turner Building
(cor Monument and Rutland Ave.)  Baltimore, MD

*  Continuing education for Psychologists through FMSF 7.5 hours.
*  8 Credit hours in Category 1 of the Physicians 
   Recognition Award of the AMA.
*  8 Contact hours in Category 1 for Social Workers.
*  The participation of the law firm of Carr, Goodson Lee & Maryland
   allows attorneys to explore the use of this course for continuing
   legal education credit within their state.
FEES Professionals $175.

Scientific Program:
Brain Imaging Studies on False Memory and Trauma: A Critical Review
Historical Perspectives on Traumatic Memory
The British Psychiatric Response to "Recovered" Memories
  RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., M.R.C. Psych.
Source Memory and Its Role in Pseudo-Memories
The False Memory Syndrome Foundation and the "Memory Wars"
New Findings on Memory Distortion
An Update on Dissociative Identity Disorder
A Review and Critique of Multiple Personality Disorder
Complexities of Practice, Their Sources, and Resolution
The Intersection of Law and Science in False Memory Cases
For Registration Information
Office of Continuing Medical Education
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Turner 20, 720 Rutland Ave.
Baltimore, MD 21205-2195
fax 410-955-0807 

                    MEMORY AND REALITY: NEXT STEPS
                Saturday and Sunday March 22, 23, 1997
                      Family Focused Conference
           to be held at the BWI Marriott in Baltimore, MD.
Friday March 21, 1997
7:30-9:00 PM   Registration
Saturday March 22, 1997

8:00 - 9:00 Registration and Coffee

Plenary Session: Making a Difference
What We Still Need to Know
Legal Task Force
  Moderator: ANDRE BREWSTER, Esq.
  The Foundation as a "Friend of the Court"
  Families and the Courts: Report on the Legal Survey  
Lunch Break
Family and Retractor Panel:
  Dealing with the Legal System
  Moderator: RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D.


  Reception - Cash Bar
  Dinner - Voluntary Donation (To Help Defray Costs)
Sunday March 23, 1997 
8:00 - 8:30 Coffee 

Helping Families is to Help Everyone
Family Panel: The Wisdon of Families and Retractors
  Moderator: ALLEN FELD, LCSW


Reforming the Mental Health System: Education, Regulation, Litigation and
Closing Remarks
For Registration Information
FMF Foundation Office
3401 Market Street, Suite 130

This address and the phone numbers have changed as of July 15, 2000
Philadelphia, PA 19104
fax 215-387-1917
Registration form can be found on the last page of this newsletter.

/                                                                    \ 
|               Two Separate Conferences Back-to-Back                |
|                                                                    |
| Families are welcome to attend the continuing education program.   |
| Professionals are welcome to attend the family program. The        |
| emphasis of each of these programs will be somewhat different,     |
| however. Members of the Foundation will be receiving brochures     |
| about both of these programs. Separate registration is required    |
| for each program.                                                  |

                          HOTEL INFORMATION
Conference Headquarters

BWI Airport Marriott
1743 West Nursery Rd.
Baltimore MD 21240
800/228-9290                   410/859-8300 Direct Line
410/691-4555 (fax)
File Number:  Tell operator you are with FMSF
$ 85.00 PLUS TAX per night (two double beds or a king size bed)
Cut-off date:  February 28, 1997 (On space available after that date)    
Free shuttle from BWI and train station (app. 5 min ride)
Other Hotels in Area

Susse Chalet
1734 W. Nursery Rd.
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090-2907
800/5CHALET (242438) for RESERVATIONS
Direct line (410)859-2333                   (fax) 410/859-2357
File Number:  Say with FMSF Program meeting
$59.70 plus tax (Two double beds or one double bed)
Cut off date:  March 1; 40 rooms (across street from Marriott)
Free shuttle from Airport only  (App $ 7.00 taxi from airport)  
Free continental breakfast

Red Roof Inn
827 Elk Ridge Landing Rd.
Linthicum Heights, MD 21090
800/843-7663 RESERVATIONS
410/850-7600 (Dir)                     410/850-7611 (fax)
File Number B 149000141
$59.99 plus tax (two dbl beds)
Cut off date: March 11, 1997
Free Shuttle from BWI and train station

As the official airline for this conference, USAIR offers registrants
discounts for travel between March 18 and March 26. The discount
varies and you may find out about this program by calling
  Vicki Seltzer at Rosenbluth travel 800/233-3158
  9:00-5:30 EST (East coast) Monday-Friday; 
  215/563-1070 (dir. line);        215 568-0811 (fax).
  e mail .

Travel by Amtrak can also be arranged at a 10% discount off the lowest
fare on all daily trains for travel between March 19 and March 26.
Discounts are also available on special Metroliners. Vicki Seltzer at
Rosenbluth Travel can also be consulted about this program.

    |                       SPECIAL THANKS                       |
    |                                                            |
    |       We extend a very special "Thank you" to all of       |
    |      the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.      |  
    |                                                            |
    |   EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Toby Feld, Allen Feld,                |
    |          Howard Fishman, Peter Freyd, P.T.                 |
    |   RESEARCH: Merci Federici, Michele Gregg, Anita Lipton    |
    |   NOTICES and PRODCUTION: Danielle Taylor                  |
    |   COLUMNISTS: Katie Spanuello and                          |
    |       members of the FMSF Scientific Advisory Board        |
    |   LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers                     |
                   F O C U S   O N   S C I E N C E

  From time to time, various scientific articles appear which discuss
  issues of childhood sexual abuse, memory, and responses to trauma.
  Since such studies are often widely cited in the scientific and
  popular press, it is critical to recognize their methodological
  limits. It is particularly important to understand what conclusions
  can and cannot legitimately be drawn from these studies on the basis
  of the data presented. As a result, we periodically present analyses
  of recent well-known studies, prepared with help from members of our
  Scientific Advisory Committee.

                      *       *       *       *

                       THE EMPEROR'S TAILORING
                         Harrison Pope, M.D.

  Modern technology has greatly expanded our ability to study the
structure and functions of the brain. Neuropsychological testing
techniques, measurements of neurotransmitters (chemical messengers),
and other advances in the understanding of brain chemistry have
allowed us to probe ever deeper into the central nervous system.
Perhaps the most dazzling technological strides have occurred in
neuroimaging: with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron
emission tomography (PET), we can now see images of living brain
structures. With the appropriate computer software, we can detect
subtle differences in anatomy or blood flow between different brain
regions, or between patient populations and normal comparison
subjects. Can we apply this technological arsenal to answer the
question of whether it is possible to "repress" the memory of
traumatic events?
  At first, the answer to this question would seem to be yes. The
literature has recently been filled with studies using various forms
of high technology to study trauma and its consequences (1). For
example, neuropsychological testing techniques have been used to
quantify memory function in trauma victims as compared to non-
traumatized comparison subjects. These studies have generally found
that individuals diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
have greater difficulty remembering test items than do normal
comparison subjects. Biochemical studies, similarly, have shown that
numerous chemicals critical to the function of the nervous system,
such as neuropeptides and neurotransmitters, may be affected in
various ways by stress. Among the chemicals studied in this manner are
epinephrine; norepinephrine; corticosteroids; pituitary and
hypothalamic hormones that stimulate the release of corticosteroids;
opioid peptides; gamma aminobutyric acid; vasopressin; and many
others. Not surprisingly, data suggest that these substances are
disrupted in various ways during the experience of trauma. They may
even remain disrupted long afterwards in trauma survivors with PTSD.
Furthermore, other studies have shown that many of these same
neuropeptides and neurotransmitters have various effects on memory
function, either enhancing or impairing memory under particular
  Even more striking, however, are the latest studies of brain anatomy
and metabolism in trauma victims. For example, studies of monkeys
exposed to prolonged and fatal stress have shown damage in an area of
the brain called the hippocampus (2). And damage to the hippocampus,
in turn, has been shown to be associated with impairments in memory
function. MRI studies of the hippocampus in humans diagnosed with PTSD
have now also shown abnormalities in comparisons with healthy control
subjects. Even more colorful and impressive are the findings of PET
scans in trauma victims. For example, PET technology has been used to
measure cerebral glucose metabolism (an index of brain activity) in
combat veterans as compared to normal controls. Differences between
the two groups were found in a number of different cortical areas
(3). In another study, 8 patients with post-traumatic stress disorder,
two of whom were victims of childhood sexual abuse, were exposed to
"traumatic" vs. "neutral" scripts while undergoing positron emission
tomography. In the traumatic scripts, audiotapes describing a personal
traumatic experience, such as sexual abuse or a car accident, were
played to subjects. The neutral scripts were audiotapes describing
mundane experiences, such as emptying the dishwasher. Statistical
mapping techniques were then applied to the PET scan results to
identify which areas of the brain's cortex displayed significant
activation under these conditions (4). The 8 subjects with PTSD were
specifically selected for the study because they had already been
shown to demonstrate a physiologic response (in other words,
measurable physical changes) in response to traumatic scripts.
Therefore, it is probably not surprising that, when stimulated to
remember their trauma, the subjects' brains showed changes; there were
significant differences in blood flow in various parts of their brains
when they were thinking about watching their loved ones die in a car
accident as opposed to, say, thinking about brushing their teeth. Upon
comparing the color-enhanced computer printouts of the PET scans, even
a layman can see obvious differences in the pictures taken in the
traumatic condition vs. the neutral condition.
  These are all interesting and valuable studies, carefully performed
under rigorous scientific conditions. What's more, some have produced
stunning findings. One can hardly examine the striking PET scan images
without being impressed. Surely, then, this wealth of data provides
mounting evidence that trauma does influence memory, and suggests
neurological and biochemical mechanisms that might explain how trauma
victims could develop amnesia for the event. One might believe,
therefore, that we are finally accumulating scientific proof that
memories of trauma can be repressed.
  But this last conclusion is a fallacy, and it is important to
understand why. The logical flaw here is the assumption that one can
take a series of scientific findings, link them together, and safely
extrapolate to conclusions about some other phenomenon which one has
not studied directly. An example will make this clear. Studies have
established that there is a highly significant positive correlation,
in the animal kingdom, between brain size and intelligence. In other
words, the larger the brain, the larger the IQ: worms are not as
intelligent as seagulls, and seagulls are not as intelligent as dogs.
It has also been established, through years of neuroanatomical
studies, that men have bigger brains, on average, than women. But even
though these two findings are both correct, it would be erroneous to
infer that men have higher IQs than women. If we are interested in
knowing whether men are smarter than women, we should stop drawing
dangerous inferences from neuroanatomy, and instead go out and test
actual samples of men and women for intelligence. By analogy, if one
wishes to test whether trauma victims can repress their memories, one
should go out and simply ask a group of victims if they can remember
their trauma. If instead we merely infer that repression might occur
on the basis of people's cerebral glucose metabolism, or images of
their hippocampi, we might prove seriously mistaken.
  This fallacy may seem obvious, but it has bedeviled even the most
brilliant thinkers. For example, the great Austrian mathematician
Godel once performed a series of mathematical calculations based on
Einstein's equations from relativity theory (5). Godel's calculations
suggested that certain solutions to Einstein's equations produced
closed time lines, which would theoretically allow for the existence
of time travel. Unfortunately, Godel found that the amount of energy
necessary for a human being to travel back in time would be
excessively large. He apparently believed, however, that his
calculations did offer possible scientific evidence for the existence
of ghosts.
  Even the best of scientific findings, in other words, can be misused
to reach dubious conclusions. And the average observer, blinded by the
technological sophistication of such findings, may lose track of the
sleight-of-hand inferences that someone is making from them. Such
fallacious reasoning has often infiltrated the courtroom, where juries
may be presented with impressive scientific results, strung together
to seemingly imply that, say, working at video display terminals can
cause miscarriages, that the drug Bendectin can cause birth defects,
that silicone breast implants can cause arthritic disease, or that
low-intensity magnetic fields can cause cancer (6,7). The point, once
again, is that if one wants to test these hypotheses, one should not
dwell on inferences from laboratory studies; one should simply go out
in Nature and test whether or not the hypotheses are true. When this
was done with the above hypotheses, they all failed the test of actual
epidemiologic study.
  One last example, taken directly from modern psychology, is the
technique of "eye movement desensitization and reprocessing," usually
abbreviated as "EMDR."  EMDR is a novel psychotherapeutic technique in
which the patient is asked to follow a moving object with his or her
eyes while thinking about a traumatic experience (8). On the basis of
a series of inferences from various scientific findings, proponents of
EMDR claim that it is effective for the treatment of a range of
psychiatric disorders. The reasoning goes something like this: it is
well established that during one stage of sleep, called rapid-eye-
movement sleep, or REM sleep, the eyes move rapidly back and forth. It
is also known that REM sleep is associated with dreaming. Dreaming, in
turn, is often associated with intense emotions. And trauma victims,
indisputably, may have dreams about traumatic events that they have
experienced. Therefore, if a patient voluntarily engages in eye
movements in the therapist's office, while recalling a traumatic
experience, perhaps he or she could more effectively reexperience and
work through the traumatic experience, with consequent progress in
  An interesting chain of inferences, perhaps, and one which is indeed
based on legitimate scientific observations. But the fact remains that
no one has shown, in a properly designed study, that EMDR actually
works. That is, when we put inferences aside and go out to actually
test the efficacy of EMDR in nature, the hypothesis is not supported
  What is the lesson of all this? It is that a phenomenon is not
proven just because inferences from various studies suggest a
mechanism for how it might theoretically occur. In other words, no
matter how impressive the findings of neurotransmitter assays or how
colorful the pictures from PET scans, and no matter how intriguing the
brain mechanisms that these studies might suggest, we cannot logically
conclude from these studies that people can actually repress memories
of traumatic events.
  In other words, one should not speculate about the details of the
emperor's tailoring until one has first assessed whether he has any

  1. Bremner JD, Krystal JH, Charney DS, Southwick SM. Neural
mechanisms in dissociative amnesia for childhood abuse: relevance to
the current controversy surrounding the "False MemorySyndrome." Am J
Psychiatry 1996 153:71-82.
  2. Uno H, Tarara R, Else JG, Suleman MA, Sapolsky RM. Hippocampal
damage associated with prolonged and fatal stress in primates. J
Neurosci 1989; 9:1705-1711.
  3. Bremner JD, Ng CK, Staib L, Markey J, Duncan KJ, Zubal G, Krystal
JH, Massa S, Rich D, Southwick SM Capelli S, Seibyl JP, Dey H, Soufer
R, Charney DS, Innis RB. PET measurement of cerebral metabolism
following a noradrenergic challenge in patients with posttraumatic
stress disorder and in healthy subjects (abstract). J Nucl Med 1993;
34: 205P-206P.
  4. Rauch SL, van der Kolk BA, Fisler RE, Alpert NM, Orr SP, Savage
CR, Fischman AJ, Jenike MA, Pitman RK. A symptom provocation study of
posttraumatic stress disorder using positron emission tomography and
script-driven imagery. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1996; 53:380-387.
  5. Stillwell J., Mathematics and its History. Springer-Verlag, New
York, 1989.  pp 330 331.
  6. Foster KR, Bernstein DE, Huber PW (eds). Phantom Risk. MIT Press,
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1993.
  7. Angell M. Shattuck Lecure - Evaluating the health risks of breast
implants: the interplay of medical science, the law, and public
opinion. New Engl J Med.  1996; 334: l513-1518.
  8. Hudson JI, Chase EA, Pope HG Jr. Eye movement densitization and
reprocessing in eating disorders: caution against premature
acceptance. Int J Eating Disorders. In press.
  9. Admittedly, there are some studies which claim to show a benefit
for EMDR. These include, for example, Silver SM, Brooks A, Obenchain
J. Treatment of Vietnam war veterans with PTSD: A comparison of eye
movement desensitization and reprocessing, biofeedback, and relaxation
training. J Traumatic Stress 1996; 8:337-343; and Montgomery R, Ayllon
T. Eye movement desensitization across subjects: Subjective and
physiological measures of treatment efficacy. J Behavior Therapy Exp
Psychiatry 1994; 25; 25:217-230. However, even these studies are
subject to such serious methodological flaws that their findings are
highly questionable. For a discussion of these flaws, see the review
in footnote 8, above, and also Steketee G, Goldstein A. Reflections on
Shapiro's reflections: Testing EMDR within a theoretical context. The
Beh Therapist 1994; 17:156-157, or any of several other critical
reviews cited by Hudson and colleagues in their review.

  This column appears as a chapter in the forthcoming book, JUNK
  TRAUMA, by Harrison G. Pope, Jr. M.D., (c) Social Issues Resources
  Series, 1996. Copies of this book will be available in March 1997
  and may be obtained by writing to SIRS at 1100 Holland Drive, Boca
  Raton, Florida, 33427, or by calling 1-800-232-7477.

                          SALEM JURY'S RULE

  January 14, 1997 will mark the 300th anniversary of the
  Massachusetts Day of Repentances. The following statement was signed
  by the jury in Salem after the craze died down. The jurors believed
  that they had shed innocent blood, a sin which they believed would
  not be forgiven. This is known as "The Salem Jury's Rule" and may
  be instructive even today:

  We whose names are underwritten, being in the year 1692 called to
serve as jurors in court at Salem, on trial of many who were by some
suspected guilty of doing acts of Witchcraft upon the bodies of sundry
  We confess that we ourselves were not capable to understand nor able
to withstand the mysterious delusions of the Powers of Darkness and
Prince of the Air, but were for want of knowledge in ourselves and
better information from others, prevailed with to take up with such
evidence against the accused as on further consideration and better
information we justly fear was insufficient for touching the lives of
any (Deuteronomy, 17:6), whereby we fear we have been instrumental
with others, though ignorantly and unwittingly, to bring upon
ourselves and this People of the Lord the guilt of innocent blood,
which sin the Lord saith in Scripture he would not pardon (2 Kings,
24:4), that is, we suppose, in regard of this temporal judgements.
  We do therefore hereby signify to all in general (and to the
surviving sufferers in especial) our deep sense of and sorrow for our
errors in acting on such evidence to the condemning of any person, and
do hereby declare that we justly fear we were sadly deluded and
mistaken, for which we are much disquieted and distressed in our
minds, and do therefore humbly beg forgiveness, first of God for
Christ's sake for this our error, and pray that God would not impute
the guilt of it to ourselves not others. And we also pray that we may
be considered candidly and aright by the living sufferers as being
then under the power of a strong and general delusion, utterly
unacquainted with and not experienced in matters of that nature.
  We do heartily ask forgiveness of you all, whom we have justly
offended, and do declare according to our present minds, we would none
of us do such things again on such grounds for the whole world praying
you to accept of this in way of satisfaction for our offence, and that
you would bless the inheritance of the Lord that He may be entreated
for the Land.

                        B O O K   R E V I E W
   Victimhood and the Psychology Industry: A Symbiotic Relationship
                      Reviewer: Allen Feld, LCSW

                              Review of:
Manufacturing Victims: What the Psychology Industry is Doing to People 
          Tana Dineen (328 pages. Robert Davies Publishing) 

  Tana Dineen's well-researched and extensively referenced book is a
valuable addition to the expanding number of critiques that expose the
dangers, mixed results and even the follies of interventions of the
helping professions. Manufacturing Victims is unique in its approach;
it combines historical and sociological perspectives to why
contemporary American society is fertile ground for the geometric
growth of a Psychology Industry. Dr. Dineen skillfully integrates her
philosophical position with thoughtful analysis and commentary on
salient research, several significant psychological constructs,
contemporary literature and anecdotal accounts of former and current
clients of the Psychology Industry.
  Dineen uses the phrase Psychology Industry to include psychiatrists,
psychologists, clinical social workers, psychoanalysts,
psychotherapists, etc., thereby creating a significant pool of
therapists who will likely criticize this book. Since the author has
spent more than two decades as a clinical psychologist, she brings
credibility to her position. She is unrelenting in her concern for
"damaged people, divided families, distorted justice..." and the
abandonment by the Industry of critical thinking in favor of power,
profit and prestige. The use of the word "Industry" is well-suited to
her theme. She describes how the Industry manufactures clients
(victims), markets its services, advertises itself -- both with paid
ads and with free publicity from pro bono crisis work, and attempts to
expand its sphere of influence.
  Creating victims adds to the wealth of the psychology industry.
Dineen suggests that three principles underlie the manufacturing
process: Psychologizing -- the use of psychological constructs to
reduce real experience to psychological terms; Pathologizing --
transforming ordinary people who undergo abnormal experiences into
abnormal people; Generalizing -- blurring the boundaries between the
brutal or exceptional and the mundane or ordinary. Dramatic examples
of the misuse of ideas from well-known authors such as Kubler-Ross
(Death and Dying) and Weisel (on the Holocaust) define and dramatize
these concepts.
  The personal experiences of manufactured victims such as retractors
help define three priniciples that differentiate actual victims from
fabricated ones. Synthetic describes those fabricated victims who
succumb to suggestion for reasons such as their present vulnerability
or high degree of suggestibility. (A number of retractors have often
expressed this.) Contrived victims refer to those who have a genuine
medical condition, but a possible psychological cause is attributed to
the condition. Counterfeit refers to those victims who seek a
secondary gain. This last classification can refer to someone like
Kenneth Bianchi (The Hillside Strangler), who feigned MPD to avoid
responsibility for multiple murders. Martin Orne, a member of the FMSF
Scientific and Professional Advisory Board, was instrumental in
unmasking that attempt to subvert justice.  The production of victims,
according to Dr. Dineen, leads to several outcomes: creating more
clients, enhancing the power and prestige of members of the Industry
(e.g. as expert witnesses, talk-show guests, television news
commentaries, etc...) and generating more income and profits.
  Dineen's material is current. She makes good use of the Washington
State's Crime Victim Compensation Program Study that was mentioned in
the Newsletter (May, 1996). Her comprehensive analysis of the 1995
Consumer Reports (CR) study on "The effectiveness of psychotherapy"
supports markedly different conclusions from those suggested by the
author. The same data, she argues, suggest that the sampling technique
was unscientific and the percentage of questionnaires returned so poor
that CR serves only the economic agenda of the Psychology Industry.
  She believes the Industry ultimately cannot reform itself. However
this book and its stinging criticism of the helping professions may be
helpful in getting the Industry back on course.

                       L E G A L   C O R N E R
                              FMSF Staff
   Arizona Court of Appeals Restricts Application of Discovery Rule 
                      in Repressed Memory Claims 
   Logerquist v. Danforth, 1996 Ariz.App. LEXIS 216, 1996 WL 56863
               (Ariz.App.Div.2), dated October 3, 1996
  An Arizona Court of Appeals recently held that "repressed memory"
claims may invoke the Discovery Rule -- assuming that "the trial court
determines that evidence of the underlying claim of repressed memory
is admissible." The appeals court noted that the trial court in this
case did not address or rule on the issue of the admissibility of
repressed memory under Frye. Since it did not and "since their
resolution seemingly will require analysis and determination of facts
and opinions," the appellate court remanded the matter for further
proceedings consistent with its decision.
  The court recognized that some courts have rejected the discovery
rule in repressed memory cases because of the unique problems and
concerns these cases pose. It declined, however, to grant summary
judgment in a case involving a "classic factual dispute involving
credibility and memory issues" and noted that many courts have
concluded that application of the discovery rule and determination of
the claim's accrual date involves a question of fact for jury
resolution. Regardless, the court stated that the plaintiff retains
the burden of establishing that discovery rule applies.
  In this case, the plaintiff, age 30, alleged sexual abuse by her
pediatrician during four office visits when she was between ages 8 and
10. She claimed she had no memory of the alleged events until sometime
in September 1991 and that until that time she "unconsciously blocked
and/or repressed the memories of said assaults in order to survive
emotionally." Plaintiff testified that although she was unsure what
triggered the memories, that they occurred spontaneously.
  The defendants have petitioned the Arizona Supreme Court to review
this decision in order to clarify the statute of limitations
principles governing allegations of repressed memory of sexual abuse.
             First FMS Case in England Ends in Acquittal
          Press Association News, GB, 11/29/96, Lisa Salmon
  In a landmark case, criminal charges were dismissed against a man
accused of sexually abusing a woman years earlier. A 44-year-old
defendant was formally acquitted on November 29 by a judge in
Manchester Crown Court after the prosecution offered no evidence. The
woman, 22, testified that memories of the abuse emerged after she
began counseling. She told counselors the memories of the assaults
were partly triggered by a sexual abuse storyline in a soap opera and
a rape scene in a TV episode of Cracker.
  Experts concluded she may be suffering from a condition known as
False Memory Syndrome. Dr. Bryan Tully was one of the psychologists
who examined the woman. He concluded, "There were features in her
accounts which indicated that her story could not be said to be wholly
from stable, authentic, long-term memory of events."
  The defendant's barrister, Stephen Meadowcroft, said it was the
first time the defense of False Memory Syndrome had ever been used in
Britain. The man had been arrested and prevented from living with his
wife and two children during the 14-months the case was investigated
and brought to court.  
       Jury Verdict Favoring Plaintiff in Repressed Memory Case 
                      is Reversed by Utah Judge
   Franklin v. Stevenson, Third Judicial Dist. Ct., Salt Lake Co., 
             Utah, No. 94-0901779PI, signed Dec. 6, 1996.
  On December 6, District Court Judge Kenneth Rigtrup nullified a
prior jury verdict favoring a plaintiff who had allegedly recovered
memories of childhood sexual abuse some 25 to 30 years earlier. During
an 11-day trial in September 1996, the woman, age 36, testified that
she had no memories of horrific abuse by a cousin which included rape,
death threats and mutilation of animals until after she began therapy
for panic attacks. Expert testimony was presented at trial that the
woman underwent therapy techniques that were hypnosis-like. In
September 1996, a jury awarded the woman $750,000 in compensatory
damages and nothing in punitive damages.
  However, in a rare JNOV (judgment notwithstanding the verdict) ,
[FOOTNOTE: A JNOV, as its name suggests, allows a judge to override a
jury verdict. The judge is not "reexamining" the jury's behavior or
usurping the jury's power, but is rendering a legal decision on an
issue of law. ] Judge Rigtrup found that the jury verdict was not
supported by the evidence. The judge agreed with a defense post-trial
motion which argued that the woman's testimony should not have been
allowed because her memory was enhanced by techniques similar to
hypnosis and should, therefore, have been considered unreliable and
inadmissible. Hypnotically enhanced testimony is not allowed in Utah.
  Judge Rigtrup wrote that after weighing all the evidence, the court
could see no difference between hypnotic suggestion and the
"inherently unreliable" techniques used to enhance Franklin's
memory. The judge noted the abundant evidence that a variety of
therapeutic techniques were utilized to retrieve what the Plaintiff
came to view as "memories." These techniques included the use of
guided imagery, writing with the non-dominant hand, trance-work,
relaxation, communicating with metaphorical 'inner-children' named
'Cece' and 'Rocky,' connecting with the inner-child, and journal
writing. Hypnotically refreshed memory is inherently unreliable and
has, therefore, been excluded under Utah case law. Since the court
found "no distinction" between hypnotic suggestion and the use of
these techniques, it applied this policy to the memory enhancing
techniques which were utilized in this case. As all of the Plaintiff's
testimony was enhanced through these techniques and without the
Plaintiff's testimony, there was no competent evidence to support a
verdict in favor of the Plaintiff and because "...the Plaintiff failed
to establish, as a matter or law, the inherent reliability of the
methods used to recover a memory," the court concluded the defendant
was entitled to a Judgment Notwithstanding the Verdict as a matter of
  The defendant was represented by Walter F. Bugden, Jr. of Salt Lake
City. The Order of the Court, signed 12/6/96 is listed in the FMSF
Brief Bank as #102.
       Family Awarded $1 Million as Victim of False Allegations 
                      in Out-Of-Court Settlement 
  [FOOTNOTE: See FMSF newsletter, Sept. 1996; FMSF Brief Bank #109.]
         The Kansas City Star, Nov. 17, 1996, by Karen Testa
  A Missouri family recently settled a lawsuit for malpractice,
negligence and defamation against a counselor and church for $1
million. Tom and Joyce Rutherford, their daughter Beth and two other
children sued counselor Donna Strand for planting false memories of
childhood sexual abuse in the mind of the oldest daughter, Beth. Under
the counselor's guidance, they say, Beth, 23, developed images of how
her minister father repeatedly raped her, got her pregnant, then
performed a painful coat-hanger abortion. In truth, Beth was a virgin
and her father had had a vasectomy many years before.
  After three sessions with Strand, Beth mentioned that she was having
dreams of being raped in the presence of her father. According to the
lawsuit, Strand told her those dreams were an indication of early
childhood sexual abuse. Without her parent's knowledge, Beth returned
for at least 64 sessions during which Strand taught the young woman
how to enter a trancelike state through self-hypnosis. With the
counselor's encouragement, the Rutherfords say, Beth recalled a string
of false memories of events between the ages of 7 and 14.
  Two years later, when the Strands told the church body which
employed Beth's father of the allegations, he was forced to
resign. Then, at the insistence of the family's attorney, Beth
underwent a gynecological examination. It showed she was still a
  Beth, now a registered nurse, fully recanted her story. But she
still feels terrible about her parents. "I love them with all my
heart," she said. "It's sometimes hard to look at them because of what
I accused them of. I struggle a lot with the guilt of it all. They
always tell me, 'Beth, we knew that wasn't you.'" Months after she
recanted, the church reinstated Tom Rutherford as a minister, and he
said his family's torment should serve to alert others of the dangers
of repressed memory counseling.
    Donna Strand, the counselor at Park Crest Village Assembly of God
Church, and her husband, Pastor Robert Strand, admitted no wrongdoing
in their settlement.
          Final Defendants Settle in Texas Malpractice Case
                   Schwiderski v. Peterson,,
           129th Judicial District Court, Harris Co., Texas
  A settlement has been reached between the final defendants in a
malpractice suit brought by former patient Kathryn Schwiderski, her
husband and children against the therapist and hospital which had
treated her. The negligence suit was originally filed in May 1993 and
sought $35 million for damages to the family. During the seven years
in therapy until Feb. 1992, Schwiderski says therapists misdiagnosed
MPD and implanted false memories of sexual abuse and participation in
a satanic cult in herself and her children through hypnosis and
drugs. The family was destroyed. Mr. Schwiderski was investigated by a
grand jury for allegedly abusing his son, although that case was not
pursued for lack of evidence. The family health bills totaled $2
   In an Answer to the original Complaint, defendants reportedly
stated that they stood by their diagnosis that the Schwiderski family
were members of a satanic cult and therefore their treatment was
  This case was reported by two Texas newspapers: Waterhouse, R.,
(Oct. 17, 1994), "There'll be the devil to pay; The future of
America's 'recovered memory movement' is at stake in a $35 m lawsuit,"
The Independent; and Gangelhoff, B., (July 6, 1995), "Devilish
diagnosis: Hypnotized and bound by restraints, the patients of Judith
Peterson say they came to believe they had multiple personalities or
had belonged to satanic cults. So apparently did their therapist,"
Houston Press.
        Malpractice Suit Settled Against Washington Therapist
   A malpractice suit filed against a licensed Washington State
psychologist Dr.  Phillips, Psy.D., was settled out of court in
October 1996. Peggy Tillman and her husband filed the suit in King Co.
Superior Ct, Washington in 1995. The Tillmans alleged Dr. Phillips had
negligently encouraged and led Peggy to believe she had been sexually
abused as a child notwithstanding the fact that she had no memories of
the incidents. The confidential settlement agreement was reached
following non-binding mediation.
  A third party claim brought by Tillman's parents against the
psychologist is still pending. David Summers, of Edmonds, Washington
represents both Mrs. Tillman and her parents.
            Negligence Suit Against Therapist is Resolved
  Late in October, 1996 a negligence suit brought by a former patient
against her therapist was resolved in a confidential agreement and the
suit was dismissed with prejudice. Nearly two years earlier, the
former patient, a resident of Illinois, had filed a suit against her
Arizona therapist claiming that under his supervision false memories
of child sexual abuse and satanism were implanted. Also named as
defendants in the lawsuit was an Arizona clinic operated by the
therapist and two of its counselors. The Complaint alleged that
improper, untested, unethical techniques, including "guided imagery,"
dream interpretation, relaxation therapy, played on the plaintiff's
suggestibility and susceptibility to therapist influence.
  According to the Arizona Republic, November 18, 1994, the therapist
was under investigation by the Arizona Board of Behavioral Health
Examiners over allegations of unconventional therapy. At that time he
was found to have been negligent in the supervision of his counselors
and possibly to have disclosed confidential information about his
patients. Following the hearing, his license was revoked.
  The former patient is represented by Zachary Bravos of Wheaton,
            Canadian Children's Aid Blasted as Father Wins
                 Toronto Star, Canada, July 13, 1996
  In mid-July the Ontario Court of Appeal let stand a verdict and over
$110,000 award in favor of an Ontario father who had sued the
Children's Aid Society for backing false accusations by his former
wife that he had molested his daughters. (B., et. al., v. Children's
Aid Society of Durham Region,, 136 D.L.R. 4th 297, July 9,
1996). The court dismissed the agency's appeal, agreeing that the
agency's investigation was tainted by "bias," "lack of good faith" and
"a course of conduct akin to malicious prosecution." The decision was
reported to be the first time a Canadian Children's Aid Society had
been sued successfully for negligence.
  The Appeals Court said evidence established that Children's Aid
social worker Marion Van Den Boomen's conduct fell "well below the
standard of care expected of a professional social worker" when he
failed to: interview a doctor who found that the children had not been
molested; conduct a detailed interview with the father early in the
process; keep an open mind and to conduct a fair and balanced
                     Counselor Loses Libel Suit;
   Judge Rules Therapist Used Leading Questions to Gain Disclosures
        The StarPhoenix, Saskatoon, Canada, by Leslie Perreaux
  Unregistered therapist Helene Christison and a client were ordered
to pay $43,000 for falsely accusing a couple of sexually abusing their
children. The children's mother had accused her former husband and his
new wife of sexually and physically abusing their two pre-school-aged
boys. The mother hired Christison to interview the boys. The
allegations were reported to Social Services and police who decided
they were unfounded. Christison and the mother then circulated reports
of the alleged abuse to other people, including the children's
teachers, principals and doctors.
  In a 41-page decision, Judge Marian Wedge said that the couple's
reputation was damaged after the mother sought Christison as a "hired
gun" to gain sole custody of the children. "This strategy has been
called the weapon of the times," the judge wrote. Christison used
leading questions and unfounded assumptions to gain "painfully
extracted disclosures, if that is what they were" from the children.
Under Saskatchewan law, therapists are protected from lawsuits when
disclosing abuse allegations. However, the judge pointed out in her
decision that Christison lost her disclosure protection when the
reports were given out after the police had found them groundless.
              Bogus Abuse Reports Will Now be Felonies;
           Could Save Agencies from Needless Investigations
         Record-Eagle, Michigan, Nov. 5, 1996, by Mike Norton
   Effective January 1997, in Michigan it will be a felony to
knowingly make a false accusation of child abuse or neglect.
Currently, filing a false police report is a misdemeanor punishable by
up to 90 days in jail.
  The Record-Eagle reports that "False or groundless allegations of
child abuse and neglect are a common feature of many divorce actions.
Sometimes the charges are made in good faith -- from a misreading of a
child's behavior, for instance -- but they can also be designed to
hurt a former spouse or strengthen an otherwise weak legal case."
  "It's really a hindrance for us," said Gary Achim, a caseworker with
the Leelanau County Family Independence Agency. "We so often get
pulled into these child custody disputes where there are all kinds of
allegations of abuse being made, and there is absolutely nothing going
on. We have to investigate them all, when we could be out pursuing
cases that are legitimate."
      Mistrial Declared; Man Free in Repressed Memory Rape Case
  State of California v. Wendt, Stanislaus Co. Superior Ct., Calif.
             Modesto Bee, Oct. 12, 1996, by Jeff Jardine
  A California criminal case based on "recovered repressed memories"
of a now 16-year-old girl ended in a mistrial in October 1996. The
jurors were unable to reach a decision: nine jurors voted for the
defendant's innocence: two thought he was guilty and one was
uncertain. Deputy District Attorney Linda McFadden said she will not
refile charges.
  The girl said she was raped in her home 5 years ago by someone she
knew as a friend from church. She said she could not remember his
identity until 1995 when she was led through a series of mental
exercises by Sandy Walter, a hairdresser, who attended the same
church. The defense contended throughout the trial that Walter planted
the defendant's name in the girl's mind.
   The bulk of the jury simply did not believe the girl's testimony.
One juror said, "There wasn't enough evidence. All of the evidence
kept changing throughout the trial with (the girl). It kept changing
piece by piece. I do believe something happened. I don't believe (the
defendant) did it."
                 Memory Case Heard in Ontario Canada
           Regina v. Blom, Ontario Ct of Justice (Gen Div), 
     St. Catherines, Ontario, Canada, No. 471/95, Nov. 21, 1996.
   In Nov. 1996, a defendant was found not guilty of two criminal
counts of sexual assault in an Ontario Canada Court. In one alleged
incident, the complainant, age 44, said that she was assaulted 30
years earlier in the basement of a building the defendant was
constructing. Documents showed that the building started in the fall
of the year and well after the end of warm weather in Canada. The
complainant had alleged that she was assaulted while dressed in summer
  In the judgment issued Nov. 21, 1996, Madam Justice Wallace stated,
it is "more clear to the court, and corroborated by her evidence, that
her memory was flawed, it was faulty, there were significant gaps and
they were gaps which she was unable to explain. In the light of these
gaps, and in the light of the documentary evidence which confirms the
position of the defendant, the court has no alternative, in my view,
but to find that there is a reasonable doubt with respect to number
            Ontario Canada Jury Acquits Man of Six Charges 
                      in Repressed Memory Case.
       Regina v. Ross,, Ontario Ct. (General Division),
                      Kitchner Ontario, Canada.
  Early in Nov. 1996, the former psychologist at a reform school for
girls was found not guilty of six counts of sexual assault between
1973 and 1976. The judge had dismissed two additional counts, ruling
that there was not enough evidence to prosecute for rape based on a
"body feeling." One woman testified that she could not "see" the
abuse, but had a "body feeling" of hands around her throat, choking
her. The judge also refused to allow repressed memory testimony.  On
the remaining 11 counts, the jury could not come to a verdict.
  In 1973 some of the women had made allegations while they were in
the school. Investigation at that time showed the claims to be
unsubstantiated. Defense attorney Cindy Wasser argued in closing
statements that the girls made up allegations of sexual abuse to win
their freedom and strike a blow against authority. Drs. Harold Merskey
and Campbell Perry testified for the defense.
  On November 29, 1996 Crown prosecutors confirmed that they will seek
to retry Dr. Ross on the remaining 11 charges. The earliest date
available for trial may be November 1997.

| When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall |
| one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle.      |
|                                                       Edmund Burke |
|    Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontent Vol. i. p. 526. |

                  M A K E   A   D I F F E R E N C E
  This is a column that will let you know what people are doing to
  counteract the harm done by FMS. Remember that three and a half
  years ago, FMSF didn't exist. A group of 50 or so people found each
  other and today more than 17,000 have reported similar experiences.
  Together we have made a difference. How did this happen?

CANADA - In December, Chatelaine, a leading Canadian magazine for
women, published advice to a recovering alcoholic to read The Courage
to Heal and to join a survivors' group. Readers from across Canada
sent their complaints about this dreadful "advice." The editor of
Chatelaine, Ms.  Maynard replied:
  "...[W]e were unaware of the checkered history [of The Courage to
  Heal] until readers alerted us. Prompted by this incident, we are
  reviewing our policies on the recommendations of our columnists. Our
  goal remains a balanced article that will examine the debate over
  recovered memory from both sides..."
This again illustrates how important it is to write and call when the
opportunity presents itself.

TEXAS - I have become acquainted with a professor of psychology at a
local college. He invited me to address his graduate class concerning
FMS. I have just returned from my maiden voyage into academia and feel
that the evening event went very well.
  This is really something that all accused parents who are not shy
can and should do. Even parents who don't want to "go public" can talk
to future psychology and mental health professionals in a classroom
environment about their personal experiences without giving an
identifying name. It not only puts a face on the accused person, but
also lets the students hear how devastating this has been to someone
who deals with the dilemma every day.
  I am not shy with strangers so it was a natural for me. It was hard
to know when to stop talking and let them ask another question. There
are many professors who would welcome the opportunity to have FMS
families talk to their classes.

WISCONSIN - After calling, writing and finally walking a picket line
to protest a one-sided presentation by Ellen Bass at a Medical Center
and University in Milwaukee, we have something positive to report. We
had a one-hour television, a one-hour radio program and a newspaper
article about the problem of FMS. As a direct result of our efforts,
Sinai Samaritan Medical Center invited Dr. D. Triffert to present
Grand Rounds on FMS in January.

  Send your ideas to Katie Spanuello c/o FMSF.


  We thank our members who have so generously responded to the Annual
Pledge Drive. We are well on our way to meeting our target, and we
should reach our goal when we hear from the rest of our members. The
letters and notes that you send with the pledge cards are treasures,
too. They also tell us that the Foundation is helping families.
"My newsletter arrived yesterday, and I realized that my hands were
actually shaking as I broke the seal and began searching for new
information that would help me have a better understanding of what is
going on in our lives. Enclosed is a check as part of this year's
pledge. If I were rich, it would be many times this amount, but I hope
this helps for now."
                                                              A Mom
                        An Opportunity to Work
"This gift is in the names of my parents. Their tireless work is
chipping away at the stone that will someday reveal the diamond that
is the Foundation's ultimate reward. This gift comes from my pocket
but originates in my parents' hearts. I admire their relentless
pursuit of the truth as I admire yours. Thank you for helping so many
devastated families like mine."
                                                  Brother of Accuser
"My family and I have about 90% repaired our relationship with our
daughter. Slow but sure...We do not discuss the past five years. It is
a chapter that we choose not to read at this time. We look at it as
another one of life's great learning experiences...The Foundation has
contributed so much to solving this problem."
                                                                A Dad
The Wisconsin Association of Family and Children's Agencies (WAFCA) is
sponsoring a seminar on False Memory Syndrome on April 29, 1997 in
Waukesha. The program will have a retractor, a falsely accused family,
a clinical psychologist, an attorney and a panel discussion. The
organizers have worked with families in Wisconsin to prepare this
program which is primarily for mental health providers who wish to
learn about FMS and earn continuing education credit. Other interested
people may attend but active participation will be limited to members
of WAFCA. The cost is $75 per person. To register call Erica at
608-257-5939 or write to her at 131 W. Wilson St., Suite 901, Madison,
WI 53703.

/                                                                    \ 
|              Accused Parents Who Are Also Therapists               |
|                                                                    |
| Do you want to connect with other accused parents who are in the   |
| mental health field? What might we contribute to professional      |
| practice because our situation is unique -- we are both accused    |
| parents and work in the helping professions.  Let's get together   |
| in Baltimore in March, 1997. I am "between a rock and a hard       |
| place" and willing to get it started. Call me                      |
| Ellen Starer, ACSW,BCD,LSW 215-247-4376 or contact                 |
| Allen Feld at the Foundation 800-568-8882.                         |

                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S
                         Nothing has Changed
  Nothing has changed with our accusing daughter, but we hear she is
doing very well with her career, family, husband, etc. We are
fortunate and grateful that the other three children are wonderful to
us. We are especially thankful about the youngest one. She did not
want to have much to do with us for the first two or three years; now
she has been like her old self, just like the daughter she always
was. So we feel very grateful -- even though we still miss our other
daughter. We feel that people do get used to things in time no matter
how terrible it was for so long. I would never want to go through that
  I sometimes wonder if maybe our accusing daughter now wonders if she
made a mistake, but because things are going well for her now -- she
doesn't want to take a chance of upsetting anything. I wonder if any
other parents feel this could be a factor. I still send birthday and
Christmas gifts to her and our grandchildren. I also write notes once
in a while, but I don't get anything back.
                                                                A Mom 
  Much goes unsaid between us, Dad, but I am grateful that you have
been a part of my life. Even if my perceptions of the past have been
erroneous and a fabrication of my own mental illness, I can remember
many times that you were there for me. 
                                                         A Daughter
              To the Mother Who Responded to My Letter,
  I do understand your concern about my letter. It was not intended
just to warm hearts; it was written to plead with families not to shut
their doors eternally to their accusing children. Had that happened to
me, I would never be where I am in recovery today.
  I am sorry my letter was so useless to you. Hope has to come from
within you. All I can do is tell you that time is a major factor in
recovery from FMS. If it takes several years for your child to return,
you may or may not be able to receive them. Retraction is terribly
painful, fearful, and draining; most of us need to do it quickly. But
those of us who do eventually retract, need to find that crack in the
door. How else can we all start the healing process?
  There is no magic formula on how to break loose. We all do it in our
own individual ways. My story is no model to apply to others. I wish I
could tell you how I broke loose, but right now I can't. I'm not over
the hump yet, but I am better every month. I pray that your child will
walk the retractor's road and that you will be there to receive them
                                                          A Retractor
                      From the issue of February 1
  We apologize for a misprint in a letter from a retractor in the
  January issue. We have reprinted the letter with the correct
  information upcased:

  To the mother who responded to my letter,
  I do understand your concern about my letter. It was not intended
just to warm hearts; it was written to plead with families not to shut
their doors eternally to their accusing children. Had that happened to
me, I would never be where I am in recovery today.
  I am sorry my letter was so useless to you. Hope has to come from
within you. All I can do is tell you that time is a major factor in
recovery from FMS. If it takes several years for your child to return,
you may or may not be able to receive them. RETRACTION IS TERRIBLY
those of us who do eventually retract, need to find that crack in the
door. How else can we all start the healing process?
  There is no magic formula on how to break loose. We all do it in our
own individual ways. My story is no model to apply to others. I wish I
could tell you how I broke loose, but right now I can't. I'm not over
the hump yet, but I am better every month. I pray that your child will
walk the retractor's road and that you will be there to receive them
                                                        A Retractor

                 Change Needed Even If For The Worse
  It has been 8 years since I was falsely accused by my two daughters.
In June, 1996 I impulsively called one daughter, a California
attorney, and the conversation was hopeful, although she said she
wanted to talk to her husband and her therapist before making a
commitment to resume a relationship. A few days later I received the
following fax:
  "Dad: As I told you over the phone, you probably will not like the
  following terms and conditions: (No conditions had been mentioned in
  the phone call -- only a statement that she could no longer be
  "manipulated," whatever that meant.)
     1. I was not "misled" with regard to the sexual abuse.
     2. The second major issue is your self-centered concentration on
     satisfying your own desires to the complete neglect of the
     emotional and physical needs of your children.
     3. The only way I would consider resuming a relationship with you
     is if you unequivocally accept responsibility for the harm you
     caused me and my sisters.  Anything less would be a betrayal of
     the person I have worked so hard to become.
  If you are not willing to agree to these terms, please do not
  contact me again.
I responded as follows:
    Of course I was disappointed at your reply to my recent overture,
  although I rather expected it when you said you would first have to
  consult your "therapist." The short conversation we had was you; the
  letter was your "therapist."
    Eventually you will discover, as dozens of women have already, and
  more are discovering each day, that you have, indeed, been grossly
  misled. Courage to Heal and similar pop-psychology books, and the
  whole concept of "recovered memories" have now been pretty well
  discredited by the scientific community and the courts.
    I cannot accept responsibility for what you and/or your sisters
  have done with your lives, any more that I would expect my mother to
  take responsibility for what I have done with mine. You have made
  your own choices -- some good and some bad, like most people, and to
  you alone belong the successes and the failures.
    I believe it would be in your best interests to consult a
  therapist who does not subscribe to the pop concept of "recovered
  memories." You owe it to yourself and your extended family to get a
  second opinion. You are too intelligent and literate to ignore the
  other side of this controversial issue. Open your mind a little,
  dear. Take a tolerant look for a change. I am not the monster your
  "therapist" has created for you. For beginners, read the enclosed. It
  is a mild sampling of current developments in the field.
    I will honor your demand that I not contact you again. When and if
  you ever want to face the fact that you have misjudged me, please
  have the courage to come and talk to me about it. Knowing you have
  been the victim of a psychological system that for a time has gone
  bonkers, I assure you I will not reject you as you have rejected me.
  Whatever happens, you will always be my daughter and I will always
  love you.                                                 Dad 

Perhaps it was not wise of me to contact her at all, but after all
this time I needed something to happen, even something negative. This
intelligent, educated woman, with whom I for many years shared a
mutually warm and trusting relationship, obviously is still totally
dominated by her therapist -- after 8 years.
                                                   A Grieving Father
                       I Am Forever Her Mother
  It was my daughter who initiated talking about the accusations when
first we spoke. She said, in essense, "Oh God Mother, I'm so very
sorry for all I've done." However I did not just leave it at that and
throughout the past nine months I have many times broached the subject
when it seems appropriate. I feel I'll forever be her mother and thus
it is still my job to do what little I can to help her be a better
  Her 15-year-old has said awful things to her at times and she has
shared with me the pain this causes her. I really do feel I'd be
dishonest if at least once in a while I didn't point out that of
course I understand and that she had caused me pain.
                                                              A Mom
                   Report On Progress With Daughter
  After receiving no word from her whatsoever, on Mother's Day I
received a card and wonderful call on my birthday in July wherein she
asked if we could be friends again and start all over. I would have
loved for her to acknowledge that the accusation was false, but she
didn't and I accepted her back gladly anyway.
  I had prepared myself for such an event with mixed feelings..., some
of the families you have quoted in the Newsletter said they couldn't
play "Let's Pretend" (my feelings exactly) and some families said they
welcomed their daughters back as is, with the hope that there would be
a retraction later. Your front-page letter in the most recent
Newsletter stated that some families had received apologies and
retractions one to three years after they had resumed contact. So I
was influenced by that and will hope Helen may come around later.
  Her dad, the accused, has been chatting with her by phone for some
time, but I was still mad, not only about the original accusation but
by the fact that her psychiatrist had convinced her that my father
abused me as a child.
                                                         A Mother
                             A Retraction
  In March of this year, I retracted my sexual abuse allegations
against my father after six years of pain. My sister, who accused Dad
first, has not retracted and is very angry with me for not believing
her abuse anymore. I am the retractor mentioned in your previous
newsletter who saw the Paul Ingram movie and started having doubts. I
went to the library and said a prayer that God would lead me to the
books he wanted me to read. For some reason I felt very nervous as I
checked out books on FMS. I cried late into many nights as I read
them, gradually realizing what therapy had done to my sister and me
and what we, in turn, had done to our parents.
  I know that giving reading materials to accusers is often not
advised because, in the short-term, it can cause more anger and pain;
but I do think that if parents feel their children softening in any
way, wanting to return to the family, they can at least ask the child
if he or she is open to reading the materials. There was a point where
I wanted so desperately for the estrangement to be over, I believe I
would have been open to the material. Even if the answer is no,
parents can let them know the information is there if they change
their minds.
  In July my husband, two children and I saw my parents and older
brother for the first time since my retraction (we are in Michigan,
and they live in Florida). It was a wonderful, healing visit. We all
continue to pray for my sister.
  I credit my retraction and family reconciliation to Jesus Christ. My
parents and I kept praying through all the hell, and He led me to the
answer. What has happened to me and my family is a miracle, and I feel
like I have been given my parents back from the dead. My prayers are
with all the false accusers and all the innocent parents; our faith
will lead us all out of this nightmare.
                                                      Donna Anderson
                   Meeting Our Daughter's Therapist
  We wanted to let you know that after almost 7 long years of living
in this "hell" that so many are going through, we decided to make an
appointment with our daughter's counselor. Needless to say, we tried
to see him immediately after the confrontation and he refused to see
us UNLESS my husband confessed!! Last year we made an appointment with
him, only to find out by accident that he was going to be in his
office late that day because he was out of town performing a marriage
ceremony -- our daughters! We were advised by another counselor that
it would be very bad timing, so we cancelled.
  We attended an FMS meeting 3 days before our appointment and we were
advised not to go in mad or accusing him of planting false memories,
but to ask him for his help in restoring our family. He did not
recognize our names (which REALLY ticked me off, but I did not show
it) and when we told him we had lost our daughter and needed his help,
he was very confused. Then when we told him who our daughter was, he
was very upset. We did not ask him about her "therapy" but told him
that from the very beginning our daughter had said that he suggested
she had been sexually abused and that she did not believe it at
first. He said he did not believe in suggestion and that a GOOD
therapist would not suggest anything. I asked him what his belief was
back in 1989. He didn't answer. We know that his title is Min.Div. and
that he does not have a license but that he is the director of the
center and in the state of Florida, he can "practice" under the
supervision of a person with a Ph.D. and that is how he is able to
charge $75 an hour. He told us he would have refused to see us if he
had known who we were, that he had dedicated his life to healing
families and that he considered himself a healer. PLEASE!!! He told us
that he believed that perpetrators repress what they have done.
Neither of us had shown anger through out the time there but at that
point I got up and we left. We were hoping to pay him so that maybe we
would somehow prove to the insurance company what is taking place with
the billing situation. But he refused to charge us. We are not
  I am curious to know if the second paragraph of this statement is
being used by other "therapists" now. In the past years throughout
this nightmare, we have seen a psychologist and a psychiatrist and
have never been asked to sign an agreement such as that. Could it be
that they are getting scared? I hope so!
  Thank you again for all you are doing to help other parents. It is
our prayer that our children will return soon! Everyone's child who is
caught up in this nightmare!
                                                              A Mother
                             Dear Family,
  Thank you for having me to your meeting last month. I was touched by
how open-hearted you all are. I truly felt welcomed when I was with
you, and I hope we will be able to spend more time relating with each
other in the future. I think it is wonderful how you all have each
other as group-mates. It means you are not alone in this trial you are
going through. Together you have strength.
  When I was separated from my parents, remember how angry I used to
feel whenever a family member showed any sense of self-pity. Self-pity
meant to me that my parents were denying the pain I was going through,
and focusing all the due attention on themselves. Self-pity also meant
my parents were rejecting, me as their daughter who was in pain, and
who needed them desperately.
  I longed for my parents to be strong for me while I was weak. I
wanted them to feel sorry for ME. Although my family had every right
to feel wounded over my behavior, it felt unjust that I should feel
sorry for them while I was down.
  While cursing and judging my family, inwardly I longed to be
nurtured and loved by them. Confusing? It sure was. I hungered for
love, but my therapist did all he could so that I would drive my
parent's love away from me, and my love away from them. It was a "love
me/I hate you!!!" kind of tug-o-war. While I was declaring my words of
hate, I was REALLY crying, "I love you! Please love me!  Take care of
me! Please help me feel loved!"
  October is the first month of an extremely difficult time of year
for all of us on both sides of the line. Expect to hear those words of
rejection. But remember, inside your adult child not only longs for
holiday presents and cards, but for that special family love and
attention he/she used to have before the separation. Any sign of your
self-pity or rejection will be magnified ten-fold this time of year.
And, the therapist is helping your child look for any clue of
rejection and self-pity...
  Don't let the therapist find it!!!!
  He will certainly twist your downheartedness around and use it
against you. Your child is not in the position to accept or
understand the pain you are going through. Instead, offer the love you
have inside. No one can replace the parental love you have to give.
LOVE will ultimately win your child's heart. The therapist's goal is
to prove your love is not healthy, it is not real, that you never
loved your child, your love is denial, and is hate in disguise.
Although you cannot prove the therapist wrong, you CAN prove your love
is genuine, real and true.
  This upcoming holiday season, I encourage all of you to brainstorm
on how you can help your kids feel loved.
                                                      Your daughter

    /                                                           \
    | Videotapes of the Chicago Continuing Education Conference |        
    | on October 4, 1996 cosponsored with Loyola University are |
    | now available.                                            |
    |                                                           |
    |                                                           |
    | There are three tapes approximately 120 minutes each and  |
    | they can be purchased individually.                       |
    |                                                           |
    | Tape 1  Introduction                                      |
    |         Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.                               |
    |         Review of the Research on Memory                  |
    |         Terence Campbell, Ph.D.                           |
    |                                                           |
    | Tape 2  Retractor Interview and Discussion                |
    |         Sherry Hines, Jack Wall, D.S.W.,                  |
    |            Carolyn Saari, Ph.D.                           |
    |                                                           |
    | Tape 3  Clinical Preventative Practices                   |
    |         Family Issues and Reconciliation                  |
    |         Carolyn Saari, Ph.D.                              |
    |         Family Interview and Discussion                   |
    |                                                           |
    | Send a stamped self-addressed envelope to the             |
    | FMSF Office for details.                                  |

                             January 1996
  * Minnesota jury awards Elizabeth Carlson $2.5 million for injuries
suffered as a result of negligent psychotherapy by Dr. Diane
Humenansky. This is the second in an ongoing series of malpractice
suits filed against Dr. Humenansky.  Carlson v. Humenansky. (1/24/96)
  * Supreme Court of Canada gives accused the right to demand private
counseling records in certain circumstances. Regina v. Beharriell.
103C.C.C. 3d 92 (12/14/95)
  * North Carolina Superior Court Judge Ronald Bogle grants defense
motion to exclude all evidence derived from alleged repressed memories
as being unreliable. This decision is currently under appeal. Barrett
v. Hyldburg, Superior Ct., Buncombe Co., North Carolina,
No. 94-CVS-0793. (1/23/96)
  * A California civil suit filed by an adult daughter claiming
repressed memories of sexual and ritual abuse is voluntarily dropped
during trial by the plaintiff.  She settles out of court for childhood
photographs after originally seeking $4 million in damages. (1/20/96)
  * A Portage Co., Ohio jury acquits a step-father and mother of
criminal charges of sexual assault of their 18-year-old daughter who
claimed she had "blocked" out memories of the assaults until therapy.
The state brought criminal charges of sexual assault despite a
gynecological examination that determined she was a virgin. (1/25/96)
  * A repressed memory civil suit in Ohio is dropped by the plaintiff
in mid-trial after she presents her case. She claims her father
repeatedly beat and sexually abused her. Plaintiff's therapist, Gay
Cable, testified that she had identified over 100 personalities in the
Plaintiff. The defense was prepared to present expert testimony that
plaintiff suffers from a delusional disorder. (1/17/96)
  * The final defendants in a malpractice suit brought by former
patient against her therapists is settled out of court on the day the
case was scheduled to go to trial. Mark v. Zulli, Hypnosis Training
Institute, San Luis Obispo Co., Superior Ct., Calif. (12/5/96)
  * Third-party suit is settled in Pennsylvania after insurance
provider for defendant health care workers awarded a settlement to
parents accused of sexually and satanic-ritually abusing their
daughter from the time she was an infant until she was 19 years old.
The daughter's allegations were based entirely on images recovered in
therapy and had no corroboration. (Jan. '96).
                            February 1996
  * Tennessee Court of Appeals declines, in a case of first
impression, to apply discovery rule to toll the statute of limitations
in repressed memory cases. The court notes that the "inherent lack of
verifiable and objective evidence in these cases distinguishes them
from cases in which Tennessee courts have applied the discovery rule"
previously. "We find that there is simply too much indecision in the
scientific community as to the credibility of repressed memory." This
ruling is currently on appeal before the Tennessee Supreme Court.
Hunter v. Brown, 1996 WL 57944 (Slip copy) (Tenn.App, Febr 13, '96).
  * Superior Court of Pennsylvania concludes that the "discovery rule"
does not toll the statute of limitations when plaintiff claims
psychological repression of alleged sexual abuse. The court held that
in applying the discovery rule, the objective standard of "reasonable
diligence" is to apply. Decision on appeal before Pennsylvania Supreme
Court. Dalrymple v. Brown, Superior Ct., Penn., 1628 Phiiladelphia
1995, J.A52010. (2/21/96)
  * Six people arrested and charged with child sex abuse in the
Wenatchee, Washington area have filed suits against state and local
agencies. The suits filed in U.S. District Court, ask for a total of
$80 million in damages for civil rights violations.
  * State of Washington Department of Health Counselors files its
second Statement of Charges that relate to recovered memory therapy
against a certified marriage and family therapist.
                              March 1996
  * FMSF and Johns Hopkins cosponsor a continuing education program in
San Diego titled "Basic Standards of Care in Diagnostic and
Therapeutic Practices with Memory and the Process of Family
  * Texas Supreme Court holds that in order to apply the discovery
rule to any set of facts, including repressed memory claims, the event
and injury must be "objectively verifiable." Expert testimony or
affidavit does not satisfy the objective corroboration requirement for
application of the discovery rule. S.V.  v R.V. 39 Tex. Sup.J. 386
(Tex, 1996). (3/14/96)
  * Third party suit is initiated against daughter's therapist after
murder charges based on "repressed memories" are withdrawn by
prosecution. Stegman v. Martinez, Smith, Sievek and Strivens, Circuit
Ct., Massac Co., Ill., No.  95-L-67. First amended complaint filed
3/22/96. In May 1996, Circuit Judge James Williamson refuses to
dismiss claims against therapists Smith and Martinez.
  * Repressed memory civil suit is dropped voluntarily two days before
trial and just prior to a decision on motions in limine to exclude
repressed memory evidence under Frye/Daubert and to exclude post
hypnosis testimony by the plaintiffs. GLF & KJF v. R & KE, Superior
Ct., King Co., Washington, No 94-2-08264-7.
  * A malpractice suit by three former patients of Sacramento
psychologist Richard J. Boylan settles out of court in a confidential
agreement. Last year, in response to complaints, the California Board
of Psychology revoked Boylan's license. The three former patients
allege that Boylan used his belief in extraterrestrial life and UFOs
to diagnose and treat their emotional problems.
  * California psychotherapist Kathleen King Goodfriend surrenders her
counseling license prior to a hearing of the California Board of
Behavioral Science Examiners. The Board says that "pressure" by
Goodfriend led an 8-year-old rape victim into falsely identifying her
father as the attacker. The father, James Wade, settled a multimillion
dollar civil suit filed against Goodfriend and others involved in the
case about two years ago.
  * A malpractice suit brought by a former patient against her
treating therapists and hospital settles in a confidential agreement
early in March 1996. Gornic v.  Peterson, Seward, and Spring Shadows
Glen Psychiatric Hospital.
  * The Canadian Psychiatric Association issues a position statement
on "Adult recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse," affirming the
importance of external corroboration in knowing the truth of memory.
In addition, it states: "Confrontation with alleged perpetrators
solely for the supposed curative effect of expressing anger should not
be encouraged. There is no reliable evidence that such actions are
therapeutic." 3/25/96
  * American Journal of Psychotherapy devotes Spring, 1996 issue to
repressed memories and related concerns.
                              April 1996
  * The Supreme Judicial Court of Maine issues a unanimous opinion
that "repressed memories" can not serve as the basis for the
application of the doctrine of equitable estoppel to toll the statute
of limitations. The court also holds that regardless of the cause of
an alleged repressed memory, the claim accrues at the time of the
alleged abuse or when the victim reaches the age of majority. Nuccio
v. Nuccio, 673 A.2d 1331 (Me.) 4/8/96
  * A California jury awards two plaintiffs $1.1 million after a judge
rejects motions to hold a pre-trial Kelly/Frye hearing. Two sisters
claim to have recovered repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse
by their father. An appeal may be filed. Wilson v. Phillips, Superior
Ct., Orange Co., Cal., No.  636967. (4/11/96).
  * Therapist Alfred Ells, director of the House of Hope in
Scottsdale, AZ, has his certificate to practice revoked by the Arizona
Board of Behavioral Health Examiners. The action is related to his
advising a patient that he was possessed by demons and sexually abused
as a child. Two malpractice suits are pending against Ells and
complaints by relatives of five of Ells patients have been filed.
  * A motion to dismiss third party claims for negligence and
intentional infliction of emotional distress is denied by an Oregon
Court. A former patient, her husband and her parents sued two
psychologists, alleging the therapists misdiagnosed her problem and
planted a belief that she and her children had been ritually abused by
a satanic cult. Dr. Chyril Walker settled out of court for $1.15
million in Aug. 1996. Dr. Sophia Carr settled out of court for an
undisclosed amount just prior to trial.
  * U.S. District Court, Pennsylvania does not dismiss third-party
negligence claims against Genesis Associates, social worker Patricia
A. Neuhausel, and psychologist Patricia A. Mansmann. Judge Padova
ruled that a therapist may owe a duty of reasonable care to a
patient's parents under certain circumstances.  Settlement
negotiations opened following his ruling. Tuman v. Genesis Associates,, 1996 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5406, Memorandum and Order. (4/25/96)
  * A St. Louis Co. Grand Jury indicts two therapists for insurance
fraud, concealing the type of therapy provided, and "deliberately
interfering with the familial relationship between [their client and
their client's parents] by fraudulently inducing [their client] to
believe her parents had satanically and sexually abused her." Each of
the charges against therapists Geraldine Lamb and T.L. is a
class D felony and each is punishable by up to five years in prison.
  * The Final Report of the APA Working Group on the Investigation of
Memories of Childhood Abuse is now available through the American
Psychological Association. The report opens with the final conclusions
of the Working Group: 1. Controversies regarding adult recollections
should not be allowed to obscure the fact that child sexual abuse is a
complex and pervasive problem in America that has historically gone
unacknowledged. 2. Most people who were sexually abused as children
remember all or part of what happened to them. 3. It is possible for
memories of abuse that have been forgotten for a long time to be
remembered. 4. It is also possible to construct convincing
pseudomemories for events that never occurred. 5. There are gaps in
our knowledge about the processes that lead to accurate and inaccurate
recollections of childhood abuse.
                               May 1996
  * Data from the Washington State Crime Victims Compensation Program
presented at the Southwestern Psychological Association meeting in
Houston on April 5, 1996 indicated that some patients got worse with
therapy by a number of measures.
  * FMSF sponsored continuing education program in Philadelphia titled
"Appropriate Standards of Care in Working with Client Memory."
  * Arizona Supreme Court rules that PTSD is insufficient to extend
the statue of limitations under the disability exception. The court
further held that expert affidavits that offer conclusions without
setting out "relevant foundation" do not support a legal finding of
"unsound mind." Florez v. Sargent, 185 Ariz. 521, 917 P.2d 250 (Ariz.)
  * Pennsylvania Court rules therapist Judith A. Cohen did owe duty to
third party parents and upheld a Dec. 1994 jury award to Nicole
Althaus and her parents.  Judge McLean's Order following Post-Trial
Motions stated, "under the bizarre and troubling facts of this case,
Pennsylvania law does point to the existence of such a duty...Expert
testimony demonstrates overwhelmingly that Cohen deviated from that
standard." Althaus v. Cohen, Ct of Common Pleas, Allegheny Co.,
Penn., No GD 92-20893. (5/28/96)
  * U.S. District Court judge found that the reliability of repressed
memory phenomena is established scientific fact. The judge's ruling
limited the relevant scientific community qualified to judge whether
the theory is generally accepted to "clinical psychiatrists" and
apparently further restricted the group to professionals who "treat
traumatized patients." Shahzade v. Gregory, U.S.  dist. Ct., Mass,
No. 92-12139-EFH. (5/8/96)
  * Ontario Canada Justice J. Langdon finds expert testimony on
syndrome evidence inadmissible. Such testimony, in order to be of
assistance to the jury, must also include what behaviors are
consistent with not having been abused or with a person who was not
sexually abused but who falsely claims he was. Regina
v. Wakabuyashi. Ontario Court (General Div.),
No. CRIM(J)4055/93. (5/1/96)
  * The insurance company of Washington state hypnotherapist Gina
Gamage agreed to pay a former patient $700,000 ($425,000 and $1570/mo.
for the rest of her life) following mediation. The patient, Patricia
Rice, claimed that due to Gamage's negligent therapy she became
convinced that members of a satanic cult were pursuing her. During her
flight Rice caused a fatal car accident.
                              June 1996
  * Special issue of Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 6(2), 1996 is devoted
to "False Memory" controversy.
  * FMSF files amicus curiae brief before the U.S. District Ct., Fifth
Circuit in Knode v. Hartman, No 94-11120.
  * U.S. Supreme Court upholds the privilege of psychotherapists to
refuse to disclose patient communications in federal court. The
majority notes, however, that "there are situations in which the
privilege must give way, for example, if a serious threat of harm to
the patient or to others can be averted only by means of disclosure by
the therapist." Jaffee v. Redmond. et. al., 1996 U.S.  LEXIS 3879
  * The Washington State Pardons Board which advises the state
governor, held a hearing on whether to grant Paul Ingram a pardon.
(Dec. pardon not recommended)
  * Dr. Diane Humenansky's insurance company reportedly agrees to out-
of-court settlements with four former patients who accused her of
planting memories of abuse. Four more lawsuits against the Minnesota
psychiatrist by former patients are still pending.
                              July 1996
  * Maryland Court of Appeal rules that repressed memory claims are
insufficient to extend the statute of limitations: "We are unconvinced
that repression exists as a phenomenon separate and apart from the
normal process of forgetting. Because we find these two processes to
be indistinguishable scientifically, it follows that they should be
treated the same legally." Doe v. Maskell, 342 Md.  684. 679 A.2d
1087. (7/29/96)
  * Rhode Island Supreme Court instructs trial courts to hold
evidentiary hearings in repressed memory cases. A trial court must
first determine whether the theory of repressed recollection
constitutes a "scientifically accepted and valid theory" before it can
determine whether the specific "repressed recollection" can extend the
statute of limitations. Kelly v. Marcantonio, 678 A.2d 873(R.I.)
  * Rhode Island Supreme Court overturns a conviction and orders a
retrial in a recovered memory case. The majority instructed trial
justices to "exercise a gatekeeping function and hold a preliminary
evidentiary hearing" to determine the reliability and admissibility of
repressed memory testimony. Failure to hold such a hearing constitutes
error. State of Rhode Island v. Quattrocchi, 1996 WL 427875. (7/31/96)
  * Pennsylvania Superior Court reverses a murder conviction and
orders a new trial in case supported only by the 20-year-old repressed
memory claim of a witness who was 17 at the time of the death. The
court holds that it was error to exclude testimony of a defense
witness about the reliability of the witness. Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania v. Crawford, 682 A.2d 323 (Pa Super.). (7/30/96)
  * Alabama Supreme Court rules that alleged repressed memory claims
do not qualify as a disability to extend the statute of
limitations. The court concludes, "there is no consensus of scientific
thought in support of the repressed memory theory." Travis v. Ziter,
1996 WL 390629. (7/12/96)
  * A malpractice suit filed against MFCC Reatha DeGroot settles out
of court for a reported $90,000. The suit, filed in 1995, alleged that
DeGroot had led Rosemary Heusted to falsely believe she had been
molested as a child. The Santa Barbara Dept. of Mental Health
Services, where DeGroot practiced, no longer provides recovered memory
therapy. Heusted v. DeGroot, et al., Superior Ct., Santa Barbara Co.,
Cal., No. 204645.
  * The final defendants in a malpractice suit filed against
psychologist Judith Peterson, Spring Shadows Glen Hospital and at
least 23 other mental health practitioners and businesses settle out
of court in a confidential agreement.  The suit was filed by Lynn
Carl, for misdiagnosis of MPD and SRA and instructing Carl to report
herself to the police as a child abuser- even though she had no memory
of ever abusing her own children. Carl v. Peterson, et. al.,
U.S. Dist. Ct., Southern Dist. of Tex. (7/1/96) At least eight former
patients of Peterson have sued for malpractice.
  * San Mateo Co. prosecutors decide not to retry George Franklin, Sr.
for murder. The decision follows a disclosure that Franklin's
daughter, Eileen, had been hypnotized before she testified regarding
her sudden memories of the alleged murder decades afterward. (7/3/96)
                             August 1996
  * Illinois Appellate Court refuses to apply discovery rule to
repressed memory cases. The court reasons that, by definition, an
individual claiming "repressed" memories must know of the alleged
event at the time it occurred. M.E.H. v. L.H., 1996 492172
(Ill. App. 2nd Dist.) (8/2/96)
  * A federal judge in Missouri dismisses a repressed memory suit
against a grandmother and grandfather, saying the Plaintiff had
offered no evidence to support her claim. Judge Dean Whipple ruled
that therapeutically-enhanced memories are unreliable in the absence
of procedural safeguards, none of which were employed by the
plaintiff's therapist, Gloria Spratt. The jury then considered the
grandparents' counter-claims of intentional infliction of emotional
distress and awarded the defendants $125,000. Defense attorneys were
able to show that most of Plaintiff's factual claims were impossible.
Plaintiff's attorney had been sanctioned by the court when the
plaintiff refused to appear for a court-ordered psychological
examination. Stocker v. Stracke, Federal Court, Missouri.
  * Four new lawsuits are filed against Genesis Associates,
Pennsylvania and two of its therapists. During the same month, Genesis
and the two therapists sue a group of critics they say have defamed
them and plotted to drive them out of business. All suits are assigned
to U.S. District Judge John R. Padova.
  * Two Kern County couples, Scott and Brenda Kniffen and Alvin and
Deborah McCuan, are freed from prison following dismissal of their
convictions of child molestation. They will not be retried. Judge Jon
Stuebbe wrote, "It is apparent to this court that the result of the
interviewing techniques used in this case was to render fundamentally
unreliable the children's testimony at trial." This included "telling
the child reports of abuse would help their parents and they could all
go home and live together again." (8/14/96)
                            September 1996
  * U.S. District Court of Appeals dismisses repressed memory suit as
barred by Texas' two-year statute of limitations. The court concludes
that the "recovered memories" of abuse by a sister did not meet the
objective verification requirement as given by the Texas Supreme Court
in S.V. v R.V., Knode v.  Hartman, U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth
Circuit, No 94-11120, unreported.  (9/9/96)
  * Eight former clients from three families sue their counselor,
Joseph Gardner, alleging that he brainwashed them into making false
claims of sexual assault by their families. The suit is filed in 48th
Circuit Court and seeks more than $100 million in damages.
  * Idaho Board of Psychologist Examiners revokes the license of Dr.
Mark D. Stephenson following investigation of claims made by three
former patients. Complaints allege that Dr. Stephenson used memory
retrieval techniques to retrieve previously unremembered recollections
of satanic and sexual abuse.
                             October 1996
  * FMSF sponsors continuing education program in Chicago titled
"Clinical Issues in Dealing with False Memories: Prevention and Family
  * Negligence suit brought by former patient against Arizona
therapist settles. Complaint states that false memories of child
sexual abuse and satanism were implanted and that improper, unethical
techniques including "guided imagery," dream interpretation, and
relaxation therapy were used. The Arizona Board of Behavioral Health
Examiners had revoked the therapist's license late in 1994.
  * Malpractice suit filed filed by former patient Peggy Tillman and
her husband against Washington psychologist Dr. Phillips, Psy.D.,
settles out of court. The Tillmans allege that Dr. Phillips had
negligently encouraged and led Peggy to believe she had been sexually
abused as a child. A third party claim brought by Tillman's parents
against the psychologist is still pending. Tillman v. Phillips, King
Co., Superior Ct,. Washington.
  * An Arizona Appeals Court held that "repressed memory claims may
invoke the discovery rule - assuming that "the trial court determines
that evidence of the underlying claim of repressed memory is
admissible." Defendants have petitioned the Arizona Supreme Court to
review this decision and to clarify the statute of limitations
governing allegations of repressed memory of sexual abuse. Logerquist
v. Danforth, 1996 WL 56863 (Ariz. App. Div.2). (10/3/96).
  * California criminal case based on "recovered repressed memories"
ends in a hung jury as voters are unable to agree on decision. Defense
argued that the defendant's name was planted in the girl's suddenly
recovered memories. State of California v. Wendt, Stanilaus Co.,
Superior Ct., Calif. (10/1/96)
  * A settlement was reached between the final defendants in a
malpractice suit brought by former patient Kathryn Schwiderski, her
husband and children against the therapist and hospital which had
treated the family. During the 7 years in therapy, Schwiderski says
therapists implanted false memories of sexual abuse and participation
in a satanic cult and thereby destroyed the family. Schwiderski v.
Peterson, 129th Judicial Dist. Ct., Harris Co., Texas.
                            November 1996
  * The Washington State Department of Labor and Industries holds a
public hearing to consider administrative rule changes that will
mainly affect mental-health therapy for crime victims.
  * FMSF files amicus curiae brief before the Pennsylvania Supreme
Court in Dalrymple v.Brown, 055 E.D. Appeal Dkt. 1996.
  * Rutherford family is awarded $1 million in our of court settlement
with Missouri counselors. Donna and Robert Strand who, the family says
led their 22-yr-old daughter to believe that her father had repeatedly
raped her, and performed a painful coat-hanger abortion. Medical
records showed the daughter to be a virgin at age 22 and that her
father had undergone a vasectomy many years before. (11/14/96)
  * First criminal case in England involving an FMS defense ends in
acquittal. Judge in Manchester Crown Court formally acquitted
defendant after ruling the prosecution had offered no evidence. Names
of parties not released to press.  (11/29/96)
  * Ontario judge finds defendant not guilty of two criminal counts of
sexual abuse of a woman 30 years earlier in repressed memory case.
Madam Justice Wallace concluded, "it is not clear to the court and
corroborated by her evidence, that her memory was flawed..."  Regina
v. Blom, Ontario Ct. of Justice (Gen Div), St. Catherines, ON Canada,
No 471/95. (11/21/96).
                            December 1996
  * A jury verdict favoring the plaintiff in a repressed memory case
is reversed by a District Court judge in Utah as not supported by the
evidence. Judge Kenneth Rigtrup agreed with defense post-trial motions
that the plaintiff's testimony should have been inadmissible because
her memory was enhanced by techniques (guided imagery, writing with
the non-dominant hand, trance-work, communicating with "inner-
children," etc.) which were similar to hypnosis and therefore should
have been considered unreliable and inadmissible. Franklin v.
Stevenson, Third Judicial Dist. Ct., Salt Lake Co., Utah,
No. 94-0901779PI.  (12/6/96)

                      F M S F   M E E T I N G S
  (MO) = monthly; (bi-MO) = bi-monthly; (*) = see State Meetings list
                           *STATE MEETINGS*

                     Friday, January 24 @12 noon
                       contact Susanne and John

                       Saturday, May10 @1:30 pm
                     Speaker: Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.
                      contact Pat (416)-445-1995

ALASKA: Bob (907) 586-2469
         Barbara (602) 924-0975; 854-0404(fax)
ARKANSAS: Little Rock
         Al & Lela (501) 363-4368
  Sacramento - (quarterly)
        Joanne & Gerald (916) 933-3655
        Rudy (916)443-4041
  San Fransico & North Bay - (bi-MO)
        Gideon (415) 389-0254 or
        Charles 984-6626(am); 435-9618(pm)
  East Bay Area - (bi-MO)
        Judy (510) 254-2605
  South Bay Area - Last Sat. (bi-MO)
        Jack & Pat (408) 425-1430
  Central Coast
        Carole (805) 967-8058
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @7pm
        Chris & Alan (714) 733-2925
  Orange County - 3rd Sun. (MO) @6pm
        Jerry & Eileen (714) 494-9704
  Covina Area - 1st Mon. (MO) @7:30pm
        Floyd & Libby (818) 330-2321
  South Bay Area  - 3rd Sat. (bi-MO) @10am
        Cecilia(310) 545-6064
COLORADO: Denver  - 4th Sat. (MO) @1pm
        Art (303) 572-0407
CONNECTICUT: S. New England  - (bi-MO) Sept-May
        Earl (203) 329-8365 or
        Paul (203) 458-9173
        Madeline (305) 966-4FMS
  Boca/Delray  - 2nd & 4th Thurs (MO) @1pm
        Helen (407) 498-8684
  Central Florida  - 4th Sun. (MO) @2:30 pm
        John & Nancy (352) 750-5446
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet (813) 856-7091
  Chicago & Suburbs  - 3rd Sun. (MO)
        Eileen (847) 985-7693
        Bill & Gayle (815) 467-6041
  Rest of Illinois
        Bryant & Lynn (309) 674-2767
INDIANA: Indiana Friends of FMS
        Nickie (317) 471-0922; (317) 334-9839 (fax)
        Pat (219) 482-2847
IOWA: Des Moines - 2nd Sat. (MO) @11:30 am Lunch
        Betty & Gayle (515) 270-6976
KANSAS: Kansas City
        Leslie (913) 235-0602 or
        Pat (913) 738-4840
        Jan (816) 931-1340
        Dixie (606) 356-9309
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob (502) 957-2378
LOUISIANA: Francine (318) 457-2022
        Irvine & Arlene (207) 942-8473
  Freeport -  4th Sun. (MO)
        Carolyn  (207) 364-8891
MARYLAND: Ellicot City Area
        Margie (410) 750-8694
        Ron (508) 250-9756
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge (616) 383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area - 3rd Sun. (MO)
        Nancy (810) 642-8077
        Terry & Collette (507) 642-3630
        Dan & Joan (612) 631-2247
  Kansas City  -  2nd Sun. (MO)
        Leslie (913) 235-0602 or Pat 738-4840
        Jan (816) 931-1340
  St. Louis Area  -  3rd Sun. (MO)
        Karen (314) 432-8789
        Mae (314) 837-1976
  Retractors group also forming
  Springfield - 4th Sat. (MO) @12:30pm
        Dorothy & Pete (417) 882-1821
        Howard (417) 865-6097
MONATNA: Lee & Avone (406) 443-3189
NEW JERSEY (So.): See Wayne, PA
NEW MEXICO: Albequerque  - 1st  Sat. (MO) @1 pm
    Southwest Room -Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie (505) 662-7521(after 6:30 pm)
        or Martha 624-0225
  Westchester, Rockland, etc. - (bi-MO)
        Barbara (914) 761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area  - (bi-MO)
        Elaine (518) 399-5749
  Western/Rochester Area -  (bi-MO)
        George & Eileen (716) 586-7942
OKLAHOMA: Oklahoma City
        Len (405) 364-4063
        Dee (405) 942-0531
        HJ (405) 755-3816
        Rosemary (405) 439-2459
        Paul & Betty (717) 691-7660
        Rick & Renee (412) 563-5616
        John (717) 278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. @1pm
        Jim & Jo (610) 783-0396
TENNESSEE: Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate (615) 665-1160
  Central Texas
        Nancy & Jim (512) 478-8395
        Jo or Beverly (713) 464-8970
UTAH:   Keith (801) 467-0669
        Judith (802) 229-5154
VIRGINIA: Sue (703) 273-2343
WEST VIRGINIA:  Pat (304) 291-6448
        Katie & Leo (414) 476-0285
        Susanne & John (608) 427-3686


  Vancouver & Mainland - Last Sat. (MO) @1-4pm
        Ruth (604) 925-1539
  Victoria & Vancouver Island - 3rd Tues. (MO) @7:30pm
        John (604) 721-3219
        Joan (204) 284-0118
  London -2nd Sun (bi-MO)
        Adrian (519) 471-6338
        Eileen (613) 836-3294
  Toronto /N. York
        Pat (416) 444-9078
        Ethel (705) 924-2546
        Ken & Marina (905) 637-6030
        Paula (705) 692-0600
        Alain (514) 335-0863
AUSTRALIA: Mrs Irene Curtis
    P.O. Box 630, Sunbury, VCT 3419
    phone (03) 9740 6930
ISRAEL: FMS ASSOCIATION fax-(972) 2-259282 or
NETHERLANDS: Task Force FMS of Werkgroep Fictieve Herinneringen
        Mrs. Anna deJong (31) 20-693-5692
NEW ZEALAND: Mrs. Colleen Waugh (09) 416-7443
SWEDEN: Ake Moller FAX (48) 431-217-90
UNITED KINGDOM: The British False Memory Society
        Roger Scotford (44) 1225 868-682
               February '97 Issue Deadline: January 15.
                 Meeting notices MUST be in  writing. 

|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                                         |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". You'll also learn about |
| joining  the  FMS-Research list  (it distributes reseach materials |
| such as news stories, court decisions and research  articles).  It |
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| addresses and names will remain strictly confidential).            |

  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its 
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no 
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.

Pamela Freyd, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional  Advisory Board,     January 1, 1997:
AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,
PA;  TERENCE W.  CAMPBELL,  Ph.D.,  Clinical and Forensic  Psychology,
Sterling Heights,  MI; ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT,  Ph.D., Rush  Presbyterian
St. Lukes Medical Center, Chicago, IL; JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University
of   Wisconsin, Madison,  WI;    LOREN CHAPMAN,  Ph.D.,  University of
Wisconsin, Madison, WI;    FREDERICK C.  CREWS,   Ph.D., University of
California, Berkeley,   CA; ROBYN M.    DAWES,  Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon
University,  Pittsburgh,  PA; DAVID F.   DINGES,  Ph.D., University of
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; HENRY C.   ELLIS, Ph.D., University of
New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM; GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University
of Medicine, Atlanta,  GA; MARTIN GARDNER, Author,  Hendersonville, NC
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, CA; HENRY
GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University   of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia,  PA; LILA
GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; RICHARD
GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross  Hospital, London; DAVID A. HALPERIN,
M.D., Mount Sinai School  of Medicine, New  York, NY; ERNEST  HILGARD,
Ph.D., Stanford  University, Palo Alto, CA;   JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA
Medical School, Los Angeles, CA; DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of
Kansas, Lawrence, KS; PHILIP  S.  HOLZMAN, Ph.D., Harvard  University,
Cambridge,   MA; ROBERT A.  KARLIN,  Ph.D.   , Rutgers University, New
Brunswick,  NJ;   HAROLD  LIEF,  M.D.,  University    of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, PA; ELIZABETH  LOFTUS, Ph.D., University  of Washington,
Seattle,   WA; SUSAN L.   McELROY,  M.D.   , University of Cincinnati,
Cincinnati,   OH;  PAUL    McHUGH,  M.D.,   Johns  Hopkins University,
Baltimore, MD;  HAROLD  MERSKEY, D.M., University  of Western Ontario,
London, Canada;  SPENCER  HARRIS  MORFIT, Author, Boxboro,   MA; ULRIC
NEISSER, Ph.D.,  Emory University, Atlanta,  GA; RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D.,
University  of  California, Berkeley,  CA;   EMILY CAROTA ORNE,  B.A.,
University  of Pennsylvania,   Philadelphia, PA;  MARTIN  ORNE,  M.D.,
Ph.D., University  of Pennsylvania,  Philadelphia, PA; LOREN PANKRATZ,
Ph.D.,   Oregon  Health Sciences  University,  Portland,  OR; CAMPBELL
PERRY,  Ph.D.,  Concordia   University, Montreal,  Canada;  MICHAEL A.
PERSINGER, Ph.D.,  Laurentian University,  Ontario, Canada;  AUGUST T.
PIPER, Jr.,   M.D., Seattle, WA;  HARRISON   POPE, Jr.,  M.D., Harvard
Medical  School,  Boston,  MA;  JAMES   RANDI,  Author and   Magician,
Plantation,   FL; HENRY L.    ROEDIGER,  III, Ph.D.  ,Rice University,
Houston,  TX; CAROLYN  SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola   University, Chicago, IL;
THEODORE   SARBIN, Ph.D., University of    California, Santa Cruz, CA;
THOMAS A.  SEBEOK, Ph.D., Indiana University, Bloomington, IN; MICHAEL
A.    SIMPSON,  M.R.C.S.,   L.R.C.P.,   M.R.C,   D.O.M., Center    for
Psychosocial &   Traumatic Stress,  Pretoria, South   Africa; MARGARET
SINGER, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA; RALPH SLOVENKO,
J.D.,  Ph.D., Wayne State University   Law School, Detroit, MI; DONALD
SPENCE, Ph.D.,  Robert Wood  Johnson  Medical Center,  Piscataway, NJ;
JEFFREY VICTOR,  Ph.D.,  Jamestown Community  College, Jamestown,  NY;
HOLLIDA   WAKEFIELD,  M.A.,   Institute   of Psychological  Therapies,
Northfield, MN; CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco,

 Y E A R L Y   F M S F   M E M B E R S H I P   I N F O R M A T I O N
Professional - Includes Newsletter       $125_______

Family - Includes Newsletter             $100_______

                       Additional Contribution:_____________


___VISA:  Card: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___

___MASTER CARD: #________-________-________-________ exp. date ___/___

___Check or Money Order: Payable to FMS FOUNDATION IN U.S. DOLLARS.



Street Address or P.O.Box

City                                 State         Zip+4

Telephone                           FAX

      M E M O R Y   A N D   R E A L I T Y:   N E X T   S T E P S

In  the five short years that the False Memory Syndrome Foundation has
been in existence a deeper understanding of the personal,  theoretical
and  scientific  issues  involved  in  false  memory syndrome has been
achieved by all: the general public, our legal institutions  and  most
importantly,  the  professional  community. In this the third national
conference sponsored by the Foundation, emphasis will be on the future
challenges that face everyone involved. Presentations  combine  thera-
peutic,  scientific,  legal,  philosophical and family perspectives to
suggest the next steps for the Foundation and individuals who are con-
cerned with the problems of false memories.  Formal  sessions  led  by
eminent  professionals  from  various  fields  will  be augmented with
informal Roundtables.

          M E E T I N G    R E G I S T R A T I O N   F O R M

PLEASE  COMPLETE  AND MAIL TO: False Memory Syndrome Foundation, 3401
Market, Ste 130, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3315. Include a check payable
to False Memory Syndrome Foundation. FAX: (215) 387-1917 (for  credit
card registrations only)

                       Please print or type

first name                middle initial              last name/degree

first name, middle initial and last name (for additional attendees -
   family registration only)

mailing address

city                                    state             zip + 4 code

                                          before         after
                                          3/1/97        3/1/97
Professional/Family                    $100/person   $125/person
Additional family member                $50/person    $60/person

Professional/Family                    $175/person   $200/person
Student* or additional family members   $50/person    $60/person
(*Attach photocopy of student ID)

For Credit Card Registration       ____VISA           ____MasterCard

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Signature ____________________________________Date ___________________

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